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Illinois Institute of Technology

Illinois Institute of Technology is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. Tracing its history to 1890, the present name was adopted upon the merger of the Armour Institute and Lewis Institute in 1940; the university has programs in architecture, communications, engineering, industrial technology, information technology, law and science. Its historic roots are in several 19th-century engineering and professional education institutions in the United States. In the mid 20th century, it became associated with trends in modernist architecture through the work of its Dean of Architecture Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who designed its campus; the Institute of Design, Chicago-Kent College of Law, Midwest College of Engineering were merged into IIT. In 1890, when advanced education was reserved for society's elite, Chicago minister Frank Wakely Gunsaulus delivered what came to be known as the "Million Dollar Sermon." From the pulpit of his South Side church, near the site Illinois Institute of Technology now occupies, Gunsaulus said that with a million dollars he could build a school where students can learn to think in practical not theoretical terms.

Inspired by Gunsaulus' vision, Philip Danforth Armour, Sr. gave $1 million to found the Armour Institute—and Armour, his wife, Malvina Belle Ogden Armour and their son J. Ogden Armour continued to support the university in its early years; when Armour Institute opened in 1893, it offered professional courses in engineering, chemistry and library science. Illinois Tech was created in 1940 by the merger of Lewis Institute. Located on the west side of Chicago, Lewis Institute, established in 1895 by the estate of hardware merchant and investor Allen C. Lewis, offered liberal arts as well as science and engineering courses for both men and women. At separate meetings held by their respective boards on October 26, 1939, the trustees of Armour and Lewis voted to merge the two colleges. A Cook County circuit court decision on April 23, 1940 solidified the merger; the Institute of Design, founded in Chicago by László Moholy-Nagy in 1937, merged with Illinois Tech in 1949. Chicago-Kent College of Law, founded in 1887, became part of the university in 1969, making Illinois Institute of Technology one of the few technology-based universities with a law school.

In 1969, the Stuart School of Management and Finance—now known as the Stuart School of Business – was established thanks to a gift from the estate of Lewis Institute alumnus and Chicago financier Harold Leonard Stuart. The program became the Stuart School of Business in 1999; the Midwest College of Engineering, founded in 1967, joined the university in 1986, giving Illinois Tech a presence in west suburban Wheaton with what is today known as the Rice Campus—home to Illinois Tech's School of Applied Technology. In December 2006, the University Technology Park at Illinois Institute of Technology, an incubator and life sciences/tech start-up facility, was started in existing research buildings located on the south end of Main Campus; as of April 2014, the University Tech Park at Illinois Institute of Technology is home to many companies. Today, IIT is a private, Ph. D.-granting university with programs in engineering, human sciences, applied technology, business and law. It is one of 16 institutions that comprise the Association of Independent Technological Universities.

IIT continued to expand after the merger. As one of the first American universities to host a Navy V-12 program during World War II the school saw a large increase in students and expanded the Armour campus beyond its original 7 acres. Two years before the merger, German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe joined the Armour Institute of Technology to head both Armour's and the Art Institute of Chicago's architecture program; the Art Institute would separate and form its own program. Mies was given the task of designing a new campus, the result was a spacious, open, 120-acre campus set in contrast to the busy, crowded urban neighborhood around it; the first Mies-designed buildings were completed in the mid-1940s, construction on what is considered the "Mies Campus" continued until the early 1970s. Engineering and research saw great growth and expansion from the post-war period until the early 1970s. IIT experienced its greatest period of growth from 1952 to 1973 under President John T. Rettaliata, a fluid dynamicist whose research accomplishments included work on early development of the jet engine and a seat on the National Aeronautics and Space Council.

This period saw IIT as the largest engineering school in the United States, as stated in a feature in the September 1953 issue of Popular Science magazine. IIT housed many research organizations: IIT Research Institute, the Institute of Gas Technology, the American Association of Railroads, among others. Three colleges merged with IIT after the 1940 Armor/Lewis merger: Institute of Design in 1949, Chicago-Kent College of Law in 1969, Midwest College of Engineering in 1986. IIT's Stuart School of Business was founded by a gift from Lewis Institute alumnus Harold Leonard Stuart in 1969, joined Chicago-Kent at IIT's Downtown Campus in 1992. (An undergraduate business program focusing on technology and entrepreneurship was launched in fall 2004 and was for a while administratively separate from the Stuart School. It is now part of the school, but remains on Main Cam

