Miracle Mile (film)
Miracle Mile is a 1988 American apocalyptic thriller film written and directed by Steve De Jarnatt, starring Anthony Edwards and Mare Winningham that takes place in real time. It is named after the Miracle Mile neighborhood of Los Angeles, where most of the action takes place; the film takes place in a single night. The film opens with the two main characters and Julie, meeting at the La Brea Tar Pits and falling in love. After spending the afternoon together, they make a date to meet after her shift ends at midnight at a local coffee shop, but a power failure means Harry's alarm fails to wake him and Julie leaves for home; when Harry awakes that night he realizes what's happened and rushes to the shop, arriving at 4 AM. Harry tries to call Julie on a pay phone, but only reaches her answering machine, where he leaves an apology; when the phone rings moments he picks it up, hearing a frantic man named Chip telling his father that nuclear war is about to break out in less than seventy minutes. When Harry gets a chance to talk and asks who's calling, Chip realizes he has dialed the wrong area code.
Chip pleads with Harry to call his father and apologize for some past wrong before he is being confronted and shot. An unfamiliar voice picks up the phone and tells Harry to forget everything he heard "and go back to sleep" before disconnecting. Harry and not convinced of the reality of the information, wanders back into the diner and tells the other customers what he's heard; as the patrons scoff at his story, one of them, a mysterious businesswoman named Landa, calls a number of politicians in Washington on her wireless phone and finds that they are all heading for "the extreme Southern Hemisphere," i.e. Antarctica. After Harry tells her some launch codes that Chip told him, she verifies that they are real and, convinced of the danger charters several private jets out of LAX to a compound in a region in Antarctica with no rainfall. Most of the customers and staff leave with her in the owner's delivery van; when the owner refuses to make any stops, unwilling to leave without Julie, arranges to meet the group at the airport and jumps from the truck.
Harry is helped and hindered by various strangers, who are unaware of the impending apocalypse. In the process he inadvertently causes several deaths and is shaken by that, yet still he goes on; when he finds Julie and tells her, she notes that there is no confirmation of the attack. Desperate to reach the airport and not having a car, Harry finds a helicopter pilot and tells him to meet them on the roof of the Mutual Benefit Life Building, where Landa ordered a helicopter and a large amount of supplies to be delivered. Julie has tried to find a pilot on her own, in the moments it takes to find her, Los Angeles descends into violent chaos. There is still no confirmation any of this is real, Harry wonders if he has sparked a massive false panic in the example of Chicken Little. However, when he uses a phone booth to contact the father of the man who called him he reaches a man who says his son is a soldier. Harry tries to pass on the message he was given; when they reach the top of the Mutual Benefit building they find the pad empty, the roof manned only by Landa's drunk co-worker.
Any doubts about a false alarm are eliminated. As they fear the end, the helicopter returns with the pilot badly wounded but fulfilling his promise to come back for them. After they lift off from the roof, several warheads hit and the EMP from the detonations causes the helicopter to crash into the La Brea Tar Pits; as the helicopter sinks and the cabin fills with natural asphalt tar, Harry tries to comfort a hysterical Julie by saying someday they will be found and they will be put in a museum, or maybe they will take a direct hit and be turned into diamonds. Julie, accepting her fate, calms down and takes comfort in Harry's words, the movie fades out as the tar fills the compartment. A final explosion seems to imply. Before Miracle Mile was made, its production had been legendary in Hollywood for ten years. In 1983, it had been chosen by American Film magazine as one of the ten best unmade screenplays. Steve De Jarnatt wrote it just out of the American Film Institute for Warner Brothers with the hope of directing it as well.
