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Imperial Household Agency

The Imperial Household Agency is an agency of the government of Japan in charge of state matters concerning the Imperial Family, keeping of the Privy Seal and State Seal of Japan. From around the 8th century AD up to the Second World War, it was named the Imperial Household Ministry; the agency is unique among conventional government agencies and ministries, in that it does not directly report to the Prime Minister at the cabinet level, nor is it affected by legislation that establishes it as an Independent Administrative Institution. The Agency is headed by the Grand Steward and he is assisted by the Vice-Grand Steward; the main elements of the organization are: the Grand Steward's Secretariat the Board of Chamberlains the Crown Prince's Household the Board of Ceremonies the Archives and Mausolea Department the Maintenance and Works Department the Kyoto OfficeThe current Grand Steward is Shin'ichirō Yamamoto. The Agency's headquarters is located within the grounds of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo.

The Agency's duties and responsibilities encompass the daily activities, such as state visits, organising events, preservation of traditional culture, administrative functions, etc. the agency is responsible for the various imperial residences scattered throughout the country. Visitors who wish to tour the Tokyo Imperial Palace, the Kyoto Imperial Palace, the Katsura Detached Palace, other sites, should register for guided tours with the agency first; the Agency has responsibility for the health and travel arrangements of the Imperial family, including maintaining the Imperial line. The Board of the Chamberlains, headed by the Grand Chamberlain, manages the daily life of the Emperor and the Empress, it keeps the Privy Seal and State Seal of Japan. A "Grand Master of the Board of the Crown Prince's Household" helps manage the schedules, dining menus, household maintenance of the Crown Prince and his family; the Imperial Household Agency can trace its origins back to the institutions established by the Taihō Code promulgated in 701–702 AD.

The Ritsuryō system established the namesake Ministry of the Imperial Household, a precursor to the present agency. The old code gave rise to the Ministry of Ceremonial which has its legacy in the Board of Ceremonies under the current agency, the Ministry of Civil Administration which oversaw the Bureau of Music that would now correspond to the Agency's Music Department; the basic structures remained in place until the Meiji Restoration. The early Meiji government installed Imperial Household Ministry on 15 August 1869. However, there is a convoluted history of reorganization around how the government bodies that correspond to constituent subdivisions of the current Agency were formed or empowered during this period; the Department of Shinto Affairs and the Ministry of Shinto Affairs were in existence and placed in charge of, e.g. the Imperial mausolea under the Office of Imperial Mausolea, one of the tasks designated to the Agency today. Meanwhile, the Meiji government created the Board of Ceremonies in 1871, soon renamed Bureau of Ceremonies in 1872.

And by 1872 the Ministry of Shinto Affairs was abolished, with the bulk of duties moved to the Kyōbu shō and the administration of formal ceremonial functions transferred to the aforementioned Board/Bureau of the Ceremonies. The Bureau of the Ceremonies was under the sway of the Great Council of State but was transferred to the control of the Imperial Household Ministry in September 1877; the Bureau underwent yet another name change to Board of Ceremonies in October 1884. Since the name remained unchanged and is, headed by the Master of Ceremonies. An Imperial Order in 1908 confirmed that the Imperial Household Minister, as the chief official was called, was responsible for assisting the Emperor in all matters concerning the Imperial House; the ministry oversaw the official appointments of Imperial Household Artists and commissioned their work. The Imperial Household Office was a downgraded version of the ministry, created pursuant to Imperial Household Office Law Law No. 70 of 1947 during the American Occupation of Japan.

Its staff size was downscaled from 6,200 to less than 1,500, the Office was placed under the Prime Minister of Japan. In 1949, Imperial Household Office became the Imperial Household Agency, placed under the fold of the newly created Prime Minister's Office, as an external agency attached to it. In 2001, the Imperial Household Agency was organizationally re-positioned under the Cabinet Office; the Agency has been criticized for isolating members of the Imperial Family from the Japanese public, for insisting on hidebound customs rather than permitting a more approachable, populist monarchy. These criticisms have become more muted in recent years. Prince Naruhito, in May 2004, criticised the then-Grand Steward of the Imperial Household, Toshio Yuasa, for putting pressure on Princess Masako, Naruhito's wife, to bear a male child. At a press conference, Naruhito said that his wife had "completely exhausted herself" trying to adapt to the imperial family's life, added "there were developments that denied Masako's career as well as her personality."

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Registry of Open Access Repositories

The Registry of Open Access Repositories is a searchable international database indexing the creation and growth of open access institutional repositories and their contents. ROAR was created by EPrints at University of Southampton, UK, in 2003, it began as the Institutional Archives Registry and was renamed Registry of Open Access Repositories in 2006. To date, over 3,000 institutional and cross-institutional repositories have been registered; as of 2015, ROAR and the UK-based Directory of Open Access Repositories "are considered the two leading open access directories worldwide. ROAR allows direct submissions to the directory. OpenDOAR is dependent on the discretion of its staff. OpenDOAR requires open access of scholarly publications. ROAR allows filtering by country, type of repository, sorting by repository name." ROAR's companion Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies is a searchable international database of policies. It charts the growth of open access mandates and policies adopted by universities, research institutions and research funders that require their researchers to provide open access to their peer-reviewed research article output by depositing it in an open access repository.

