The Industrial Workers of the World, members of which are termed "Wobblies", is an international labor union, founded in 1905 in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. The union combines general unionism with industrial unionism, as it is a general union, subdivided between the various industries which employ its members; the philosophy and tactics of the IWW are described as "revolutionary industrial unionism", with ties to both socialist and anarchist labor movements. In the 1910s and early 1920s, the IWW achieved many of their short-term goals in the American West, cut across traditional guild and union lines to organize workers in a variety of trades and industries. At their peak in August 1917, IWW membership was more than 150,000, with active wings in the United States and Australia; the high rate of IWW membership turnover during this era makes it difficult for historians to state membership totals with any certainty, as workers tended to join the IWW in large numbers for short periods.
Due to several factors, membership declined in the late 1910s and 1920s. There were conflicts with other labor groups the American Federation of Labor, which regarded the IWW as too radical, while the IWW regarded the AFL as too conservative and dividing workers by craft. Membership declined due to government crackdowns on radical and socialist groups during the First Red Scare after World War I. In Canada the IWW was outlawed by the federal government; the most decisive factor in the decline in IWW membership and influence, was a 1924 schism in the organization, from which the IWW never recovered. The IWW promotes the concept of "One Big Union", contends that all workers should be united as a social class to supplant capitalism and wage labor with industrial democracy, they are known for the Wobbly Shop model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect their managers and other forms of grassroots democracy are implemented. IWW membership does not require that one work in a represented workplace, nor does it exclude membership in another labor union.
In 2012, the IWW moved its General Headquarters offices to 2036 West Montrose in Chicago. The origin of the nickname "Wobblies" is uncertain; the IWW was founded in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States in June 1905. A convention was held of 200 socialists, Marxists radical trade unionists from all over the United States who opposed the policies of the American Federation of Labor; the IWW opposed the American Federation of Labor's acceptance of capitalism and its refusal to include unskilled workers in craft unions. The convention had taken place on June 24, 1905, was referred to as the "Industrial Congress" or the "Industrial Union Convention", it would be known as the First Annual Convention of the IWW. It became considered one of the most important events in the history of industrial unionism; the IWW's founders included William D. Haywood, James Connolly, Daniel De Leon, Eugene V. Debs, Thomas Hagerty, Lucy Parsons, Mary Harris "Mother" Jones, Frank Bohn, William Trautmann, Vincent Saint John, Ralph Chaplin, many others.
The IWW aimed to promote worker solidarity in the revolutionary struggle to overthrow the employing class. In particular, the IWW was organized because of the belief among many unionists, anarchists and radicals that the AFL not only had failed to organize the U. S. working class, but it was causing separation rather than unity within groups of workers by organizing according to narrow craft principles. The Wobblies believed that all workers should organize as a class, a philosophy, still reflected in the Preamble to the current IWW Constitution: The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of the working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things of life. Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of the world organize as a class, take possession of the means of production, abolish the wage system, live in harmony with the Earth. We find that the centering of the management of industries into fewer and fewer hands makes the trade unions unable to cope with the growing power of the employing class.
The trade unions foster a state of affairs which allows one set of workers to be pitted against another set of workers in the same industry, thereby helping defeat one another in wage wars. Moreover, the trade unions aid the employing class to mislead the workers into the belief that the working class have interests in common with their employers; these conditions can be changed and the interest of the working class upheld only by an organization formed in such a way that all its members in any one industry, or in all industries if necessary, cease work whenever a strike or lockout is on in any department thereof, thus making an injury to one an injury to all. Instead of the conservative motto, "A fair day's wage for a fair day's work," we must inscribe on our banner the revolutionary watchword, "Abolition of the wage system." It is the historic mission of the working class to do away with capitalism. The army of production must be organized, not only for everyday struggle with capitalists, but to
Jeon Da-hye is a South Korean short track speed skater who won gold in the women's 3000 metre relay at the 2006 Winter Olympics. In 1999 Jeon earned her first call to the South Korea women's national short track team at the age of 16. In 2001, she won two silver medals at the World Championships as a member of the national team. In 2001 Jeon was omitted from the national team roster and did not participated in the 2002 Winter Olympics. In February 2002, Jeon gained attention again, winning five gold medals at the national collegiate championships. Jeon first participated at the Winter Olympics in February 2006, she was expected to compete in the 500 metres as well but competed only in the 3000 metre relay due to injuries, combining with Choi Eun-Kyung, Byun Chun-Sa, Jin Sun-Yu and Kang Yun-Mi. Team Korea won its fourth consecutive Olympic women's 3000 metre relay gold medal. Jeon was selected as the reserve member of the South Korean national team for the 2010 Winter Olympics, ranked sixth overall in the national Olympic trials.
