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IndyCar Series

The IndyCar Series known as the NTT IndyCar Series under sponsorship, is the premier level of open-wheel racing in North America. Its parent company began in 1996 as the Indy Racing League, created by Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Tony George as a competitor to CART. In 2008, the IndyCar Series merged with the Champ Car World Series; the series is self-sanctioned by IndyCar. The series' premier event is the Indianapolis 500. For 1996–1997, the series was referred to as the Indy Racing League. For 1998–1999, the series garnered its first title sponsor, was advertised as the Pep Boys Indy Racing League. In 2000, the series sold its naming rights to Internet search engine Northern Light, the series was named the Indy Racing Northern Light Series; the IndyCar Series name was adopted beginning in 2003, as the series was now entitled to use it due to the expiration of a 1996 legal settlement with CART. The series began to progressively downplay the former IRL name, changing its name to IndyCar for the 2008 season.

Izod was announced as the series title sponsor beginning on November 5, 2009. Izod ended its sponsorship after the 2013 season. In 2014, Verizon Communications became title sponsor of the series through 2018. In January 2019, it was announced that Japanese communications company NTT would become title sponsor and official technology partner of the IndyCar Series; the IndyCar Series is not an open formula motor sport archetype. A spec-series, the league mandates chassis and engine manufacturers which teams must use each season. Dallara provides a specification chassis to all teams, with Honda and Chevrolet providing teams engines. In the series' first season, 1992 to 1995 model year CART chassis built by Lola and Reynard were used; the first new Indycar came into being in 1997. Tony George specified new technical rules for production-based engines; the move outlawed the CART chassis and turbocharged engines, the mainstay of the Indianapolis 500 since the late 1970s. Starting with the 2003 season, the series rules were changed to require chassis manufacturers to be approved by the league before they could build cars.

Prior to that, any interested party could build a car, provided it met the rules and was made available to customers at the league-mandated price. In total, four manufacturers have built IndyCar chassis. Dallara began producing Indycars for the 1997 season; the Dallara and G Force chassis were evenly matched over their first few seasons, but the Dallara began to win more races. This caused more teams further increasing their success; as of 2017, a Dallara chassis has been used by 17 Indy 500 winners, although there have not been any competing manufacturers since 2008. Dallara was tabbed to build the Firestone Indy Lights machines. After the withdrawal of factory support from Panoz Auto Development, they are the only supplier of new chassis; the G Force chassis was introduced in 1997, won the 1997 and 2000 Indy 500 races. In 2002, Élan Motorsport Technologies bought G Force, the chassis was renamed "Panoz G Force", shortened to "Panoz" in 2005. In 2003 a new model was introduced, it won the Indy 500 in 2003–2004, finished second in 2005.

It fell out of favor starting in 2006, by only one finished in the top ten at Indy. Little factory support was given to IndyCar teams by Panoz after that point, as they had concentrated on their DP01 chassis for the rival Champ Car World Series. By 2008, only one Panoz saw track time, an aborted second weekend effort at Indy, that resulted in Phil Giebler being injured in a practice crash. Riley & Scott produced IndyCar chassis from 1997 to 2000, their initial effort, the Mark V, was introduced late in the 1997 season limiting its potential market. It proved to be uncompetitive. After Riley & Scott was purchased by Reynard, an all-new model, the Mark VII, was introduced for the 2000 season, it won in Phoenix, the second race of the season, but was off the pace at Indy and was dropped by its teams. Falcon Cars was founded by Michael Kranefuss and Ken Anderson in 2002 as the third approved chassis supplier for the 2003 season. One rolling chassis was completed and shown, but it was never fitted with a working engine and never ran.

No orders were filled. Superficially, IndyCar machines resemble those of other open-wheeled formula racing cars, with front and rear wings and prominent airboxes; the cars were unique, being designed for oval racing. Cars were designed to accommodate the added requirements of road racing; because of a preexisting schedule conflict, the Champ Car World Series spec Panoz DP01, with a Cosworth engine, was run in an IndyCar Series points event in the 2008 Toyota Grand Prix of Long Beach. In 2012 the series adopted the Dallara IR-12 chassis as a cost control method, IndyCar negotiated a price of $349,000 per chassis; the new specification improved safety, the most obvious feature being the partial enclosure around the rear wheels, which acts to prevent cars ramping up over another vehicle's back end. This chassis was intended to support multiple aerodynamic kits, but introduction of these was delayed until 2015 with teams citing costs. In 2015, teams began running aero kits developed by their engine manufacturers.