The studio wanted to make it on a bigger scale and did not want to entrust the project with a first-time director like De Jarnatt. Miracle Mile spent three years in production limbo until De Jarnatt optioned it himself, buying the script for $25,000, he rewrote it and the studio offered him $400,000 to buy it back. He turned them down; when he shopped it around to other studios, they balked at the mix of romance and nuclear war and the film's downbeat ending. At one point, it nearly became the script for the separate made Twilight Zone: The Movie. Before Anthony Edwards was cast, production nearly began with both Nicolas Kurt Russell. Of the script, Edwards said, "It scared the hell out of me, it made me angry too... I just couldn't believe that somebody had written this." John Daly of Hemdale Films gave De Jarnatt $3.7 million to make the film. Edwards recalled: That was a script that everybody wanted to make, but they wanted him to change the ending, it was this great adventure. But he stuck it out, luckily he stuck it out long enough that I was old enough to play the part
Stand by Me (film)
Stand by Me is a 1986 American coming-of-age film directed by Rob Reiner and starring Wil Wheaton, River Phoenix, Corey Feldman, Jerry O'Connell. The film is based on Stephen King's 1982 novella The Body, its title is derived from Ben E. King's eponymous song. Stand by Me tells the fictional story of four boys in a small town in Oregon who go on a hike to find the dead body of another boy; the film was nominated for two Golden Globe Awards. Author Gordie Lachance reads in the newspaper that his childhood best friend Chris Chambers has been killed. Gordie narrates an extended flashback revealed to be a story he is writing; the flashback tells the story of a childhood incident when he, two buddies journeyed to find the body of a missing boy near the town of Castle Rock, Oregon. Twelve-year-old Gordie's parents, grieving the recent death of Gordie's older brother Denny, neglect Gordie. Gordie's friends are Chris Chambers. While looking for a jar of money that he buried underneath his parents' porch, Vern overhears a conversation between his older brother Billy and Charlie Hogan.
Billy and Charlie say that after having stolen a car, they saw the body of a missing boy named Ray Brower outside of town. When Vern relates this information to Gordie and Teddy, the four boys--hoping to become local heroes--decide to look for Ray's body. After Chris steals his father's pistol, he and Gordie run into local hoodlum John "Ace" Merrill and Chris's older brother, Richard "Eyeball". Ace threatens Chris with a lit cigarette and steals Gordie's Yankees cap, a gift from his brother; that afternoon, the four boys begin their journey to find the body. While getting water at a junkyard and some food from a nearby convenience store, they get caught by Milo Pressman, the junkyard manager, his dog, but escape. An angry Pressman calls Teddy's father a "loony". While the boys are crossing over a train bridge and Vern are nearly run over by a passing train, but manage to outrun it; that night, Gordie tells the fictional story of David "Lard-Ass" Hogan, an obese boy, teased. After entering a pie-eating contest, Lard-Ass deliberately vomits to take revenge on his tormentors, inducing mass vomiting among contestants and the audience.
Gordie describes the story as a "barf-o-rama". After the story, Chris tells Gordie that he hates being associated with his family and its bad reputation. Chris admits. However, after feeling guilty, Chris confessed and returned the money to a teacher, who used it to buy herself a new dress instead of turning it in to her superiors. Distraught over the teacher's betrayal, Chris breaks down and cries, stating that he wishes he could go somewhere where no one knows him; the next day, the boys discover that it is filled with leeches. Gordie faints after finding a leech in his underwear. After more hiking, the boys locate the body of Ray Brower; the discovery is traumatic for Gordie. Gordie adds that he is no good. Chris tells Gordie that his father does not hate him, but does not know him. Ace and his gang arrive, announce that they are claiming the body, threaten to beat the four boys if they interfere; when Chris insults Ace and refuses to fall back, Ace draws a switchblade to kill him. Gordie comes to Chris's aid by firing a shot into the air with Chris's father's gun and threatening to shoot Ace.
Ace demands that Gordie give him the gun, but Gordie refuses, calling Ace a "cheap dime-store hood". Ace taunts Gordie by asking. Gordie responds. Ace and his gang depart. Gordie explains to the others that finding and reporting a dead body isn't the right way to become heroes, so the boys report the body anonymously; the next morning, they return to Castle Rock and bid each other farewell, the extended flashback ends. The present-day Gordie explains that Chris took some college classes with Gordie during school and struggled with them, but persevered. Chris went to college and became a lawyer. Gordie ends his story with the following words: "I never had any friends on like the ones I had when I was 12. Jesus, does anyone?" The film was adapted from the Stephen King novella The Body. Bruce A. Evans sent a copy of The Body to Karen Gideon, the wife of his friend and writing partner Raynold Gideon, on August 29, 1983 as a gift for her birthday. Both Gideon and Evans became fans of the novella and shortly thereafter contacted King's agent, Kirby McCauley, seeking to negotiate film rights.
