Michael Gordon Oldfield is an English multi-instrumentalist and composer. His work blends progressive rock with world, classical, electronic and new-age music, his biggest commercial success is the 1973 album Tubular Bells – which launched Virgin Records and became a hit in America after its opening was used as the theme for the horror film The Exorcist. He recorded the 1983 hit single "Moonlight Shadow" and a rendition of the Christmas piece "In Dulci Jubilo". Oldfield has released 26 albums, most a sequel to his 1975 album Ommadawn titled Return to Ommadawn, on 20 January 2017. Oldfield was born on 15 May 1953 in Reading, Berkshire to Raymond Oldfield, a general practitioner, Maureen, a nurse of Irish descent, he has sister Sally and brother Terence. When Oldfield was seven his mother gave birth to a younger brother, but he had Down syndrome and died in infancy, she was prescribed barbiturates. She suffered from mental health problems and spent much of the rest of her life in mental institutions.
She died in early 1975. Oldfield attended St Joseph's Convent School, Highlands Junior School, St Edward's Preparatory School, Presentation College, all in Reading; when he was thirteen the family moved to Harold Wood in Essex, Oldfield attended Hornchurch Grammar School where, having displayed musical talent, he earned one GCE qualification in English. Oldfield took up the guitar aged ten, first learning on a 6-string acoustic that his father gave him, he learned technique by copying parts from songs by folk guitarists Bert Jansch and John Renbourn that he played on a portable record player. He tried to learn musical notation but was a "very slow" learner, but I don't like to". By the time he was 12, Oldfield played the electric guitar and performed in local folk and youth clubs and dances, earning as much as £4 per gig. During a six-month break from music that Oldfield had around this time, he took up painting. In May 1968, when Oldfield turned fifteen, his school headmaster requested that he cut his long hair.
Oldfield left abruptly. He decided to pursue music on a full-time, professional basis. After leaving school Oldfield accepted an invitation from his sister Sally to form a folk duo The Sallyangie, taking its name from her name and Oldfield's favourite Jansch tune, "Angie", they toured England and Paris and struck a deal with Transatlantic Records, for which they recorded one album, Children of the Sun. After they split in the following year Oldfield suffered a nervous breakdown, he auditioned as bassist for Family in 1969 following the departure of Ric Grech, but the group did not share Roger Chapman's enthusiasm towards Oldfield's performance. Oldfield spent much of the next year living off his father and performing in an electric rock band named Barefoot that included his brother Terry on flute, until the group disbanded in early 1970. In February 1970, Oldfield auditioned as the bassist in The Whole World, a new backing band that former Soft Machine vocalist Kevin Ayers was putting together.
He landed the position despite the bass being a new instrument for him, but he played occasional lead guitar and looked back on this time as providing valuable training on the bass. Oldfield went on to play on Ayers's albums Shooting at the Moon and Whatevershebringswesing, played mandolin on Edgar Broughton Band. All three albums were recorded at Abbey Road Studios, where Oldfield familiarised himself with a variety of instruments, such as orchestral percussion, piano and harpsichord, started to write and put down musical ideas of his own. While doing so Oldfield took up work as a reserve guitarist in a stage production of Hair at the Shaftesbury Theatre, where he played and gigged with Alex Harvey. After ten performances Oldfield grew bored of the job and was fired after he decided to play his part for "Let the Sunshine In" in 7/8 time. By mid-1971, Oldfield had assembled a demo tape containing sections of a longform instrumental that became "Tubular Bells" entitled "Opus One". After attempts to persuade record labels to take on the project came to nothing, in September 1971 Oldfield, now a session musician and bass guitarist for the Arthur Louis Band, attended recording sessions at The Manor Studio near Kidlington, owned by businessman Richard Branson and run by engineers Tom Newman and Simon Heyworth.
Branson had several business ventures and was about to launch Virgin Records with Simon Draper. Newman and Heyworth heard some of Oldfield's demos and took them to Branson and Draper, who gave Oldfield one week of recording time at The Manor. During this week, he completed "Part One" of Tubular Bells. By the end of January 1973, Branson had agreed to release Tubular Bells himself and secured Oldfield with a six-album deal with Virgin, with an additional four albums as optional. Tubular Bells was released on 25 May 1973 as the first album on the Virgin label. Oldfield played more than twenty different instruments in the multi-layered recording, its style moved through diverse musical genres, its 2,630,000 UK sales puts it at No. 34 on the list of the best-selling albums in the country. The title track became a top 10 hit single in the US after the opening was used in The Exorcist film in 1973, it is today considered to be a forerunner of the new-age music movement. In 1974, Oldfield played the guitar on the critically acclaimed album Rock Bottom by Robert Wyatt.
