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Imperial Academy of Arts

The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by the founder of the Imperial Moscow University Ivan Shuvalov under the name Academy of the Three Noblest Arts. Catherine the Great renamed it the Imperial Academy of Arts and commissioned a new building, completed 25 years in 1789 by the Neva River; the academy promoted the neoclassical style and technique, sent its promising students to European capitals for further study. Training at the academy was required for artists to make successful careers. Formally abolished in 1918 after the Russian Revolution, the academy was renamed several times, it established free tuition. In 1947 the national institution was moved to Moscow, much of its art collection was moved to the Hermitage; the building in Leningrad was devoted to the Ilya Repin Leningrad Institute for Painting and Architecture, named in honor of one of Russia's foremost realist artists. Since 1991 it has been called the St. Petersburg Institute for Painting and Architecture.

The academy was located in the Shuvalov Palace on Sadovaya Street. In 1764, Catherine the Great renamed it the Imperial Academy of Arts and commissioned its first rector, Alexander Kokorinov, to design a new building, it took 25 years to complete the Neoclassical edifice, which opened in 1789. Konstantin Thon was responsible for the sumptuous decoration of the interiors, he designed a quayside in front of the building, with stairs down to the Neva River, adorned it with two 3000-year-old sphinxes, which were transported from Egypt. Ivan Betskoy reorganized the academy into a de facto government department; the academy vigorously promoted the principles of Neoclassicism by sending the most notable Russian painters abroad, in order to learn the ancient and Renaissance styles of Italy and France. It had its own sizable collection of choice artworks intended for study and copying. In the mid-19th-century, the Academism of training staff, much influenced by the doctrines of Dominique Ingres, was challenged by a younger generation of Russian artists who asserted their freedom to paint in a Realistic style.

The adherents of this movement became known as peredvizhniki. Led by Ivan Kramskoi, they publicly broke with the Academy and organized their own exhibitions, which traveled from town to town across Russia. Ilya Repin, Mikhail Vrubel and some other painters still regarded the academy's training as indispensable for the development of basic professional and technical skills. In 1893, Imperial Academy of Arts was divided into the Academy of Arts itself, responsible for all the artistic work in the Russian Empire, the Higher Art School of the Academy of Arts, which dealt only with academic affairs; the initiator of the reform was the vice-president of Count Ivan Ivanovich Tolstoy. The Charter, approved at the end of 1893, divided the former Academy into two institutions: Academy itself, a state institution «for the maintenance and dissemination of art in Russia». Educational institution — Higher Art School at the Academy, managed by the «Council of Professors» with the Rector at the head. Both institutions were located in St. Petersburg in the historic building of the Academy of Arts.

Instead of the old professors, peredvizhniki artists were invited to teaching positions at the Higher Art School. The program of study at the Higher School has changed significantly: the institute of professors and managers was established and free topics for competitive tests were established. New professors came among whom Ilya Repin stood out. Famous artists were invited by the heads of personal workshops: Vladimir Makovsky, Ivan Shishkin, Arkhip Kuindzhi, Aleksey Kivshenko. Came: Alexander Kiselyov, Dmitry Kardovsky, Nikolay Dubovskoy, Nikolay Samokish, Vasily Mate; the Big Gold Medal, which granted the right to a foreign pensioner, was awarded in a competition to which the most talented graduates of the Academy were allowed to complete their studies, awarded to the beginning of the competition with the small gold medal of the Academy «For Success in Drawing». Graduates who received a large gold medal remained at the Academy of Arts for another year; those admitted to the competition were obliged to execute the «program», to draw a picture according to the program, one for all, approved by the Council of the Academy of Arts.

