The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network was an early packet-switching network and the first network to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite. Both technologies became the technical foundation of the Internet; the ARPANET was founded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the United States Department of Defense. The packet-switching methodology employed in the ARPANET was based on concepts and designs by Leonard Kleinrock, Paul Baran, Donald Davies, Lawrence Roberts; the TCP/IP communications protocols were developed for the ARPANET by computer scientists Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf, incorporated concepts from the French CYCLADES project directed by Louis Pouzin. As the project progressed, protocols for internetworking were developed by which multiple separate networks could be joined into a network of networks. Access to the ARPANET was expanded in 1981, when the National Science Foundation funded the Computer Science Network. In 1982, the Internet protocol suite was introduced as the standard networking protocol on the ARPANET.
In the early 1980s the NSF funded the establishment of national supercomputing centers at several universities and provided interconnectivity in 1986 with the NSFNET project, which created network access to the supercomputer sites in the United States from research and education organizations. The ARPANET was decommissioned in 1989. Voice and data communications were based on methods of circuit switching, as exemplified in the traditional telephone network, wherein each telephone call is allocated a dedicated, end to end, electronic connection between the two communicating stations; such stations might be computers. The temporarily dedicated line comprises many intermediary lines which are assembled into a chain that reaches from the originating station to the destination station. With packet switching, a network could share a single communication link for communication between multiple pairs of receivers and transmitters; the earliest ideas for a computer network intended to allow general communications among computer users were formulated by computer scientist J. C. R. Licklider of Bolt and Newman, in April 1963, in memoranda discussing the concept of the "Intergalactic Computer Network".
Those ideas encompassed many of the features of the contemporary Internet. In October 1963, Licklider was appointed head of the Behavioral Sciences and Command and Control programs at the Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency, he convinced Ivan Sutherland and Bob Taylor that this network concept was important and merited development, although Licklider left ARPA before any contracts were assigned for development. Sutherland and Taylor continued their interest in creating the network, in part, to allow ARPA-sponsored researchers at various corporate and academic locales to utilize computers provided by ARPA, and, in part, to distribute new software and other computer science results. Taylor had three computer terminals in his office, each connected to separate computers, which ARPA was funding: one for the System Development Corporation Q-32 in Santa Monica, one for Project Genie at the University of California and another for Multics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Taylor recalls the circumstance: "For each of these three terminals, I had three different sets of user commands. So, if I was talking online with someone at S. D. C. and I wanted to talk to someone I knew at Berkeley, or M. I. T. about this, I had to get up from the S. D. C. Terminal, log into the other terminal and get in touch with them. I said, "Oh Man!", it's obvious what to do: If you have these three terminals, there ought to be one terminal that goes anywhere you want to go. That idea is the ARPANET". Meanwhile, since the early 1960s, Paul Baran at the RAND Corporation had been researching systems that could survive nuclear war and developed the idea of distributed adaptive message block switching. Donald Davies at the United Kingdom's National Physical Laboratory independently invented the same concept in 1965, his work, presented by a colleague caught the attention of ARPANET developers at a conference in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, in October 1967. He gave the first public demonstration, having coined the term packet switching, on 5 August 1968 and incorporated it into the NPL network in England.
Elizabeth Feinler created the first Resource Handbook for ARPANET in 1969 which led to the development of the ARPANET directory. The directory, built by Feinler and a team made it possible to navigate the ARPANET. Larry Roberts at ARPA applied Davies' concepts of packet switching for the ARPANET; the NPL network followed by the ARPANET were the first two networks in the world to use packet switching, were themselves connected together in 1973. Bob Taylor convinced ARPA's Director Charles M. Herzfeld to fund a network project in February 1966, Herzfeld transferred a million dollars from a ballistic missile defense program to Taylor's budget. Taylor hired Larry Roberts as a program manager in the ARPA Information Processing Techniques Office in January 1967 to work on the ARPANET. In April 1967, Roberts held a design session on technical standards; the initial standards for identification and authentication of users, transmission of characters, error checking and retransmission procedures were discussed.
