Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university in Bloomington, Indiana. It is the flagship institution of the Indiana University system and, with over 40,000 students, its largest university. Indiana University is a "Public Ivy" university and ranks in the top 100 national universities in the U. S. and among the top 50 public universities. It is a member of the Association of American Universities and has numerous schools and programs, including the Jacobs School of Music, the Luddy School of Informatics and Engineering, the O'Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, the Kelley School of Business, the School of Public Health, the School of Nursing, the School of Optometry, the Maurer School of Law, the School of Education, the Media School, the Hamilton Lugar School of Global and International Studies; as of Fall 2017, 43,710 students attend Indiana University. While 55.1% of the student body was from Indiana, students from all 50 states, Washington, D. C. Puerto Rico and 165 countries were enrolled.
As of 2018, the average ACT score is a 28 and an SAT score of 1276. The university is home to an extensive student life program, with more than 750 student organizations on campus and with around 17 percent of undergraduates joining the Greek system. Indiana athletic teams are known as the Indiana Hoosiers; the university is a member of the Big Ten Conference. Indiana's faculty and alumni include nine Nobel laureates, 17 Rhodes Scholars, 17 Marshall Scholars, five MacArthur Fellows. In addition and alumni have won six Academy Awards, 49 Grammy Awards, 32 Emmy Awards, 20 Pulitzer Prizes, four Tony Awards, 104 Olympic medals. Notable Indiana alumni include James Watson, one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA. Indiana's state government in Corydon established Indiana University on January 20, 1820, as the "State Seminary." Construction began in 1822 at what is now called Seminary Square Park near the intersection of Second Street and College Avenue. The first professor was Baynard Rush Hall, a Presbyterian minister who taught all of the classes in 1825–27.
In the first year, he taught twelve students and was paid $250. Hall was a classicist who focused on Greek and Latin and believed that the study of classical philosophy and languages formed the basis of the best education; the first class graduated in 1830. From 1820 to 1889 a legal-political battle was fought between IU and Vincennes University as to, the legitimate state university. In 1829, Andrew Wylie became the first president, serving until his death in 1851; the school's name was changed to "Indiana College" in 1829, to "Indiana University" in 1839. Wylie and David Maxwell, president of the board of trustees, were devout Presbyterians, they spoke of the nonsectarian status of the school but hired fellow Presbyterians. Presidents and professors were expected to set a moral example for their charges. After six ministers in a row, the first non-clergyman to become president was the young biology professor David Starr Jordan, in 1885. Jordan followed Baptist theologian Lemuel Moss, who resigned after a scandal broke regarding his involvement with a female professor.
Jordan improved the university's finances and public image, doubled its enrollment, instituted an elective system along the lines of his alma mater, Cornell University. Jordan became president of Stanford University in June 1891; the growth of the institution was slow. In 1851, IU had seven professors. IU admitted its first woman student, Sarah Parke Morrison, in 1867, making IU the fourth public university to admit women on an equal basis with men. Morrison went on to become the first female professor at IU in 1873. Mathematician Joseph Swain was IU's first Hoosier-born president, 1893 to 1902, he established Kirkwood Hall in 1894. He began construction for Science Hall in 1901. During his presidency, student enrollment increased from 524 to 1,285. In 1883, IU awarded its first Ph. D. and played its first intercollegiate sport, prefiguring the school's future status as a major research institution and a power in collegiate athletics. But another incident that year was of more immediate concern: the original campus in Seminary Square burned to the ground.
The college was rebuilt between 1884 and 1908 at the far eastern edge of Bloomington. One challenge was that Bloomington's limited water supply was inadequate for its population of 12,000 and could not handle university expansion; the University commissioned a study. In 1902, IU enrolled 1203 undergraduates. There were 82 graduate students including ten from out-of-state; the curriculum emphasized the classics, as befitted a gentleman, stood in contrast to the service-oriented curriculum at Purdue, which presented itself as of direct benefit to farmers and businessmen. The first extension office of IU was opened in Indianapolis in 1916. In 1920/1921 the School of Music and the School of Commerce and Finance (what l
The 2011 Formula Renault 2.0 UK Championship is a multi-event motor racing championship for open wheel, formula racing cars held across England. The championship features a mix of professional motor racing teams and funded drivers competing in 2 litre Formula Renault single seat race cars that conform to the technical regulations for the championship, it forms part of the extensive program of support categories built up around the BTCC centrepiece. This season will be the 23rd British Formula Renault Championship; the season began at Brands Hatch on 3 April and ended on 16 October at Silverstone, after twenty rounds held in England. From the World Series meeting at Silverstone, the series was sponsored by Certina Kurth Frères and presented as the CERTINA Formula Renault 2.0 UK Championship. The series will support the British Touring Car Championship at all rounds except Knockhill, as Formula Renault forms part of the World Series by Renault meeting two weeks earlier, at Silverstone. All races were held in United Kingdom.
