Indian Railways is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with a route length of 67,368-kilometre as of March 2017. About 50% of the routes are electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz AC electric traction while 33% of them are double or multi-tracked. In the year ending March 2018, IR carried 8.26 billion passengers and transported 1.16 billion tonnes of freight. In the fiscal year 2017–18, IR is projected to have revenue of ₹1.874 trillion, consisting of ₹1.175 trillion in freight revenue and ₹501.25 billion in passenger revenue, with an operating ratio of 96.0 percent. Indian Railway runs more than 20,000 passenger trains daily, on both long-distance and suburban routes, from 7,349 stations across India; the trains have four-digit numbering system. Mail or Express trains, the most common types, run at an average speed of 50.6 kilometres per hour. Most premium passenger trains like Rajdhani, Shatabdi Exp run at peak speed of 140–150 km/h with Gatiman Express between New Delhi and Jhansi touching peak speed of 160 km/h.
Indian railways runs indigenously built semi-high speed train called Vande Bharat" between Delhi - Varanasi and Delhi - Katra which clocks a maximum track speed of 180 km/h. In the freight segment, IR runs more than 9,200 trains daily; the average speed of freight trains is around 24 kilometres per hour. Maximum speed of freight trains varies from 60 to 75 km/h depending upon their axle load with container special running at a peak speed of 100 km/h; as of March 2017, Indian Railways' rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns coach-production facilities at several locations in India. Being the world's eighth-largest employer, it had 1.30 million employees as of March 2016. The government has committed to electrify its entire rail network by 2023, become a "net-zero railway" by 2030; the first railway proposals for India were made in Madras in 1832. The country's first train, Red Hill Railway, ran from Red Hills to the Chintadripet bridge in Madras in 1837.
In 1845, the Godavari Dam Construction Railway was built by Cotton at Dowleswaram in Rajahmundry, to supply stone for the construction of a dam over the Godavari River. In 1851, the Solani Aqueduct Railway was built by Proby Cautley in Roorkee to transport construction materials for an aqueduct over the Solani River. India's first passenger train, hauled by three steam locomotives, ran for 34 kilometres with 400 people in 14 carriages on 1,676 mm broad gauge track between Bori Bunder and Thane on 16 April 1853; the Thane viaducts, India's first railway bridges, were built over the Thane creek when the Mumbai-Thane line was extended to Kalyan in May 1854. Eastern India's first passenger train ran 39 km from Howrah, near Kolkata, to Hoogly on 15 August 1854; the first passenger train in South India ran 97 km from Royapuram- Veyasarapady to Wallajah Road on 1 July 1856. On 24 February 1873, a horse-drawn 3.8-kilometre tram opened in Calcutta between Sealdah and Armenian Ghat Street. On 9 May 1874, a horse-drawn tramway began operation in Bombay between Parel.
In 1897, lighting in passenger coaches was introduced by many railway companies. On 3 February 1925, the first electric passenger train in India ran between Victoria Terminus and Kurla; the organization of Indian railways into regional zones began in 1951, when the Southern and Western zones were created. Fans and lights were mandated for all compartments in all passenger classes in 1951, sleeping accommodations were introduced in coaches. In 1956, the first air-conditioned train was introduced between Howrah and Delhi. Ten years the first containerized freight service began between Mumbai and Ahmedabad. In 1986, computerized ticketing and reservations were introduced in New Delhi. In 1988, the first Shatabdi Express was introduced between New Jhansi. Two years the first self-printing ticket machine was introduced in New Delhi. In 1993, air-conditioned three-tier coaches and a sleeper class were introduced on IR; the CONCERT system of computerized reservations was deployed in New Delhi and Chennai in September 1996.
In 1998, coupon validating machines were introduced at Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. The nationwide Concierge system began operation on 18 April 1999. In February 2000, the Indian Railways website went online. On 3 August 2002, IR began ticketing. Indian Railways announced on 31 March 2017 that the country's entire rail network would be electrified by 2022. Indian Railways is headed by a seven-member Railway Board whose chairman reports to the Ministry of Railways. Railway Board acts as the Ministry of Railways; the officers manning the office of Railway Board are from organised Group A Railway Services and Railway Board Secretariat Service. IR is divided into 18 zones, headed by general managers; the zones are further subdivided into 68 operating divisions, headed by divisional railway managers. The divisional officers of the engineering, electrical and telecommunication, accounts, operating, commercial and safety branches report to their respective DRMs and are tasked with the operation and maintenance of assets.
