Asia Cement Corporation
The Asia Cement Corporation is a cement company of Taiwan. ACC was founded on 21 March 1957. Hsinchu Plant at Hengshan Township, Hsinchu County Hualien Plant at Xincheng Township, Hualien County The company headquarter is accessible within walking distance North West from Liuzhangli Station of Taipei Metro. List of companies of Taiwan
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited known as Taiwan Semiconductor, is the world's largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry, with its headquarters and main operations located in the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in Hsinchu, Taiwan. Founded in Taiwan in 1987 by Morris Chang, TSMC was the world's first dedicated semiconductor foundry and has long been the leading company in its field, it is listed on both the New York Stock Exchange. Mark Liu serves as Chairman and C. C. Wei serves as Vice Chairman. Most of the leading fabless semiconductor companies such as Qualcomm, Advanced Micro Devices, MediaTek and Broadcom Inc. are customers of TSMC, as well as emerging players such as Spectra7, AppliedMicro, Allwinner Technology and HiSilicon, many smaller companies. Leading programmable logic device companies Xilinx and Altera make or made use of TSMC's foundry services; some integrated device manufacturers that have their own fabrication facilities like Intel, STMicroelectronics and Texas Instruments outsource some of their production to TSMC.
At least one semiconductor company, LSI, re-sells TSMC wafers through its ASIC design services and design IP-portfolio. The company has been increasing and upgrading its manufacturing capacity for most of its existence, although influenced by the demand cycles of the semiconductor industry. In 2011, the company planned to increase research and development expenditures by 39% to NT$50 billion in an effort to fend off growing competition; the company planned to expand capacity by 30% in 2011 to meet strong market demand. In May 2014, TSMC's board of directors approved capital appropriations of US$568 million to establish and upgrade advanced technology capacity after the company forecast higher than expected demand. In August 2014, TSMC's board of directors approved additional capital appropriations of US$3.05 billion. In 2011, it was reported that TSMC had begun trial production of the A5 SoC and A6 SoCs for Apple's iPad and iPhone devices. According to reports, as of May 2014, Apple is sourcing its new A8 and A8X SoCs from TSMC and sourced the A9 SoC with both TSMC and Samsung with the A9X being made by TSMC, thus resolving the issue of sourcing a chip in two different microarchitecture sizes.
Apple has become TSMC's most important customer. TSMC's market capitalization reached a value of NT$1.9 trillion in December 2010. It was ranked 70th in the FT Global 500 2013 list of the world's most valued companies with a capitalization of US$86.7 billion, while reaching US$110 billion in May 2014. In March 2017, TSMC's market capitalisation surpassed that of semiconductor giant Intel for the first time, hitting NT$5.14 trillion, with Intel's at US$165.7 billion. On 12-inch wafers TSMC is realizing the following devices: 90 nm, 65 nm, 55 nm, it offers "design for manufacturing" customer services. For the 40 nm process TSMC reports: The 40 nm logic family includes low-power, general-purpose superb, low-power triple gate oxide process options. All three processes offer multiple-threshold-voltage core devices and 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V I/O options to meet different product requirements. Although TSMC offers a variety of wafer product lines, it is best known for its logic chip product line with particular strength in advanced low-power processes such as 28 nm HPM with HKMG technology for mobile and high-performance applications.
A press release from 2015 lists these seven variants: Today TSMC has five versions of 28 nm: HP, HPM, HPC, HPL, LP. Two additional processes were added: HPC+, an faster version of HP, ULP, ultra-low-power for IoT and other battery-powered applications. In press publications these processes will be referenced, for example, for the mobile variant by 28nmHPM or more by 28HPM. TSMC is at the end of 2016 further advertising 16 nm production technologies. Apart from its main base of operations in Hsinchu in Northern Taiwan, where several of its fab facilities are located, it has leading-edge fabs in Southern Taiwan and Central Taiwan, with other fabs located at its subsidiaries TSMC China in Shanghai, WaferTech in Washington State, USA, SSMC in Singapore, it has offices in China, India, North America, South Korea; the following fabs are in operation as of 2018: Three 300 mm "GIGAFABs" in operation in Taiwan: Fab 12, 14, 15 Four 200 mm wafer fabs in full operation in Taiwan TSMC China Company Limited, 200 mm TSMC Nanjing Company Limited, 300 mm WaferTech L.