At the meeting, Wesley Clark proposed minicomputers called Interface Message Processors should be used to interface to the network rather than the large mainframes that would be the nodes of the ARPANET. Roberts modified the ARPANET plan to incorporate Clark's suggestion; the plan was presented at the ACM Symposium in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, in October 1967. Donald Davies' work on packet switc
USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy
The USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy is a division of the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry at the University of Southern California, focusing on research and practice related to physical therapy and rehabilitation. The division grants doctoral degrees in physical therapy and biokinesiology, as well as master's degrees in biokinesiology. In addition, the division offers residency programs in orthopedic physical therapy, neurologic physical therapy, sports physical therapy, as well as pediatric physical therapy; the precursor of the Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy was established as an apprenticeship program at the Orthopedic Hospital of Los Angeles in 1942. The physical therapy program was started by Dr. Charles Lowman, an orthopedic physician trained at USC, Susan Roen, the head physical therapist at the Orthopedic Hospital and an assistant instructor in the USC Physical Education Department, their successful cooperation in underwater therapy, drew international attention.
Catherine Worthingham - who graduated under their guidance - went on to contribute to the physical therapy profession through education and research, advanced the profession to a high level of influence in rehabilitation. The 1940s was an important period for physical and occupational therapy education with an increased focus on university-based baccalaureate programs. In 1945, the Physical Therapy department was established at USC’s University Park Campus with two programs offered: a certificate program for college graduates and a baccalaureate program. Charlotte W. Anderson, a core faculty in the War Emergency Program, was the first chairperson of the Physical Therapy department; the Physical Therapy program at USC was accredited by American Medical Association in 1946. The first class with a Certificate in Physical Therapy graduated from USC in the same year while the first BS degree candidate graduated in 1947. In order to prepare teachers for physical therapy schools, a post-professional graduate M.
A. program was established at USC in 1947 as the second program of its kind in the US. The first MA candidate graduated in 1950. While physical therapy was a new professional field for men at that time, the first male students were admitted to the physical therapy program in 1950; the physical therapy department at USC developed and expanded during the 1960s. Margret S. Rood became the chair of the department in 1960, she was a physical therapist and occupational therapist and proposed a well-known system of therapeutic exercises to treat neuromuscular dysfunction called the Rood approach. Margret S. Rood stepped down as chair in 1966. In 1966, the first faculty with a PhD degree, Frances Grover, was hired to teach anatomy. Margaret Bryce, who chaired the department until 1975, contributed to physical therapy management in lower extremity amputees.1971 was a landmark year for the department as it moved to Rancho Los Amigos Hospital in Downey to initiate a new paradigm in US rehabilitation medicine.
In 1971, USC established a master’s degree in clinical physical therapy including clinical fellows at Rancho Los Amigos. By moving the division to Rancho Los Amigos, students were not only able to access skillful physical therapists, but able to have better hands on experience in physical therapy practice. Helen Hislop was appointed chair of the department in 1975; the final BS class graduated in 1975 and all physical therapy graduate degrees were shifted from MA to MS In 1978, the department established the first physical therapy PhD program in the nation, accepted three PhD students. Dr. Jacquelin Perry, a director of the pathokinesiology lab at Rancho Los Amigos and a recognized expert in gait analysis and polio, tremendously contributed to the development of the PhD program in physical therapy at USC; the 1980s and 1990s were periods defined by many firsts in the division. The first doctoral degree in physical therapy from USC was awarded to Mary Beth Brown in 1984. In 1989, an independent faculty practice, USC Physical Therapy Associates, was established with Rob Landel as director.
The department changed its name to the Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy in 1993 to reflect its expanding research mission. Eighty-four students were admitted to the first entry-level DPT class in 1995 and graduated three years later. In 1996, 15 graduates were awarded the first post-professional DPT degrees from USC. After 23 years of service as department chair, Helen Hislop stepped down in 1998 and Sandra Howell was named acting chair in her place; this same year, the inaugural class of two residents was admitted to the Orthopedic Physical Therapy residency program at USC, the first academically based residency in the US. Dr. James Gordon became the new chair of the department in July 2000. In 2003, the Department of Nursing closed and the university provost announced that the Independent Health Professions would be phased out; this precipitated a major change for the department, which became the Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy of the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry in 2006.