Bohemia in London was Arthur Ransome's seventh published book, his first success. The book is about literary and artistic London in the 1900s, the area of London covered is Chelsea and Hampstead, he had moved to London in 1901, first lived in Chelsea. It was published by Chapman and Hall in late September 1907. An American edition was published by Dodd, Mead of New York in 1907, who published it in Canada under the imprint of the Musson Book Co of Toronto. A "slightly bawdy" ballad had to be omitted for North America. A second edition was published by his new publisher Stephen Swift Ltd in 1912, before Granville absconded. A new edition was published by the Oxford University Press in 1984. Ransome himself wrote that it was his first book that "was not altogether a makeshift". In 1906 he was approached by Stefana Stevens a "clever young woman" who worked for Curtis Brown, a London literary agency founded in 1899, she was an authority on Middle Eastern folklore, as E. S. Stevens a popular romantic novelist.
He was having tea with Cecil Chesterton at the St George’s in St Martin’s Lane, when she leant across the table and said: There’s a book that ought to be written, you are the one that ought to write it, a book on Bohemia in London, an essayistic al sort of book, putting Bohemia of today against a background of the past. Think it over, I’ve got a publisher waiting for it, it did not take much thinking about. He worked in the London Library, he went off to Cartmel with crates of books and had more sent by the London Library, "settled down at Wall Nook to be Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt all rolled into one." As illustrator he selected Fred Taylor, impressed by his black-and white poster of a newsboy used to advertise the bookseller W. H. Smith. Hugh Brogan calls it "Ransome's first real book" and with drawings by Fred Taylor "easily the best-looking Ransome volume produced." It is a long discourse and a guide to Bohemian London in the early twentieth century, between the eras of Enoch Soames and Ezra Pound.
Earlier inhabitants are included William Hazlitt and Dr. Johnson, Charles Lamb and John Dryden. Ben Jonson sings drinking songs. Brogan finds the picture of artistic London convincing if sometimes overblown, a foreshadowing of his journalism. With good reviews, it was his first success. Roland Chambers said that Ransome had "made his most sustained effort to date", that the book "was nostalgically reviewed by Ransome himself in the Onlooker six years and at the time was written in a style suggesting a kindness for days distilled and softened by the distant past"; the Autobiography of Arthur Ransome ISBN 0-224-01245-2 The Life of Arthur Ransome by Hugh Brogan ISBN 0-224-02010-2 Signalling from Mars: The Letters of Arthur Ransome ed. Hugh Brogan ISBN 978-0-224-04261-1 The Last Englishman by Roland Chambers ISBN 978-0-571-22261-2 Bohemia in London Bohemia in London About Bohemia in London by the Arthur Ransome Trust
Samuel Johnson, better known by his stage name Samwell is an American entertainer whose hit video "What What" made him an Internet celebrity. Samwell was born in South Carolina, he has an undergraduate degree from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Samwell is unsigned, but for a time his "What What" was licensed through Fatboy Slim's record label, Southern Fried Records; the "What What" video is licensed through Brownmark Films. The song was used extensively in the South Park season 12 episode "Canada on Strike", which featured a re-creation of the What What video. In April 2008 Samwell appeared on the BBC television show Lily Allen and Friends for an interview and performed a live version of "What What" with choreographed dancers. Samwell played Adonis in the 2009 feature film Modus Operandi and plays the Communications Officer in 2014's Hamlet A. D. D.. In March 2010 Special Entertainment released an iPhone App called Shaky Advice from Samwell that functions much like a Magic 8 Ball, with video clips of Samwell giving advice.