L. C. TSMC's wholly owned subsidiary, a 200 mm fab in Camas, United States SSMC, a joint venture with NXP Semiconductors in Singapore, 200 mm, where production started at the end of 2002 One 150 mm wafer fab in full operation in Taiwan Fab under construction as of 2018: Fab 18, 300 mm TSMC has 4 Backend Fabs under operation: Fab 1, 2
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International shortened to Lenovo, is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing and Morrisville, North Carolina, United States. It designs, develops and sells personal computers, tablet computers, workstations, electronic storage devices, IT management software, smart televisions. Lenovo is the world's largest personal computer vendor by unit sales, as of March 2019, it markets the ThinkPad line of notebook computers, IdeaPad and Legion lines of notebook laptops, the IdeaCentre and ThinkCentre lines of desktops. Lenovo sells its products in around 160 countries. Lenovo's principal facilities are in Beijing and Morrisville, with research centers in Beijing, Shenzhen, Chengdu and Wuhan in China, Yamato in Kanagawa Prefecture and Morrisville in the U. S, it has a joint venture with NEC, Lenovo NEC Holdings, which produces personal computers for the Japanese market. Lenovo was founded in Beijing in November 1984 as Legend and was incorporated in Hong Kong in 1988.
Lenovo acquired IBM's personal computer business in 2005 and agreed to acquire its Intel-based server business in 2014. Lenovo entered the smartphone market in 2012 and as of 2014 was the largest vendor of smartphones in Mainland China. In 2014, Lenovo acquired the mobile phone handset maker Motorola Mobility from Google. Lenovo is listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Hang Seng China-Affiliated Corporations Index referred to as "Red Chips". Liu Chuanzhi founded Lenovo on 1 November 1984 with a group of ten engineers in Beijing with 200,000 yuan; the Chinese government approved Lenovo's incorporation on the same day. Jiǎ Xùfú, one of the founders of Lenovo, indicates the first meeting in preparation for starting the company was held on 17 October of the same year. Eleven people, the entirety of the initial staff, attended; each of the founders was a middle-aged member of the Institute of Computing Technology attached to the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The 200,000 yuan used.
The name for the company agreed upon at this meeting was the Chinese Academy of Sciences Computer Technology Research Institute New Technology Development Company. Their first significant effort, an attempt to import televisions, failed; the group rebuilt itself within a year by conducting quality checks on computers for new buyers. Lenovo soon started developing a circuit board that would allow IBM-compatible personal computers to process Chinese characters; this product was Lenovo's first major success. Lenovo tried and failed to market a digital watch. Liu said, "Our management team differed on which commercial road to travel; this led to big discussions between the engineering chief and myself. He felt that if the quality of the product was good it would sell itself, but I knew this was not true, that marketing and other factors were part of the eventual success of a product." The fact that its staff had little business experience compounded Lenovo's early difficulties. "We were scientists and didn't understand the market", Liu said.
"We just learned by trial-and-error, interesting—but very dangerous", said Liu. In 1990, Lenovo started to market computers using its own brand name. In May 1988, Lenovo placed its first recruitment advertisement; the ad was placed on the front page of the China Youth News. Such ads were quite rare in China then. Out of the 500 respondents, 280 were selected to take a written employment exam. 120 of these candidates were interviewed in person. Although interviewers only had authority to hire 16 people, 58 were given offers; the new staff included 18 people with graduate degrees, 37 with undergraduate degrees, three students with no university-level education. Their average age was 26. Yang Yuanqing, the current CEO of Lenovo, was among that group. Liu Chuanzhi received government permission to form a subsidiary in Hong Kong and to move there along with five other employees. Liu's father in Hong Kong, furthered his son's ambitions through mentoring and facilitating loans. Liu moved to Hong Kong in 1988.
To save money during this period and his co-workers walked instead of taking public transportation. To keep up appearances, they rented hotel rooms for meetings. Lenovo became publicly traded after a 1994 Hong Kong listing. Prior to its IPO, many analysts were optimistic about Lenovo; the company was praised for its good management, strong brand recognition, growth potential. Analysts worried about Lenovo's profitability. Lenovo's IPO was massively over-subscribed. On its first day of trading, the company's stock price hit a high of HK$2.07 and closed at HK$2.00. Proceeds from the offering were used to finance sales offices in Europe, North America and Australia, to expand and improve production and research and development, to increase working capital; when Lenovo was first listed, its managers thought the only purpose of going public was to raise capital. They had little understanding of the rules and responsibilities that went along with running a public company. Before Lenovo conducted its first secondary offering in 1997, Liu proudly announced the company's intent to mainland newspapers only to have its stock halted for two days by regulators to punish his statement.