In 2017, the department began offering online DPT programs. The Doctor of Physical Therapy program has been ranked first among physical therapy schools by US News & World Report since 2004. See List of University of Southern California people Judy Burnfield, Director of the Athletic Performance Laboratory at University of Nebraska-Lincoln Judith E. Deutsch, Faculty member-Rutgers University USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy website USC Biokinesiology and Physica
Small satellites, miniaturized satellites, or smallsats, are satellites of low mass and size under 500 kg. While all such satellites can be referred to as "small", different classifications are used to categorize them based on mass. Satellites can be built small to reduce the large economic cost of launch vehicles and the costs associated with construction. Miniature satellites in large numbers, may be more useful than fewer, larger ones for some purposes – for example, gathering of scientific data and radio relay. Technical challenges in the construction of small satellites may include the lack of sufficient power storage or of room for a propulsion system. One rationale for miniaturizing satellites is to reduce the cost: heavier satellites require larger rockets with greater thrust that has greater cost to finance. In contrast and lighter satellites require smaller and cheaper launch vehicles and can sometimes be launched in multiples, they can be launched'piggyback', using excess capacity on larger launch vehicles.
Miniaturized satellites allow for cheaper designs as well as ease of mass production. Another major reason for developing small satellites is the opportunity to enable missions that a larger satellite could not accomplish, such as: Constellations for low data rate communications Using formations to gather data from multiple points In-orbit inspection of larger satellites University-related research Testing or qualifying new hardware before using it on a more expensive spacecraft The nanosatellite and microsatellite segments of the satellite launch industry have been growing in recent years, was based on the Spanish low cost manufacturing for Commercial and Communication Satellites from the 1990s. Development activity in the 1–50 kg range has been exceeding that in the 50–100 kg range. In the 1–50 kg range alone, there were fewer than 15 satellites launched annually in 2000 to 2005, 34 in 2006 fewer than 30 launches annually during 2007 to 2011; this rose to 34 launched in 2012, 92 launched in 2013.
European analyst Euroconsult projects more than 500 smallsats being launched in the years 2015–2019 with a market value estimated at US$7.4 billion. By mid-2015, many more launch options had become available for smallsats, rides as secondary payloads had become both greater in quantity and with the ability to schedule on shorter notice; the term "small satellite", or sometimes "minisatellite" refers to an artificial satellite with a wet mass between 100 and 500 kg, but in other usage has come to mean any satellite under 500 kg. Small satellite examples include Demeter, Parasol, Picard, MICROSCOPE, TARANIS, ELISA, SSOT, SMART-1, Spirale-A and -B. Although smallsats have traditionally been launched as secondary payloads on larger launch vehicles, there are a number of companies developing launch vehicles targeted at the smallsat market. In particular, the secondary payload paradigm does not provide the specificity required for many small satellites that have unique orbital and launch-timing requirements.
Companies planning small sat launch vehicles include: Virgin Orbit's LauncherOne Rocket Lab's Electron PLD Space The term "microsatellite" or "microsat" is applied to the name of an artificial satellite with a wet mass between 10 and 100 kg. However, this is not an official convention and sometimes those terms can refer to satellites larger than that, or smaller than that. Sometimes designs or proposed designs from some satellites of these types have microsatellites working together or in a formation; the generic term "small satellite" or "smallsat" is sometimes used, as is "satlet". Examples: Astrid-1 and Astrid-2, as well as the set of satellites announced for LauncherOne. A number of commercial and military-contractor companies are developing microsatellite launch vehicles to perform the targeted launch requirements of microsatellites. While microsatellites have been carried to space for many years as secondary payloads aboard larger launchers, the secondary payload paradigm does not provide the specificity required for many sophisticated small satellites that have unique orbital and launch-timing requirements.
In July 2012, Virgin Galactic announced LauncherOne, an orbital launch vehicle designed to launch "smallsat" primary payloads of 100 kg into low-Earth orbit, with launches projected to begin in 2016. Several commercial customers have contracted for launches, including GeoOptics, Skybox Imaging, Spaceflight Services, Planetary Resources. Both Surrey Satellite Technology and Sierra Nevada Space Systems are developing satellite buses "optimized to the design of LauncherOne". Virgin Galactic has been working on the LauncherOne concept since late 2008, and, as of 2015, is making it a larger part of Virgin's core business plan as the Virgin human spaceflight program has experienced multiple delays as well as a fatal accident in 2014. In December 2012, DARPA announced that the Airborne Launch Assist Space Access program would provide the microsatellite rocket booster for the DARPA SeeMe program that intended to release a "constellation of 24 micro-satellites each with 1-meter imaging resolution."
