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Incantations (album)

Incantations is the fourth studio album by English multi-instrumentalist and producer Mike Oldfield. It was released as a double album on 24 November 1978 by Virgin Records. By the end of 1975 Oldfield had released his third album, which, like his previous two albums, Tubular Bells and Hergest Ridge, had reached the top-five of the UK Albums Chart and helped to solidify Oldfield's popularity as a musician; the three albums were similar in structure, formed of a single composition split into two parts of the LP record. The release of Ommadawn marked the end of Oldfield's time at his home in Kington, from which he moved to Througham Slad Manor near Bisley and set up a recording studio there; when work on Incantations began, Oldfield recalled that his initial goal was a record that contained "real incantations to exert a benign magical influence on anybody who heard it". He intended to base the music around real spells and chants, asked the A&R department of his label, Virgin Records, to invite the head Druid to his home and discuss it further.

The visit was unsuccessful. Keith Critchlow introduced Oldfield to various "strange people" to gain inspiration, including poet Kathleen Raine, whose poems failed to conjure strong enough music, a "shaman, gypsy-type woman" who remained silent all through her meeting with Oldfield. A Virgin employee researched into British folklore and suggested Gog and Magog, from which Oldfield was able to find incantations that worked about Dianna the Huntress, which he used as a running theme through the album. Oldfield had been listening to a greater amount of religious music than before, which he credited to keep him "calm and sane" as he described himself as "very disturbed" during this time, he examined the styles of music of his previous albums. For Incantations, Oldfield wanted to present "some magical things", which influenced his decision use a string section and flute; the album marked Oldfield's first attempt with a string section and wrote the orchestral arrangements parts himself. He hired the group of around eighteen musicians to play in his studio.

After some early cuts were produced Oldfield started work on a more complicated sequence which featured various time signatures and every key on a music scale, which reminded him of the nursery rhyme "Frère Jacques". It developed into the double vibraphone section on "Incantations". In its final form, Incantations took shape as a double album and separated into four distinct parts, each one taking up one side of an LP record. Oldfield named composer and electronic musician Terry Riley as a big influence on Incantations his use of ostinato. At 72 minutes in total length, Incantations remained Oldfield's longest album until his 2005 double album, Light + Shade. Incantations was recorded at Througham Slad between December 1977 and September 1978, during which Oldfield faced professional and personal difficulties. After some 20 minutes of music was recorded, staff at Virgin Records asked Oldfield to hear what had been done. Oldfield recalled that one day, "a delegation arrived at my house", including label founder Richard Branson.

Upon hearing the music, telling the staff that Incantations was to be a double album with what Oldfield called "mathematical and classical-sounding" piece, Oldfield wrote: "They sat around the place listening. Oldfield theorised that the incident helped to convince Virgin management to switch from being a predominantly progressive rock label and to begin supporting punk bands, who were becoming popular. In addition to the lack of support from his label, Oldfield became a target in the music press as being outdated and no longer in fashion; these events drained Oldfield's inspiration and enthusiasm for Incantations and recording slowed. He started to drink becoming more aggressive and withdrawn which ended his relationship with Critchlow's daughter Louise, he looked back on this time as when life was "really at rock bottom". In June 1978, after a road trip to Italy and Greece with his brother and time at home with his father had failed to help his situation, Oldfield was recommended to attend an Exegesis seminar by the wife of his studio engineer.

After the three-day assertiveness course Oldfield said he felt "nothing but absolute relief and euphoria". Along with some other pieces of Oldfield's work, a different version of "Part Four" was used for the soundtrack of Tony Palmer's The Space Movie. Despite the length, much of the album can be described as being compositionally minimalist, including melodic lines played by only a few instruments at a time; the album as a whole is unusual in that it makes extensive use of the circle of fifths as an accompaniment to many of the musical ideas. Since this musical structure requires that each idea be modulated through twelve keys, before the next is introduced, more time is required to develop each idea, so that each section unfolds more than is usual in Oldfield's work. A byproduct of this musical structure is that most of the album is not in any one key, but cycles continuously through them all; the lyrics in "Part One" repeat the names of the goddesses Diana and Lucina. The lyrics in "Part Two" are taken from the beginnings of chapter XXII and XII of Longfellow's epic poem "The Song of Hiawatha".

