Ilut

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Ilut
  • עִלּוּט, עילוט
  • عيلوط
Ilut
Ilut
Ilut is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Ilut
Ilut
Coordinates: 32°43′00″N 35°15′45″E / 32.71667°N 35.26250°E / 32.71667; 35.26250Coordinates: 32°43′00″N 35°15′45″E / 32.71667°N 35.26250°E / 32.71667; 35.26250
Grid position 174/235 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1991)
 • Head of Municipality Hassan Ali
Area
 • Total 3,051 dunams (3.051 km2 or 1.178 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 7,942
Name meaning possibly from the name of a tree[2]

Ilut, also spelt ʿAilut (Arabic: عيلوط‎; Hebrew: עִלּוּט‬), is an Arab local council in the Northern District of Israel. It was declared a local council in 1991. In 2017 its population was 7,942.[1]

Ilut is located to the northwest of Nazareth. The town is home to the Ilut Stadium, the home ground of Maccabi Ahi Nazareth.

History[edit]

Sherds from the Middle Bronze Age II and the Iron Age have been found here.[3]

A burial cave from the Persian era have been excavated[4] and Hellenistic (3rd–2nd centuries BCE), remains have also been found here.[3][5]

Historical geographer, Samuel Klein (1886–1940), suggested identifying the village with the 2nd century town known as ‘Ayṯoh-lo, mentioned in rabbinical sources and home to one of the 24 priestly families that settled in the Galilee after the Bar Kokhba revolt.[6]

A fish breeding pond, made in Roman era, and in use until the late Byzantine (5th–6th centuries CE) era have been excavated in the centre of Ilut, near a perennial spring. It was probably used for raising St. Peter’s fish.[7] Other building remains, pottery and coins have also been found dating from the Roman and Byzantine eras.[3]

Remains from the Umayyad (7th–8th centuries CE)[5] Fatimid (10th–11th centuries CE)[5] Abbasid[5] Crusader[5] and Mamluk (13th–15th centuries CE)[3][5] eras have also been found here.

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as 'Aylut, located in the Nahiya of Tabariyya of the Liwa of Safad. The population was 9 households, all Muslim. They paid a tax rate of 25% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, fruit trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 200 Akçe.[8][9] A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place as an unnamed village.[10]

In 1838, it was noted as a Muslim and Greek Christian village in the Nazareth district.[11]

In 1859, the village had a population of 180 souls.[12]

In 1875 Victor Guérin found it to have no more than 200 inhabitants. The village was situated in a valley and on the lower flanks of a mound. Some gardens surrounded it, planted with fig and olive trees and surrounded by a cactus hedge. He further noticed, near a Oualy, the site of an old church which had been completely razed. There were only five or six sections of limestone columns lying on the ground. As for the Oualy, it seemed to have been built with materials from the church. The Moslems there worshipped inside it a tomb dedicated to Neby Louth; the same person whose tomb was found in Bani Na'im.[13]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Ailut had about 350 Muslim inhabitants.[14]

British Mandate era[edit]

At the time of the 1922 census of Palestine ʿAilut had a population of 501, all Muslims,[15] increasing in the 1931 census to 834, still all Muslims, in a total of 165 houses.[16]

In 1945 the population was 1,310, all Muslims,[17] while the total land area was 17,557 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[18] Of this, 370 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 7,501 for cereals,[19] while 30 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 105
  3. ^ a b c d Dalali-Amos, 2009, ‘Illut
  4. ^ Alexandre, 2005, 'Illut
  5. ^ a b c d e f Shalev, 2016, p. ‘Illut
  6. ^ Samuel Klein, Eretz ha-Galil (The Land of Galilee), Jerusalem 1945, p. 85 (Hebrew)
  7. ^ Dalali-Amos and Tepper, 2017, ‘Illut
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 189
  9. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied from the Safad-district was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  10. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 166.
  11. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 132
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP 1, p. 274
  13. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 384
  14. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 184
  15. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  16. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 73
  17. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 8
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 62
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 109
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 159

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]