The kits, while increasing speeds and offering clear distinction between the two manufacturers, did lead to significant cost increases. Further, Chevrolet's aero kit was the more dominant with Honda only able to mount a competitive charge on ovals

Haqqani network

The Haqqani network is an Afghan guerrilla insurgent group using asymmetric warfare to fight against US-led NATO forces and the government of Afghanistan. Maulvi Jalaluddin Haqqani and his son Sirajuddin Haqqani have led the group, it is thought to be based in the town of Miramshah in Pakistan. The Haqqani network pledged allegiance to the Taliban in 1995, have been an incorporated wing of the group since. In the past, the Taliban and Haqqani leaders have denied the existence of the "network", calling it no different from the Taliban. In the 1980s, the Haqqani network was one of the most favored CIA-funded anti-Soviet guerrilla groups by the Reagan administration. In 2012, the United States designated the Haqqani network as a terrorist organization. In 2015, Pakistan banned the Haqqani network as part of its National Action Plan; the word "Haqqani" comes from Darul Uloom Haqqania, a Madrassa in Pakistan attended by Jalaluddin Haqqani. The Haqqani network's root values are religious, they are ideologically aligned with the Taliban, who have worked to eradicate Western influence and transform Afghanistan into a sharia-following state.

This was exemplified in the government. Both groups have the common goal of disrupting the Western military and political efforts in Afghanistan and driving them from the country permanently; the group demands that US and Coalition Forces, made up of NATO Nations, withdraw from Afghanistan and no longer interfere with the politics or educational systems of Islamic nations. Jalaluddin Haqqani joined the Hezb-i Islami Khalis in 1978 and becoming a mujahid in Afghanistan, his personal Haqqani group was nurtured by the U. S. Central Intelligence Agency and Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence during the 1980s Soviet–Afghan War; the Haqqani family hails from southeastern Afghanistan and belongs to the Mezi Clan of the Zadran Pashtun tribe. Jalalludin Haqqani rose to prominence as a senior military leader during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Like Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Haqqani was more successful than other resistance leaders at forging relationships with outsiders prepared to sponsor resistance to the Soviets, including the CIA, Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence, wealthy Arab private donors from the Persian Gulf.

Jalaluddin Haqqani commanded the Mujahideen Army from 1980–1992 and is credited with the recruitment of foreign fighters. Notable jihadists are two well-known Arabs, Abdullah Azzam and Osama bin Laden, who both began their careers as volunteers for the Haqqanis and trained to fight the Soviets. Al-Qa'ida and the Haqqani network, in other words evolved together, they have remained intertwined throughout their history and remain so to this day; the Haqqani network's relationship with Al-Qaeda dates back to the founding of AQ. The significant difference between the two organizations is that Al-Qaeda pursues global goals using global means. Jalaluddin Haqqani is more interested in the influence of Islamic Law over Afghanistan than the global Jihad but his network has always been aware of Al-Qaeda's intentions and goals; these two groups are intertwined in tactics and Islamic extremism. Though many Muslim leaders asked for aid from oil wealthy Arab nations in 1978 when Afghan Communists with the backing of the Soviet Union conquered Kabul.

J. Haqqani was the only Afghan Islamic Resistance leader to request foreign Muslim fighters, was the only group to welcome non-Afghans into its ranks, thus "linking it to the broader Jihad struggles and giving birth to the following decade to what would come to be known as global jihadism." It is the Haqqani network's use of the Saudi Arabian financiers and other Arab investors in his mission that highlights the groups understanding of Global Jihad. A major difference between the Haqqani network and Al-Qaeda is the spheres of influence they both seek to control. Al-Qaeda's is global, Haqqani's is regional. Many sources believe Jalaluddin Haqqani and his forces assisted with the escape of Al-Qaeda into safe-havens in Pakistan. Considering how the two groups are inter-twined it is not a stretch, it is well documented. Analyst Peter Bergen argues this point in his book "The Battle for Tora Bora" Judging by the possibilities and the amount of US Military assets focused on such a small region, the theory that the Haqqani network aided in the escape seems reasonable.

