Indigenous peoples of Panama

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A Guna woman in Guna Yala
Guna house in Guna Yala, 2007

Indigenous peoples of Panama, or Native Panamanians, are the native peoples of Panama. According to the 2010 census, they make up 12.3% of the overall population of 3.4 million, or just over 418,000 people. The Guaymí and Ngöbe-Buglé comprise half of the indigenous peoples of Panama.[1]

Many of the Indigenous Peoples live on comarca indígenas,[2] which are administrative regions for an area with a substantial Indigenous populations. Three comarcas (Comarca Emberá-Wounaan, Guna Yala, Ngöbe-Buglé) exist as equivalent to a province, with two smaller comarcas (Kuna de Madugandí and Kuna de Wargandí) subordinate to a province and considered equivalent to a corregimiento (municipality).

Indigenous groups[edit]


Some native peoples speak Spanish, while many more retain their traditional languages. According to the 2000 census, the following indigenous languages are spoken in Panama:


  1. ^ a b "Panama History: Indigenous People." Panama Experts. (retrieved 23 Feb 2011)
  2. ^ a b "Indigenous Peoples in Panama." Archived 2011-03-02 at the Wayback Machine. International Work Group for Indian Affairs. (retrieved 23 Feb 2011)

External links[edit]