Transient equilibrium

In nuclear physics, transient equilibrium is a situation in which equilibrium is reached by a parent-daughter radioactive isotope pair where the half-life of the daughter is shorter than the half-life of the parent. Contrary to secular equilibrium, the half-life of the daughter is not negligible compared to parent's half-life. An example of this is a molybdenum-99 generator producing technetium-99 for nuclear medicine diagnostic procedures; such a generator is sometimes called a cow because the daughter product, in this case technetium-99, is milked at regular intervals. Transient equilibrium occurs on average; the activity of the daughter is given by the Bateman equation: A d = A P λ d λ d − λ P × × B R + A d e − λ d t, where A P and A d are the activity of the parent and daughter, respectively. T P and T d are the half-lives of the parent and daughter and BR is the branching ratio. In transient equilibrium, the Bateman equation cannot be simplified by assuming the daughter's half-life is negligible compared to the parent's half-life.

The ratio of daughter-to-parent activity is given by: A d A P = T P T P − T d × B R. In transient equilibrium, the daughter activity increases and reaches a maximum value that can exceed the parent activity; the time of maximum activity is given by: t max = 1.44 × T P T d T P − T d × ln ⁡ T P T d, where T P and T d are the half-lives of the parent and daughter, respectively. In the case of Tc 99 m − 99 Mo generator, the time of maximum activity is 24 hours which makes it convenient for medical use. Bateman equation Secular equilibrium

Special Force (2004 video game)

Special Force is an online free-to-play first-person shooter developed by the South Korean game developer Dragonfly. Dragonfly continues to expand the game around the world and plans to expand into the Middle Eastern and Russian markets; the Indonesian version of the game was discontinued in March 2012. Soldier Front is being published by Aeria Games for North American users. In October 2009, a European server was added to this version of the game; the North American version of the game has been transferred over to Aeria Games due to the acquisition of ijji by Aeria Games. In January 2016, Aeria Games announced that Soldier Front would be shut down on January 29, 2016. Special Force provides several game modes including team battle, single battle, team death match, horror mode, more. Most modes consist of a red team and a blue team, with the exceptions of single battle and horror mode; the game allows for a maximum of 16 users to be in the same room playing together. Players have the ability to purchase from a range of character forces including French GIGN, German GSG 9, Malaysian PASKAL, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, US Army Delta Force, Russian Spetsnaz, mor.

One is able to rent equipment for speed and armor. A range of weapons are available including rifles, sniper rifles, machine guns, shotguns and grenades. Weapons must be repaired often. Weapons are not mod-able like other first person shooters, but once they are purchased, they are permanent and stay in inventory until they are resold by the player. Players rank up after receiving enough experience points, gained after each match, with bonus rewards at certain ranks. On July 14, 2009, Dragonfly provided a patch to the Korean version which had a redesigned UI and reorganized game items for the celebration of the games 5th anniversary. Along with this, many of the older weapons graphics looked outdated and were updated to a new and sleeker look to compete with newer games; this patch was applied to all other versions of the game in the following months. Special Force has 11 modes available in the North American version of the game. Training – Targets are placed everywhere on the map where players can shoot them down.

This mode is used for practicing aim and strategies. Single Battle – It is free for all and the player who reaches the set number of points wins. Team Battle – Red team must complete the objective while blue team must prevent red team from doing so. Depending on the map, the objective could be planting the bomb, escaping the map, or retrieving an object. Clan Battle – Same as Team Battle except the red team must be all from the same clan and the same goes for blue team. Clans are not able to face each other; this mode is played in 5 vs 5. Team Death Match – The team that reaches 100 points first wins the round; each kill grants special kills will grant extra points. CTC – One player from each team is selected as the Captain who will be granted extra HP, along with an over-sized head; the team to defeat the opponent's Captain wins the round. CTC 2 – Similar to CTC, except every player will be a Captain; the team to defeat all the Captains on the opposing team wins the round. Horror Mode – Each round, some players are selected as zombies.

Zombies must kill all the humans. Humans that get killed. Zombies win the round if no humans are left alive and humans win the round when at least one survives by the time limit. Sniper – Players are only allowed to use sniper rifles and knives on this mode's exclusive maps; the team that kills all the opposing team's members wins the round. With a premium item, there is an option to allow secondary weapons. Rage Mode – The team that reaches the target points first wins the match; every time a player is killed, their rage meter increases. Once the rage meter is maxed, the player is given extra HP in order to take revenge. Horror Mode 2 – Teams switch from zombies and players each round; the team that reaches the target points first wins the round. There are additional zombies compared to Horror Mode. Pirate Mode – Players to win should get 500 points, conquer each of the treasures. In Single Battle, Team Battle, Clan Battle, there is the option to allow sniper rifles only, but the host must have a premium item to do so.