Regardless of what occurred in those mountains, the Haqqanis played a role. And their actions of providing safe-havens for Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden show the strength of bond and some role in or knowledge of Al-Qaeda and Bin Laden's escape. Foreign jihadists recognized the network as a distinct entity as early as 1994, but Haqqani was not affiliated with the Taliban until they captured Kabul and assumed de facto control of Afghanistan in 1996. After the Taliban came to power, Haqqani accepted a cabinet-level appointment as Minister of Tribal Affairs. Following the U. S.-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and the subsequent overthrow of the Taliban government, the Haqqanis fled to the bordering Pakistani tribal regions and regrouped to fight against coalition forces across the border. As Jalaluddin has grown older his son Sirajuddin has taken over the responsibility of military operations. Journalist Syed Saleem Shahzad reported that President Hamid Karzai invited c. 2002 the e

Murphy Inlet

Murphy Inlet is an ice-filled inlet about 18 nautical miles long, with two parallel branches at the head, lying between Noville and Edwards Peninsulas on the north side of Thurston Island. Delineated from aerial photographs taken by U. S. Navy Operation Highjump in December 1946. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Charles J. V. Murphy, assistant to R. Admiral Byrd after Byrd Antarctic Expedition of 1928-30, member of the wintering party of Byrd Antarctic Expedition of 1933-35. Thurston Island – Jones Mountains. 1:500000 Antarctica Sketch Map. US Geological Survey, 1967. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, 1993–2016; this article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Murphy Inlet"

Raoul Weil

Raoul Weil is a Swiss banker. Weil is best known as being the former chairman and chief executive officer of Global Wealth Management & Business Banking at UBS AG. Weil became a member of UBS's group executive board. During Weil's tenure at UBS, the bank became embroiled in the 2008-09 U. S. tax evasion controversy, which led to Weil's voluntary departure from the bank after he was indicted by the U. S. Justice Department for offering help to thousands of UBS's U. S. clients who failed to pay their federal income taxes. Arrested in October 2013 during a trip to Italy, Weil has been extradited to the United States. On December 16, 2013, Weil was released on $10.5 million bail by the federal district court in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. The trial began in Ft. Lauderdale on October 14, 2014, the jury found him not guilty on November 3, 2014. Weil was born in Switzerland. Weil graduated from the University of Basel with a degree in economics, he earned a master's degree in economics with a specialization in national economics and business administration.

Raoul Weil is a member of the Optimus Foundation, a charitable foundation administered by UBS which helps with disease prevention and education across the world. In 2008, Weil was elected chairman of the Optimus Foundation's board, pledging the foundation to the goal of becoming the largest charitable organization in Switzerland in the next decade. In September 2008, Weil led the Global UBS Philanthropy Forum, which brought together philanthropists, business leaders, social entrepreneurs, representatives from civil society from around the world to consider the theme of “Building Change Communities.” After he finished active duty in the Swiss military in 1984, Weil was hired by the Swiss Bank Corporation, worked in SBC's private banking division in Basel, Monaco, New York City, Hong Kong from 1984 until 1998. When SBC and UBS merged in 1998, Weil joined UBS as part of its private banking division for Asia and Europe, becoming head of UBS's Wealth Management International unit in 2002. In July 2007, Weil became CEO of WM&BB.

