The Three Sacred Treasures are the imperial regalia of Japan and consist of the sword Kusanagi, the mirror Yata no Kagami, the jewel Yasakani no Magatama. They represent the three primary virtues: valor and benevolence. Due to the legendary status of these items, their locations are not confirmed, but it is thought that the sword is located at the Atsuta Shrine in Nagoya, the jewel is located at the Three Palace Sanctuaries in Kōkyo, the mirror is located at the Ise Grand Shrine in Mie Prefecture. Since 690, the presentation of these items to the Emperor by the priests at the shrine has been a central element of the enthronement ceremony; this ceremony is not public, these items are by tradition seen only by the Emperor and certain priests. Because of this, no known photographs or drawings exist. Two of the three treasures, as well as the Privy Seal and State Seal, were present at the abdication of Emperor Akihito on 30 April 2019. Akihito's successor, formally took possession of them in a brief ceremony on 1 May 2019.
Prior to these events, they were last in public during the accession and enthronement of Akihito in 1989 and 1990. On all of these occasions, they remained shrouded from view in boxes. According to legend, these treasures were brought to earth by Ninigi-no-Mikoto, legendary ancestor of the Japanese imperial line, when his grandmother, the sun goddess Amaterasu, sent him to pacify Japan; these treasures were said to be passed down to Emperor Jimmu, the first Emperor of Japan and was Ninigi's great-grandson. Traditionally, they were a symbol of the emperor's divinity as a descendant of Amaterasu, confirming his legitimacy as paramount ruler of Japan; when Amaterasu hid in a cave from her brother Susanoo-no-Mikoto, thus plunging the world in darkness, the goddess Ame-no-Uzume-no-Mikoto hung the mirror and jewels outside the cave and lured her out of the cave, at which point she saw her own reflection and was startled enough that the gods could pull her out of the cave. Susanoo presented the sword Kusanagi to Amaterasu as a token of apology.
At the conclusion of the Genpei War in 1185, the eight year-old Emperor Antoku and the Regalia were under the control of the Taira clan. They were present when the Taira were defeated by the rival Minamoto clan at the Battle of Dan-no-ura, fought on boats in the shallow Kanmon Straits; the child-emperor's grandmother threw herself, the boy, the sword and the jewel into the sea to avoid capture. The mirror was recovered, but according to the main account of the battle, a Minamato soldier who tried to force open the box containing it was struck blind; the jewel was recovered shortly afterwards by divers. There are a number of medieval texts relating to the loss of the sword, which variously contended that a replica was forged afterwards, or that the lost sword itself was a replica or the sword was returned to land by supernatural forces; the possession by the Southern Dynasty of the Imperial Regalia during the Nanboku-chō period in the 14th century has led modern chroniclers to define it as the legitimate dynasty for purposes of regnal names and genealogy.
The importance of the Imperial Regalia to Japan is evident from the declarations made by Emperor Hirohito to Kōichi Kido on 25 and 31 July 1945 at the end of World War II, when he ordered the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan to protect them "at all costs". The phrase "Three Sacred Treasures" is retrospectively applied to durable goods of modern Japan. During a policy address in 2003, then-Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said that during the mid-1950s and mid-1960s, the "three sacred treasures" for durable goods were the washing machine and the black and white television, the automobile, air conditioner, color television set from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s. Alvin and Heidi Toffler's Powershift use them to symbolize the three kinds of power they distinguish: force and knowledge. In the manga franchise One Piece, the three main attacks of Admiral Kizaru share their names with the Three Sacred Treasures. In Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon, a popular Japanese manga and anime franchise, the three talismans of the Outer Senshi are stylized as a mirror and jewel.
Robin Jarvis is a British Young-Adult fiction and children's novelist, who writes dark fantasy and supernatural thrillers. His books for young adults have featured the inhabitants of a coastal town battling a monumental malevolence with the help of its last supernatural guardian, a diminutive race of Werglers pitched against the evil might of the faerie hordes, a sinister "world-switching" dystopian future, triggered by a sinister and hypnotic book, Norse Fates, Glastonbury crow-demons and a time travelling, wise-cracking teddy bear. Dark powers, a forgotten race and ancient evils on the North Yorkshire coast, epic medieval adventure and science-fiction dramatising the "nefarious intrigue" within an alternate Tudor realm, peopled by personalities of the time, automata servants and animals known as Mechanicals and ruled by Queen Elizabeth I.. Jarvis' books for younger readers have featured anthropomorphic rodents and small mammals – mice - as featured in the Deptford Mice series. A number of his works are based in London, in and around Deptford and Greenwich where he used to live, Felixstowe, or in Whitby, the setting for The Whitby Witches trilogy and his latest series: The Witching Legacy.
