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Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was initiated on February 24, 1868, when the United States House of Representatives resolved to impeach Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of the United States, for "high crimes and misdemeanors," which were detailed in 11 articles of impeachment. The primary charge against Johnson was violation of the Tenure of Office Act, passed by Congress in March 1867, over his veto, he had removed from office Edwin M. Stanton, the secretary of war—whom the act was designed to protect—and attempted to replace him with Brevet Major General Lorenzo Thomas. Johnson became the first American president to be impeached on March 2–3, 1868, when the House formally adopted the articles of impeachment and forwarded them to the United States Senate for adjudication; the trial in the Senate began three days with Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase presiding. On May 16, the Senate did not convict Johnson on one of the articles, with the 35–19 vote in favor of conviction falling short of the necessary two-thirds majority by a single vote.

A 10-day recess was called before attempting to convict him on additional articles. The delay did not change the outcome, however, as on May 26, the Senate did not convict the president on two articles, both by the same margin, after which the trial was adjourned without considering the remaining eight articles of impeachment; the impeachment and trial of Andrew Johnson had important political implications for the balance of federal legislative–executive power. It maintained the principle that Congress should not remove the president from office because its members disagreed with him over policy and administration of the office, it resulted in diminished presidential influence on public policy and overall governing power, fostering a system of governance which Woodrow Wilson referred to in the 1870s as "Congressional Government." Johnson remained the only U. S. president to have been impeached and face a Senate trial for over a century, until Bill Clinton became the second in 1998. Tension between the executive and legislative branches had been high prior to Johnson's ascension to the presidency.

Following Union Army victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in July 1863, President Lincoln began contemplating the issue of how to bring the South back into the Union. He wished to offer an olive branch to the rebel states by pursuing a lenient plan for their reintegration; the forgiving tone of the president's plan, plus the fact that he implemented it by presidential directive without consulting Congress, incensed Radical Republicans, who countered with a more stringent plan. Their proposal for Southern reconstruction, the Wade–Davis Bill, passed both houses of Congress in July 1864, but was pocket vetoed by the president and never took effect; the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865, just days after the Army of Northern Virginia's surrender at Appomattox lessened the tension over who would set the terms of peace. The radicals, while suspicious of the new president and his policies, based upon his record, that Andrew Johnson would defer, or at least acquiesce to their hardline proposals.

Though a Democrat from Tennessee, Johnson had been a fierce critic of the Southern secession. After several states left the Union, including his own, he chose to stay in Washington, when Union troops occupied Tennessee, Johnson was appointed military governor. While in that position he had exercised his powers with vigor stating that "treason must be made odious and traitors punished". Johnson, embraced Lincoln's more lenient policies, thus rejecting the Radicals, setting the stage for a showdown between the president and Congress. During the first months of his presidency, Johnson issued proclamations of general amnesty for most former Confederates, both government and military officers, oversaw creation of new governments in the hitherto rebellious states – governments dominated by ex-Confederate officials. In February 1866, Johnson vetoed legislation extending the Freedmen's Bureau and expanding its powers. Afterward, Johnson denounced Radical Republicans Representative Thaddeus Stevens and Senator Charles Sumner, along with abolitionist Wendell Phillips, as traitors.

Johnson vetoed a Civil Rights Act and a second Freedmen's Bureau bill. At an impasse with Congress, Johnson offered himself directly to the American public as a "tribune of the people." In the late summer of 1866, the president embarked on a national "Swing Around the Circle" speaking tour, where he asked his audiences for their support in his battle against the Congress and urged voters to elect representatives to Congress in the upcoming midterm election who supported his policies. The tour backfired on Johnson, when reports of his undisciplined, vitriolic speeches and ill-advised confrontations with hecklers swept the nation. Contrary to his hopes, the 1866 elections led to veto-proof Republican majorities in both houses of Congress; as a result, Radicals were able to take control of Reconstruction, passing a series of Reconstruction Acts—each one over the president's veto—addressing requirements for Southern states to be restored to the Union. The first of these acts divided those states, excluding Johnson's home state of Tennessee, into five military districts, each state's government was put under the control of the U.

S. military. Additionally, these stat

Alireza Ramezani (footballer, born 1993)

Alireza Ramezani is an Iranian football midfielder, who plays for Iranian club Niroo Zamini. He joined Moghavemat Tehran in the summer 2011, he played three seasons for Moghavemat youth team. In winter 2013, Ramezani joined Naft Gachsaran, he played his first match for Naft Gachsaran in 2013–14 season. He played half seasons for Naft Gachsaran and moved to Esteghlal in the summer of 2014, he joined Esteghlal on 29 June 2014 with a three-year contract and made his debut for his new team in a 1–0 win over Esteghlal Khuzestan, coming as a substitute for Arash Borhani in 68 minute which he assisted Sajjad Shahbazzadeh to score the winning goal. Last Update: 25 June 2016 Assists He played thirteen matches from 2011 to 2013 for Iran national under-20 football team. After Incheon 2014 Games he invited to Iran U-22 training camp by Nelo Vingada. Alireza Ramezani at FFIRI

