Anna Maria Elisabeth Lisinska Jerichau-Baumann was a Polish-Danish painter of German origin. She was married to the sculptor Jens Adolf Jerichau, Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann was born in Żoliborz a borough of Warsaw. Her father Philip Adolph Baumann, a mapmaker, and her mother and she is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. She began exhibiting there and in 1844 attracted public attention for the first time, after she moved to Rome, her paintings were primarily of local life. It was here that she met her husband, Jens Adolf Jerichau. When the artist couple was not travelling, she spent many hours a day in their studio in Rome and she was particularly fond of the Italian carnival as a theme. The couple moved to Copenhagen in 1849 where her husband became a professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and she was not intimidated and tried to find subjects that would appeal to the Danish public. In 1858 she was awarded the Academys Jubilee Medal though and became a member in 1861 and she had great success abroad and had a special following in France where she was twice represented at the World Fair in Paris, first in 1867 and again in 1878.
In 1852 she exhibited some of her paintings in London, among the portraits presented to the Queen was her painting of Hans Christian Andersen, completed in 1850. In 1869-1870 Elisabeth traveled extensively in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle-East, in 1869, she was admitted into the harem of Mustafa Fazil Paşa. She was able to gain entry because of her patronage in Denmark. The princess had accompanied her husband on a tour which included the Ottoman Empire, earlier that year. But the fact that Mustafa was a liberal in favour of a Western style constitutional government and was a proponent of modernization played an important part in her being granted entry. She was entranced by Mustafa Paşas daughter Nazlı and wrote home to her husband and children and her work from this period is sometimes decorative and frequently sentimental but with a fine sense of colour and lighting. The sensualism in some of these paintings was considered taboo in some parts of Europe. Until recently, her paintings were kept in museum storerooms in Denmark, the erotic quality in many of her husbands statues may have helped her to disregard this provincialism in spite of the obvious social risks to a woman at the time.
The Jerichaus had nine children, two of whom died in infancy, of the rest, several became accomplished painters including Harald Jerichau, who died of malaria and typhus in Rome, and Holger Hvitfeldt Jerichau who painted primarily impressionistic landscapes. His work earned the favour of the Russian Royal Family whose patronage helped him finance his foreign travels and he was called a true visionary and talented artist by the art critics of the time and had many successful exhibitions but like his older brother died young at age 41
Canvas is an extremely durable plain-woven fabric used for making sails, marquees and other items for which sturdiness is required. It is used by artists as a painting surface. It is used in such objects as handbags, electronic device cases. The word canvas is derived from the 13th century Anglo-French canevaz, both may be derivatives of the Vulgar Latin cannapaceus for made of hemp, originating from the Greek κάνναβις. Modern canvas is made of cotton or linen, although. It differs from other cotton fabrics, such as denim. Canvas comes in two types and duck. The threads in duck canvas are more tightly woven, the term duck comes from the Dutch word for cloth, doek. In the United States, canvas is classified in two ways, by weight and by a number system. The numbers run in reverse of the weight so a number 10 canvas is lighter than number 4, canvas has become the most common support medium for oil painting, replacing wooden panels. One of the earliest surviving oils on canvas is a French Madonna with angels from around 1410 in the Gemäldegalerie, panel painting remained more common until the 16th century in Italy and the 17th century in Northern Europe.
Mantegna and Venetian artists were among those leading the change, Venetian sail canvas was readily available, as lead-based paint is poisonous, care has to be taken in using it. Early canvas was made of linen, a sturdy brownish fabric of considerable strength, linen is particularly suitable for the use of oil paint. In the early 20th century, cotton canvas, often referred to as cotton duck, linen is composed of higher quality material, and remains popular with many professional artists, especially those who work with oil paint. Cotton duck, which stretches more fully and has an even, mechanical weave, the advent of acrylic paint has greatly increased the popularity and use of cotton duck canvas. Linen and cotton derive from two different plants, the flax plant and the cotton plant, respectively. Gessoed canvases on stretchers are available and they are available in a variety of weights, light-weight is about 4 oz or 5 oz, medium-weight is about 7 oz or 8 oz, heavy-weight is about 10 oz or 12 oz.