The lyrics in "Part Four" are Ben Jonson's "Ode to Cynthia" from Cynthia's Revels, bu

Stuart Townend (musician)

Stuart Townend is an English Christian worship leader and writer of hymns and contemporary worship music. His songs include "In Christ Alone", "How Deep The Father's Love For Us", "Beautiful Saviour" and "The King of Love"; as of 2008, Christian Copyright Licensing International lists "In Christ Alone" in its Top 25 CCLI Songs list. Townend, son of a Church of England vicar in Sowerby Bridge, West Yorkshire, was the youngest of four children, his father, Rev. John Townend, was vicar of Christ Church, Sowerby Bridge from 1974 until his death in a motor accident in 1985. Townend started learning to play the piano at age 7. At the age of 13, he made a Christian commitment, began songwriting at age 22, he studied literature at the University of Sussex. At university, he met Caroline, whom he married in 1988, they now have three children. Townend has led worship and performed events across the world at many conferences and festivals, including the Stoneleigh Bible Week in the early 1990s to the early 2000s, Together On A Mission, Mission:Worship, Keswick Convention, Spring Harvest and many more.

He has featured on Songs of Praise and worked alongside other high-profile Christian musicians including Keith Getty, Lou Fellingham and Phatfish. In 2005, Cross Rhythms magazine described Townend as "one of the most significant songwriters in the whole international Christian music field"; the Christian website commented that, "the uniqueness of Townend’s writing lies in its lyrical content. There is both a theological depth and poetic expression that some say is rare in today’s worship writing". In June 2017, he was awarded the Cranmer Award for Worship by the Archbishop of Canterbury "for his outstanding contribution to contemporary worship music". Classical Praise Piano: Come Holy Spirit Say the Word Personal Worship Lord of Every Heart Monument to Mercy The Best of Stuart Townend Live There is a Hope Creation Sings The Journey Ultimate Collection The Paths of Grace The Best of Stuart Townend Live, Volume 2 In Christ Alone: Songs of Stuart Townend & Keith Getty Courage Stoneleigh Bible Week albums, 1994–2001 Mandate—O Church Arise Mandate—See What A Morning Newfrontiers albums, 2004–2006 Mission:Worship albums, 2006–present Phatfish—Hope—Unplugged Live Keswick Convention albums, 2007–present Spring Harvest albums There is a Hope Creation Sings Mission:Worship—Just One Touch From The King Worship From The Abbey Phatfish—There Is A Day Phatfish—Hope—Unplugged Live The Apostles' Creed Debra Akins, 10 Questions With Stuart Townend Stuart Townend, "Tips for writing a successful hymn" posted in BBC Religion and Ethics, 2004 There is a Hope album review

Alive (Sa Dingding album)

Alive is the second album by Chinese folk singer Sa Dingding, released in 2007. On Alive, Sa Dingding sings in Mandarin Chinese, Standard Tibetan, the nearly extinct Laghu language and an imaginary self-created language to evoke the emotions in her songs. Available on the Hong Kong release only. "Mama Tian Na" MV "Mama Tian Na" MV "Alive" MV "Alive" MV "Alive" Making Of MV "Alive" "Mama Tian Na" Lyrics: Qi Qing Shang Shi Composer: Sa Dingding, Huang Yi Arranger: Huang Yi, Sa Dingding "Alive" Lyrics: Jin Gang Sa Duo Bai Zi Ming Zhou Composer: Sa Dingding, Huang Yi Arranger: Huang Yi, Sa Dingding Guzheng: Name Unknown Bass: Wang Xiaodong Guitars: Yang Jianfeng Background vocals: Huang Yi "Holy Incense" Lyrics: He Xuntian Composer: He Xuntian Arranger: He Xuntian Production assistant: Ge Yi Qian Bamboo flute: Tang Jun Qiao Percussion: Su Ma Male vocal: Huo Yonggang Chorus: Zatu Vocal Ensemble "Oldster by Xilin River" Lyrics: Sa Ding DIng Composer: Zhang Hongguang Arranger: Ma Li Horse-head fiddle: Si Ri Gu Leng "Tuo Luo Ni" Lyrics: Bao Qie Yin Tuo Luo Ni Composer: Sa Dingding Arranger: Huang Yi, Sa Dingding "Lagu Lagu" Lyrics: Sa Dingding Composer: Zhang Hongguang Arranger: Ma Li, Peng Bo "Flickering With Blossoms" Lyrics: Xiang Die Composer: Sa Dingding Arranger: Ma Li "Holy Incense" Lyrics: He Xuntian Composer: He Xuntian Arranger: He Xuntian Production assistant: Ge Yi Qian Bamboo flute: Tang Jun Qiao Percussion: Su Ma Chorus: Zatu Vocal Ensemble "Alive " Lyrics: Gao Xiao Song Composer: Sa Dingding, Huang Yi Arranger: Huang Yi, Sa Dingding Bass: Wang Xiaodong Guitars: Yang Jianfeng "Qin Shang" Lyrics: Sa Dingding Composer: Sa Dingding Arranger: Peng Bo Keyboard: Peng Bo