However, she did not get a chance to participate in any event at the Olympics. In February 2011, Jeon won the gold medal in the women's senior 500 metres at the 2011 Korean National Sports Festival by.37 of a second to beat out 2006 Olympic gold medalist Kang Yun-Mi. Evans, Hilary. "Jeon Da-hye". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2012-10-26. Databasesports profile
KBEA-FM is a radio station licensed to Muscatine, whose format is Top 40. The station broadcasts from a transmitter located near Wilton, Iowa; the signal can be received in both the Cedar Iowa City areas. KBEA-FM is owned with studios located in Davenport, Iowa; the Muscatine allocation for 99.7 MHz dates to February 1949, when the station signed on as KWPC-FM, a sister station to KWPC. The studios for both stations were located on the outskirts of Muscatine. Early in its history, KWPC-FM—like most FM stations of the 1950s and 1960s—played beautiful, easy listening music. In the late 1960s, the station's call letters changed to KFMH, but easy listening music continued on the frequency for several more years. In June 1973, KFMH underwent a major format change as Captain Steve Bridges came in as program director. KFMH soon gained a devoted, fiercely loyal audience, as the station played lesser-known and local artists in a variety of genres — rock, jazz and other genres. Plus, KFMH's disc jockeys Andy Hammer, Kerry Peace, Lisa Catalona, Beth McBride, Chris Carson, Borderline Bob, Sean Tracy and Tom Maicke, Mary of the Heartland, Bob Just Bob, Dirty Judy, Jim Hunter, Roberto Nache, John Obvious, Captain Steve played album cuts from popular artists.
The station was known for pushing the envelope at times, but it would change programming at a moment's notice. In 1981, John Flambo became the new owner and removed the one-and-a-half-hour farm report morning show and replaced it with Andy Hammer and a format matching the rest of the day. "The Plus" made greater efforts to separate themselves from the rest of the radio dial with Kerry Peace hosting “Off the Beat n’ Track” presenting alternative and punk rock not heard anywhere else. The 1980s ended with many changes to the station. In March 1990, KFMH began transmitting from its current 1,000 foot tower in Wilton, Iowa with 100,000 watts. In 1993, KFMH moved to Davenport, it signed off at 3 p.m. on March 1, 1994 with the song "Your Move... I've Seen All Good People" by Yes, the song it signed on with on June 4, 1973. On the night it signed off, about 500 showed up outside the station to protest, but the station was locked up. Mercury Broadcasting's WKBF inquired about moving the format to its frequency at 1270 AM, but the proposal never materialized.
In 2013, 19 years to the hour KFMH went off the air, "99 Plus KFMH" returned as an internet only station, with the original deejays Captain Steve, Tom Maicke, Jim Hunter and Mary of the Heartland. New deejays include Tommy Lang, Bill Klutho, Patrick O'Leary. You can listen once again to Rock, Jazz and Alternative 24/7. 99pluskfmh.com is available on the TuneIn app, Simple Radio by Streema, Sonos. On March 16, 1994, the 99.7 MHz frequency was sold to New York-based Connoisseur Communications, which changed the call letters to KBOB and its format to country. These changes outraged many loyal KFMH listeners, who feared there would no longer be a radio outlet for "alternative" music. More than a decade after KFMH's demise, some fans still sorely miss the station's eclectic blend of music and programming. Steve Bridges moved to Iowa City where he purchased KCJJ, a 10,000 watt station with a talk-music hybrid that reaches much of eastern Iowa. KBOB, debuted to promising ratings. Part of what set the new station apart was inclusion of songs WLLR had since removed from its playlist.
However, KBOB —, sold to Cumulus Media — soon languished behind the powerhouse stations in the Quad Cities market WLLR, despite having the advantage of broadcasting at 100 kW. On April 5, 2000, KBOB switched to 104.9 MHz. 99.7 MHz adopted its current Top 40 format and "B100" branding. The station's first line-up included Rose and Julia Bradley in the morning, Jeff James in middays, Steve Fuller in the afternoon drive-time, Brandon Marshall in the evening and Rachel in overnights; the station gained a following, cutting into the ratings of the Quad-Cities market's dominant Top 40 station, "All-Hit 98.9". In early 2006, WHTS was sold to the Educational Media Foundation, along with new call letters, that station's format was changed to contemporary Christian, leaving "B100" as the only Top 40 station in the Quad Cities for the next six years. However, on February 20, 2012, Clear Channel launched a CHR format on KUUL-FM as "101.3 KISS FM." On August 30, 2013, a deal was announced in which Townsquare Media would acquire 53 Cumulus stations, including KBEA-FM, for $238 million.
The deal is part of Cumulus' acquisition of Dial Global. The sale to Townsquare was completed on November 14, 2013. B100 website Query the FCC's FM station database for KBEA Radio-Locator information on KBEA Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KB