The task, most on a historical theme, was made in such a way that the participant showed all the professional skills and knowledge that he mastered during his studies. Category:Awarded with a large gold medal of the Academy of Arts Category:Imperial Academy of Arts alumni Members of the Imperial Academy of Arts Full Members of the Imperial Academy of Arts After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Imperial Academy passed through a series of transformations, it was formally abolished in 1918 and the Petrograd Free Art Educational Studios created in its place. After the Academ

Yantikovsky District

Yantikovsky District is n administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-one in the Chuvash Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with the Republic of Tatarstan in the south and east, Kanashsky District in the west, with Urmarsky District in the north; the area of the district is 524.4 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the rural locality of Yantikovo. Population: 16,421 ; the population of Yantikovo accounts for 19.2% of the district's total population. The district was formed on January 9, 1935. Over 90% of the district's population is Chuvash. Ille Takhti and folklorist Yanshikhovo-Norvashi Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №28 от 19 декабря 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чувашской Республики», в ред. Закона №37 от 30 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чувашской Республики и признании утратившим силу Закона Чувашской Республики "О едином балансе активов и пассивов Чувашской Республики"».

Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Государственного Совета ЧР", №23, 1998.. Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №37 от 24 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа», в ред. Закона №54 от 9 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чувашской Республики "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №49-50, 30 ноября 2004 г

AT&T Sceptre

The AT&T Sceptre was a graphical terminal launched by AT&T in October 1983, used for the two largest deployments of videotex in the United States: Knight Ridder's Viewtron service in Florida, the Los Angeles Times' Gateway service in Southern California. The Sceptre was the basic bit of home kit needed for the services, to paint NAPLPS-standard geometrically-specified pages to the screen; the set top unit came with a separate battery-powered infrared wireless keyboard and an integrated 1200/75 baud 7-bit modem, used a domestic television set for display. Internally it was based on an Intel 8088 processor, the same as used in the original IBM PC, with 127K ROM and 48K RAM, display circuitry based on a 6845 CRTC; these provided a high resolution raster display, in 16 colors chosen from a palette of 256 – rather more than could be supported by the Commodore 64, Atari 800 or Apple IIe home computers of the time. However, unlike those machines the Sceptre was a dedicated terminal. There was no possibility of using it for independent computing.

The Sceptre was offered at $600, an "introductory discount" on an intended list price of $900.. Specifying the Sceptre gave the videotex services the advantage of a single graphics standard to design their pages to, it positioned the services squarely as aiming for the more general domestic consumer-electronics customer, rather than a more specialist computing sector, but there were few takers at the price, sales were not helped by the further subscription and access connection charges, the leisurely speed of the system, the uninvolving nature of the information on the service. In May 1984 Viewtron responded by offering combined rental of the Sceptre and subscription for $39.95 a month, but take-up was still slight, in May 1985 Viewtron belatedly opened the service to microcomputers. Both Viewtron and the Times-Mirror's Gateway service folded in March 1986, it was estimated that between them the two services had cost the ventures' owners and their partners in the region of $80 million. Keyfax, a third NAPLPS-based service, based in Chicago, had offered its users an alternative Honeywell Synertek design, somewhat sleeker in appearance than ATT's Sceptre for $750 reduced to $350.

Its service was closed down, in May 1986. The NAPLPS protocol was re-used for the basis of the graphics of the Prodigy online service, which began in 1988, but this was wholly directed at microcomputer owners running special software. It made no attempt to seek users with dedicated terminals. Picture of an AT&T Sceptre Henry Urrows, Floridians experiment with videotex buying, InfoWorld, April 9, 1984. Includes discussion of the Sceptre

Séamus Darby

Séamus Darby is an Irish former Gaelic football player. Darby is best remembered for scoring an unexpected late goal that deprived Kerry of a 5-in-a-row in the 1982 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final. In 2005, it was voted the third greatest moment in GAA history. During his footballing career, Darby won Leinster Senior Football Championship titles with Offaly in 1972, 1973 and 1982, playing in various forward positions, he won his second All-Ireland medal in 1972. He had been an unused substitute in Offaly's first-ever win, he was dropped from the county panel after the 1976 season. Darby was recalled to the Offaly team for the 1982 Leinster final, playing full-forward against Dublin, he missed the All-Ireland semi-final against Galway. His replacement Johnny Mooney played well in that match so Darby was left on the bench for the final; the 1982 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final was a repeat of the previous year's encounter and was significant in that a win for Kerry would give them an unprecedented fifth All-Ireland Final victory in a row.