They are prepared with two or three coats of gesso and are ready for use straight away, artists desiring greater control of their painting surface may add a coat or two of their preferred gesso
Carl Heinrich Bloch was a Danish painter. He was born in Copenhagen and studied with Wilhelm Marstrand at the Royal Danish Academy of Art there, Blochs parents wanted their son to enter a respectable profession - an officer in the Navy. This, was not what Carl wanted and his only interest was drawing and painting, and he was consumed by the idea of becoming an artist. He went to Italy to study art, passing through the Netherlands, where he acquainted with the work of Rembrandt. Carl Bloch met his wife, Alma Trepka, in Rome and they were happily married until her early death in 1886. His early work featured rural scenes from everyday life, from 1859 to 1866, Bloch lived in Italy, and this period was important for the development of his historical style. His first great success was the exhibition of his Prometheus Unbound in Copenhagen in 1865, after the death of Marstrand, he finished the decoration of the ceremonial hall at the University of Copenhagen. The sorrow over losing his wife weighed heavily on Bloch, in a New Years letter from 1866 to Bloch, H. C.
Andersen wrote the following, What God has arched on solid rock will not be swept away, another letter from Andersen declared Through your art you add a new step to your Jacob-ladder into immortality. In a final ode, from an author to a famous artist. Andersen said Write on the canvas, write your seal on immortality, you will become noble here on earth. He was commissioned to produce 23 paintings for the Chapel at Frederiksborg Palace and these were all scenes from the life of Christ which have become very popular as illustrations. The originals, painted between 1865 and 1879, are still at Frederiksborg Palace, the altarpieces can be found at Holbaek, Odense and Copenhagen in Denmark, as well as Loederup and Landskrona in Sweden. A second work by Bloch, an 1880 grisaille version of The Mocking of Christ, was purchased by BYU in June 2015, Carl Bloch died of cancer on February 22,1890. His death came as a blow for Nordic art according to an article by Sophus Michaelis. Michaelis stated that Denmark has lost the artist that indisputably was the greatest among the living, kyhn stated in his eulogy at Carl Blochs funeral that Bloch stays and lives.
A prominent Danish art critic, Karl Madsen, stated that Carl Bloch reached higher toward the heaven of art than all other Danish art up to that date. Madsen said If there is an Elysium, where the giant, rich and noble artist souls meet, the most notable example of this is the movie The Testaments of One Fold and One Shepherd
BBC Radio 1
Radio 1 provides alternative genres after 7,00 pm, including electronic dance, hip hop, indie or interviews. It was launched in 1967 to meet the demand for music generated by radio stations. Recently, the BBC claimed that it targets the 15–29 age group. BBC Radio 1 started 24-hour broadcasting on 1 May 1991, Radio 1 was established in 1967 as a successor to the BBC Light Programme, which had broadcast popular music and other entertainment since 1945. Radio 1 was conceived as a response to the popularity of offshore pirate radio stations such as Radio Caroline and Radio London. Radio 1 was launched at 7,00 am on Saturday 30 September 1967. The first words on Radio 1 – after a countdown by the Controller of Radios 1 and 2, Robin Scott, welcome to the exciting new sound of Radio 1. This was the first use of US-style jingles on BBC radio, the first complete record played on Radio 1 was Flowers in the Rain by The Move. The second single was Massachusetts by The Bee Gees, the breakfast show remains the most prized slot in the Radio 1 schedule, with every change of breakfast show presenter exciting considerable media interest.