It was created by EPrints at University of Southampton in 2003. The Institutional Self-Archiving Policy Registry became the Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policies in 2006 the Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies, the Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies around 2014. ROARMAP mandates are classified in terms of strength and effectiveness in MELIBEA As of October 2015, open-access mandates have been adopted by more than 520 universities and more than 75 research funders worldwide. Official site of ROAR Official site of ROARMAPLinks related to mandatesHarvard Mandates NIH Mandate OSTP Mandate European Union Horizon2020 Mandate UK HEFCE Mandate Liege Mandate UNESCO worldwide list of funder mandates MELIBEA

Benjamin Knight

Benjamin Brayton Knight was a New England industrialist and philanthropist, a partner with his brother Robert Knight in the B. B. & R. Knight Company and was one of the largest textile manufacturers in the world when he died in 1898. Knight co-founded Fruit of the Loom, he was born in Rhode Island, on October 3, 1813, to Stephen Knight and Weltham Brayton. Knight worked on the family farm until he was 18 and went to work at Sprague Print Works in Cranston, but returned to farming. In 1835, he opened. In 1838, he moved to Providence, founded Winsor, Knight & Company, a grocery business, with Onley Winsor and L. E. Bowen and his brother, Jeremiah Knight, the firm became B. B. Knight & Co. Knight partnered with D. T. Penniman as Penniman, Knight & Company in the flour and grain trade in the Amasa Mason Block on Dyer street Providence, Rhode Island. After buying out Penniman, Knight continued alone for about four years until 1849 when he sold his grocery business to Jeremiah. In 1852 Knight sold half of his flour and grain interest to another brother.

He purchased from Robert a one-half interest in the Pontiac Mill and Bleachery, the firm of B. B. and R. Knight was formed; the brothers began to focus on the textile manufacturing. The company became the largest textile manufacturer in the world. Benjamin Knight served as in several political offices, including as a member of the General Assembly and city alderman. Knight became involved in various banking and insurance companies. River Point, Rhode Island Royal Mill Complex Lippitt Mill Valley Queen Mill

Honglingjin Park

Honglingjin Park is a public park in Beijing. The park, designated a national AAA scenic spot, lies at the junction of East 4th Ring Road and Chaoyang North Road, to the northeast of Honglingjin Bridge, about 10 kilometers from the center of the city, it is the only theme park for children named "Red scarf" in the country. It is a place for popular science education for teenagers. Built in 1958, now it covers an area of.389 square kilometres, of which.160 square kilometres are covered by water, has a 96% greenery coverage rate. The lawn surrounding the lake is dotted with flowers. Major attractions are a theme square named "Song of the Red Scarf", Ginkgo Square, a children's playground, the Practical Road Safety Education Base, several groups of artistic sculptures; every year the park holds a scientific garden party on June 1 and a cultural festival for twins in Beijing on October 1. "Song of the Red Scarf" theme square: This 3,000-square-metre square lies in the west of the squares zone near the south gate of the park.

At its north end stands a theme sculpture named "Song of the Red Scarf", which consists of five radial steel columns topped by a golden torch with a semicircle relief sculpture as the backdrop. On both sides of the square stand the sculptures of young revolutionary martyrs such as Lei Feng, Liu Hulan, Liu Wenxue, and'Little Carrot', which are surrounded with flowers and green lawns. Ginkgo Square: This 5,000-square-metre square, which lies behind the south gate, has 27 large ginkgo trees; the square is paved with terrazzo. On its east side is a 1,920-square-metre tiered flower bed that runs to 240 metres along the eastern bank of the lake. Practical Road Safety Education Base for minor citizens: The base consists of a central square, a car ground, an inner ring road and an outer one. Here learning and playing are blended. Children learn about traffic regulations by driving electric cars on a simulated highway. Children's playground: This is divided into two sections, one in the north and the other in the south, which cover a total area of 6,300-square-metre.

In the north playground there are fruit-worm gliding cars, wave cars, battery cars, a carousel, bumper cars. In the south park there are an artificial sandlot, inflated toys, indoor entertainment facilities; the amusement facilities are available all year round. Steps in the Sun: These are 18 groups of artistic and educational sculptures scattered in the park

G protein-coupled bile acid receptor

The G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1 known G-protein coupled receptor 19, membrane-type receptor for bile acids or TGR5 as is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPBAR1 gene. This gene encodes a member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily; this protein functions as a cell surface receptor for bile acids. Treatment of cells expressing this GPCR with bile acids induces the production of intracellular cAMP, activation of a MAP kinase signaling pathway, internalization of the receptor; the receptor is implicated in the suppression of macrophage functions and regulation of energy homeostasis by bile acids. One effect of this receptor is to activate deiodinases which convert the prohormone thyroxine to the active hormone triiodothyronine. T3 in turn activates the thyroid hormone receptor. "Bile Acid Receptor". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. GPBAR1+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain

Zlatar (mountain)

Zlatar is a mountain range in southwestern Serbia, lying between towns of Prijepolje and Nova Varoš. Its highest peak is Golo brdo, 1,627 meters tall, it belongs to Stari Vlah group of Dinaric Alps. Zlatar is bounded by rivers Uvac, Mileševka and Bistrica, has a total of four artificial lakes – Zlatar Lake, Radoinjsko Lake, Uvac Lake and Potpeć. Mountainous climate with significant mediterranean influence, dense pine forests, a high number of sunny days, is suitable for medicinal purposes and altitude training. At the elevation of 1,237 meters, there is a Special Rehabilitation Hospital "Zlatar" with 330 beds. Tourist and sports centre Zlatar Special Rehabilitation Hospital "ZLATAR" Zlatarinfo - Lates News from Zlatar and Nova Varos Ski resort Zlatar