The program was cancelled in December 2015. In April 2013, Garvey Spacecraft was awarded a US$200,000 contract to evolve their Prospector 18 suborbital launch vehicle technology into an orbital nanosat launch vehicle capable of delivering a 10 kg payload into a 250 km orbit to an even-more-capable clustered "20/450 Nano/Micro Satellite Launch Vehicle" capab
Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. Due to some circular ownership, it is the flagship company of the Samsung chaebol, accounting for 70% of the group's revenue in 2012. Samsung Electronics has assembly plants and sales networks in 80 countries and employs around 308,745 people, it is the world's largest manufacturer of consumer semiconductors by revenue. As of June 2018, Samsung Electronics' market cap stood at US$325.9 billion. Samsung is a major manufacturer of electronic components such as lithium-ion batteries, chips, flash memory and hard drive devices for clients such as Apple, Sony, HTC and Nokia, it is the world's largest manufacturer of Mobile phones and Smartphones, started with the original Samsung Solstice and the popularity of its Samsung Galaxy line of devices. The company is a major vendor of tablet computers its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab collection, regarded for developing the phablet market through the Samsung Galaxy Note family of devices.
It has developed 5G capable smartphones and foldable phones. Samsung has been the world's largest television manufacturer since 2006, the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones since 2011, it is the world's largest memory chips manufacturer. In July 2017, Samsung Electronics overtook Intel as the largest semiconductor chip maker in the world. Samsung has been criticized for low dividend payouts and other governance practices that favor controlling shareholders at the expense of ordinary investors. In 2012, Kwon Oh-hyun was appointed the company's CEO but announced in October 2017 that he would resign in March 2018, citing an "unprecedented crisis". Samsung Electric Industries was established as an industry part of Samsung Group in 1969 in Suwon, South Korea. While the group didn't have enough technology nor resources because it stepped into the industry even than the competitors within the country, although it attracted considerable amount of criticism from them for cooperating with the Japanese firms, Samsung Electric managed to establish a joint venture named Saumsung-Sanyo Electric with Sanyo and Sumitomo Corporation of Japan in the same year it entered into business.
Its early products were electronic and electrical appliances including televisions, Refrigerators, air conditioners and washing machines. In 1970, Samsung Group established another subsidiary, Samsung-NEC, jointly with Japan's NEC Corporation and Sumitomo Corporation to manufacture home appliances and audiovisual devices. In 1974, the group expanded into the semiconductor business by acquiring Korea Semiconductor, one of the first chip-making facilities in the country at the time; the acquisition of Korea Telecommunications, an electronic switching system producer, was completed at the start of the next decade in 1980. By 1981, Samsung Electric Industries had manufactured over 10 million black-and-white televisions. In February 1983, Samsung's founder, Lee Byung-chull, along with the board of the Samsung industry and corporation agreement and help by sponsoring the event, made an announcement dubbed the "Tokyo declaration", in which he declared that Samsung intended to become a dynamic random-access memory vendor.
One year Samsung announced that it developed a 64 kb DRAM. In the process, Samsung used technologies imported from Micron Technology of the U. S for a development of DRAM and Sharp of Japan for its SRAM and ROM. In 1988, Samsung Electric Industries merged with Samsung Semiconductor & Communications to form Samsung Electronics, as before that, they had not been one company and had not been a leading corporation together, but they were not rivals, as they had been in talks for a time, until they merged. Samsung Electronics launched its first mobile phone in the South Korean market. Sales were poor and by the early 1990s, Motorola held a market share of over 60 percent in the country's mobile phone market compared to just 10 percent for Samsung. Samsung's mobile phone division struggled with poor quality and inferior products until the mid-1990s and exit from the sector was a frequent topic of discussion within the company. Lee Kun-Hee decided; the company shelved the production of many under-selling product lines and instead pursued a process of designing and manufacturing components and investing in new technologies for other companies.
In addition, Samsung outlined a 10-year plan to shrug off its image as a "budget brand" and to challenge Sony as the world's largest consumer electronics manufacturer. It was hoped in this way Samsung would gain an understanding of how products are made and give a technological lead sometime in the future; this patient vertical integration strategy of manufacturing components has borne fruit for Samsung in the late-2000s. As Samsung shifted away from consumer markets, the company devised a plan to sponsor major sporting events. One such sponsorship was for the 1998 Winter Olympics held in Japan; as a chaebol, Samsung Group wielded wealth that allowed the company to invest and develop new technology rather than build products at a level which would not have a detrimental impact on Samsung's finances. Samsung had a number of technological breakthroughs in the field of memory which are commonplace in most electrical products today; this includes the world's first 64MB DRAM in 1992, 256 MB DRAM in 1994, 1GB DRAM in 1996.