On November 12, 2008, Weil voluntarily relinquished his duties with UBS to focus on his defense after being indicted in connection with the ongoing investigation of UBS's US cross-border business by the United States Department of Justice. The United States issued an international arrest warrant for Weil in 2008. On May 23, 2008, the Swiss Federal Banking Commission opened an investigation into UBS's role in facilitating tax evasion by its US clients; the EBK concluded, among other things, that UBS's “top management” was not aware of the bank's US clients’ fraudulent conduct, were not “accessories or accomplices” to UBS's violations. The EBK found that the US cross-border business's managers at the time – Martin Liechti and Michel Guignard – were the principal architects of UBS's wrongdoing and had concealed their misconduct from Weil. After leaving UBS, Weil was hired as a consultant in 2010 by Reuss Private Group becoming a managing partner. At the beginning of 2013, he succeeded Adriano B.

Lucatelli as chief executive officer of Reuss Private Group. In February 2013, FINMA granted Reuss a license to deal in securities and certified that Reuss management, including Weil, was engaged in “proper business conduct”; as part of the application process, Weil confirmed in writing that he had not concealed anything with respect to the US-UBS tax dispute. On December 2, 2013, Weil was replaced by Felix Brem as CEO of Reuss Private Group. In 2008, the U. S. Federal Bureau of Investigation began probing a multimillion-dollar tax evasion case involving UBS due to disclosures made by Brad Birkenfeld, a former UBS banker in Switzerland, arrested entering the United States and cooperated with the US Department of Justice, the US Securities and Exchange Commission, the US Internal Revenue Service. Concurrently, a United States Senate subcommittee accused Swiss banks, including UBS, of helping wealthy Americans evade taxes through offshore accounts, which it estimated cost of the U. S. excess of US$100 billion annually.

In response, UBS announced that it would cease providing cross-border private banking services to US-domiciled clients through its non-US regulated units as of July 2008. As part of its investigation into the conduct of UBS's US cross-border business, DOJ demanded client banking records from UBS. Under Swiss bank secrecy laws, UBS was prohibited from turning over such documents; the Swiss government interceded and began negotiating with DOJ in an effort to persuade DOJ to stop trying to force UBS to violate Swiss law. On November 6, 2008, a U. S. federal grand jury indicted Raoul Weil in connection with the ongoing investigation of UBS, DOJ obtained an order from the court there placing the indictment under seal. On November 10, 2008, Swiss Finance Minister Hans-Rudolf Merz and head of the Swiss Federal Department of Justice and Police Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf sent a letter to U. S. Attorney General Michael Mukasey and Treasury Secretary Henry Paulsen asking that DOJ go through the information-sharing provisions of the US-Switzerland Double Taxation Treaty if it wanted to obtain information regarding UBS's clients.

Weil's indictment was unsealed two days on November 12, 2008. According to one high-level Swiss source, “hat was a clear message... One can imagine that without the letter they would have at least delayed the indictment of Weil.”Weil soon thereafter left the bank to focus on the criminal case. On February 18, 2009, UBS agreed to pay a fine of US$780 million to the U. S. government and entered into a deferred prosecution agreement on charges of conspiring to defraud th

Wheeling station (Illinois)

Wheeling is a station on Metra's North Central Service in Wheeling, Illinois. The station is 29.9 miles away from the southern terminus of the line. In Metra's zone-based fare system, Wheeling is in zone F; the station is located in an industrial development. Town Street ends at Wheeling Station as a cul-de-sac with parking in the middle of the U-Turn. Additional parking can be found on the opposite side of the intersection of Town Street and Wheeling Road, across the tracks on Northgate Parkway south of Illinois Route 68. Pace 234 Wheeling/Des Plaines Metra – Stations – Wheeling station Station from Google Maps Street View

Cass Township, Fulton County, Illinois

Cass Township is one of twenty-six townships in Fulton County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 622 and it contained 271 housing units. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 39.55 square miles, of which 39.4 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles is water. Smithfield Buckeye Poverty Ridge Totten Prairie Gobbler's Knob Travis was an old town site near Poverty Ridge, near seville and the old fuller mill, it is said. Travis did not become nothing but an old forgotten town site; the township contains these six cemeteries: Baughman, Fuller, Henderson and Sinnett Chapel. Illinois Route 95 Community Unit School District 3 Fulton City Illinois' 17th congressional district State House District 94 State Senate District 47 "Cass Township, Fulton County, Illinois". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-16. United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas City-Data.com Illinois State Archives