Points were awarded on a 32-28-25-22-20-18-16-14-12-11-10-9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 basis, with 2 points for fastest lap. A driver's 18 best results counted towards the championship; the 2011 Protyre Formula Renault UK Finals Series will be the 14th British Formula Renault Winter Series and the first season under the new name of the Formula Renault UK Finals Series. The series will commence at Snetterton on 5–6 November and end at Rockingham on 12 November, after six races at three rounds held in England; the official website of the Formula Renault UK Championship
James Magnussen is a retired Australian swimmer and Olympic medallist. He was the 2011 and 2013 100-metre freestyle world champion, holds the fifth fastest swim in history in the 100-metre freestyle, with a time of 47.10, which until 2016 stood as the fastest swim in textile swimwear material. He has won a total of 15 medals in major international competition, seven gold, five silver and three bronze, spanning the Olympics, World Championships, Commonwealth Games, the Pan Pacific Championships, he retired on 5 June 2019. At the 2010 Australian Swimming Championships, Magnussen placed third in the 100-metre freestyle, with a time of 49.43, thus qualifying for the national team. Magnussen earned a silver medal, with Eamon Sullivan, Kyle Richardson, Cameron Prosser in a time of 3:14.30, finishing behind the United States. Swimming the anchor leg, he had a split of 48.25. In the 100-metre freestyle, Magnussen finished 10th overall with a time of 48.94. Shortly after the Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, Magnussen competed at the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi.
In the 4×100-metre freestyle relay, Magnussen won a gold medal with Kyle Richardson, Eamon Sullivan, Tommaso D'Orsogna in a time of 3:13.92. At year's end, Magnussen competed at the 2010 FINA World Swimming Championships in Dubai, was part of the Australian team that finished 5th in the 4×100-metre freestyle relay. At the 2011 Australian Swimming Championships, Magnussen qualified for the national team by winning the 100-metre freestyle in a time of 48.29. At the 2011 World Aquatics Championships, Magnussen won a total of three medals, two golds and one silver. In his first event, the 4×100-metre freestyle relay, Magnussen won gold with Matthew Targett, Matthew Abood, Eamon Sullivan in a time of 3:11.00. As the lead-off swimmer, he had a time of 47.49. Magnussen's lead-off time eclipsed Pieter van den Hoogenband's pre-polyurethane suit record of 47.84, and, at the time, was the fastest swim over that distance by a swimmer not wearing the now-banned suit. Four days Magnussen became the first Australian man to win the 100-metre freestyle at a World Championships, with a time of 47.63 seconds.
At the first 50 in the 100-metre freestyle, Magnussen was in fifth place in 22.94, but came back fastest in 24.69 for the win. After the race, Magnussen said, "When I get back to Australia, I will be relaxing with my friends, it will sound amazing to be called a world champion, it has been six weeks. No Australian has won this race at the world championships before, so it is good to be in the same club as the legends of this sport." On the final night of competition, Magnussen won a silver medal in the 4x100-metre medley relay with, Hayden Stoeckel, Brenton Rickard, Geoff Huegill in a time of 3:32.26. Swimming the freestyle leg, Magnussen had a split of 47.00, by far the fastest in the field and was enough to overtake the gold winning Americans for 1st place. At the 2012 Australian Swimming Championships, which served as Australia's Olympic trials, Magnussen qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics, by becoming the national champion in the 50 and 100-metre freestyle. In his first event, the 100-metre freestyle, Magnussen recorded a time of 47.10 to win by over half a second.