The Other Side

The Other Side, Other Side or Otherside may refer to: The Other Side directed by Hugh Dierker The Other Side, a German film directed by Heinz Paul The Other Side, a film by director Peter Flinth The Other Side, a Spanish film nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay at the 15th Goya Awards The Other Side, an action-horror film directed by Gregg Bishop The Other Side, a 2010 short film starring Abigail Mavity The Other Side, a comedy directed by David Michaels The Other Side, a short film directed by Muhammad Danish Qasim The Other Side, a feature film directed by Chris Niespodzianski & Raymond Mongelli III The Other Side, a French-Italian documentary film on Louisiana, U. S. Ferocious Planet or The Other Side, a 2011 science fiction TV movie Poltergeist II: The Other Side, a 1986 horror film The Other Side with Steve Godfrey, an American radio show The Other Side, a 1992 UK one-off TV drama written by David Ashton The Other Side, a 1994-95 American show on the NBC Daytime scheduleTelevision episodes"The Other Side", 2012 "The Other Side" "The Other Side" "The Other Side", 2000 The Other Side, a 1968 book by Bishop James Pike The Other Side, a 2001 book by Jacqueline Woodson The Other Side, a Vertigo comic by Jason Aaron and Cameron Stewart The Other Side or The Other Shore, a 1990 play by Gao Xingjian The Other Side: The Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism, a 1984 book by Mahmoud Abbas The Other Side, a 1995 poetry collection by Julia Álvarez The Other Side, a 1909 fantastic novel by Alfred Kubin The Other Side, 1990 The Other Side, 1996 The Other Side, 2003 The Other Side, 1993 The Other Side, 2005 The Other Side, 1992 The Other Side - The Best of Dexter Freebish, 2009 The Other Side, 2004 The Other Side, 2007 The Other Side, 2000 Otherside, 1988 The Other Side, 1998 The Other Side, 2005 The Other Side, 2013 The Other Side, 2018 The Other Side, 1997 The Other Side, 2004 The Other Side, 2003 The Other Side, 2010 The Other Side, by Martha Byrne, 2006 "The Other Side", 1989 "The Other Side", 1994 "The Other Side", 2002 "The Other Side", 2013 "The Other Side", 2005 "The Other Side", 2008 "The Other Side", 2020 "Otherside", by the Red Hot Chili Peppers, 2000 "The Otherside", by Breaks Co-Op, 2005 "The Other Side", by Afro Celt Sound System from Seed, 2003 "The Other Side", by Alana Grace from Break the Silence, 2007 "The Other Side", by Aleksander Denstad With, 2006 "The Other Side", by Bruno Mars from It's Better If You Don't Understand, 2010 "The Otherside", by Bubba Sparxxx from The Charm, 2006 "The Other Side", by Clannad from Banba, 1994 "The Other Side", by The Dismemberment Plan from Change, 2001 "The Other Side", by Evanescence from Evanescence, 2011 "The Other Side", by Fey from Vértigo, 2002 "The Other Side", by From First to Last from From First to Last, 2008 "Other Side", by p.e. from Blackout, 2003 "Otherside", by Macklemore and Ryan Lewis, 2009 "The Other Side", by Mike Oldfield from Music of the Spheres, 2008 "Other Side", by Pearl Jam, a B-side from the single "Save You", 2003 "Other Side", by Rancid from Indestructible, 2003 "The Otherside", by Red Sun Rising from Polyester Zeal, 2015 "The Other Side", by Richard Marx from My Own Best Enemy, 2004 "The OtherSide", by The Roots from Undun, 2011 "Other Side", by the Scissor Sisters from Ta-Dah, 2006 "The Other Side", by Sirenia from Nine Destinies and a Downfall, 2007 "The Other Side", by Sloan from Parallel Play, 2008 "The Other Side", by Tiny Tim from God Bless Tiny Tim, 1968 "The Other Side", by Toto from Kingdom of Desire, 1992 "Other Side", by Zachariah Selwyn "The Other Side", performed by Hugh Jackman and Zac Efron from the film The Greatest Showman, 2017 "The Other Side", a song by Public Service Broadcasting from the 2015 album The Race for Space "The Other Side", a song by Colton Dixon from the 2017 album Identity “The Other Side”, a song by Lauren Alaina expected to be on her upcoming album.

The Other Side, a 1960s American band featuring Boz Scaggs and Mac MacLeod The Othersiders, a 2009 American paranormal reality TV series "On the Other Side", a song by Delain from April Rain "On the Other Side", a song by Kansas from Carry On All pages with titles containing Other Side All pages with titles containing Otherside flipside