An independent or nonpartisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons. Independents may support policies. Independents may support a party's platform, but choose to stand as an independent because they don't feel the party adequately follows their platform. In some parts of the world, electors may have a tradition of electing independents, so standing for a political party is a disadvantage. In some countries, a political party can only be registered if it has many members in more than one region, but in certain regions only a minority of electors support the major parties. In some countries, political parties are illegal and all candidates thus stand as independents. In some countries where politics are otherwise traditionally partisan, such as the United States, subnational bodies and offices such as the Nebraska State Legislature and various directly-elected judicial and executive positions are nonpartisan and require politicians to abstain from running for office as part of a political party if they may be a member of one.
In some countries where politics is otherwise traditionally partisan, the incumbent President must always be an independent and cannot run for reelection as a member of a political party. Some independent politicians may be associated with a political party as former members of it, or else have views that align with it, but choose not to stand in its name, or are unable to do so because the party in question has selected another candidate. Others may belong to or support a political party at the national level but believe they should not formally represent it at another level. In running for public office, independents sometimes choose to form a party or alliance with other independents, may formally register their party or alliance. Where the word "independent" is used, such alliances have much in common with a political party if there is an organization which needs to approve the "independent" candidates. Independents are a recurrent feature of the federal Parliament of Australia, they are more elected to state parliaments.
There have been up to five independents in every federal parliament since 1990, independents have won twenty-eight times during national elections in that time. A large proportion of independents are former members of one of Australia's four main parties, the Australian Labor Party, the Liberal Party of Australia, the Australian Greens, or the National Party of Australia. In 2013 a political party named the Australian Independents was registered with the Australian Electoral Commission. At the dissolution of parliament before the 2019 federal election, four independents sat in the Australian House of Representatives: Andrew Wilkie, Cathy McGowan, Kerryn Phelps, Julia Banks. Of these, Wilkie had been a Greens candidate, McGowan had been a Liberal staffer, Banks was elected as a Liberal MP before resigning from the party in November 2018. At the 2019 election, Wilkie was re-elected as the Member for Clark, while McGowan retired, both Phelps and Banks lost their seats. However, two new independents entered parliament: Helen Haines.
Independent Senators are quite rare. In modern politics, Independent Brian Harradine served from 1975 to 2005 with considerable influence at times. Nick Xenophon has been the only elected independent Senator since his election to the Senate at the 2007 federal election. Xenophon was re-elected for another six-year term at the 2013 federal election. DLP Senator John Madigan became an independent Senator in September 2014, while PUP Senators Jacqui Lambie and Glenn Lazarus became Independent Senators in November 2014 and March 2015. In Azerbaijan, there are many independent members of the National Assembly, such as Aytən Mustafayeva; the independent politicians are not allowed to run for offices in Brazil. The Constitution of 1988, in its Article 14, §3rd, item V, says that "Are conditions for eligibility: V - party affiliation." However, the Proposal Amendment to the Constitution no. 6/2015, authored by independent senator José Reguffe, would allow the independent candidacy of individuals who have the support of at least 1% of the electors able to vote in the region in which the candidate is running.
Members of the legislative and executive can leave their respective parties after elected, as is the case of senator Reguffe, who left the Democratic Labour Party in 2016. The President of Bulgaria Rumen Radev is an independent with support from the Bulgarian Socialist Party. Radev was elected in the 2016 election. Independent Members of Parliament were numerous in the last decades of the 19th century but diminished as the party system solidified, it remained common, however, to have a small number of Independent Liberal or Independent Conservative MPs into the 1950s. Today, election as an independent is far more common at the municipal level. Many municipalities have no tradition of political parties. Candidates in federal elections who are not affiliated with a party have two options: independent or no affiliation. In the former case, they appear on the ballot with "Independent" following their name; the two options are otherwise equivalent. Independent politicians have on occasion held considerable sway in the House of Commons of Canada in recent years, as Canada has been governed by successive minority governments with indepen
Windermere School is an independent, coeducational boarding and day school in the English Lake District. It has 350 pupils between the ages of 3 and 18, around half of whom are boarders; this day and boarding school was established in Windermere in 1863. The School is split across three campuses on over fifty acres of land; the Elleray Campus is the Infant and Junior site and the Browhead Campus is the Senior School and Sixth Form site. These sites are 2 miles apart; the School has its own Royal Yachting Association Watersports Centre on the shores of Lake Windermere. In 2018, Hodge Howe Watersports Centre became a British Youth Sailing Recognised Club by the RYA for its race training, becoming the first school in the UK to earn this status. In 2010, the school changed its name from Windermere St Anne's School to Windermere School, it was named as the Sunday Times International Baccalaureate School of the Year for 2017-2018 and is a member of Round Square and the Society of Headmasters & Headmistresses of Independent Schools.
