Fugazi officially referred to as 7 Songs, is the first, self-titled EP by the American post-hardcore band of the same name. Unlike all other Fugazi releases, Guy Picciotto did not contribute guitar to this record, it was recorded in June 1988 and released in November 1988 on vinyl and again in 1989 on the compilation release 13 Songs along with the following EP Margin Walker. The photo used for the album cover was taken on June 30, 1988 at Maxwell's in Hoboken, NJ; the release features "Waiting Room", seen as the band's most well-known song, notorious for "the attention-getting drop into silence that occurs at the 22-second mark,", invented and suggested by the well-known playwright, Brian Love, aka The Doctor of Disaster. It was well as for its "relentless ska/reggae-inflected drive", "Suggestion", a "Meters-meets-Ruts thrust." "Suggestion" was included on Timeout's list of the best feminist songs. Ian MacKaye – vocals, guitar Guy Picciotto – vocals Joe Lally – bass Brendan Canty – drums
Joseph Francis Lally is an American bassist and record label owner, best known for his work with Fugazi. Joe Lally formed Fugazi with Ian MacKaye in 1987, he remained as the group's bassist until their "indefinite hiatus" in 2003. Lally founded Tolotta Records, active from 1994 until 2001, putting out notable releases by such artists as Dead Meadow, Spirit Caravan, Stinking Lizaveta & Orthrelm. In early 2002, Lally joined ex-Frodus members Shelby Cinca and Jason Hamacher on a project called The Black Sea, which would change its name to Decahedron and release an EP and an album before Lally left the band, he has worked with John Frusciante and Josh Klinghoffer as the group Ataxia, releasing two albums: Automatic Writing and AW II. In 2006, Lally was playing solo shows on bass with slight laptop accompaniment in various college towns, leading up to his first solo album, There to Here, released in the fall of 2006, it features Jerry Busher, Ian MacKaye, Amy Farina, Guy Picciotto, Scott Weinrich and many other musicians from the DC music scene.
In 2007, he toured the U. S. with the Philadelphia band Capillary Action and Melvins, Europe and Japan with the Italian band Zu. His second solo album, Nothing Is Underrated, was released in November 2007. Lally released his 3rd album, Why Should I Get Used To It, in April 2011. In 2016, Lally formed the instrumental trio The Messthetics with guitarist Anthony Pirog and Fugazi drummer Brendan Canty; the band released its self-titled debut on Dischord Records in 2018. Joe lived in Rome, Italy with his wife and daughter until 2015, when he moved back to Washington DC. There to Here Nothing Is Underrated Why Should I Get Used to It Official website
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with broadcast television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, similar non-television services may be provided through these cables. Analog television was standard in the 20th century, but since the 2000s, cable systems have been upgraded to digital cable operation. A "cable channel" is a television network available via cable television; when available through satellite television, including direct broadcast satellite providers such as DirecTV, Dish Network and Sky, as well as via IPTV providers such as Verizon FIOS and AT&T U-verse is referred to as a "satellite channel". Alternative terms include "non-broadcast channel" or "programming service", the latter being used in legal contexts.
Examples of cable/satellite channels/cable networks available in many countries are HBO, Cinemax, MTV, Cartoon Network, AXN, E!, FX, Discovery Channel, Canal+, Fox Sports, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, CNN International, ESPN. The abbreviation CATV is used for cable television, it stood for Community Access Television or Community Antenna Television, from cable television's origins in 1948. In areas where over-the-air TV reception was limited by distance from transmitters or mountainous terrain, large "community antennas" were constructed, cable was run from them to individual homes; the origins of cable broadcasting for radio are older as radio programming was distributed by cable in some European cities as far back as 1924. To receive cable television at a given location, cable distribution lines must be available on the local utility poles or underground utility lines. Coaxial cable brings the signal to the customer's building through a service drop, an overhead or underground cable. If the subscriber's building does not have a cable service drop, the cable company will install one.
The standard cable used in the U. S. is RG-6, which has a 75 ohm impedance, connects with a type F connector. The cable company's portion of the wiring ends at a distribution box on the building exterior, built-in cable wiring in the walls distributes the signal to jacks in different rooms to which televisions are connected. Multiple cables to different rooms are split off the incoming cable with a small device called a splitter. There are two standards for cable television. All cable companies in the United States have switched to or are in the course of switching to digital cable television since it was first introduced in the late 1990s. Most cable companies require a set-top box or a slot on one's TV set for conditional access module cards to view their cable channels on newer televisions with digital cable QAM tuners, because most digital cable channels are now encrypted, or "scrambled", to reduce cable service theft. A cable from the jack in the wall is attached to the input of the box, an output cable from the box is attached to the television the RF-IN or composite input on older TVs.
Since the set-top box only decodes the single channel, being watched, each television in the house requires a separate box. Some unencrypted channels traditional over-the-air broadcast networks, can be displayed without a receiver box; the cable company will provide set top boxes based on the level of service a customer purchases, from basic set top boxes with a standard definition picture connected through the standard coaxial connection on the TV, to high-definition wireless DVR receivers connected via HDMI or component. Older analog television sets are "cable ready" and can receive the old analog cable without a set-top box. To receive digital cable channels on an analog television set unencrypted ones, requires a different type of box, a digital television adapter supplied by the cable company. A new distribution method that takes advantage of the low cost high quality DVB distribution to residential areas, uses TV gateways to convert the DVB-C, DVB-C2 stream to IP for distribution of TV over IP network in the home.