Despite this, it gained massive audiences, becoming the most listened to station in the world with audiences of over 10 million claimed for some of its shows, in the early-mid-1970s Radio 1 presenters were rarely out of the British tabloids, thanks to the Publicity Departments high-profile work. Alan Freemans Saturday Rock Show was voted Best Radio Show 5 years running by readers of a music publication. In his last few months as controller, Johnny Beerling commissioned a handful of new shows that in some set the tone for what was to come under Matthew Bannister. One of these Loudnproud was the UKs first national radio series aimed at a gay audience, far from being a parting quirk, the show was a surprise hit and led to the networks first coverage of the large outdoor Gay Pride event in 1994. Bannister took the reins fully in October 1993 and his aim was to rid the station of its Smashie and Nicey image and make it appeal to the under 25s. Although originally launched as a station, by the early 1990s.
Many listeners rebelled as the first new DJs to be introduced represented a crossover from other parts of the BBC with Emma Freud, Evans was a popular but controversial presenter who was eventually sacked in 1997 after he demanded to present the breakfast show for only four days per week. Evans was replaced from 17 February 1997 by Mark and Lard – Mark Radcliffe and they were replaced by Zoë Ball and Kevin Greening eight months in October 1997, with Greening moving on and leaving Ball as solo presenter. Documentaries like John Peels Lost in Music which looked at the influence that the use of drugs have had over popular musicians received critical acclaim but were slated inside Broadcasting House, in the 1990s the Britpop boom declined, and manufactured chart pop came to dominate the charts
Gregory James Alan Milward, known professionally as Greg James, is an English radio DJ and television presenter, most famous for hosting the drivetime show on BBC Radio 1. James was born to Alan and Rosemary Milward, in Lewisham and his parents were both teachers, Alan a headteacher, and Rosemary a special needs teacher. As a baby, he received three life-saving blood transfusions and was under an incubator for a week, James used to play cricket for Hertfordshire Under-18s. He first broadcast on Hospital Radio aged 14, however he discovered that the transmitter was broken, James is an alumnus of The Bishops Stortford High School, where he was deputy head boy. He studied drama at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, while at university, he presented several shows on the students union radio station Livewire 1350AM, becoming the station manager in 2006. He said that being station manager was a job he did not enjoy and he presented several breakfast shows on Future Radio in Norwich and on Pulse Rated in Salhouse before he got his break at BBC Radio 1.
He won Best Male Presenter at the Student Radio Awards 2005, during university holidays he presented stints on Galaxy North East. James joined BBC Radio 1 in June 2007, to present Early Breakfast on Friday and he presented his first show on Friday 1 June 2007, the day after graduating from university. In October 2007, he was awarded the Early Breakfast Show five days a week and he presented his first full-time show on Monday 1 October 2007, and his first ever Record of the Week was Hometown Glory by Adele. James co-hosts Not Just Cricket on 5 Live with England Cricketers Graeme Swann, the shows main focus is talking about cricket, but they talk about anything else they fancy. James guest hosted the 16 February 2013 edition of the 5 Live comedy sport programme Fighting Talk, on 28 February 2012, it was announced that James and Scott Mills would swap shows as of 2 April 2012, meaning James would host the drivetime show from that date. Off the cuff improv games typically include Chris Smith aka, Chris Smith with the news the main afternoon Newsbeat reader.