The Good Schools Guide describes Windermere as'a school which revels in a hearty approach to everything from academia to friendships'. In the latest inspection report by the Independent Schools’ Inspectorate, Windermere School received the highest grades for the quality of the education provided; the school was founded in 1863 in the Lancashire coastal town of Lytham, by the young schoolmistresses Elizabeth Hall and Catherine Sharpe. Its first premises were rooms in Hall's parents' house,'The Coppice', near the Lytham seafront; the school moved into its own house on Agnes Street two years later. It was named'The School for the Accomplished', catered for the daughters of wealthy Lancashire industrialists. Hall and Sharpe moved it to Belgrave House on St Anne's Road West in the new town of St Annes-on-Sea, two miles up the coast. Boy pupils were phased out during this time and the ever-expanding girls' school moved again to a purpose-built house at 40, North Promenade, St Annes, in 1887, as'St Anne's High School for Girls'.
The biggest upheaval came in 1924, when the school left Lancashire for the Browhead Estate in Windermere, Westmorland. The vacant house had been acquired by joint headmistresses Helen Leigh and E. M. Morrison with financial assistance from Leigh's husband; the name was altered to'St Anne's School, Windermere' and it has remained, expanded, at Browhead since. The neighbouring estate of Elleray was acquired in 1944 to house the school's Infant and Junior department. Young boys had been educated at Elleray since the 1970s, boys were admitted to the senior school in 1999. Boys now make up half the school roll across all ages; the school's name was simplified to'Windermere School' in 2010, which refers to Browhead campus and Elleray campus. Catherine Sharpe Elizabeth Hall Helen Leigh E. M. Morrison Vera Crampton Michael Jenkins Ross Hunter Wendy Ellis Allan Graham Ian Lavender The National Curriculum is followed at all levels. Sixth form students may pursue the International Baccalaureate Diploma and the International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme.
Students have the opportunity to take BTEC courses in the Sixth Form. The Senior School is based at the Browhead Campus — a wooded, fellside estate, a mile from the village of Windermere. At its heart is a large Victorian mansion, which houses the school's administrative centre and girls' boarding accommodation on the upper floors. Crampton Hall was added in 1967. Other buildings on site include the Westmorland and Langdale boarding houses for Sixth Formers and boys a science complex, additional classrooms, Jenkins Centre, the Art and Technology department at South Lodge, additional staff accommodation at North Lodge, the Headmaster's house, the newly refurbished Astroturf hockey pitch, tennis courts, sports hall and sports field. Much of the landscaping and planting date from the nineteenth century, the estate is home to a variety of rare plants and trees. Windermere School Elleray Campus occupies the neighbouring estate of Elleray, on the outskirts of Windermere. A large Victorian house forms the centre of the school, more recent extensions house its infant and nursery departments.
Elleray has its own football/rugby pitches and tennis court, the surrounding fields serve as a large playground. Three eco-friendly'pod' classrooms were built in 2009; the school's third campus is Hodge Howe, on the shore of Windermere. There is a central pavilion with changing facilities, a boathouse and extensive wooded grounds. Hodge Howe is an RYA Teaching Centre. In 2018, Hodge Howe Watersports Centre became a British Youth Sailing Recognised Club by the RYA for its race training, becoming the first school in the UK to earn this status. Boarding has been a central tradition since the school's foundation. Today, boarders account for half the senior school pupils, there are a small number from the Elleray Campus. Boarders live in one of three houses, all at the senior school site: Westmorland House is the Sixth Form centre, acting as both boarding house and study centre for students aged 16 to 18. Boarders live in single-sex flats of five, complete with a common room. Day students are assigned to a flat.