Jordyn Huitema

Jordyn Pamela Huitema is a Canadian professional footballer who plays as a forward for French Division 1 Féminine club Paris Saint-Germain and the Canada national team. Huitema was born in Chilliwack, British Columbia, she began playing football at four years old with Chilliwack FC. She attended middle school at Rosedale Middle School in Chilliwack, her brother Brody was a member of the Vancouver Whitecaps Residency program and played for Duke University. Her brother Trent Huitema played ice hockey in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League for the Humboldt Broncos. Huitema would sign with TSS FC Rovers of the Women's Premier Soccer League for the 2018 season. On July 23, 2018 it was announced that Huitema would play with PSG Féminines during the 2018 Women's International Champions Cup, she did not sign a professional contract with the team, allowing her to maintain college eligibility. She started for PSG during their pre season friendly against Manchester City Women on July 24 in Portland. Huitema was in the starting lineup for PSG's semi-final match in the International Champions Cup, they lost 2–1 to the North Carolina Courage.

On January 24, 2019, Huitema announced that she would turn pro. On May 17, 2019, PSG confirmed. Huitema made her first junior appearance for Canada with the national under-15 team on August 7, 2014 against Puerto Rico in a 5–0 victory at the CONCACAF Girls Under-15 Championship; the Canadians would go on to win the inaugural edition of the tournament in a penalty shoot-out, with Huitema scoring the winning shoot-out goal. She would go on to make 10 more appearances for the under-15 squad. Huitema's debut for the under-17 team came on March 3, 2016 at the CONCACAF Women's Under-17 Championship in a 3–0 win against Guatemala. Huitema played in the 2016 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup. There, she scored her first goal in FIFA competition in a 3–2 win over Cameroon, she made 7 more appearances for the under-17 team. On July 6, 2017, Huitema made her first appearance for the under-20 team, scoring a goal in a 4–1 win over the United States. After scoring in a 3–1 loss to China in an under 17 match on July 12, 2017, Huitema became the first Canadian to score for the under 17, under 20 and senior national team in the same calendar year.

In 2017, she was named the Canada U17 Female Player of the Year for her performances with the U-17, U-20 and senior teams throughout the year. On January 12, 2018, Huitema was named to Canada's squad for the 2018 CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship in Trinidad & Tobago. In the first game of the tournament, Huitema scored twice in a 3–1 win over Costa Rica. In the second game, Huitema scored a hat-trick in a 4–1 win over hosts Trinidad & Tobago, which clinched Canada's progress into the semi-finals, she would play 66 minutes in a 4 -- 0 victory over Haiti. In the semi-finals against Mexico, Huitema played the full game in a 1–1 draw. Canada would lose the match 4–3 on penalty kicks in which Huitema saw her attempt saved. Canada would require a win over Haiti in the third place match to qualify for the FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup in France in the year. Canada would fail to qualify for the U-20 World Cup. Huitema was the tournament's top scorer with five goals and was named to the Best XI of the championship.

Her senior national team debut came on March 8, 2017 in the final of the 2017 Algarve Cup versus Spain. The cap made her the third youngest player to appear in a match for the senior national team, her first goal for the senior team came on June 11, 2017 in a friendly against Costa Rica at BMO Field in Toronto. The tally made her the second youngest goal scorer in the history of the national team, she would score a second goal less than a minute later. Huitema received a call-up to the national team for a two game friendly series against the United States on November 9 and 12, 2017, she came into the first game as a substitute in the 90th minute for Janine Beckie at BC Place in Vancouver. In February 2018, Huitema was called into Canada's squad for the 2018 Algarve Cup by new coach Kenneth Heiner-Møller. Huitema would start the second match for Canada against Russia, drawing a first half penalty, converted by captain Christine Sinclair, the lone goal in a 1–0 victory. On May 25, 2019 she was named In the squad for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.