The second iteration of the game, Special Force II, uses Unreal Engine 3 and is available in Canada, USA, Europe, South Korea, as of June 2012, Japan. Aeria Games announced in March 2013 that Special Force 2 would be released in the North American market as Soldier Front 2, in August 2015 Aeria Games closed the North American version of the game, in October 2016 the publishing rights for the North American version of the game were handed to Gameforge and the game was re-released in North America under the same name as other regions; the European and North American versions of the game are owned by Gameforge and updated, both are region locked to their respective regions. S. K. I. L. L. – Special Force 2 is a professional league run by Electronic Sports League in Western Europe that began in 2013. The Special Force II Pro League in Taiwan, run by Taiwan eSports League and broadcast on Fox Sports 3; the inaugural season kicked off on October 2, 2015. Ijji Aeria Games and Entertainment Dragonfly Homepage

Aubrey Anderson-Emmons

Aubrey Frances Anderson-Emmons is an American child actress, known for her role as Lily Tucker-Pritchett on ABC's Modern Family. She was the youngest Asian-American child star on the red carpet at the 2012 and 2013 Primetime Emmy Awards, she is the daughter of Korean-American Amy Kent Emmons, who are separated. Her mother is a stand-up comedian and actress and her father is a media entrepreneur, she donates time to charity work for St. Jude's Hospital, California Covenant House Youth Shelter, Let Them Play Sports Organization, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, Olive Crest, Help A Mother Out, My Stuff Bags, EIF Revlon Run/Walk For Women and Dave Thomas Foundation For Adoption. Anderson-Emmons joined the cast of Modern Family in its third season in 2011, where she replaced Ella & Jaden Hiller in the role of Lily Tucker-Pritchett, a Vietnamese-born child adopted by a gay American couple, her role has been praised for raising cultural diversity awareness. In 2011 she became the youngest person to be nominated and to win the Screen Actors Guild Award, at age 4.

Anderson-Emmons does a regular YouTube segment, FoodMania Review, with her mother, Amy. The duo started making their videos in 2015 and have 15,000 subscribers with over 1 million views on their videos combined as of February. Aubrey Anderson-Emmons on IMDb

Headwind and tailwind

A tailwind is a wind that blows in the direction of travel of an object, while a headwind blows against the direction of travel. A tailwind increases the object's speed and reduces the time required to reach its destination, while a headwind has the opposite effect. In aeronautics, a headwind is favorable in takeoffs and landings because an airfoil moving into a headwind is capable of generating greater lift than the same airfoil moving through tranquil air, or with a tailwind, at equal ground speed; as a result and air traffic controllers choose to take off or land in the direction of a runway that will provide a headwind. In sailing, a headwind may make forward movement difficult, necessitate tacking into the wind. Tailwinds and headwinds are measured in relation to the speed of vehicles — air and watercraft — as well as in running events — sprints. Pilots calculate the Headwind or Tailwind Component and the Crosswind Component of local wind before takeoff; the direction of wind at a runway is measured using a windsock and the speed by an anemometer mounted on the same post.

Headwind and Tailwind are opposite interpretations of the wind component, parallel to the direction of travel, while Crosswind represents the perpendicular component. Determining the ground speed of an aircraft requires the calculation of the head or tailwind. Assume: A = Angle of the wind origin from the direction of travel W S = The measured total wind speed C W = Crosswind T W = Tailwind H W = Headwind Then C W = sin ⁡ ⋅ W S H W = cos ⁡ ⋅ W S For example, if the wind is at 09015 that means the wind is from heading 090 degrees with a speed of 15 Knots and the aircraft is taking-off from runway 24; the pilot prefers the runway side with less than 90 difference from wind direction, in this case Runway 06. Here, A = 30 ∘. Crosswind = sin ⁡ ⋅ 15 k n o t s ≈ 7.5 k n o t s Headwind = cos ⁡ ⋅ 15 k n o t s ≈ 13 k n o t s The aircraft is said to have 7.5 knots of crosswind and 13 knots of headwind on runway 06, or 13 knots of tailwind on runway 24. Aircraft have maximum tailwind and crosswind components which they cannot exceed.