His first novel – The Dark Portal, featuring the popular Deptford Mice – was the runner up for the Smarties book prize in 1989. His work has been described as "genre Busting" and "original, unusual, psychological supernatural horror fantasy with a modern twist". Jarvis has said that he is not a writer of horror fiction, however his work has been compared to that of "…Stephen King, but for Young Adults."The Deptford Mice was adapted and dramatised by Tiny Dog Productions, staged in January 2010 and April 2011. Jarvis was born in Liverpool, the youngest of four children, grew up in Warrington, attending Penketh High School, his favourite subjects at school were Art and English and he went on to study Graphic Design at Newcastle Polytechnic. After college, he moved to London and worked in the television and advertising industries as a model-maker, he lives in Greenwich in southeast London. The Power of Dark The Devil's Paintbox Time of Blood The Witching Legacy is a four title series published by Egmont Books, in which Jarvis returns to the North Yorkshire town of Whitby.
Jarvis said in a 2015 press release. "Now the time is right to discover what's been happening. Gasp – grave and Dark things…" He further said of the town "The place won't leave me alone, it compels stories out of me. It's such a perfect blend of every location you could want, with a fabulously rich history that stretches back over a thousand years." The Power of Dark follows the story of two friends who get caught up in a supernatural vendetta from the past. "Something is brewing in the town of Whitby. To best friends Lil and Verne, it just seems like a bad storm, but Cherry Cerise, the last of the Whitby witches, fears that ancient forces are at work, reviving the curse of a long lost magical artifact."The Devil's Paintbox continues the adventures of Lil when "More than she needs the support of best friend Verne and the witch Cherry Cerise, but they are preoccupied by their attempts to uncover more secrets of the golden Nimius. When Lil finds an antique box of watercolour paints she welcomes the diversion, little realising that every time she uses it something nasty escapes.
But it is while they are distracted an old enemy finds a path to their door..."Time of Blood In this third title, the sinister Mister Dark is more powerful than and has enslaved young Verne to his will. Can Lil save her best friend before their enemy unleashes his most audacious and insane plan yet? With the help of new, surprising allies - a witch, a mysterious man of many disguises and the secretive aufwaders beneath the cliff - all seems hopeless. Whitby has never been a more frightening and dangerous place to live, the murdered dead refuse to rest in peace; the Whitby Witches A Warlock in Whitby The Whitby Child Thorn Ogres of Hagwood Dark Waters of Hagwood War in Hagwood Originally published by Puffin Books, Thorn Ogres of Hagwood has been published online by Open Road Integrated Media. The sequel Dark Waters of Hagwood was published in June 2013, the series finale. After the original publication of the first instalment, the long-awaited second and third books were published over ten years later.
The series follows the heroic battle for survival of a peace-loving race of Werlings who have the power to Wergle or shape shift. Living an untroubled existence, they unwittingly become embroiled in an epic struggle against the mighty powers of dark faerie magic and the least champion must find the hero within; the first title in the series has been described as "Fun for Hobbit-addicts and Potter-philes of all ages." Dancing Jax Freax and Rejex Fighting Pax The Dancing Jax trilogy is a dark fantasy series for Young Adults, published in the United Kingdom by Harper Collins. Jarvis has said. "...it gave me everything I needed, the title of the book, the characters and their names and other key'ingredients'". The series relates the hypnotic and destructive power held over its readers by
The Institute of Jamaica, founded in 1879, is the country's most significant cultural and scientific organisation: a patron and promoter of the arts in Jamaica, sponsoring exhibitions and awards. It is the country's museums authority, as well as administering other national arts and cultural outlets including the National Gallery, the African Caribbean Institute of Jamaica, the Jamaica Journal; the Institute of Jamaica was established in 1879 by Sir Anthony Musgrave Governor of Jamaica, "For the Encouragement of Literature and Art in Jamaica", as such was designed to help Government in the promotion and preservation of culture in the island. It is Jamaica's "most significant cultural and scientific organization". In the words of the late Edna Manley: "When I pay tribute to the Institute, I like to think back over the years to the twenties - when there was nothing that stood for the encouragement of any of the Arts or Sciences. Only the Institute stood like a beacon in its attempt to create an atmosphere where creativity could hope to flourish.
The Institute stood for integrity. It had the strength and intelligence to survive. Let the Institute survive, beaming aloft its flame of integrity."The IOJ is located at 10-16 East Street, Kingston and has responsibility for the following organizations: The African Caribbean Institute of Jamaica /Jamaica Memory Bank. Liberty Hall: Legacy of Marcus Garvey – a project of the ACIJ/JMB The Jamaica Music Museum The Junior Centres The Natural History Museum of Jamaica The Museums of History and Ethnography The National Gallery of JamaicaThe function of the Institute varies according to the role of each division; these include: to establish and maintain museums and galleries for the collection and presentation of artefacts and art treasures. The IOJ publishes Jamaica Journal the Journal of the Institute of Jamaica, established in 1896; the Musgrave Medal has been awarded by the Institute of Jamaica since 1897 for excellence in the fields of arts and literature. The Gleaner Company presented the Institute of Jamaica with the Gleaner Honour Award "For its unyielding and invaluable contribution to Arts and Culture in 2014, staunchly preserving Jamaica's heritage."
Official website. Institute of Jamaica page at Visit Jamaica