The Illinois House of Representatives is the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the bicameral legislature of the U. S. state of Illinois. The body was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818; the House consists of 118 representatives elected from individual legislative districts for two-year terms with no limits. S. census each representative represents 108,734 people. The state legislature has the power to make laws and impeach judges. Lawmakers must be at least 21 years of age and a resident of the district in which they serve for at least two years. U. S. President Abraham Lincoln, who oversaw the American Civil War and the end of slavery in the United States, began his career in politics in the Illinois House of Representatives; the Illinois General Assembly was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818. The candidates for office split into political parties in the 1830s as the Democratic and Whig parties, until the Whig candidates reorganized as Republicans in the 1850s.
Abraham Lincoln began his political career in the Illinois House of Representatives as a member of the Whig party in 1834. He served there until 1842. Although Republicans held the majority of seats in the Illinois House after 1860, in the next election it returned to the Democrats; the Democratic Party-led legislature worked to frame a new state constitution, rejected by voters After the 1862 election, the Democratic-led Illinois House of Representatives passed resolutions denouncing the federal government's conduct of the war and urging an immediate armistice and peace convention, leading the Republican governor to suspend the legislature for the first time in the state's history. In 1864, Republicans swept the state legislature and at the time of Lincoln's assassination at Ford's Theater, Illinois stood as a solidly Republican state. From 1870 to 1980, Illinois' lower house had several unique features: The House comprised 177 members. Elections were conducted using cumulative voting. Though not constitutionally mandated, the two parties had an informal agreement that they would only run two candidates per district.
Thus, in most districts, only four candidates were running for three seats, guaranteeing not only that there would be a single loser, but that each party would have significant representation—a minimum of one-third of the seats —in the House. In most cases outside Chicago, this system assured that the district's minority party would win a seat; the Cutback Amendment was proposed to abolish this system. Since its passage in 1980, representatives have been elected from 118 single-member districts formed by dividing the 59 Senate districts in half; each representative is "associated" with a senator. Since the adoption of the Cutback Amendment, there have been proposals by some major political figures in Illinois to bring back multi-member districts. A task force led by former governor Jim Edgar and former federal judge Abner Mikva issued a report in 2001 calling for the revival of cumulative voting, in part because it appears that such a system increases the representation of racial minorities in elected office.
The Chicago Tribune editorialized in 1995 that the multi-member districts elected with cumulative voting produced better legislators. Others have argued that the now-abandoned system provided for greater "stability" in the lower house; the Democratic Party won a majority of House seats in 1982. Except for a brief two-year period of Republican control from 1995 to 1997, the Democrats have held the majority since then; the first two African-American legislators in Illinois were John W. E. Thomas, first elected in 1876, George French Ecton, elected in 1886. In 1922, Lottie Holman O'Neill became the first woman elected to the Illinois House of Representatives. In 1958, Floy Clements became the first African American woman to serve as state Representative. In 1982, Joseph Berrios became the first Hispanic American state representative. Theresa Mah became the first Asian American to serve in the Illinois House when she was sworn into office January 10, 2017; the Illinois House of Representatives meets at the Illinois State Capitol in Illinois.
It is required to convene on the second Wednesday of January each year. Along with the Illinois Senate and governor, it is vested with the power to make laws, come up with a state budget, act on federal constitutional amendments, propose constitutional amendments to the state constitution; the Illinois House of Representatives holds the power to impeach executive and judicial officials. A person must be a U. S. citizen and two-year resident of an electoral district of at least 21 years of age to serve in the Illinois House of Representatives. Members of the House cannot hold other public offices or receive appointments by the governor while in office; the current Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives is Michael Madigan, who represents the 22nd district. The Democratic Party of Illinois holds a majority of seats in the House. Under the Constitution of Illinois, the office of minority leader is recognized for the purpose of making certain appointments. Jim Durkin, representing the 82nd district holds the post.
Mel Jade is a singer and songwriter. She is half Dutch and half Australian, her first release, "Aliens", was a remix with Pretty Boys from Saint Tropez. The song was played by DJ Armin van Buuren on radio 583 in the Netherlands and became a "dance smash", it charted in multiple European countries. Jade announced that she was embarking on a solo project, started releasing songs and videos online; the homemade music video for the song "We Could Make a Movie", which showed couples kissing, received over a million views on YouTube. She released "Not That Serious", the first official single from her debut solo album, on 4 May 2013, she collaborated with Fashion TV, which aired behind-the-scenes shots of her music video for "Not That Serious", which featured multiple evening gowns. Jade's debut album Alive was released on 5 August 2013 whilst she was touring the UK. Upon her return to Australia, Jade was honoured as a "MusicOz Legend" at the 2013 Independent Music Awards where she presented an award and performed.
On 14 January 2015, Jade released the first single from her upcoming sophomore album. Official website
Hurricane's Gal is a 1922 American silent adventure film produced and directed by Allen Holubar and starring his wife Dorothy Phillips. It was distributed through Associated First National Pictures. Dorothy Phillips as Lola Robert Ellis as Steele O'Connor Wallace Beery as Chris Borg James O. Barrows as Cap'n Danny Gertrude Astor as Phyllis Fairfield Willie Fung as Sing Jack Donovan as Lieutenant Grant Frances Raymond as Mrs. Fairfield The film survives in Archives Du Film Du CNC and Gosfilmofond, Moscow State. Gertrude Astor filmography Hurricane's Gal on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie