Information security, sometimes shortened to infosec, is the practice of protecting information by mitigating information risks. It is part of information risk management, it involves preventing or at least reducing the probability of unauthorized/inappropriate access, disclosure, deletion/destruction, modification, recording or devaluation, although it may involve reducing the adverse impacts of incidents. Information may take e.g. electronic or physical, tangible or intangible. Information security's primary focus is the balanced protection of the confidentiality and availability of data while maintaining a focus on efficient policy implementation, all without hampering organization productivity; this is achieved through a structured risk management process that involves: Identifying information and related assets, plus potential threats and impacts. To standardize this discipline and professionals collaborate to offer guidance and industry standards on password, antivirus software, encryption software, legal liability, security awareness and training, so forth.
This standardization may be further driven by a wide variety of laws and regulations that affect how data is accessed, stored and destroyed. However, the implementation of any standards and guidance within an entity may have limited effect if a culture of continual improvement isn't adopted. At the core of information security is information assurance, the act of maintaining the confidentiality and availability of information, ensuring that information is not compromised in any way when critical issues arise; these issues include but are not limited to natural disasters, computer/server malfunction, physical theft. While paper-based business operations are still prevalent, requiring their own set of information security practices, enterprise digital initiatives are being emphasized, with information assurance now being dealt with by information technology security specialists; these specialists apply information security to technology. It is worthwhile to note that a computer does not mean a home desktop.
A computer is any device with some memory. Such devices can range from non-networked standalone devices as simple as calculators, to networked mobile computing devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. IT security specialists are always found in any major enterprise/establishment due to the nature and value of the data within larger businesses, they are responsible for keeping all of the technology within the company secure from malicious cyber attacks that attempt to acquire critical private information or gain control of the internal systems. The field of information security has grown and evolved in recent years, it offers many areas for specialization, including securing networks and allied infrastructure, securing applications and databases, security testing, information systems auditing, business continuity planning, electronic record discovery, digital forensics. Information security professionals are stable in their employment; as of 2013 more than 80 percent of professionals had no change in employer or employment over a period of a year, the number of professionals is projected to continuously grow more than 11 percent annually from 2014 to 2019.
Information security threats come in many different forms. Some of the most common threats today are software attacks, theft of intellectual property, identity theft, theft of equipment or information and information extortion. Most people have experienced software attacks of some sort. Viruses, phishing attacks and Trojan horses are a few common examples of software attacks; the theft of intellectual property has been an extensive issue for many businesses in the information technology field. Identity theft is the attempt to act as someone else to obtain that person's personal information or to take advantage of their access to vital information through social engineering. Theft of equipment or information is becoming more prevalent today due to the fact that most devices today are mobile, are prone to theft and have become far more desirable as the amount of data capacity increases. Sabotage consists of the destruction of an organization's website in an attempt to cause loss of confidence on the part of its customers.
Information extortion consists of theft of a company's property or information as an attempt to receive a payment in exchange for returning the information or property back to its owner, as with ransomware. There are many ways to help protect yourself from some of these attacks but one of the most functional precautions is conduct periodical user awareness; the number one threat to any organisation are users or internal employees, they are called insider threats. Governments, corporations, financial institutions, non-profit organisations and private businesses amass a great deal of confidential information about their employees, products and financial status. Should confidential information about a business' customers or finances or new product line fall into the hands of a competitor or a black hat hacker, a business and its customers cou
Pietro Nardini was an Italian composer and violinist, a transitional musician who worked in both the Baroque and Classical era traditions. Nardini was born in Livorno and studied music at Livorno becoming a pupil of Giuseppe Tartini, he moved to Germany where he joined the court chapel in Stuttgart, becoming conductor in 1762. However, he abandoned his duties there in 1765 to become Kapellmeister, in 1770, to the Grand Duke of Tuscany in Florence. Nardini is mentioned in English writer Hester Lynch Piozzi's Observations and Reflections Made in the Course of a Journey Through France and Germany as playing a solo at a concert Mrs Piozzi and her husband, Gabriele Piozzi, gave in Florence in July 1785. Though Nardini was not a prolific composer, his works are known for their melodious tunes and usefulness in technical studies. Among the best known are the Sonata in D major and the Concerto in E minor; as a friend of Leopold Mozart, he witnessed the arrival of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on his first visit to Italy and his attempts to find a sustainable position in 1770–1771.
He met the Bohemian composer Václav Pichl, Kapellmeister to the Archduke Ferdinand d'Este, Austrian governor of Lombardy. He was a teacher to Bartolomeo Campagnoli, Giovanni Francesco Giuliani and also to Gaetano Brunetti, he died in Florence on 7 May 1793, aged 71. Of his playing, Leopold Mozart, himself an eminent violinist, writes: "The beauty and equality of his tone, the tastefulness of his cantabile playing, cannot be surpassed, his compositions are marked by vivacity and sweet sentimentality, but he has neither the depth of feeling, the grand pathos, nor the concentrated energy of his master Tartini. Overtures and Flute Concertos, Auser Musici, Carlo Ipata, Agorà Musica AG 157.1 Nardini's Concerto per Violino in mi minore, was recorded by Pinchas Zucherman and Members of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, on CBS Masterworks, in the 1970s. A Concerto for Violin in F Major, Op. 1, No. 3 was performed on a Stradivarius violin by Andrea Cappelletti with the European Community Chamber Orchestra in 1992.
The recording was released in 1998 on KOCH Schwann Musica Mundi 3-8711-2 under the title, "Tribute to Stradivarius: Virtuoso Violin Concertos." A Violin Concerto in E Minor performed by Mischa Elman and the Chamber Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera, Vladimir Golschman conducting, was digitally remastered and appeared in 1993 on Vanguard Classics OVC 8033 as part of "The Mischa Elman Collection." Four violin concertos were recorded in 2001, featuring Mauro Rossi as performer and conductor, on Dynamic CDS392. The Ensemble "ARDI COR MIO" performed four violin sonatas from manuscripts in various European museums and recorded them in 2007 on Tactus TC 721401. Henryk Szeryng plays Nardini, Ravel & Schumann. Violin Concerto in E Minor. SWR Sinfonieorchester des Südwestrundfunks, Hans Rosbaud. Free scores by Pietro Nardini at the International Music Score Library Project P. Nardini from Tesori Musicali Toscani
Group G of the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup was the group stage of the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup for the Dominican Republic, France and Jordan. Each team played each other once, for a total of three games per team, with all games played at Shenzhen Bay Sports Centre, Shenzhen. After all of the games were played, the top two teams with the best records qualified for the Second round and the bottom two teams played in the Classification Round. All times are local; this was the first competitive game between Jordan. This was the second game between France in the World Cup; the French won in 2006. The Germans won in the last competitive game between the two teams; this was the first competitive game between the Dominican Republic. This was the first competitive game between France; this was the second competitive game between the Jordan. This was the first competitive game between France. Official website