In late 1974, his follow-up LP, Hergest Ridge, was No. 1 in the UK for three weeks before being dethroned by Tubular
John Comyn II of Badenoch, nicknamed the Black Comyn, was a Scottish nobleman, a Guardian of Scotland, one of the six Regents for Margaret, Maid of Norway. His father was John Comyn I of Badenoch. In 1284 he joined with other Scottish noblemen who acknowledged Margaret of Norway as the heir of King Alexander, he was a Guardian of the Realm from 1286 to 1292. Comyn submitted to the English king in July 1296 at Montrose; as a descendant of King Donald III, Comyn was one of the thirteen Competitors for the Crown of Scotland. He did not aggressively push his claim for fear of jeopardising that of his brother-in-law John Balliol. Comyn, head of the most powerful noble family in Scotland, was a committed ally of Balliol and assisted him in his struggle against Edward I of England, it has been suggested that the Comyn family were the driving force behind both the Balliol kingship and the revolt against Edward's demands. John Comyn is credited with the building of several large castles or castle houses in and around Inverness.
Parts of Mortlach and Inverlochy Castle still stand today. John Comyn as his father was before him was entrusted by Alexander III of Scotland with the defence of Scotland's northern territories from invasion by the Vikings and the Danes. Comyn married Eleanor de Balliol, daughter of John I de Balliol of Barnard Castle, sister of King John of Scotland. Together they had several children: John Comyn III of Badenoch. Who married Lady Joan de Valence of Pembroke, daughter of William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke, the half-brother to Henry III of England, uncle of Edward I of England. One of their daughters, married Sir Andrew Moray of Petty. Sir Andrew's second wife was called Euphemia. Euphemia was the widow of another Comyn from the Kilbride line, not the daughter of John Comyn II of Badenoch. John Comyn II of Badenoch died at Lochindorb Castle, in 1302. Tout, Thomas Frederick. "Comyn, John". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 459–460. Rymer, Thomas,Foedera Conventiones, Literae et cuiuscunque generis Acta Publica inter Reges Angliae.
London. 1745. Young, Alan. "Comyn, Sir John, lord of Badenoch". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6045. 4. Clan Galbraith History: http://www.clangalbraith.org/GalbraithHistory/GalbraithHistory.htm
Dirk Schuster is a German retired football defender and current manager of Erzgebirge Aue. Schuster, who lived his youth in the East Germany, was one of the first East German players to make the move into the West, starting in Eintracht Braunschweig and soon moving on to Karlsruher SC in 1991, where he established himself as a respected center-back. A move to 1. FC Köln in 1997 proved less successful, in the following journeyman years he played in Turkey and Austria, he played for newly promoted Second Bundesliga club LR Ahlen in 2000, where he had a good stint, before he returned to Austria and played in the Oberliga, the fourth-highest league with Waldhof. He was capped three times in the German national team and before that four times in the East German national team, he made his debut for East Germany against the United States in East Berlin in March 1990. Schuster's first coaching job was as interim coach for ASV Durlach between 16 October 2006 and 10 January 2007. On 30 May 2009 he was named as the new head coach of the Stuttgarter Kickers, where he signed a two-year contract until 30 June 2011, prematurely extended on 1 April 2010 until 20 June 2012.
He guided Kickers to the Regionalliga Süd title in 2011–12, promotion to the 3. Liga, but was sacked in November 2012 after going five games without scoring a goal, he was appointed manager of 3. Liga side SV Darmstadt 98 a month later, he finished with a record of 55 wins, 35 draws, 26 losses. Schuster took over as SV Darmstadt 98 head coach on 28 December 2012. Despite Schuster helping Darmstadt 98 off the bottom of the league, they finished among the relegation places in the 2012–13 season, Schuster's Darmstadt avoided dropping into Germany's fourth tier, the Regionalliga Südwest, thanks to the failure of fierce local rival Kickers Offenbach in obtaining the licence for the new season due to going into administration. In the following season, to the surprise of all experts, Darmstadt managed to get third in the league which meant a relegation-promotion play-off spot for the 2. Bundesliga. Darmstadt faced Arminia Bielefeld in the play-off and won promotion in dramatic fashion after losing 1–3 at home in the first leg but turning the deficit around in the second leg and scoring the winning 4–2 in the 122nd minute which meant promotion on away goals.