In June 2010 Samwell appeared on an episode of Comedy Central's Tosh.0, a television show about viral videos. The segment told the story of how the "What What" video was created, followed by an acoustic duet version of the song by Samwell and Josh Homme, lead singer for Queens Of The Stone Age and Them Crooked Vultures. In a June 2 interview, host Daniel Tosh called Samwell one of the best guests he's had on the show, saying, "I'll tell you who I loved the'What What In The Butt' guy, it couldn't have been more of a delight." In September 2010 Samwell appeared on Tosh.0 a second time when he was nominated for the Season Two MVP Award. Samwell has a live phone call service called Special Greetings from Samwell, available through his official website. Samwell released a string of videos after What What, including a Safe Sex PSA called Protect Respect, music videos, interview videos, a number of comedic sketch videos. List of YouTube personalities What What" on YouTube Official Website Samwell Interviewed on YouTube Samwell on IMDb
Hurricane Run was a world champion Irish-bred thoroughbred racehorse. He was the second French-trained horse, after his sire Montjeu to win both the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. Hurricane Run was trained by André Fabre and ridden in most of his races by jockey Kieren Fallon for owner Michael Tabor. Hurricane Run was bred by German breeders Gestüt Ammerland and bought by Tabor in May 2005; the colt was a son of champion Montjeu out of Hold On. Hurricane Run was voted the Cartier Racing Award for European Horse of the Year and was the "World's Top Ranked Horse" for 2005 plus the "World's Top Ranked Long Distance Horse" as compiled by the World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings. Hurricane Run lost only one race in 2005 when his late charge from behind a wall of horses just failed to catch the winner in the Prix du Jockey Club over a trip of 10 furlongs. During 2005, Hurricane Run won two Group 2 races, his victories included the prestigious Irish Derby at the Curragh and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe at the Hippodrome de Longchamp in Paris.
His two length win was rated the best performance during the year by the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities. He was scheduled to run at Belmont Park in New York in October in the 2005 Breeders' Cup Turf but was sidelined with health problems. In an uncanny parallel to the career of his sire Montjeu, Hurricane Run's campaign as a four-year-old began brightly, but tailed off somewhat towards the end of the season. After winning the Tattersalls Gold Cup at The Curragh, he suffered lost the June 25, 2006, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud in Paris, he returned to action on 29 July, ridden by Belgian jockey Christophe Soumillon, to win the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes at Ascot Racecourse. His season ended with runs in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and Champion Stakes and the Breeders' Cup Turf. Hurricane Run was retired for the 2007 breeding season to Coolmore Stud in Ireland, his 2012 stud fee was 12,500 Euros. His progeny include Ormonde Stakes winner Memphis Tennessee, Prix Penelope winner Don't Hurry Me, Prix du Lys winner Kreem and Futurity Stakes winner First Cornerstone.
Ellison Bay is an unincorporated census-designated place in northern Door County, United States, within the town of Liberty Grove and is located on Highway 42 along the Green Bay. As of the 2010 census, its population is 165. Sur La Baie, one of Wisconsin's largest and most expensive homes, is located nearby; the community was founded in 1872 by a Danish immigrant. Lumber and fishing were important businesses in the 19th century, replaced by fruit growing in the early 20th century, today tourism is the main business. On July 10, 2006, an explosion leveled the 136-year-old Pioneer Store, killed two vacationers and injuring 13 others; the blast burned down one cottage and damaged another. It is believed a propane gas leak caused the explosion, which may have resulted from a contractor damaging unmarked underground propane lines. Gibraltar Area Schools serves the community. Gibraltar Elementary School and Gibraltar Secondary School are the two schools. Important attractions include The Clearing, a private center for adult education, established by Jens Jensen, a prominent landscape architect.
It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Other attractions include Turtle Ridge Gallery, a cooking school, an Asian art gallery, pottery studios. Local restaurants in Ellison Bay are the Viking Grill, home to one of Door County's oldest fish boils, the Wickman House, a restaurant featuring local produce. Around the Shores of Lake Michigan: A Guide to Historic Sites by Margaret Beattie Bogue Video tour of Ellison Bluff County Park
Jean-Damascène Sallusti was an Italian missionary to China, as well as a court painter under the Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty. A member of the Augustinian order, a Jesuit, Sallusti was appointed Bishop of Beijing in 1778, a position he held until his death in 1781; as a painter, he was a contemporary of Giuseppe Castiglione and Ignatius Sichelbart, with them was responsible for the creation of the Emperor's "Battle Copper Prints", commemorating the I-li campaign. Work by Sallusti is held in the collection of the Cleveland Museum of Art