Although the money was not an issue, the share of gross profits was considered excessive considering that no stars could be featured to help sell the movie. In response and Gideon pursued an established director, Adrian Lyne, to help sell the project. After reading the novella, Lyne teamed up with Evans and Gideon, but all the studios the trio approached turned the project down except for Martin Shafer at Embassy Pictures. Embassy spent four months negotiating the rig
Agnieszka Holland is a Polish film and television director and screenwriter. Best known for her political contributions to Polish cinema, Holland is one of Poland's most eminent filmmakers, she began her career as assistant to directors Krzysztof Zanussi and Andrzej Wajda, emigrated to France shortly before the 1981 imposition of the martial law in Poland. Holland is best known for her films Europa Europa and her 2011 drama In Darkness, nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 84th Academy Awards. In 2017 she received Alfred Bauer Prize for her film Spoor at the Berlin International Film Festival. Holland was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1948, she is the daughter of journalists Irena and Henryk Holland, a prominent Communist activist since 1935 and a captain of the Polish Army. Holland's mother was Catholic and her father Jewish, but she was not brought up in any religious faith, her father, Henryk Holland, lost his parents in a ghetto during the Holocaust, spent most of his adult life denying his own Jewishness.
Holland's mother participated in the 1944 Warsaw Uprising as a member of the Polish resistance movement. Holland's Catholic mother aided several Jews during the Holocaust and received the Righteous Among the Nations medal from the Yad Vashem Institute in Israel. Holland was ill as a child, spent much of her time writing and directing short plays with other children; when she was eleven, her parents, whose marriage had been continuously contentious and her mother soon remarried a Jewish journalist, Stanislaw Brodski. Holland describes her relationship with her father as influential, but distant. According to Holland, "he was interesting intelligent, in the last years of his life he gave me a lot of doors to the art and the film, but he wasn't interested in the young children and he only noticed me when he wanted to make a kind of show". Holland recalls beings showed off to her father's friends during late night gatherings, being ignored in the morning when he was no longer entertaining; when Holland was thirteen, her father died under police interrogation while under house arrest in Warsaw.
Although official reports labeled his death a suicide, his family and others believe he was murdered by the communist police, by defenestration. Holland attended the Stefan Batory Lyceum in Warsaw. After high school, she studied at the Film and TV School of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague because, as she said in an interview, she thought the Czechoslovak films of the 1960s were interesting: "I watched first films of Miloš Forman, Ivan Passer, Vera Chytilova, they seemed to be fantastically interesting to me, unlike what was being made in Poland at that time". At FAMU, she met her future husband and fellow director, Laco Adamik. Holland witnessed the Prague Spring of 1968 while in Czechoslovakia, was arrested for her support of the dissident movement for the government reforms and political liberalization, she describes her time in Prague as her "introduction to politics, beauty, marriage and other arts...everything that happened to after was based on this Czechoslovak experience". During her time in prison, she spent time in a cell between two inmates.
It became her job to pass erotic messages between them. Holland herself said that "it was like phone sex and I was the cable", it was during her time in Prague and in prison that she realized "shed rather be an artist than an agitator". Holland graduated from FAMU in 1971, she wrote her first screenplay. Though it was censored and stopped from being developed, it attracted the attention of Andrezej Wajda, who became her mentor, her daughter with Adamik, Kasia, is a director. The events and confusing identities that made up her childhood resulted in Holland being known to have a signifiant struggle with identity, which manifests itself in many of her most famous films those related to Polish-Jewish interactions during the Holocaust. According to Holland, the tense relationship between Polish natives and Jewish Poles is still an ongoing issue, she says that "some Jews from Poland are still hostile to the Polish... There are things in Catholicism and Polish nationalism which are anti-Semitic", her acclaimed film Europa, Europa brought her success and recognition in Hollywood, but she has always, still faces trouble in her career and life due to her past.