There are centra
Cheryl: My Story is an autobiography written by the British recording artist Cheryl, known at the time as Cheryl Cole, co-written with Rachel Murphy. It was published by Harper on 11 October 2012. In addition to dealing with her childhood and her rise to fame as a member of the girl group Girls Aloud, Cheryl discusses her volatile marriage with the footballer Ashley Cole, her life-threatening battle with malaria and her relationship with The X Factor boss Simon Cowell. While Cheryl was the subject of criticism for some of the book's content, Cheryl: My Story was well received by entertainment critics, who complimented the candid nature of the autobiography, it topped The Sunday Times Bestseller list, selling an average of 2,000 copies a day in its first five months of release. In April 2012, it was reported that Cheryl had signed a deal with HarperCollins to release an autobiography in November of that year. Cheryl decided to write an autobiography to "set the record straight." Cheryl stated, "I'm sick of reading misquotes.
Enough was enough, it was time to put out my side of the story and the truth." She added, "It was a battle with myself, how I am, because I am a private person." Cheryl confessed that she knew the autobiography would be "open. It was the best thing for me at that time. Just putting all the rumours to bed." Appearing on British daytime television programme This Morning in September 2012, Cheryl told Denise van Outen, "I've got a lot of stuff to say and things to put straight and it's been a cathartic experience – more than I thought."The book was co-authored by Rachel Murphy, who has ghost-written a number of other Sunday Times Bestselling books. Cheryl revealed the autobiography's cover on Twitter on 3 October 2012, tweeting "It's REALLY here!!!! #Emotional." The book's earliest chapters deal with Cheryl's childhood in Newcastle upon England. Cheryl discusses smoking cannabis as a teenager, watching friends become hooked on heroin when the drug flooded their estate and seeing her elder brother Andrew sent to prison.
She reveals that Andrew and her sister Gillian learned that Cheryl's father Garry wasn't their real dad, causing both of them to turn to alcohol and crime in various capacities. Cheryl writes about an infamous altercation with a nightclub washroom attendant in January 2003, which led her to be found guilty of assault occasioning actual bodily harm that year. Cheryl maintains in the autobiography. Cheryl: My Story captures Cheryl's rise to fame on the ITV reality television programme Popstars: The Rivals, which led to the formation of girl group Girls Aloud. Alongside Nadine Coyle, Sarah Harding, Nicola Roberts and Kimberley Walsh, Girls Aloud released twenty consecutive top ten singles and became the United Kingdom's biggest selling girl group of the 21st century. Cheryl discusses her relationship with her bandmates the alleged rift with Coyle that garnered extensive tabloid attention. In 2008, Coyle failed to attend the BRIT Awards with her bandmates, stating "it's not my thing." Cheryl discusses how Nadine Coyle living in the United States and attempting to launch a solo career took its toll in the group, culminating in the Out of Control Tour in 2009.
Cheryl writes, "Having her manager on tour with us was crossing the line, that’s when I knew that it was time for us to take a break." However, Cheryl denies rumors of any actual rift between Coyle. In the book, Cheryl "does not hold back when writing about other significant characters in her life, most notably former husband Ashley Cole and former boss Simon Cowell." For the first time, Cheryl details her divorce from Ashley Cole following his adultery, detailing the moment she found out he had cheated on her with hairdresser Aimee Walton. She confesses to "shaking him and scratching his face." Cheryl turned to medical help to cope with the divorce. She admits to visiting a sexual health clinic following his infidelity. Cheryl details her relationship with Simon Cowell, who offered her a position as a judge on Britain's Got Talent. In 2008, Cheryl replaced Sharon Osbourne on the judges panel for series five of The X Factor. Cheryl remained on the show for two more series before Cowell offered her a job on season one of The X Factor US.
Cheryl was controversially replaced after just two weeks. She told Cowell, "I hate you. I understand you’re a businessman, what I’ve learned from this is that business means more to you than friendship.” Cowell did not break the news to Cheryl in person. I believed we had a good friendship and I couldn't understand why he just hadn’t been straight with me." Cheryl talks about her time on The X Factor UK, referencing her time mentoring contestants such as Cher Lloyd and Katie Waissel. Cheryl discusses her battle with malaria, which she contracted during a 2010 trip to Tanzania with friend Derek Hough. During her bout with malaria, Cheryl sent four days in an intensive care unit and spent a further week of respite at the London clinic, she writes that she was so "frightened and exhausted" during her illness that the thought of death "relieved" her. Both of Cheryl's lungs were filled with fluid, she was close to needing lifelong dialysis. Cheryl: My Story deals with Cheryl's distate for invasive news media and paparazzi, citing a specific incident in which someone attempted to take a picture of her suffering from malaria in hospital.