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Injustice Society

The Injustice Society is a group of fictional supervillains in the DC Comics Universe. They are the main antagonists of the Justice Society of America; the Injustice Society first appears in All Star Comics #37 and was created by Sheldon Mayer and Bob Kanigher. It is unknown under; the group first appeared in the second half of the 1940s, led by the Wizard and planning to take over America. Fragmenting into individual efforts, the ISW launched strikes against government facilities around the nation, each with his own private army of convicts due to five jailbreaks engineered by the ISW. In addition to furthering their primary aims, the villains were each assigned to capture a member of the JSA in anticipated resistance. To ensure that the JSA showed up, the villains notified the heroes of their plans. In due course, Hawkman was captured by Vandal Savage at an airport which the criminal army had surrounded, Doctor Mid-Nite was apprehended by Per Degaton, attacking the Washington Monument. Flash fell victim to his long-time foe Thinker at the Governor's house where the Thinker was broadcasting fake demands by the Governor to make the armed forces stand down, due to invisible wires, Atom was snared by Gambler.

Green Lantern arrives in Uthorium Town just as the armed forces are closing in on the criminals that control the city. The town disappears in a flash of light. Green Lantern begins a search for the criminal army, when he discovers the town has re-appeared a few miles away, the felons are looting uthorium from a lab. Green Lantern zooms in for the attack, when the Brainwave appears on the scene, opening a canister of uthorium in his presence. Blinded, Green Lantern forms an energy bubble for protection while Brainwave and his men finish their job. Recovering later. Green Lantern discovers a radioactive trail left behind by the uthorium and follows it, discovering some of the thugs with an invention called the "Mirage-Thrower," which fools the Army tanks into crossing a frozen lake which isn't frozen. Green Lantern saves the tanks and men follows the trail to discover Brainwave inside a weird glass box. Firing his power ring at it, the ray bounces back, knocking Green Lantern off a cliff to his death!

Hearing of Per Degaton's capture of Doctor Mid-Nite in Capital City, Wonder Woman and Johnny Thunder left the JSA HQ to intervene, only to be captured themselves. The JSA were held by a will-deadener beam, put on "trial" before Judge Thinker with the Wizard as Prosecutor, sentenced to death, but it was revealed Green Lantern had disguised himself as the Thinker, his ring saved him at the last moment and he captured the Thinker. He freed the others and they defeated the Injustice Society, with the Wizard being caught by the Junior Justice Society; the second formation appeared in the late 1940s attempting "patriotic crimes", where they stole national monuments, hoping the American people would vote for the best crime allowing that person to become the leader, succeeding in erasing the Society's memories after capturing them by the Sportsmaster knocking them out with one of his bombs, but Harlequin turned against them and with Black Canary restored the Justice Society's memories, though a post-hypnotic impulse restores the JSA to their mindless states when they hear fingers snapping, causing them to be recaptured.

But their memories are restored again after they are placed in a death chamber, leading to Black Canary becoming a proper member. The Injustice Society reforms during the 1970s to eliminate the reformed Justice Society. First, the Fiddler fetches Solomon Grundy and defeats Wildcat and Hawkman, but they are defeated by Kal-L and Power Girl. Vandal Savage tricks the JSA into aiding a false Camelot while the Icicle, Thinker and Brainwave capture Wildcat and Hourman; the Thinker and the Icicle are defeated by Doctor Fate and Jay Garrick, while the Wizard and Brainwave are defeated by Power Girl and the Star-Spangled Kid. The Wizard left the Injustice Society for Earth-One, where he joined the Secret Society of Super-Villains. Brainwave captures Green Lantern, Jay Garrick, Power Girl before being defeated in Power Girl's first solo adventure. During what some described as the "anti-costumed-hero mania", the Wizard gathered both old comrades and new super-criminals into a new Injustice Society which he called "Injustice Unlimited".

The adventures of this incarnation were written in the pages of Inc.. #32-37 and #51-53. Indeed, the criminal group seemed to be a mirror image of Infinity, Inc. which itself was an offshoot of the Justice Society. This team returned to the original name. Johnny Sorrow appears as the leader of the new Injustice Society. Together they storm the headquarters of superhero team Justice Society of America, although JSA member Wildcat defeats them all despite still recovering from a broken arm and the attack being launched while he was in the bath, with the exception of Sorrow, who uses the diversion to steal an unknown artifact. Sorrow returns with a larger version of the Injustice Society to distract the JSA while he summoned the King of Tears, an other-dimensional entity. However, the JSA were able to fend off the Society, including killing the Rival and Black Adam defecting, with the fight culminating in the Flash drawing on Black Adam's speed to send the King of Tears to another dimension by striking

Kesava Kiran

Kesava Kiran is an Indian music director and composer. He made his full-fledged music direction debut in the Telugu film Mooga Manasulu in 2013. Kesava Kiran was passionate towards music from his childhood. At the age of 6 he started experimenting with musical instruments, observing this his uncle Rajasekhar, a Singer and Guitarist encouraged Kesava Kiran and dat is how his musical journey started. Kesava Kiran had given many music performances along with his friends from his school days and his passion towards music made him to set his career in the music field, his mainstream instruments were rhythms and keyboard. Kesava Kiran has composed an album named Ennallila, in 2011 produced by his friend Eashan Praveen, released by Aditya Music and got huge applause from the listeners and became a milestone in his career because impressed by this work, he was introduced to MR. Productions by Sahithi Vangara. MR. Productions liked Kesava Kiran's music and requested him to compose music for their short film "unfortunately" it is how he composed the song "Edho Maaya", an instant hit.