In 2004, Samsung developed the world's first 8GB NAND flash memory chip and a manufacturing deal was struck with Apple in 2005. A deal to supply Apple with memory chips was sealed in 2005 and, as of October 2013, Sams
Quantum computing is the use of quantum-mechanical phenomena such as superposition and entanglement to perform computation. A quantum computer is used to perform such computation, which can be implemented theoretically or physically; the field of quantum computing is a sub-field of quantum information science, which includes quantum cryptography and quantum communication. Quantum Computing was started in the early 1980s when Richard Feynman and Yuri Manin expressed the idea that a quantum computer had the potential to simulate things that a classical computer could not. In 1994, Peter Shor shocked the world with an algorithm that had the potential to decrypt all secured communications. There are two main approaches to physically implementing a quantum computer analog and digital. Analog approaches are further divided into quantum simulation, quantum annealing, adiabatic quantum computation. Digital quantum computers use quantum logic gates to do computation. Both approaches use quantum qubits.
Qubits are fundamental to quantum computing and are somewhat analogous to bits in a classical computer. Qubits can be in a 0 quantum state, but they can be in a superposition of the 1 and 0 states. However, when qubits are measured they always give a 0 or a 1 based on the quantum state they were in. Today's physical quantum computers are noisy and quantum error correction is a burgeoning field of research. Quantum supremacy is the next milestone that quantum computing will achieve soon. While there is much hope and research in the field of quantum computing, as of March 2019 there have been no commercially useful algorithms published for today's noisy quantum computers. A classical computer has a memory made up of bits, where each bit is represented by either a one or a zero. A quantum computer, on the other hand, maintains a sequence of qubits, which can represent a one, a zero, or any quantum superposition of those two qubit states. In general, a quantum computer with n qubits can be in any superposition of up to 2 n different states..
A quantum computer operates on its qubits using measurement. An algorithm is composed of a fixed sequence of quantum logic gates and a problem is encoded by setting the initial values of the qubits, similar to how a classical computer works; the calculation ends with a measurement, collapsing the system of qubits into one of the 2 n eigenstates, where each qubit is zero or one, decomposing into a classical state. The outcome can, therefore, be at most n classical bits of information. If the algorithm did not end with a measurement, the result is an unobserved quantum state. Quantum algorithms are probabilistic, in that they provide the correct solution only with a certain known probability. Note that the term non-deterministic computing must not be used in that case to mean probabilistic because the term non-deterministic has a different meaning in computer science. An example of an implementation of qubits of a quantum computer could start with the use of particles with two spin states: "down" and "up".
This is true. A quantum computer with a given number of qubits is fundamentally different from a classical computer composed of the same number of classical bits. For example, representing the state of an n-qubit system on a classical computer requires the storage of 2n complex coefficients, while to characterize the state of a classical n-bit system it is sufficient to provide the values of the n bits, that is, only n numbers. Although this fact may seem to indicate that qubits can hold exponentially more information than their classical counterparts, care must be taken not to overlook the fact that the qubits are only in a probabilistic superposition of all of their states; this means that when the final state of the qubits is measured, they will only be found in one of the possible configurations they were in before the measurement. It is incorrect to think of a system of qubits as being in one particular state before the measurement; the qubits are in a superposition of states before any measurement is made, which directly affects the possible outcomes of the computation.
To better understand this point, consider a classical computer that operates on a three-bit register. If the exact state of the register at a given time is not known, it can be described as a probability distribution over the 2 3 = 8 different three-bit strings 000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110, 111. If there is no uncertainty over its state it is in one of these states with probability 1. However, if it is a probabilistic computer there is a possibility of it being in any one of a number of different states; the state of a three-qubit quantum computer is described by an eight-dimensional vector (
USC Viterbi School of Engineering
The Viterbi School of Engineering is located at the University of Southern California in the United States. It was renamed following a $52 million donation by co-founder of Qualcomm Inc.. The USC Viterbi School of Engineering celebrated its 100th birthday in conjunction with the university's 125th birthday. With over $135 million in external funding support, the school is among the nation's highest in volume of research activity; the Viterbi School of Engineering is ranked No. 9 in the United States by U. S. News and World Report; the school is headed by Dean Yannis Yortsos. Its research centers have played a major role in development of multiple technologies, including early development of the Internet when USC researcher Jonathan Postel was an editor of communications-protocol for the fledgling internet known as ARPANET; the school's faculty includes Irving Reed, Leonard Adleman, Solomon W. Golomb, Barry Boehm, Clifford Newman, Richard Bellman, Lloyd Welch, Alexander Sawchuk, George V. Chilingar.