Due to changes in dates of music worldwide, since 10 July 2015 James Friday show is taken up by The Official Chart between 1600 and 1745, followed by Dance Anthems between 1800 and 1900. The drive time show is split into two halves, with a fifteen-minute break between 1745 and 1800 for the evening Newsbeat broadcast. James is a TV presenter, in 2009, he presented a TV show for BBC Three called Sun and Holiday Madness, about British tourists in Magaluf and Young and Living at Home, for BBC Three. He has presented Sound on BBC Twos Switch and he hosted the winners podium at the 2009 BRIT Awards. In 2011, James had a cameo role in the Doctor Who episode Closing Time. In 2012, James co-presented two series of Unzipped on BBC Three with Russell Kane and How to Win Eurovision, in December 2012, James and Gabby Logan presented 50 Greatest London 2012 Olympics Moments on BBC Three
Nicolai Wilhelm Marstrand and illustrator, was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, to Nicolai Jacob Marstrand, instrument maker and inventor, and Petra Othilia Smith. Marstrand is one of the most renowned artists belonging to the Golden Age of Danish Painting, Marstrand studied at Copenhagens Metropolitan School, but had little interest in books, and left around 16 years of age. Wilhelm had already shown talent, tackling difficult subjects such as group scenes with many figures. At 16 years of age Marstrand thus began his studies at the Academy under Eckersberg, history painting displayed what was grand – classical themes from mythology and history, rather than daily life. The traditions, and the taste of art critics, strongly favored it. At the same time Christian Waagepetersen, wine merchant to the Danish court and supporter of the arts and his painting A musical evening party, depicts such an occasion at the home of Waagepetersen, and was an important transition painting for Marstrand. Despite an unmistakably growing recognition, Marstrand never received the Academys gold medal and this medal was coveted not only for its great prestige, but because it came with a travel stipend for furthering the laureates artistic training.
Marstrands attempts at winning the medal were both in 1833 with his neoclassical Flight to Egypt and in 1835 with Odysseus and Nausikaa. This was a disappointment, as he had won both silver medals in 1833. Gold medal or not however, the Academy did award Marstrand a travel stipend, in August 1836 he began the first of his many travels, going by way of Germany to Rome in Italy, stopping on the way at Berlin, Dresden and Munich. In Italy, where he stayed for four years, he painted many idealized depictions of daily life, especially festivities. He returned to Italy several times, the last visit being in 1869, and he was enchanted with Italy and with the ways of life of the Italian people. He portrayed a colorful and romantic view of them and he painted a number of portraits during this first stay in Italy. Among these are portraits of other travelling Danish artists, such as Christen Købke and he completed sketches for a large portrait of botanist and politician, J. F. Schouw, which would be realized as a painting.
Marstrand returned to Denmark at the end of 1841, stopping in Munich, in Denmark he strove to bring back that which he learned in Italy, and allow it to develop in his home culture. He became a member of the art Academy on 19 June 1843 and he became a professor at the Academy in 1848. He endeavored to let his students according to their own skills. Among these were the two most renowned Skagen painters Peder Severin Krøyer and Michael Ancher, as well as Carl Bloch, Marstrand continued to travel regularly around Europe throughout his life, to, at times in the company of such fellow artists such as P. C
Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying oil as the binder. Commonly used drying oils include linseed oil, poppy seed oil, walnut oil, the choice of oil imparts a range of properties to the oil paint, such as the amount of yellowing or drying time. Certain differences, depending on the oil, are visible in the sheen of the paints. An artist might use different oils in the same painting depending on specific pigments and effects desired. The paints themselves develop a particular consistency depending on the medium, the oil may be boiled with a resin, such as pine resin or frankincense, to create a varnish prized for its body and gloss. Its practice may have migrated westward during the Middle Ages, Oil paint eventually became the principal medium used for creating artworks as its advantages became widely known. In recent years, water miscible oil paint has come to prominence and, to some extent, water-soluble paints contain an emulsifier that allows them to be thinned with water rather than paint thinner, and allows very fast drying times when compared with traditional oils.
Traditional oil painting techniques often begin with the artist sketching the subject onto the canvas with charcoal or thinned paint, Oil paint is usually mixed with linseed oil, artist grade mineral spirits, or other solvents to make the paint thinner, faster or slower-drying. A basic rule of oil paint application is fat over lean and this means that each additional layer of paint should contain more oil than the layer below to allow proper drying. If each additional layer contains less oil, the painting will crack. This rule does not ensure permanence, it is the quality and type of oil leads to a strong. There are many media that can be used with the oil, including cold wax, resins. These aspects of the paint are closely related to the capacity of oil paint. Traditionally, paint was transferred to the surface using paintbrushes. Oil paint remains wet longer than other types of artists materials, enabling the artist to change the color. At times, the painter might even remove a layer of paint.