In the following season Schuster managed to surprise everyone for a second time by finishing 2nd in the league and achieving back-to-back promotion to the Bundesliga after a 33-year absence. He finished with a record of 53 wins, 43 draws, 35 losses, he was voted German Coach of the Year for his performance in the 2015–16 Bundesliga season. Schuster took over as head coach on 2 June 2016, he took over for Markus Weinzierl who left for FC Schalke 04. He was sacked on 14 December 2016. On 11 December 2017, Schuster was once again appointed manager of Darmstadt 98, replacing Torsten Frings, he was sacked o 18 February 2019. He was appointed as the new manager of Erzgebirge Aue on 26 August 2019; as of 17 February 2019 DFB-Pokal: finalist 1995–96 Dirk Schuster at fussballdaten.de Dirk Schuster at WorldFootball.net Dirk Schuster at National-Football-Teams.com
The Salvajina Dam and hydroelectric plant are located in the Cauca River, corregimiento Buenos Aires, municipality Suarez, department Cauca in the southwest of Colombia. Its reservoir has a length of 31 kilometres; the dam was finished in September 1985 and has a power station with a 270 megawatts installed capacity. The purpose of the dam is flood control, electricity production, drinking water supply for the city of Cali; the regulation of water-quantities released with respect to the prevention of floods is managed by the Corporación autónoma regional del Valle del Cauca, CVC, which in case of disagreement has priority of decision. EPSA has owned and operated the dam since shared by Colener S. A. S. Inversiones Argos S. A. Y Banco de Inversión Bancolombia S. A The dam is a 400 metres long concrete-face rock-fill embankment dam, its reservoir has a capacity of 764.7×10^6 m3, while 695.7 million cubic metres is active and 69 million cubic metres is inactive space. The reservoir lies at a normal elevation of 1,155 metres above sea level.
An intake tower conducts the water towards three 90 megawatts Francis turbines which combine for a 270 MW installed capacity. Each turbine has a maximum discharge of 116.5 cubic metres per second for a total power plant discharge of 349.5 cubic metres per second. The dam was designed by Ingetec S. A. There exist various accusations of national and international NGO's which mention violations of human rights as well as ecological debt in relation to the construction and management of the dam Salvajina. There are various sources mentioning displacement of the population that lived in the zone of the reservoir which range from 3,000 to 6,000. People, According to Biodiversidad en América Latina y El Caribe, people evicted from the reservoir were not properly compensated. According to the Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos, the Colombian military and illegal paramilitary forces were used in order to displace the population, and the Campaña Prohibido Olvidar cites. A lawyer who accompanied the protestors, Oscar Elías López, was shot dead in a café in Cali.
Corporación Autónoma Regiónal del Valle del Cauca, CVC: Proyecto de Modelación del Río Cauca, Chapter 3
The Cowboy Way is a 1994 American action comedy film directed by Gregg Champion and starring Woody Harrelson and Kiefer Sutherland. The Cowboy Way follows two championship rodeo stars and lifelong best friends, Pepper Lewis and Sonny Gilstrap as they travel from New Mexico to New York City in search of their missing friend, Nacho Salazar, who came to the city to pay for his daughter's trip to the U. S. from Cuba. When they discover that he's been murdered, the pair set out to find the killer. Woody Harrelson as Pepper Lewis Kiefer Sutherland as Sonny Gilstrap Dylan McDermott as John Stark Ernie Hudson as Officer Sam'Mad Dog' Shaw Cara Buono as Teresa Salazar Marg Helgenberger as Margarette Tomas Milian as Manny Huerta Luis Guzmán as Chango Allison Janney as NYPD Computer Operator Angel Caban as Boca Matthew Cowles as Pop Fly Joaquín Martínez as Nacho Salazar Kristin Baer as Melba Christian Aubert as Jacques Emmanuel Xuereb as Gaston Francie Swift as Desk Clerk at Waldorf Astoria Christopher Durang as Waiter at Waldorf Astoria Laura Ekstrand as Cello Player at Waldorf Astoria Graciela Lecube as Pawn Shop Woman José Zúñiga as Carlos Travis Tritt as Special Appearance On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes The Cowboy Way' has an approval rating of 15% based on 13 reviews, with an average rating of 4.1/10.