Alfred Mann Institute - business incubator for medical device development in preparation for commercialization Center for Biomimetic Microelectronic Systems - National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events - interdisciplinary national research center funded by the U. S. Department of Homeland Security Center for Systems and Software Engineering - research the relationship between systems and users. Collaborative High Altitude Flow Facility - Space and Vacuum Science research group, a funded Air Force Research Laboratory Information Sciences Institute - played a major role in the development of the Internet, continues to be a major research center in computer science Institute for Creative Technologies - conducts research in virtual reality and immersive digital environment Integrated Media Systems Center - National Science Foundation's Exclusive Engineering Research Center for multimedia and Internet research Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center Partner Institution - Current Research AFL Theory - created by Prof. Seymour Ginsburg ART image file format - developed by Prof. Irving Reed Baum-Welch algorithm - developed by Prof. Lloyd Welch in collaboration with Leonard E. Baum CMOS image sensor - invented by Prof. Eric Fossum COCOMO - developed by Prof. Barry Boehm Contour Crafting - under development by Behrokh Khoshnevis of ISI DNA computing - invented by Prof. Leonard Adleman Domain name system - developed by Paul Mockapetris and the late Jon Postel at ISI Dynamic programming - developed by Prof. Richard Bellman Golomb coding - entropy encoding invented by Prof. Solomon W. Golomb, optimal for alphabets following geometric distributions ICANN - founded by Jon Postel, to ensure the stable and secure operation of the Internet's unique identifier systems Image compression & recognition - the work of William Pratt, Harry Andrews and subsequently Andrew G. Tescher led to today's JPEG compression system for still images Kerberos - security protocol developed by B.
Clifford Neuman. Lenna - used standard test image in image processing experiments LOOM - knowledge representation language developed by researchers in the AI research group at ISI MBASE - software development process developed by Prof. Barry Boehm and Dan Port MOSIS - integrated circuit foundry service run by ISI Network Voice Protocol - first implemented in 1973 by Internet researcher Danny Cohen of ISI Pseudorandom sequences/shift register sequences - in 1967, Prof. Solomon Golomb published the first book devoted to pseudorandom sequences Reed-Solomon code - invented in 1960 by Prof. Irving S. Reed and Gustave Solomon Viterbi algorithm - invented by Andrew Viterbi.us - the ccTLD for the United States administrated by Jon Postel of ISI 10.2 - surround sound format developed by Prof. Tomlinson Holman and Prof. Chris Kyriakakis The AeroDesign Team is a student led design team within the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering. Founded in 1991, ADT's purpose is to help students gain industry-like experience by competing in early design competitions that simulates typical design cycles in the Aerospace field.
The team started out competing in the SAE AeroDesign contest but switched its participation to the AIAA Design/Build/Fly contest in 1997. The DBF contest has rules that change early, requiring students to come up with a new design each year. ADT has won the DBF contest in 1998, 2009, 2014, 2017; this is the second most first place finishes out of the 100+ universities from around the world that participate yearly. Among the many organizations on campus, the Associated Students of Biomedical Engineering is an undergraduate student organization for biomedical engineering students at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering. ASBME is a student run undergraduate and graduate biomedical engineering organization at USC that serves the engineering student body through academic and corporate events. Students gain clarity of their chosen field of study and the opportunities that being a BME major brings. Students are able to get a foot in the corporate door at the annual ASBME corporate dinner, attended by USC alumni as well as other corporate representatives.
Activities consist of regular meetings with guest speakers and panels, the BIOMED Research Symposium, annual Corporate Dinner and Networking Nights designed to foster relationships between graduating students and industry, many other social and corporate events. ASBME serves as USC's chapter of the Biomedical Engineering Society and sends some of its