This occurred several times until Liu learned that he had to choose his words in public. The first time Liu traveled to Europe on a "roadshow" to discuss his company's stock, he was shocked by the skeptical questions he was subjected to and felt offended. Liu came to understand that he wa
Compal Electronics is a Taiwanese original design manufacturer, handling the production of notebook computers and televisions for a variety of clients around the world, including Apple Inc. Acer, Dell, Hewlett-Packard and Fujitsu, it licenses brands of its clients. It is the second-largest contract laptop manufacturer in the world behind Quanta Computer, shipped over 48 million notebooks in 2010; the company is known for producing select models for Dell, Hewlett-Packard and Compaq, Toshiba. Compal has designed and built laptops for all of the major brands as well as custom builders for over 22 years; the company is listed in Taiwan Stock Exchange. As of 2017, revenues were US$24 billion, with a total workforce of 64,000; the company's headquarters is in Taipei, with offices in the People's Republic of China, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States. Compal's main production facility is in China. Compal is the second largest notebook manufacturer in the world, after Quanta Computers based in Taiwan.
It is one of the main supporters of Intel's Common Building Block initiatives. Compal was founded in June 1984 as a computer peripherals supplier, it went public in April 1990. In September 2011, Compal announced it would form a joint venture with Lenovo to make laptops in China; the venture was expected to start producing laptops by the end of 2012. In January 2015, Toshiba announced that due to intense price competition it will stop selling televisions in the USA, will instead license the Toshiba TV brand to Compal. In September 2018, it was revealed that due to overwhelming demand for the Apple Watch, Compal was brought on as a second contract manufacturer to produce the Apple Watch Series 4. Compal subsidiary Compal Communications is a major manufacturer of mobile phones; the phones are produced on an ODM basis, i.e. the handsets are sold through other brands. In 2006, CCI produced 68.8 million handsets, was the largest mobile handset ODM in the world. CCI's largest customer by far was Motorola.
Year by year, Motorola's volumes have been reduced, CCI's volumes have followed. In 2007, the volume was 48.7 million. List of companies of Taiwan Company website
Traditional Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, in the Kangxi Dictionary; the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, have been more or less stable since the 5th century. The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People's Republic of China on Mainland China in the 1950s. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. In contrast, Simplified Chinese characters are used in mainland China and Malaysia in official publications. However, several countries – such as Australia, the US and Canada – are increasing their number of printed materials in Simplified Chinese, to better accommodate citizens from mainland China.
The debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters has been a long-running issue among Chinese communities. A large number of overseas Chinese online newspapers allow users to switch between both character sets. Although simplified characters are taught and endorsed by the government of China, there is no prohibition against the use of traditional characters. Traditional characters are used informally in regions in China in handwriting and used for inscriptions and religious text, they are retained in logos or graphics to evoke yesteryear. Nonetheless, the vast majority of media and communications in China is dominated by simplified characters. In Hong Kong and Macau, Traditional Chinese has been the legal written form since colonial times. In recent years, simplified Chinese characters in Hong Kong and Macau has appeared to accommodate Mainland Chinese tourists and immigrants; this has led to concerns by many residents to protect their local heritage. Taiwan has never adopted simplified characters.
The use of simplified characters in official documents is prohibited by the government of Taiwan. Simplified characters are understood to a certain extent by any educated Taiwanese, learning to read them takes little effort; some stroke simplifications that have been incorporated into Simplified Chinese are in common use in handwriting. For example, while the name of Taiwan is written as 臺灣, the semi-simplified name 台灣 is acceptable to write in official documents. In Southeast Asia, the Chinese Filipino community continues to be one of the most conservative regarding simplification. While major public universities are teaching simplified characters, many well-established Chinese schools still use traditional characters. Publications like the Chinese Commercial News, World News, United Daily News still use traditional characters. On the other hand, the Philippine Chinese Daily uses simplified. Aside from local newspapers, magazines from Hong Kong, such as the Yazhou Zhoukan, are found in some bookstores.