Since he composed music for many short films for various Production houses. He used the music website for artists, ReverbNation and topped the Reggae/Film Score charts with Rank #1 for India. Feature Film makers approached Kesava Kiran after Listening to the song "Challaga" from one of his short film, to compose music for a Telugu feature film, Mooga Manasulu Directed by Mahesh Kanakala & Lyrics were written by Anantha Sreeram. Audio of Mooga Manasulu was released on 24 March 2013 through Aditya Music and met with high acclaim and praise topping the charts and has been rated 9/10 on many websites He has contributed his vocals for a song "Em Chebutha", a duet with Geeta Madhuri in the film, he started his music career in 2012 and till today, he composed music for more than 150 Projects which include Feature films, Short films, Jingles and few private albums. He has won Best Music Director Award for "Its a Girl issue" Short film from Kesava Kiran Composed Music for a Promotional Song for the Movie Sardaar Gabbar Singh, released on 6 March 2016, started trending online and became online sensation.

His second promotional song for the movie Janatha Garage has got more than 250K views on YouTube. Both the songs were penned by Kishore Babu Sambangi. Official Website: Kesava Kiran on Facebook Challaga Sambar Idly Unfortunately Love Logic Less Proposal Group on Facebook Page in Facebook

2019 Men's Junior Pan-American Volleyball Cup

The 2019 Men's Junior Pan-American Volleyball Cup was the fourth edition of the bi-annual men's volleyball tournament. Eight teams participated in this edition held in Peru. Cuba defeated Canada in the final match to win the tournament; as Cuba had qualified for the 2019 Men's U21 World Championship through the NORCECA championship and Canada qualified through world ranking, Puerto Rico as the Bronze medalist qualified for the World Championship. José Romero won the MVP award. Eight teams will be divided into two pools. In the group stage each pool will play round robin; the first rank teams of each pool after group stage will receive byes into the semifinals. The second and third rank teams in each pool will play in the quarterfinals. All times are in Peru Standard Time

Franklin, Missouri

Franklin is a city in Howard County, United States. It is located along the Missouri River. Located in a rural area, the population was 95 at the 2010 census, it is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. As the eastern terminus of the Santa Fe Trail, the community played a major role in the westward expansion of the United States; the town of Franklin was named for Founding Father Benjamin Franklin. William Becknell, known as the "Father of the Santa Fe Trail" lived on a farm a few miles northwest of Franklin. There was a spring near Boone Lick Spring; the spring and its saline water were sufficient to attract people from St. Louis and points east, who came to distill the water for its salt, they came so that they created a trail, calling it the Boone's Lick Road. The Boone refers to sons of Daniel Boone. In 1821, William Becknell put a notice in the "Missouri Intelligencer" stating he was creating a party to go "westward, for the purpose of trading for horses and mules and catching wild animals of every description."

On September 1, 1821, his party crossed the Missouri River at Arrow Rock and set out along what would become known in a few years the Santa Fe Trail. A devastating flood of the Missouri River destroyed much of Franklin in 1827. Residents rebuilt a short distance away on higher ground, creating Missouri; the Cedar Grove was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Born in Madison County, near the city of Richmond, Kit Carson was raised in Franklin after migrating there as a boy with his family. Lindsey Carson was a farmer of Scots-Irish descent, who had fought in the Revolutionary War under General Wade Hampton, he had a total of fifteen surviving children: five by his first wife, ten by his second wife, Rebecca Robinson. The Carson family settled on a tract of land owned by the sons of Daniel Boone, who had purchased the land from the Spanish prior to the United States annexing the territory by the Louisiana Purchase of 1803; the Boone and Carson families became good friends, working and intermarrying.

Carson was eight. The father's death reduced the Carson family to a desperate poverty, forcing young Kit to drop out of school to work on the family farm, as well as engage in hunting. At the age of 14, Kit was apprenticed to a saddlemaker in Franklin; the town was the eastern terminus of the Santa Fe Trail. Many of the clientele at the saddleshop were trappers and traders, from whom Kit would hear stirring tales of the Far West. Carson is reported to have found work in the saddle shop suffocating: he once said "the business did not suit me, I concluded to leave". Around 1826, aged 16, Kit secretly signed on with a large merchant caravan heading to Santa Fe. Franklin is located at 39°0′41″N 92°45′13″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.23 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 95 people, 42 households, 26 families residing in the city; the population density was 413.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 52 housing units at an average density of 226.1 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the city was 1.1 % African American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 42 households of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 38.1% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age in the city was 47.1 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 112 people, 47 households, 28 families residing in the city; the population density was 490.1 people per square mile. There were 53 housing units at an average density of 231.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.11% White, 0.89% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population. There were 47 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.3% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,542, the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $37,500 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,104. There were 16.7% of families and 20.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including 39.3% of under eighteens and 37.5% of those over 64.