However, according to the Rotten Tomatoes website the film did fare much better with general audiences with an approval rating of 59%. Joe Brown of The Washington Post said, "The Cowboy Way is a weak rehashing of the Crocodile Dundee gimmick: two modern-day cowboys taming the Wild East; the tired formula may still have some life left in it, but not this'Way'. This dud ranch is saddled with the charisma-free teaming of dumb guns Woody Harrelson and Kiefer Sutherland." The Cowboy Way debuted at No.5 at the US box office. Good Guys Don't Always Wear White - Bon Jovi The Cowboy Way - Travis Tritt Mamas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys - Gibson/Miller Band Blue Danube Blues - Cracker No One to Run With - The Allman Brothers Band On Broadway - Jeff Beck & Paul Rodgers Days Gone By - James House Candy Says - Blind Melon Too Far Gone - Emmylou Harris Sonny Rides Again - George Thorogood & The Destroyers Free Your Mind - En Vogue Suicide Blonde - INXS The Cowboy Way on IMDb The Cowboy Way at Rotten Tomatoes The Cowboy Way at Box Office Mojo
The White Brigade was a Belgian resistance group, founded in the summer of 1940 in Antwerp by Marcel Louette, nicknamed "Fidelio". The group was known as "De Geuzengroep" but changed its name after liberation to its better-known title of Witte Brigade-Fidelio; the name was chosen in opposition to the "Black Brigade", a collaborator group led by SS-Untersturmführer Reimond Tollenaere, responsible for the propaganda of pro-German Flemish National Union. The Witte Brigade was based in Antwerp but had smaller branches in Gent, Aalst, Waasland, Wallonia and in the coastal region. During the Second World War Belgium was occupied by Germany. While the fascist group known as the Black Brigade were collaborators with the Germans, they were opposed by the underground Witte Brigade. Important activities of the Witte Brigade were distributing anti-German propaganda, the creation of lists of collaborators and organizing patriotic demonstrations on key Belgian holidays, such as 21 July and 11 November; the resistance group published its own propaganda newspaper called "Always United" with some 80 editions published.
In addition, the group was concerned with obtaining military information about the Port of Antwerp and the possible German invasion of Britain. The Witte Brigade aided the Comet line, helping shot-down Allied pilots to return to Britain, helping the Allies replace valuable flight crews. Additionally, the Brigade protected Jewish families, using their network of informants and saboteurs to evade the German occupiers; the Witte Brigade had connections with various intelligence networks, code-named Luc and Group Zero. It was the only resistance group early in the War with contact with the Belgian government in exile, along with the British. Many members of the Witte Brigade were policemen. Members of the Deurne police were represented. During Nazi Germany's repression of Belgium in 1943-1944, 700 members of the resistance were arrested. This, in addition to other losses, reduced the groups strength to where it played a minor role in the liberation of Belgium; when a prominent member was captured in possession of list of other members, 58 members were arrested and sent to German camps.
In Deurne in a raid in January 1944, 62 members were arrested and that same year, on May 9 the founder Marcel Louette was arrested and deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Louette would return from Germany and died in Antwerp in 1978. In total, the Witte Brigade suffered 400 losses of the 3,750 recognized members. Marcel Louette Eugene Colson Monique de Bissy Despite their heavy losses, the Witte Brigade, along with the Armée secrète, the Front de l'Indépendance, the Mouvement National Royaliste and Groupe G, helped allied forces capture the port of Antwerp intact in 1944; the Witte Brigade prevented the Germans, who had attached explosives to docks and cranes, from scuttling the facilities’ infrastructure, allowing the port to be opened once the Scheldt was cleared of sea mines. Additionally, the Witte Brigade acted as a scouting and intelligence network for the Canadian 4th, 5th and 6th brigades in September 1944; the Witte Brigade provided reports on the Germans' strength and numbers.
Additionally, resistance members pinpointed the location of German minefields. The influence of the Witte Brigade was considerable; the organization had been known popularly as the "White Brigade" so, after liberation, the group changed its name, adding the word "Fidelio", the pseudonym of Louette. "De Witte Brigade". Retrieved 31 December 2012