In case of film or television subtitles on DVD, the Chinese dub, used in Philippines is the same as the one used in Taiwan. This is because the DVDs belongs to DVD Region Code 3. Hence, most of the subtitles are in Traditional Characters. Overseas Chinese in the United States have long used traditional characters. A major influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States occurred during the latter half of the 19th century, before the standardization of simplified characters. Therefore, United States public notices and signage in Chinese are in Traditional Chinese. Traditional Chinese characters are called several different names within the Chinese-speaking world; the government of Taiwan calls traditional Chinese characters standard characters or orthodox characters. However, the same term is used outside Taiwan to distinguish standard and traditional characters from variant and idiomatic characters. In contrast, users of traditional characters outside Taiwan, such as those in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities, users of simplified Chinese characters, call them complex characters.
An informal name sometimes used by users of simplified characters is "old characters". Users of traditional characters sometimes refer them as "Full Chinese characters" to distinguish them from simplified Chinese characters; some traditional character users argue that traditional characters are the original form of the Chinese characters and cannot be called "complex". Simplified characters cannot be "standard" because they are not used in all Chinese-speaking regions. Conversely, supporters of simplified Chinese characters object to the description of traditional characters as "standard," since they view the new simplified characters as the contemporary standard used by the vast majority of Chinese speakers, they point out that traditional characters are not traditional as many Chinese characters have been made more elaborate over time. Some people refer to traditional characters as "proper characters" and modernized characters as "simplified-stroke characters" (sim
Sony Corporation is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Tokyo. Its diversified business includes consumer and professional electronics, gaming and financial services; the company owns the largest music entertainment business in the world, the largest video game console business and one of the largest video game publishing businesses, is one of the leading manufacturers of electronic products for the consumer and professional markets, a leading player in the film and television entertainment industry. Sony was ranked 97th on the 2018 Fortune Global 500 list. Sony Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony Group, engaged in business through its four operating components: electronics, motion pictures and financial services; these make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. The group consists of Sony Corporation, Sony Pictures, Sony Mobile, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Sony Music, Sony/ATV Music Publishing, Sony Financial Holdings, others.
Sony is among the semiconductor sales leaders and since 2015, the fifth-largest television manufacturer in the world after Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, TCL and Hisense. The company's current slogan is Be Moved, their former slogans were The One and Only, It's like.no.other and make.believe. Sony has a weak tie to the Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group corporate group, the successor to the Mitsui group. Sony began in the wake of World War II. In 1946, Masaru Ibuka started an electronics shop in a department store building in Tokyo; the company started with a total of eight employees. In May 1946, Ibuka was joined by Akio Morita to establish a company called Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo; the company built Japan's first tape recorder, called the Type-G. In 1958, the company changed its name to "Sony"; when Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo was looking for a romanized name to use to market themselves, they considered using their initials, TTK. The primary reason they did not is that the railway company Tokyo Kyuko was known as TTK.
The company used the acronym "Totsuko" in Japan, but during his visit to the United States, Morita discovered that Americans had trouble pronouncing that name. Another early name, tried out for a while was "Tokyo Teletech" until Akio Morita discovered that there was an American company using Teletech as a brand name; the name "Sony" was chosen for the brand as a mix of two words: one was the Latin word "sonus", the root of sonic and sound, the other was "sonny", a common slang term used in 1950s America to call a young boy. In 1950s Japan, "sonny boys" was a loan word in Japanese, which connoted smart and presentable young men, which Sony founders Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka considered themselves to be; the first Sony-branded product, the TR-55 transistor radio, appeared in 1955 but the company name did not change to Sony until January 1958. At the time of the change, it was unusual for a Japanese company to use Roman letters to spell its name instead of writing it in kanji; the move was not without opposition: TTK's principal bank at the time, had strong feelings about the name.