This can be done with a rag and some turpentine for a time while the paint is wet, Oil paint dries by oxidation, not evaporation, and is usually dry to the touch within a span of two weeks. It is generally dry enough to be varnished in six months to a year, art conservators do not consider an oil painting completely dry until it is 60 to 80 years old
An osteria in Italy was originally a place serving wine and simple food. Lately, the emphasis has shifted to the food, but menus tend to be short, with an emphasis on local specialities such as pasta, grilled meat or fish, ideal for a cheap lunch, osterie cater for after work and evening refreshment. Some provide music and other entertainment, similar to osterie are bottiglierie, where customers can take a bottle or flask to be re-filled from a barrel, and enoteche which generally pride themselves on the range and quality of their wine. Thanks to the archives of Bologna, it has been possible to date back to a Osteria del Cappello certified from 1375. This osteria could have changed many times until 1700. In fact the locales were not property of the host, the actual location of the ostaria dates back to 1652, when host Domenico Simoncini decides to place the inn in Via de Fusari near Piazza Maggiore. In 1712 the Bolognese engraver Giuseppe Maria Mitelli included the osteria in the Giuoco nuovo di tutte le osterie che sono in Bologna, with the same logo as nowadays.
The sign of the tavern in the game occupies the box #41, followed by the description of the tavern as a place where it is possible to eat good partridges finely larded, together with croutons. The Osteria Del Cappello is the inn of this old name to be still in activity in Bologna. In the Florios 1611 Italian-English dictionary Osteria=Hosteria=An Inn, an hosterie, the Oxford Companion to Italian Food
National Gallery of Denmark
National Gallery of Denmark is the Danish national gallery located in the centre of Copenhagen. The museum collects, maintains and handles Danish, the major part of the museums older collections comes from the art chambers of Danish kings. The display of European Art 1300–1800 is a collection of art over the 500-year period, featuring works by Mantegna, Titian, Rubens. The art is spread over thirteen rooms, and is the oldest art collection in Denmark, with a emphasis on Danish, Flemish, French, Spanish. Danish and Nordic Art 1750-1900 charts Scandinavian art from the beginnings of Danish painting through the ‘Golden Age’ to the birth of Modernism and it displays over 400 works through 24 galleries. It features work by Abildgaard, Eckersberg, Købke, Ring, SMK gained its modern French art collection in 1928 when it was donated by the late collector Johannes Rump. This collection features some of the museum’s most famous pieces from artists such as Matisse, Picasso and Braque. The collection was first offered to the SMK by Rump in 1923, housed in the museum’s 1993 extension, this 20th and 21st century collection is predominantly focused on the most important examples of modern Danish art.
A long corridor of paintings looking onto Østre Anlæg park works as an overview of the work from this period. The beginnings of this collection were made around the time of Christian II, in his diary from 1521 the German painter Albrecht Dürer says he has given the King the best pieces of all my prints. In 1843 the various works, which had so far been the private collection, were displayed to the public. It was moved into the Statens Museum for Kunst when the first building was completed in 1896, along with The Royal Collection of Paintings, although the papers contain a great number of foreign works, Danish art constitutes the main part of the collection. This collection is open to the public through the Print Room, the Royal Cast Collection is held at the West India Warehouse, Toldbodgade 40, between The Little Mermaid and Nyhavn in Copenhagen. It consists of over 2,000 naked plaster casts of statues and reliefs from collections, temples, the Royal Cast Collection is only open for special events.
At the start of the Second World War the art of antiquity became increasingly unfashionable, associated with an archaic artistic tradition. In 1966, as abstract art became popular, the Royal Cast Collection was removed to a barn outside Copenhagen for storage. The collections of the Danish National Gallery originate in the Art Chamber of the Danish monarchs, when the German Gerhard Morell became Keeper of Frederick Vs Art Chamber about 1750, he suggested that the king create a separate collection of paintings. To ensure that the collection was not inferior to those of other European royal houses and local counts, the collection became particularly well provided with Flemish and Dutch art