Holland's "mixed Polish Catholic and Jewish ancestry...places her at the hub of this century's violence". Theses conflicts and hardships have been the inspiration for films such as Europa, Europa and In Darkness. Holland began her career as an assistant director for Polish film directors Krzysztof Zanussi and Andrzej Wajda, her credits include Zanussi's 1973 film and Wajda's 1983 film, Danton. She was first assistant director on Wajda's 1976 Man of Marble, an experience which gave her the capability to explore political and moral issues within the confines of an oppressive regime. Though she had a large role to play in the success of this film, her name was kept off of the credits because of censorship laws. In the first part of her career, Holland was unable to release any films under her own name because of the harsh censorship of Communist authorities. Wajda offered to adopt her but she refused, convinced that she could release films under own name, her first major film was Provincial Actors, a 1978 chronicle of tense backstage relations within a small-town theater company, an allegory of Poland's contemporary political situation.
It won the International Critics Prize at the 1980 C
After Hours (film)
After Hours is a 1985 American black comedy film directed by Martin Scorsese, written by Joseph Minion, starring Griffin Dunne with an ensemble cast. The film follows Paul Hackett, portrayed by Dunne, as he experiences a series of misadventures while making his way home from New York City's SoHo district during the night. Warner Home Video released the film on VHS in 1991 for both widescreen and pan-and-scan NTSC laserdiscs, it has been released on DVD. After a long and boring day at work, Paul Hackett, a computer word processor, meets Marcy Franklin in a local cafe in New York City, they discuss their common interest in Henry Miller. Marcy leaves Paul her number and informs him that she lives with a sculptor named Kiki Bridges, who makes and sells plaster of Paris paperweights resembling cream cheese bagels. In the night, under the pretense of buying a paperweight, Paul visits Marcy, taking a cab to her apartment. On his way to visit Marcy, his $20 bill is blown out the window of the cab, leaving him with only some spare pocket change.
The cab driver is furious. This is the first in a long series of misadventures for Paul that turn hostile through no fault of his own. At the apartment Paul meets the sculptor Kiki and greets Marcy again before coming across a collection of photographs and medications which imply that Marcy is disfigured from burns on her legs and torso; as a result of this discovery and a strained conversation with Marcy, Paul abruptly slips out of the apartment. Paul attempts to go home by subway, but the fare has increased at the stroke of midnight, he finds that his pocket change is no longer sufficient to purchase a token, he goes to a bar where a waitress, becomes enamored with him. At the bar, Paul learns; the bar's owner, Tom Schorr, offers to give Paul money to cover the subway fare, but he is unable to open the cash register. They exchange keys. Afterward, Paul spots two real burglars and Pepe, with one of Kiki's sculptures. After he attempts to confront them, they flee; when Paul returns the sculpture to Kiki and Marcy's apartment, he discovers Marcy has committed suicide.
Kiki and a stout man named Horst have left to go to Club Berlin, a nightclub. Paul attempts to return to Tom's bar, but it is locked out with a sign indicating that Tom will be back in half an hour. Paul meets Julie, the waitress, in the street, who invites him up to her apartment to wait for Tom to reopen the bar. Paul goes back to Tom's bar, finding Tom grieving over Marcy, his girlfriend. Paul returns to Julie's apartment. Paul rejects Julie's advances and leaves. In search of Kiki and Horst, he goes to Club Berlin where a group of punks attempt to shave his head into a mohawk. Paul meets a woman called Gail who mistakes him for the burglar, she and a mob of local residents relentlessly pursue him. Paul witnesses a murder, he meets a man who he asks for help, the man assumes that he is looking for a gay hookup. Paul finds Tom again. Paul discovers that as payback for rejecting her, Julie used his image in a wanted poster which names him as the burglar, he seeks refuge back at the Club Berlin. Paul uses his last quarter to play "Is That All There Is?" by Peggy Lee and asks a woman named June to dance.