As of 18 January 2020 As of 10 February 2020 Best XI at the CONCACAF Girls’ Under-15 Championship: 2016 Canada U17 Female Player of the Year: 2017 Vancouver Whitecaps FC Most Promising Player–Female: 2017 Best XI at the CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship: 2018 Golden Boot at the CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship: 2018 Golden Boot at the CONCACAF Women’s Olympic Qualifying: 2020 Best XI at the CONCACAF Women’s Olympic Qualifying: 2020 Canada player profile FIFA player profile


MHEG-5, or ISO/IEC 13522-5, is part of a set of international standards relating to the presentation of multimedia information, standardised by the Multimedia and Hypermedia Experts Group. It is most used as a language to describe interactive television services. MHEG-5 is a licence-free and public standard for interactive TV middleware, used both to send and receive interactive TV signals, it allows a wide range of TV-centric interactive services to be deployed. It is used by Freeview and Freesat in the UK, Freeview in New Zealand, TVB in Hong Kong, Freeview in Australia, Saorview in Ireland and has been specified in South Africa. Recent work by the DTG in the UK has led to the development of the MHEG-5 Interaction Channel, which enables an extension of broadcast interactive services to be delivered via an IP connection; the principles behind the MHEG-IC are to provide a seamless viewer experience of broadcast delivered content augmented with content delivered over IP as an extension of the channel or network.

Broadcasters have full editorial control of the user experience. The MHEG-IC gives access to streamed on-demand video content in addition to traditional text and graphics as well as the ability to support secure transactions. MHEG-5 is an object-based declarative programming language which can be used to describe a presentation of text and video. An MHEG-5 application consists of a number of Scenes which the user of the application can move between; each Scene lists the items of text and graphics to be presented and can contain blocks of procedural code which are executed in response to one of a predefined set of events such as keys being pressed, timers firing or content being loaded into memory. These blocks of code consist of elementary actions which can perform operations such as changing the text displayed by a text object, or starting a video clip playing. MHEG-5 specifies a hierarchy of classes. Unlike in object oriented languages, it is not possible for new classes to be defined; the standard defines two representations of MHEG applications, one of, textual and the other is represented in ASN.1.

Applications are written in the textual notation and encoded into ASN.1 for interpretation by the MHEG engine. MHEG-5 is suited to programming interactive kiosks and interactive television services. MHEG-5 has been selected as the mandatory interactivity engine for CI+ compliant TVs; the MHEG-5 language itself is just a language. To be useful in any particular context, the language needs to be profiled. A broadcast profile of the language has been standardized by ETSI, forming ETSI standard ES 202 184. In the United Kingdom, MHEG-5 is used to provide interactive services for digital television such as the BBC's red button Ceefax replacement service; the full specification of how MHEG-5 is used in the context of the UK Freeview platform is the UK Profile of MHEG-5. MHEG is used on Freesat for its programming guide in addition to the DVB EIT, as opposed to the OpenTV platform used on Sky. In New Zealand, the same profile as in UK is used, with minor additions for the Maori language and its use of the guide key on certified Freeview receivers.

The guide receiver key is used to activate the MHEG-5 programming guide. In Australia, this guide practice was adopted for the phase 2 Freeview and VAST receivers referenced by the label Freeview EPG. In Hong Kong, TVB has selected MHEG-5 for interactive services available on its digital-only channels. Ireland has selected MHEG-5 middleware for interactive services as a recommended feature of its Minimum Receiver Requirements for DTT in Ireland; the name for Ireland's free digital service is Saorview. Note: You can download the PDF version of above image from Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV, an alternative technology used for interactive television services via broadcasting and broadband communication media in some European countries. MediaHighway, a proprietary middleware for interactive television owned by NDS. Multimedia Home Platform, an alternative technology used for interactive television services in some European countries. MHEG Official site

Battle of Goliad

The Battle of Goliad was the second skirmish of the Texas Revolution. In the early-morning hours of October 9, 1835, Texas settlers attacked the Mexican Army soldiers garrisoned at Presidio La Bahía, a fort near the Mexican Texas settlement of Goliad. La Bahía lay halfway between the only other large garrison of Mexican soldiers and the then-important Texas port of Copano. In September, Texians began plotting to kidnap Mexican General Martín Perfecto de Cos, en route to Goliad to attempt to quell the unrest in Texas; the plan was dismissed by the central committee coordinating the rebellion. However, within days of the Texian victory at the Battle of Gonzales, Captain George Collinsworth and members of the Texian militia in Matagorda began marching towards Goliad; the Texians soon learned that Cos and his men had departed for San Antonio de Béxar but continued their march. The garrison at La Bahía was understaffed and could not mount an effective defense of the fort's perimeter. Using axes borrowed from townspeople, Texians were able to chop through a door and enter the complex before the bulk of the soldiers were aware of their presence.