His 100-metre freestyle time was the 4th fastest swim in the history of the event, lowered his own unofficial textile record of 47.49. In the 100-metre freestyle final, Magnussen had a drastic change of tactics compared to his swims in Shanghai. At the first 50, Magnussen had a swift split of 22.68, came back in 24.42. In the 100-metre freestyle final in Shanghai, he went out in 22.94 and came back in 24.69. Thus, Magnussen was more aggressive in the first 50-metres. Magnussen has stated he does plan on targeting César Cielo's world record of 46.91 in the 100-metre freestyle. After topping the heats and semifinals in the 50-metre freestyle, Magnussen won the final in a time of 21.74, the fastest any Australian has been in textile swimwear in that event. Prior to this competition, Magnussen's personal best in the 50-metre freestyle was 22.41. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Magnussen won a total of two medals, one silver and one bronze. In his first event, the 4×100-metre freestyle and his three other relay team members came fourth behind France, United States and Russia, despite being the favourites.
As the lead-off leg, Magnussen recorded a time of 48.03, much slower than the 47.49 he led off in Shanghai. In the 100-metre freestyle final, Magnussen came in second by one-hundredth of a second to American swimmer Nathan Adrian 47.53 to 47.52, winning the silver medal. Overall, he said in an interview after his swim he swam his best but it wasn't enough. In the 50-metre freestyle, Magnussen failed to advance to the final, finishing with a time of 22.00 in the semifinals. Issues pertaining to Magnussen's behaviour before and during the 2012 London Summer Olympics became apparent, due to reports that his Australian Swim Team teammates cheered upon his defeat in the 100-metre freestyle final. Magnussen was accused of having a "big head" during the games. There were some complaints about the 100 metre relay team, dubbed the Weapons of Mass Destruction, who were called "out of control" by fellow swimmers. In his first event at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Magnussen combined with Cameron McEvoy, Tommaso D'Orsogna, James Roberts in the 4x100-metre freestyle relay, with the team finishing fourth place, repeating their result from the 2012 Olympics.
Swimming the lead-off, Magnussen recorded a split of 48.00, finishing behind American Nathan Adrian for the second-best opening leg. Going into the rel
Felton Little Park is a municipal park in Auburn, United States. Felton Little Park is the oldest park in Auburn. From 1949 until 1968, the park was the home stadium of the Auburn High School Tigers football team, from 1949 through 1967, the Auburn High School baseball team. Today, Felton Little Park has three softball fields for youth leagues; the park is named for an Auburn city councilman who donated the land for the park. In the late 1940s the city of Auburn decided that the town needed a centrally-located park and football and baseball facilities for Auburn High School, playing home matches at nearby Auburn University; the nearest property suitable for such a park to downtown was owned by Felton Little, who donated the land to the city in September 1947. On September 30, 1949, the park was dedicated as Auburn City Park as the Auburn High football team played Tuskegee High School; as the football field was equipped with outdoor lights, this was the first night football game to be played in Auburn.
In 1955, the park was renamed "Felton Little Park" after its benefactor. In 1967, the Auburn High baseball team moved from the park to a new facility on the high school campus, on October 4, 1968, the football team played its final game at Felton Little before inaugurating its new stadium, Duck Samford Stadium. In the early 1970s, the park was converted to house three youth-league baseball fields, in 2003 the park underwent a major renovation which converted the three fields to softball fields. Auburn High School's football team played 20 seasons at Felton Little. Felton Little Park – official site
Kristen Deborah Modafferi is an American woman who, in the early summer of 1997, disappeared under mysterious circumstances after leaving her work at the Crocker Galleria Mall in San Francisco, California. The soon-to-be college sophomore at North Carolina State was spending the summer in the Bay Area. In 1999, Kristen's Law was signed by President Bill Clinton to provide assistance to police departments and families of missing persons over the age of 17; the law authorized the annual sequestering of 1 million dollars for the support of missing persons organizations, including the National Center for Missing Adults. Federal funding for Kristen's Law ran out in 2005 after the law's expiration; as of 2019, Kristen Modafferi's case remains unsolved. Kristen Deborah Modafferi was born June 1, 1979, in Danbury, Connecticut, to Debbie, a teacher, Bob Modafferi, an electrical engineer, she was raised in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1997, having just completed her freshman year at North Carolina State University on a Park Scholarship, she traveled alone to the San Francisco Bay Area for the summer to study photography at the University of California, Berkeley.