Paul explains he is being pursued and June a sculptress, offers to help him. She protects him by pouring plaster on him. However, she won't let him out of the plaster, which hardens, trapping Paul in a position that resembles the character depicted in Edvard Munch's painting The Scream; the burglars break into the Club Berlin and steal him, placing him in the back of their van. He falls from the burglar's cargo right outside the gate to his office building as the sun is rising. Paul goes right back to work, bringing the film full circle. Paramount Pictures' abandonment of the Last Temptation of Christ production was a huge disappointment to Scorsese, it spurred him to focus on smaller projects. The opportunity was offered to him by his lawyer Jay Julien, who put him through Griffin Dunne and Amy Robinson's independent group: "Double Play Company"; the project was called "A Night in Soho" and it was based on the script by Joseph Minion. The screenplay titled Lies after the 1982 Joe Frank monologue that inspired the story, was written as part of an assignment for his film course at Columbia University.
Minion was 26 years old at the time. The script became After Hours after Scorsese made his final amendments. One of Scorsese's inputs involves the dialogue between Paul and the doorman at Club Berlin, inspired by Kafka's Before the Law, one of the short stories included in his novel The Trial; as Scorsese explained to Paul Attanasio, the short story reflected his frustration towards the production of The Last Temptation of Christ, for which he had to continuously wait, as Joseph K had to in The Trial. The film was to be directed by Tim Burton, but Scorsese read the script at a time when he was unable to get financial backing to complete The Last Temptation of Christ, Burton gladly stepped aside when Scorsese expressed interest in directing. After Hours was the first fictional film directed by Scorsese since Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore in 1974 in which Robert De Niro was not part of the cast. British director Michael Powell took part in the production process of the film
Alan Steven Rudolph is an American film director and screenwriter. Rudolph was born in Los Angeles, the son of Oscar Rudolph, a television director and actor, his wife, he was a protégé of director Robert Altman. Rudolph worked as an assistant director on Altman's film adaptation of Raymond Chandler's The Long Goodbye and on his original movie Nashville. Rudolph's films focus upon isolated and eccentric characters and their relationships, are ensemble pieces featuring prominent romanticism and fantasy, he has written all of his films, has worked with actors Keith Carradine and Geneviève Bujold, composer Mark Isham. Director Rudolph came to prominence with Choose Me, the story of the sexual relationships among a handful of lonely, but charming, people – an ex-prostitute bar owner, an repressed radio talk show hostess, a disarmingly honest madman. Trouble in Mind featured Kris Kristofferson as well as Bujold and John Waters icon Divine; the film was entered into the 36th Berlin International Film Festival.
The Moderns was a love story, set in 1926 Paris, about an expatriate American artist re-igniting his love for his wife, despite her marriage with a sinister, philistine art collector played by John Lone. In 1990, Rudolph wrote and directed the private eye love story Love at Large, filmed in Portland, Oregon. After the thriller Mortal Thoughts starring Demi Moore, Equinox starred Matthew Modine as a pair of separated twins, Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle was a loving recreation of the Algonquin Round Table and a sympathetic biopic of Dorothy Parker, with Jennifer Jason Leigh in the title role. Breakfast of Champions was an adaptation of Kurt Vonnegut's metafictional novel, with Albert Finney as the wildly prolific but terminally under-appreciated science fiction writer Kilgore Trout; the film was entered into the 49th Berlin International Film Festival. In April 2008, Rudolph presented a solo show of paintings at Gallery Fraga, Bainbridge Island, Washington. Premonition Nightmare Circus Welcome to L.
A. Remember My Name Roadie Endangered Species Return Engagement Songwriter Choose Me Trouble in Mind Made in Heaven The Moderns Love at Large Mortal Thoughts Equinox Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle Afterglow Breakfast of Champions Trixie Investigating Sex The Secret Lives of Dentists Ray Meets Helen Alan Rudolph on IMDb Alan Rudolph at AllMovie
John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley is an American playwright and director. His play, Doubt: A Parable, won the 2005 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and the 2005 Tony Award for Best Play, he won the 1988 Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for his film Moonstruck. Shanley was born into an Irish-American family in The New York City, his mother worked as a telephone operator, his father was a meat-packer. The neighborhood Shanley grew up in was considered rough, his academic career did not begin well, but he graduated from New York University with honors. In his program bio for the Broadway production of Doubt: A Parable, he mentions that he was "thrown out of St. Helena's kindergarten, banned from St. Anthony's hot lunch program and expelled from Cardinal Spellman High School." He was influenced by one of his first teachers, Sister Margaret McEntee, who he based the character of Sister James on in his play, Doubt. While at Cardinal Spellman High School he saw two school productions that influenced him; the Miracle Worker and Cyrano de Bergerac.