After a 30-minute battle, the Mexican garrison, under Colonel Juan López Sandoval, surrendered. One Mexican soldier had been killed and three others wounded, while only one Texian had been injured; the majority of the Mexican soldiers were instructed to leave Texas, the Texians confiscated $10,000 worth of provisions and several cannons, which they soon transported to the Texian Army for use in the Siege of Béxar. The victory isolated Cos's men in Béxar from the coast, forcing them to rely on a long overland march to request or receive reinforcements or supplies. In 1835, Mexico operated two major garrisons within its Texas territory, the Alamo at San Antonio de Béxar and Presidio La Bahía near Goliad. Béxar was the political center of Texas, Goliad laid halfway between it and the major Texas port of Copano. Military and civilian supplies and military personnel were sent by sea from the Mexican interior to Copano Bay and could be transported overland to the Texas settlements. In early 1835, as the Mexican government transitioned from a federalist model to centralism, wary colonists in Texas began forming Committees of Correspondence and Safety.

A central committee in San Felipe de Austin coordinated their activities. The Texians staged a minor revolt against customs duties in June. In July, Colonel Nicolas Condelle, led 200 men to reinforce Presidio La Bahía; the following month, a contingent of soldiers arrived in Béxar with Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea. Fearing that stronger measures were needed to quell the unrest, Santa Anna ordered his brother-in-law, General Martín Perfecto de Cos to "repress with strong arm all those who, forgetting their duties to the nation which has adopted them as her children, are pushing forward with a desire to live at their own option without subjection to the laws". Cos landed at Copano Bay on September 20 with 500 soldiers. Cos toured the port at Copano Bay and the small garrison at nearby Refugio and left small groups of soldiers to reinforce each of these locations; the main body of soldiers arrived in Goliad on October 2. Unbeknownst to Cos, as early as September 18, several Texians, including James Fannin, Philip Dimmitt, John Lin, had independently begun advocating a plan to seize Cos at either Copano or Goliad.

As soon as Cos's warships were spotted approaching Copano Bay, Refugio colonists sent messengers to San Felipe de Austin and Matagorda to inform the other settlements of Cos's imminent arrival. Concerned that a lack of artillery would make the presidio at Goliad impossible to capture, the central committee chose not to order an assault. Although Fannin and Linn continued to push for an attack on Goliad, Texian attention soon shifted towards Gonzales, where a small group of Texians were refusing to obey orders from Ugartechea. Colonists eagerly rushed to assist, on October 2 the Battle of Gonzales opened the Texas Revolution. After learning of the Texian victory, Cos made haste for Béxar, he left with the bulk of his soldiers on October 5, but because he was unable to find adequate transportation most of his supplies remained at La Bahía. On October 6, members of the Texian militia in Matagorda convened at the home of Sylvanus Hatch; as their first order of business they elected George Collinsworth as their captain.

C. Collinsworth became the unit's second lieutenant. After appointing their leaders, the men decided to march on La Bahía, they intended to kidnap Cos and, if possible, steal the estimated $50,000, rumored to accompany him. The Texians sent messengers to alert nearby settlements of their quest. By afternoon, 50 Texians were ready to march from Matagorda. During the march, for unknown reasons the men fired Carleton and appointed James W. Moore as the new first lieutenant; the following day the expedition stopped at Victoria, where they were soon joined by English-speaking settlers from other settlements and 30 Tejanos led by Plácido Benavides. Although no accurate muster rolls were kept, historian Stephen Hardin estimated that the Texian ranks swelled to 125 men. Forty-nine of them signed a "Compact of Volunteers under Collinsworth" on October 9; these men pledged that they were loyal to the Mexican federal government and would harm no one who remained loyal to the federalist cause. One of the new arrivals, merchant Philip Dimmitt, received a missive from the Goliad customs agent with news that Cos and his war chest had departed La Bahía to travel to San Antonio de Béxar.