If the wind is at eighty degrees or above it is said to be full-cross. If the wind exceeds 100 degrees it is common practice to takeoff and land from the opposite end of the runway, it has a heading of 060 in the above-mentioned example. Crosswind Air navigation Thrust Wind assistance Wind sock

The Ghosts Must Be Crazy

The Ghosts Must Be Crazy is a 2011 Singaporean comedy horror film directed by Mark Lee and Boris Boo. It was released on 6 January 2011 for a sneak preview and was released the next day; the film marks Singaporean comedian Mark Lee's directorial debut. The movie content was split into two stories, one about taking a day-off in the army, one about a ghost bride's marriage; the movie featured some cast members from Where Got Ghost?. PART 1: Only ghost will give you off - 鬼才給你OFF Sometime in the 1990s, late at night, two soldiers dig a shellscrape during a military exercise, encountering human hair buried in the ground. Attempting to pull it out of the dirt, the duo encounters a female ghost standing behind, which apparently frightened them to death. Moving forward to the present-day, two reservist soldiers, Ah Nan and Ah Lei, tries to get their on-the-ball commander, Lieutenant Chua, to grant them a day-off during their last unit exercise including stories about the female ghost by Ah Nan and telling that Ah Lei's grandmother passes away, which fails comically.

Another soldier, Ah Tan, comes to see Lieutenant Chua to get a day-off or light duty too, citing ill health, but gets rejected as well. Since the beginning, Ah Nan and Ah Lei didn't believe that Ah Tan felt ill, instead thinking that Ah Tan acted to get a day-off, including Ah Nan betting that Ah Tan will get rejected by Lieutenant Chua for a day-off or chop off his head. Ah Nan and Ah Lei encounters their Sergeant-Major, Warrant Officer Muthu, after leaving the commander’s office while chasing Ah Tan, who demands that Ah Lei either shave his head or get his hair dyed back to black. During a chat with other reservist mates, it is revealed that Muthu had died in a terrible car accident sometime back with his head knocked off, unsettling both Ah Nan and Ah Lei. During the exercise, Ah Tan, still sick, cooks his traditional Chinese medicine while he, Ah Nan and Ah Lei dig a fire-trench; when Muthu comes to inspect their progress, he notices Ah Tan’s medicine cooking and, citing a real wartime scenario, naggingly scolds the three soldiers for inadvertently exposing themselves to enemy fire by cooking in the field.

Knowing that their training area is reputedly haunted, Ah Tan and Ah Lei attempt to spook their sergeant-major in the night as they encountered the same incident where two soldiers saw a buried human hair, leaving Ah Tan alone digging while still badly ill. That night, when Muthu returns to his field-post, he encounters the same ghost as at the start of the film, while running away encounters disguised Ah Nan and Ah Lei, frightening him more and leading him to inform Lieutenant Chua of his encounter with the spirit. Chua dismisses his claims and meets with the trio, where it is revealed that Ah Tan’s illness gets worse and Muthu takes charge of sending Ah Tan back to the camp’s medical centre. While driving out of the jungle, Muthu sees the same female ghost and in shock crashes the jeep. Shortly after, Muthu gets out of the wrecked vehicle and runs back to Lieutenant Chua to inform him of the accident and that Ah Tan was killed. Ah Tan, however, is standing behind Muthu and is visible to both officers, spooking Muthu.

Meanwhile, Ah Nan and Ah Lei encounter Ah Tan standing alone in the jungle and are unconvinced he is a ghost, mocking him for his acting and demanding him to frighten Chua to terminate the exercise. The duo went to their commander’s tent, where they saw Ah Tan standing in front of Chua as Chua berates Ah Tan for malingering and his acting attempts to gain an off-day or light duty request, despite Ah Tan exposing many unnerving traits and behaviour to the officer; the female ghost reveals herself through Ah Tan’s body, frightening Chua enough, who runs off into the woods where his screams echo throughout. Ah Nan, Ah Lei and Muthu drive off in an army van out of the training area, all spooked by what transpired. On their way out of the jungle, they pass by the accident site, encountering the police and the hearse handling Ah Tan’s body beside the wrecked jeep. Ah Nan notices a second body-bag and alerts Ah Lei, they see Muthu’s spirit looking down on his corpse and crying out that he was dead, smacking his forehead until his head fly off, causing the two soldiers to scream and louder after realising Muthu was still in their van, as is Ah Tan’s ghost, who appears and tells Ah Lei that their commander has granted him a day-off.

The female ghost appears behind and places her hands at the back of the van and pulls the vehicle back into the jungle as the men continue to scream, with their eventual fates left uncertain. PART 2: Only ghost will marry you - 鬼才嫁給你 Ong Kim Hui is a middle-aged bachelor who has not been successful in his life, not being rich (and hav