Kerry were winning by two points with two minutes to go when Darby — who had arrived on the field of play as a substitute, with instructions to stay forward and try for a goal — got behind his marker Tommy Doyle, caught a "high, dropping ball", scored one of the most famous goals of all time. It was his only kick of the match. Kerry fumbled the counterattack which allowed Offaly to win by one single point with a score of 1–15 to 0–17. In 2005, Darby's goal against Kerry was voted third in a poll to find the Top 20 GAA Moments; the expression "to do a Séamus Darby" has been used in other fields. Darby's last match for Offaly was the Leinster semi-final against Dublin in 1984, he played club football for Rhode till 1986. He played for Edenderry in 1989, for Borrisokane in County Tipperary in 1991; the 1982 All-Ireland and Darby's part in it received renewed attention in 2010 when the Kilkenny hurlers were aiming to complete their own five-in-a-row never realised. Darby was interviewed for the documentary Players of the Faithful.

This aired in 2018 when Dublin's footballers had just won their fourth consecutive All-Ireland Senior Football Championship and would be bidding for their fifth in 2019. An episode of Laochra Gael dedicated to his life first aired on TG4 in 2019

Oklahoma World War II Army Airfields

During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces established numerous airfields in Oklahoma for training pilots and aircrews of AAF fighters and bombers or as major maintenance and supply centers. Most of these airfields were under the command of Third Air Force or the Army Air Forces Training Command; however other AAF commands, including Second Air Force, Air Technical Service Command and Air Transport Command commanded airfields in a support roles. It is still possible to find remnants of these wartime airfields. Many were converted into municipal airports, some were returned to agriculture and several were retained as United States Air Force installations and were front-line bases during the Cold War. Hundreds of the temporary buildings that were used survive today, are being used for other purposes. Note: The former Clinton-Sherman Air Force Base, now Clinton-Sherman Industrial Airpark, was Naval Air Station Clinton as acquired by the U. S. Navy in 1942. NAS Clinton turned over to the City of Clinton.

It was on 15 September 1954 that the USAF leased the former NAS Clinton site from the City of Clinton to be used as an Air Force Base. Maurer, Air Force Combat Units of World War II, Office of Air Force History, Washington, D. C. 1961 ISBN 0-912799-02-1. Military Airfields in World War II - Oklahoma


Zabivaka was the official mascot of the 2018 FIFA World Cup, held in Russia. The name is a blend of the Russian words забияка and забивать. Designed by student designer Ekaterina Bocharova, the mascot was selected by internet voting in Russia; the mascot was unveiled on 21 October 2016. It represents an anthropomorphic Eurasian wolf with brown and white fur, wearing a T shirt emblazoned with the words "RUSSIA 2018" and orange goggles — according to the designer, these are not ski goggles, but sports goggles like those used in cycling: "Zabivaka is so fast on the field that he needs eye protection"; the combination of white and red T shirt and shorts are the national colours of the Russian team. The competition results were announced on 22 October 2016, in the Evening Urgant on the Channel One Russia; the Wolf, named Zabivaka, scored 53 % of the votes, ahead of the Cat. More than one million people participated in the voting, which took place during September 2016 at, as well as before an during the live show of the Evening Urgant, where the results of the competition were announced.

The name was suggested at the show by the chairman of the World Cup 2018 Organising Committee Vitali Mutko. FIFA paid Bocharova a meager sum of $500. FIFA World Cup mascots 2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games mascots Zoich Misha 2018 World cup World Cup Willie FIFA World Cup FIFA's official webpage on Zabivaka