She used Craigslist to find a room in a house on Jayne Avenue in Oakland, where she had four male roommates. She found part-time employment at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and at Spinelli's Coffee shop in the Crocker Galleria Mall in San Francisco's Financial District. On the afternoon of June 23, 1997, three weeks after her eighteenth birthday, Modafferi concluded her shift at Spinelli's around 3:00 p.m. She had indicated to coworkers that she considered visiting Baker Beach that afternoon to attend a party. At around 45 minutes after her shift had ended, coworkers from Spinelli's saw Modafferi with an unidentified blonde woman on the second floor of the Galleria; this blonde woman has never been identified, she has yet to step forward. Video surveillance last caught Modafferi withdrawing money from her bank. Modafferi failed to attend the first day of her photography class at UC Berkeley on June 24, a course for which she had paid $925 in tuition. Additionally, she left a $400 paycheck at Spinelli's unclaimed.
Her roommates noted that Modafferi did not return home on the night of June 23, but they did not report the 18-year-old as missing. Several days after Modafferi's father left a voicemail on the house's landline, one of her roommates returned his call and informed him nobody at the house had seen her for three days. Modafferi's parents flew to San Francisco on Friday, June 27, reported their daughter missing to the Oakland Police Department. Law enforcement did not begin investigating the disappearance, until Monday, June 30. Police bloodhounds traced Modafferi's scent to the Muni 38 Geary bus from a bus stop outside the Galleria, her trail was noted by the bloodhounds near the end of the bus route at Sutro Heights Park, but her scent was lost near there. The Modafferis found. Interested, call me." Law enforcement was unable to locate the individual who had placed the ad, as the newspaper had purged their backlog for that week, there is no indication that Modafferi responded to the ad. On July 10, 1997, a man phoned KGO-TV claiming that Modafferi was murdered by two women and her body disposed of under a wooden bridge near Point Reyes.
The caller was identified as 36-year-old Jon Onuma. Onuma told police he had falsely implicated the women, as he felt they were conspiring to get his girlfriend, Jill Lampo, fired from her job at the local YMCA where they worked. Onuma denied having met Modaferri. Searches of Onuma's apartment revealed "sizable" amounts of blood, though it was determined by DNA testing to be that of a cat, it was discovered that Onuma had placed personal advertisements for women in the Bay Area and coerced them into sex. Onuma relocated to his native Hawaii in 1999. In 2015, an independent search of the house Modafferi had been living in when she disappeared was completed. Paul Dostie, a former Mammoth Lakes police sergeant and owner of the dog, suggested that Oakland police excavate a concrete slab in the basement, proposed that Modafferi's roommates at the time be re-interviewed by law enforcement. Dr. Arpad Vass, a forensic anthropologist from the University of Tennessee, visited the house in February 2017 and scanned the area with a proprietary device he developed which detects human decomposition chemicals.
The device pinpointed between the house next door, 278 Jayne Avenue. Dostie stated that the results of these searches indicated a crime scene rather than a burial. Additionally, a chemical signature denoting the presence of human blood was discovered near a concrete slab at the base of porch steps at the 278 Jayne Avenue residence. In response to the findings of Dostie and Vass, the Oakland Police's public information officer Felicia Aisthorpe stated that thei
Belek Ghazi was a Turkish bey in the early 12th century. His father was Behram and his grandfather was Artuk, an important figure of the Seljuk Empire in the 11th century, he was a short-term governor of Suruç. During the First Crusade, the crusaders captured the city in 1098, he took part in the Seljuk expedition to Antakya, lost to Crusaders. But the campaign ended in failure. In 1112 Belek captured Harput from Mengüceks.. He founded a beylik; this beylik is now known as the Harput branch of the Artukids. Next year he married to Ayşe Hatun, widow of Anatolian Seljuk sultan Kılıç Arslan I. By this prestigious marriage, he formed family ties with the Seljuk family. In 1120, Belek together with Danishmends defeated a coalition of Mengüceks and Constantine Gabras of the Byzantine Empire. Two years after the death of Ilghazi, Belek became the leader of the Artukids. In 1122 he took Joscelin I as captive; the next year, Baldwin II of Jerusalem too was captured by Belek. These two victories gained Belek fame both in Europe.
From 1123-1124, Belek served as emir of Aleppo. In 1124 he was invited to defend Tyre, the only port the Muslims used in Syria against the attacking Crusaders. During the fighting he was killed on 6 May 1124. Shortly after his death Harput was annexed by the Artukids of Hasankeyf. In 1185 another beylik was founded by Artukids in Harput. Yücel, Yaşar. Türkiye Tarihi Cilt I. Ankara: AKDTYK Yayınları. Gurur. "Belek Gazi hayatı". Bilgi Dünyası. Retrieved 2015