They pushed for a name such as Sony Teletech. Akio Morita was firm, however. Both Ibuka and Mitsui Bank's chairman gave their approval. According to Schiffer, Sony's TR-63 radio "cracked open the U. S. market and launched the new industry of consumer microelectronics." By the mid-1950s, American teens had begun buying portable transistor radios in huge numbers, helping to propel the fledgling industry from an estimated 100,000 units in 1955 to 5 million units by the end of 1968. Sony co-founder Akio Morita founded Sony Corporation of America in 1960. In the process, he was struck by the mobility of employees between American companies, unheard of in Japan at that time; when he returned to Japan, he encouraged experienced, middle-aged employees of other companies to reevaluate their careers and consider joining Sony. The company filled many positions in this manner, inspired other Japanese companies to do the same. Moreover, Sony played a major role in the development of Japan as a powerful exporter during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
It helped to improve American perceptions of "made in Japan" products. Known for its production quality, Sony was able to charge above-market prices for its consumer electronics and resisted lowering prices. In 1971, Masaru Ibuka handed the position of president over to his co-founder Akio Morita. Sony began a life insurance company in one of its many peripheral businesses. Amid a global recession in the early 1980s, electronics sales dropped and the company was forced to cut prices. Sony's profits fell sharply. "It's over for Sony," one analyst concluded. "The company's best days are behind it." Around that time, Norio Ohga took up the role of president. He encouraged the development of the Compact Disc in the 1970s and 1980s, of the PlayStation in the early 1990s. Ohga went on to purchase CBS Records in 1988 and Columbia Pictures in 1989 expanding Sony's media presence. Ohga would succeed Morita as chief executive officer in 1989. Under the vision of co-founder Akio Morita and his successors, the company had aggressively expanded in
AU Optronics is an electronics manufacturer in Taiwan that specialises in display panel manufacturing. It was formed in September 2001 by the merger of Acer Display Technology, Inc. and Unipac Optoelectronics Corporation. In October 2006, AUO acquired Quanta Display Inc. AUO manufactures LCD panels from 1.4 to 85 inches in size. AUO was listed in the Taiwan Stock Exchange in 2000 and was the first pure TFT-LCD manufacturer to have been listed at the New York Stock Exchange in 2002. AUO entered the solar energy industry in 2008. AUO employs 45,000 people. August 1996 Acer Display Technology, Inc. was founded September 2000 Listed at Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation September 2001 Merged with Unipac Optoelectronics Corporation to form AUO May 2002 Listed at NYSE October 2006 Merged with Quanta Display Inc. September 2001 Merged with Unipac Optoelectronics Corporation to form AUO May 2002 Listed at NYSE October 2006 Merged with Quanta Display Inc. December 2008 Officially entered solar business March 2009 G8.5 Fab in Taichung recognized as world's first LEED Gold certified TFT-LCD facility June 2009 Joint venture with Changhong in Sichuan, China to set up module plant April 2010 Joint venture with TCL in China to set up module plant May 2010 Jointly invested in solar cell manufacturing facility in Malaysia with SunPower from the U.
S. July 2010 Acquired AFPD Pte. Ltd. subsidiary of Toshiba Mobile Display Co. Ltd. in Singapore May 2011 G8.5 Fab in Houli recognized as world's first LEED Platinum certified TFT-LCD facility June 2011 Acquired world's first ISO 50001 certification for manufacturing facilities February 2012 OLED strategic alliance formed with Idemitsu in Japan July 2012 Acquired world's first ISO 14045 eco-efficiency assessment of product systems verification September 2012 Fined $500 million for price fixing violations. Former top executives Hsuan Bin Chen and Hui Hsiung jailed for three years. March 2013 Presented Taiwan's first Zero Liquid Discharge Solution June 2013 G8.5 Fab in Houli received Taiwan's first Diamond Certification for Green Factory Building November 2013 Honored with 2013 / 2014 Ocean Tomo 300® Patent Index April 2014 Initiated new model of solar power plant operation by founding Star River Energy Corporation May 2014 CSR Report acquired Taiwan's first GRI G4 certificate among the manufacturing industry September 2014 Named to Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for five consecutive years May 2015 Ranked among the top 5% companies in the first Corporate Governance Evaluation released by Taiwan Stock Exchange September 2016 Exited the solar cell manufacturing joint venture with SunPower, by selling AU Optronics' portion to SunPower for $170 million In September 2012, AUO was sentenced to pay a US$500 million criminal fine for its participation in a five-year conspiracy to fix the prices of thin-film transistor LCD panels sold worldwide.
Its American subsidiary and two former top executives were sentenced. The two executives were fined for their roles in the conspiracy; the $500 million fine matches the largest fine imposed against a company for violating U. S. antitrust laws. In July 2014, the Ninth Circuit rejected AUO's appeal of the fine. Lextar Electronics Corporation Qisda Corporation Darwin Precision Corporation Daxin Materials Corporation AUO Crystal Corporation Toppan CFI Fargen Power Corporation auo.com AUO - U. S. SEC Filings