After his Freshman year at New York University, he was put on academic probation. He enlisted in the United States Marines, serving in a stateside post during the Vietnam War. Following his military service, he wrote a novel burned it, returned to the university with the help of the G. I. Bill, by supporting himself with a series of jobs: elevator operator, house painter, furniture mover, bartender, he graduated from New York University as valedictorian in 1977. Shanley is the author of more than 23 plays, which have been translated and performed around the world, including 80 productions a year in North America, he has directed his own productions. He has written for film. In 1990, Shanley directed his script of Joe Versus the Volcano. Shanley wrote two songs for the movie: "Marooned Without You" and "The Cowboy Song." He wrote the screenplay for the film Congo, based on the Michael Crichton book. His play Doubt: A Parable ran on Broadway from March 31, 2005 to July 2, 2006 and won four 2005 Tony Awards, the Drama Desk Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
Shanley directed the 2008 film version, which starred Meryl Streep, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams and Viola Davis. The screenplay was nominated for an Academy Award, the film won the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen. Doubt: A Parable, is featured in The Fourth Wall, a book of photographs by Amy Arbus for which Shanley wrote the foreword. In 2012, Shanley wrote the libretto for an opera version of Doubt: A Parable, which premiered at the Minnesota Opera in January 2013, with music by Douglas J. Cuomo; until his experience with opera was not extensive. As he worked on the libretto, using many lines that come directly from the play, he describes that his enthusiasm for the form grew. In 2012, his play Storefront Church ran Off-Broadway in a production by the Atlantic Theater Company; the play concerns Bronx residents "whose lives become tangled in unexpected ways when a mortgage goes sour". Storefront Church was put up by San Francisco Playhouse in San Francisco in December 2013 where it was well received.
His play, Outside Mullingar, opened on Broadway at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre, produced by the Manhattan Theatre Club, on January 3, 2014 and on January 23, 2014; the play stars Debra Messing and Brían F. O'Byrne; the play is set in the Irish countryside. His new play, Prodigal Son, which he is directing, is produced Off-Broadway by the Manhattan Theatre Club, it opened on February 9, 2016 and features Timothée Chalamet, Robert Sean Leonard, Annika Boras, Chris McGarry and David Potters. The play concerns a lonely teen from The Bronx, his new play The Portuguese Kid opened on October 24, 2017 at the New York City Center Stage I, produced by the Manhattan Theatre Club. Dircted by Shanley, the cast features Jason Alexander, Sherie Rene Scott, Mary Testa, Aimee Carrero and Pico Alexander, he is a graduate of New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture and Human Development with a degree in Educational Theatre, is a member of the Ensemble Studio Theatre. Shanley resides in New York City.
He has been divorced twice. In March 2012, actress Amanda Jencsik, 26 at the time, filed suit against Shanley for $5 million for sexual assault. Jencsik stated that Shanley had forcibly sodomized her on several occasions, had choked her and wrapped a belt around her neck during intercourse. Jencsik says that Shanley asked her on multiple occasions, "Do you feel like I'm raping you?" Jencsik expressed that she endured severe psychological distress and physical injuries including PTSD and a diagnosed bowel obstruction as a result of their sexual interactions, which took place in 2010. Shanley admitted to having a sexual relationship with Jencsik but denied the allegations, telling Entertainment Weekly through his attorney that their interactions were "totally consensual." Jencsik's lawsuit stated that Shanley "looped his belt around her neck during sex and pulled the belt," in addition to covering her mouth with his hand, hitting her in the face. Jencsik's lawyer explained that Jencsik did not call the police directly following the assaults because she was not in the right mental state to do so, that Shanley had a "Svengali-like ef
Blood Simple is a 1984 American neo-noir crime film written, edited and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. It was the directorial debut of the Coens and the first major film of cinematographer Barry Sonnenfeld, who became a noted director, as well as the feature-film debut of Joel Coen's wife Frances McDormand, who subsequently starred in many of his features; the film's title derives from the Dashiell Hammett novel Red Harvest, in which the term "blood simple" describes the addled, fearful mindset of people after prolonged immersion in violent situations. In 2001, a director's cut was released, it ranked number 98 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills. The film placed 73rd on Bravo's 100 Scariest Movie Moments. Abby and Ray are driving through a heavy downpour at night. Ray drives to a motel. Abby's husband, Julian Marty, has hired Lorren Visser, to follow Abby. Visser delivers them to Marty. Ray is a bartender working at Marty's bar. Marty is humiliated when his attempt to kidnap Abby from Ray's home fails, so he hires Visser to kill the couple.