Santa Fe Trail Research

Gregory Strydom

Gregory Mark Strydom is an international cricketer. He played 12 One Day Internationals for Zimbabwe in 2006, a number of T20 Internationals for Cayman Islands in 2019. In 2003-04, playing for Matabeleland, he scored 128 and 104 in a game against Manicaland which included 16 sixes. Against the same opponent just three weeks earlier he scored a career best 216, he had however struggled to succeed in international cricket, making just one half century in his 12 ODIs and failing to score in double figures in seven of them. Strydom made his ODI debut in this 5-match ODI tour of Zimbabwe by Kenya; the final result was 2-2 and Strydom made his debut in the first ODI alongside Duffin and Meth. Strydom was picked for the 16-man touring party of Zimbabwe's West Indies tour. Zimbabwe lost the 7-match ODI series 5-0; the highlight of Strydom's tour was his 48 at the 5th match at St Lucia. Zimbabwe went on to lose by 10 wickets but Strydom's 2nd highest score was the meat of Zimbabwe's 152/10; the best moment was his two successive sixes off Dave Mohammed on Mohammed's ODI debut.

Strydom was picked for the Zimbabwe squad to play 5 home ODIs against Bangladesh. Strydom's 58 during the 4th ODI was his career best, coming off 58 balls with eight 4s and one 6, helping Zimbabwe to a seven wicket win and secure the series. Strydom was picked in the 14 man squad for the 2006-07 ICC Champions Trophy in India, he was put in the team for Zimbabwe's 3rd and final game against Bangladesh after defeats by West Indies and Sri Lanka. He only made 4 before he was clean bowled by Mohammad Rafique as Zimbabwe slipped to 130 all out in 44.4 overs, chasing the 231 set by Bangladesh. Strydom was picked in Zimbabwe's 16 man squad for the 3 match ODI and 1 match Twenty20 International tour of South Africa. Zimbabwe lost Strydom failed to make an impact. In August 2019, he was named in the Cayman Islands cricket team's T20I squad for the Regional Finals of the 2018–19 ICC T20 World Cup Americas Qualifier tournament, he made his T20I debut for the Cayman Islands against Canada on 18 August 2019.

He made his international debut for the team against Canada on 18 August 2019, top scoring for the team with 49. He was the leading run-scorer for the Cayman Islands in the tournament. Gregory Strydom at ESPNcricinfo

Dennis Hotels Pty Ltd v Victoria

Dennis Hotels Pty Ltd v Victoria, is a High Court of Australia case that deals with section 90 of the Australian Constitution, which prohibits States from levying customs or excise duties. Although some of the judges used the now-discredited criterion of liability approach, this case remains authority for cases that are factually similar to it; the Licensing Act 1958 contained two sections of contention. Section 19 imposed fees for the grant or renewal of liquor licences, the fee was calculated as 6 percent of the value of liquor purchased during the 12 months up to June 30 of the previous year. Section 19 imposed fees for temporary licences, the fee would be 1 pound per year together with 6 percent of the value of liquor purchased. Three judges, Fullagar and Taylor JJ, used the formalistic criterion of liability approach to decide this case. In this approach, the fees were not viewed as excise duties because the criterion of liability does not fall in a step between the production of the good and the receipt of the good by the consumer due to the backdating.

The payment of the fee is seen as occurring as part of business generally. The distinction, therefore, is that the fees were imposed not on goods, but on licences, thus not an excise duty; these three judges hence were not invalid. However, three judges, Dixon CJ, McTiernan and Windeyer JJ, held. Dixon CJ asserted that it is a tax upon goods, because it is a cost, bound to be recovered by the person paying the tax; the provisions of the Act, when taken together, burdened liquor as a commodity, regardless of the channel through which the tax flowed. Dixon CJ disregarded the argument that licensees may not renew their licences and hence not fall within the ambit of the provisions, by stating that the provisions "deal with the distribution of liquor in Victoria as a continuous operation and impose the tax accordingly"; these three judges held that the fees were excise duties and hence invalid by virtue of section 90. Menzies J was the decisive judgment, his Honour found that the backdated fee was not a tax on production or manufacture, was therefore not a duty of excise, applying the minority judgment in Parton v Milk Board.

However, in deciding the character of the fee for the temporary licence, he felt constrained by Parton, held that it was an excise duty. An appeal to the Privy Council was dismissed as incompetent as the High Court had not issued a certificate under section 74 of the Constitution; this case caused a great deal of criticism in the academic community due to the split in the Court and the uncertainty it created. The Zelman Cowen Professor of Law at the University of Melbourne, Professor Michael Crommelin, remarked that the decision "was one of the worst in the Court's history" and "certainly not its finest hour". According to Professor Crommelin, this was due to the "utter confusion" and "complete absence of reasoning" in the various judgments. Section 90 of the Constitution of Australia Australian constitutional law Winterton, G. et al. Australian federal constitutional law: commentary and materials, 1999. LBC Information Services, Sydney