Korean War Veterans Parkway

The Korean War Veterans Parkway is a parkway that traverses the South Shore of Staten Island, New York, in the United States. It begins at the Outerbridge Crossing toll plaza and runs from southwest to northeast to a merge with Drumgoole Road in the island's Greenridge section; the parkway is designated New York State Route 909C, an unsigned reference route, which continues northeast along Drumgoole Road for a short distance to its end at an intersection with Richmond Avenue. The westernmost 0.38 miles of the parkway overlaps with NY 440. The parkway opened in 1972 as the Richmond Parkway, it was renamed the Korean War Veterans Parkway in 1997. As planned, the parkway would have continued northeast to an interchange with Interstate 278 in Sunnyside, would have connected to Wolfe's Pond Park on Staten Island's South Shore by way of a spur known as Wolfe's Pond Parkway; the section of the Richmond Parkway east of Richmond Avenue was canceled sometime after the 1960s as a result of community opposition.

Today, the part of the Staten Island Greenbelt where the parkway would have run is still known as Richmond Parkway. The Korean War Veterans Parkway begins concurrent with NY 440 at the Outerbridge Crossing toll plaza east of the New Jersey state line on Staten Island. NY 440 and the parkway remain overlapped to Pleasant Plains, where NY 440 splits from the parkway and heads north on the West Shore Expressway. Past NY 440, the four-lane parkway gains frontage roads as Drumgoole Road begins to run along both sides of the highway. Not far to the east, the parkway runs along the southern edge of Bloomingdale Park and connects to Maguire Avenue by way of ramps leading to and from Drumgoole Road; the parkway continues northeastward through Pleasant Plains to Huguenot, serving Huguenot Avenue with southbound exit and northbound entrance ramps. From Huguenot Avenue, the highway takes a more pronounced northeasterly track through the neighborhoods of Woodrow and Annadale, meeting Arden Avenue by way of an interchange in the latter community.

The parkway continues as a four-lane limited-access highway to Greenridge, where the road merges with the northern half of Drumgoole Road to create a four-lane, two-way surface street with a Jersey barrier in the median. The Korean War Veterans Parkway ends at the merge. Stubs intended to continue both directions of the parkway past Greenridge are present at the merge with Drumgoole Road; the unused highways parallel Drumgoole Road, crossing over Richmond Avenue before abruptly becoming a small two-lane road just east of the overpasses. The road continues as a non-public asphalt roadway used for construction vehicles; the parkway that exists today represents less than half of the highway, planned. From Richmond Avenue, the parkway would have continued northeast to Staten Island's Sunnyside neighborhood, where it would connect to the Staten Island Expressway; the 4.5-mile section west of Richmond Avenue was constructed along Drumgoole Road from 1966 to 1972 and opened to traffic in late 1972. As a result, the parkway's one-way service roads were named Drumgoole Road East and Drumgoole Road West.

Drumgoole Road itself was named for Father John Drumgoole, the Irish-born founder of the Mission of the Immaculate Virgin, a Roman Catholic orphanage better known today as Mount Loretto. In the late 1960s, intense community opposition erupted over the portion east of Richmond Avenue—much of it from environmentalists—because the parkway's planned route would have bisected the Staten Island Greenbelt and would have required the condemnation and razing of miles of private property; the 4.8-mile section of the parkway between Richmond Avenue and the proposed Staten Island Expressway interchange ended up never being built, the route was subsequently demapped. From time to time, proposals have been made to revive the aborted section of the parkway in response to increasing traffic congestion on Staten Island. However, none of these proposals have received significant support from the island's elected officials or residents. Robert Moses had an interchange built at the junction with the Staten Island Expressway in Todt Hill, with the intention of using it for the terminus of the Richmond Parkway.

However, this never came to be finished and the interchange was demolished in 2012 as part of a project to widen the Staten Island Expressway. Wolfe's Pond Parkway, a spur route connecting Richmond Parkway to Wolfe's Pond Park on Staten Island's South Shore, was proposed by Robert Moses in 1941; the highway never advanced past the planning stage, it was cancelled in the 1970s. In 1997, the Richmond Parkway was renamed the Korean War Veterans Memorial Parkway; the entire route is in the New York City borough of Staten Island. All exits are unnumbered. U. S. roads portal Korean War Veterans Parkway at Alps' Roads

Bahman Ghobadi

Bahman Ghobadi is an Iranian Kurdish film director and writer. He was born on February 1969 in Baneh, Kurdistan province. Ghobadi belongs to the "new wave" of Iranian cinema, he was born in a Kurdish city in Iran. His family moved to Sanandaj in 1981. Ghobadi received a Bachelor of Arts in film directing from Iran Broadcasting College. After a brief career in industrial photography, Ghobadi began making short 8 mm films, his documentary Life in Fog won numerous awards. Bahman Ghobadi was assistant director on Abbas Kiarostami's The Wind Will Carry Us. Bahman Ghobadi founded Mij Film in 2000, a company with the aim of production of films in Iran about its different ethnic groups, his first feature film was A Time for Drunken Horses, the first Kurdish film produced in Iran. The film won the Caméra d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, his second feature was Marooned in Iraq, which brought him the Gold Plaque from the Chicago International Film Festival. His third feature, Turtles Can Fly, followed in 2004, winning the Glass Bear and Peace Film Award at the Berlin International Film Festival and the Golden Shell at the San Sebastian International Film Festival.

In 2006, Ghobadi's Half Moon won the Golden Shell at the San Sebastian International Film Festival. Iran's renowned actors Golshifteh Farahani, Hassan Poorshirazi and Hedyeh Tehrani acted in this movie; the music of the movie was made by Iran's musician Hossein Alizadeh. The film, a collaborative project by Iran, France and Iraq, was shot in Iranian Kurdistan. However, it narrates the story of a group of Iranian Kurdish musicians who would like to travel to Iraqi Kurdistan and organize a concert there. In 2006, Index on Censorship gave Ghobadi an Index Film Award for making a significant contribution to freedom of expression through his film Turtles Can Fly. In May 2009, his film No One Knows About Persian Cats won an Un Certain Regard Special Jury Prize ex-aequo when it premiered at the Cannes Film Festival; this film chronicles the hardships facing young Iranian musicians seeking to evade censorship. Ghobadi made a cameo appearance in the 2019 film The Irishman, where he portrayed a prison cook who serves Jimmy Hoffa an ice cream sundae.

While Ghobadi does not enjoy acting, he says he appeared in the film out of respect for Martin Scorsese and Al Pacino. Bahman Ghobadi on IMDb Profiling Bahman Qobadi Mij Film Index Film Award Profiling Bahman Qobadi An interview with Bahman Ghobadi, director of Half Moon September 26, 2006 with David Walsh and Joanne Laurier on the World Socialist Web Site