Visser breaks into Ray's home, steals Abby's gun, photographs the sleeping couple through the bedroom window. He presents a doctored photo of the couple's "corpses" to Marty as evidence that they have been killed. Marty goes to the bathroom to vomit opens the safe to give Visser his fee. Visser shoots Marty with Abby's gun. Ray accidentally kicks Abby's gun, firing it, he decides to cover up the murder, which he assumes Abby has committed. He puts Abby's gun in the coat pocket. While Ray is driving down a country road at night, he realizes that Marty is still alive, although badly wounded. Ray buries Marty alive, after retrieving the gun. A distraught Ray tells Abby, "I cleaned up your mess." Abby insists she "hasn't done anything funny." By the time Ray leaves Abby's apartment, each is convinced that the other has done something to harm Marty. Ray leaves the gun, now containing one round, with Abby. Visser observes first Abby and Ray visiting the bar office; when leaving the bar, Ray notices that he is being followed, leaves for Abby's apartment, realizing that she might be in danger.
After Abby arrives, firing from a nearby rooftop with a rifle, shoots Ray through the window. When Abby hears footsteps approaching, she takes Ray's knife and hides in the bathroom. Visser finds the bathroom empty and the window open. Reaching out the window, he opens another window to the next room, but Abby slams the sash down on his wrist and drives the knife through his hand into the sill, he shoots through the wall punches through it and removes the knife, while Abby retreats and waits outside the bathroom, holding her gun. As Visser is about to emerge, she fires through the door. Abby states she "isn't afraid of you, Marty". Visser, lying on the bathroom floor, mortally wounded, bursts into laughter and responds by saying he'll "let him know if he sees him.", as Abby is horrified at the realization that he is not Marty. John Getz as Ray Frances McDormand as Abby Dan Hedaya as Julian Marty M. Emmet Walsh as Lorren Visser Samm-Art Williams as Meurice The Coen brothers took the trailer they made – which showed "a man dragging a shovel alongside a car stopped in the middle of the road, back towards another man he was going to kill" and "a shot of backlit gun holes in a wall" – and a projector and went around to people's homes and work places to show it.
Daniel Bacaner was one of the first people to invest money in the project. He became its executive producer and introduced the Coens to other potential backers; the entire process of raising the necessary $1.5 million took a year. The film was shot in several locations in the towns of Austin and Hutto, Texas over a period of 8 weeks in the fall of 1982; the film spent a year in postproduction and was completed by 1983. Blood Simple was Frances McDormand's screen debut. While the film was only a modest box-office success, it was a huge critical success, it holds a 94% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, where the critical consensus reads: "Brutally violent and shockingly funny in equal measure, Blood Simple offers early evidence of the Coen Brothers' twisted sensibilities and filmmaking ingenuity." The movie made about $3 million. Its first big public viewing was the USA Film Festival in Dallas, followed by the Sundance Film Festival, where it received the Grand Jury Prize; the brothers took the film to the Toronto Film Festival and the New York Film Festival.
They were proud of their film in light of having raised the funds using their self-made trailer. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2001: AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills – #98 The original MCA Home Video VHS tape and LaserDisc was released on October 10, 1985, with a 96-minute running time. The film was released on Universal Pictures Home Entertainment VHS tape for a second time in 1995 with a 99-minute run time. Unusual for such an exercise, the "Director's Cut" is some 3 minutes shorter than the original 1985 theatrical release; the Coens reduced the run time with tighter editing, shortening some shots and removing others altogether. Additionally, they resolved long-standing rights issues with the music. S. home video edition on VHS. The Director's Cut reinstated the Four Tops track; the 2001 DVD release features several spo