In the most common system, multiple television channels are distributed to subscriber residences through a coaxial cable, which comes from a trunkline supported on utility poles originating at the cable company's local distribution facility, called the "headend". Many channels can be transmitted through one coaxial cable by a technique called frequency division multiplexing. At the headend, each television channel is translated to a different frequency. By giving each channel a different frequency "slot" on the cable, the separate television signals do not interfere with each other. At an outdoor cable box on the subscriber's residence the company's service drop cable is connected to cables distributing the signal to different rooms in the building. At each television, the subscriber's television or a set-top box provided by the cable company translates the desired channel back to its original frequency, it is displayed onscreen. Due to widespread cable theft in earlier analog systems, the signals are encrypted on m
Fugazi is an American punk rock band that formed in Washington, D. C. in 1987. The band consists of guitarists and vocalists Ian MacKaye and Guy Picciotto, bassist Joe Lally and drummer Brendan Canty. Fugazi are noted for their unique sound, blending elements of dub/reggae with high energy rock and punk/hardcore-styled guitars, as well as for their business practices and contempt towards the music industry; the band, others from the punk and hardcore scene leading up to the early 1990s, were among the early adopters of what grew to be known as the DIY ethic. Fugazi have performed numerous worldwide tours, produced six studio albums, a film and a comprehensive live series, gaining the band critical acclaim and success around the world. Fugazi has been on an indefinite hiatus since 2003. After the hardcore punk group Minor Threat dissolved, Ian MacKaye was active with a few short-lived groups, most notably Embrace. MacKaye decided he wanted a project, "like The Stooges with reggae", but was wary about forming another band after Embrace's break up.
MacKaye recalled, "My interests were not to be in a band, but to be with people who wanted to play music with me."MacKaye recruited ex-Dag Nasty drummer Colin Sears and bass guitarist Joe Lally, the trio began practicing together in September 1986. After a few months of rehearsals, Sears was replaced by Brendan Canty. One day Canty's Rites of Spring bandmate Guy Picciotto dropped by during a practice session to see how his friend was getting along, but Picciotto was disappointed. After some uncertainty from Canty about what he wanted to do with his future, the trio regrouped and booked their first show at the Wilson Center in early September 1987; the group still needed a name, so MacKaye chose the word "fugazi" from Mark Baker's Nam, a compilation of stories of Vietnam War veterans, it there being a slang acronym for "Fucked Up, Got Ambushed, Zipped In ". The band began inviting Picciotto to practices. Inspired by use of a foil in hip hop, Picciotto sang backup vocals. After his band Happy Go Licky broke up, he became more involved with Fugazi.
MacKaye asked Picciotto to become a full member, which he accepted. Fugazi embarked on its first tour in January 1988. In June 1988 the band recorded its debut EP Fugazi with producer Ted Niceley and producer/engineer Don Zientara, shortly afterwards embarked on an arduous tour of Europe. At the tour's conclusion in December, the band recorded songs for its intended debut album. However, the band was spent from touring and decided that the resulting sessions were unsatisfactory; the track list was released as Margin Walker the following year. Both EPs were combined into the 13 Songs release in late 1989. Upon the band's return from Europe, unsatisfied with singing, began playing guitar too. With Picciotto playing guitar full-time, Fugazi made the transition into jamming and writing new material as a band as opposed to performing songs composed by MacKaye. In addition to working on new material, songs they had been performing live were refined, such as "Merchandise" and "Turnover", for inclusion on their first official full-length studio album.
Released on April 19, 1990, through Dischord Records, Repeater did not reach the Billboard 200 charts or become a commercial success. However, the band spent most of 1990 and 1991 touring behind Repeater, performing a total of 250 concerts between March 1990 and June 1991 selling out 1,000-plus capacity venues throughout the world. By summer 1991, the album sold more than 300,000 copies, a large number for a label that relied on minimal promotion. While major labels began to court Fugazi, the band decided to stay with Dischord and refused the offers of those labels. Repeater went on to sell more than 1 million copies in the U. S. alone, more than 2 million worldwide. The album was critically well received and featured an alternative rock sound that pre-dated significant releases such as Nirvana's Nevermind and Pearl Jam's Ten, which would unexpectedly go on to break the genre into the mainstream. For Fugazi's second studio-album Steady Diet of Nothing, released in July 1991, the band once again asked Ted Niceley to produce.
Niceley had become a chef and had to reluctantly turn down the job, so the band members decided to produce the record themselves. After the success of Repeater and its subsequent world tour, Steady Diet was anticipated, six months prior to its release Dischord had pre-orders in excess of 160,000 for the album. Fugazi recorded its third album In on the Kill Taker in the fall of 1992 with Steve Albini in Chicago. With the breakthrough of alternative rock in the early 1990s, In on the Kill Taker. By the In on the Kill Taker tour, the group began to sell-out large auditoriums and arenas, as well as receive more lucrative major label offers. During the band's sold-out 3-night stint at New York City's Roseland Ballroom in September 1993, music mogul and Atlantic Records president Ahmet Ertegün met with the band backstage in an attempt to sign them. Ertegün offered the band "anything you want", their own subsidiary label and more than $10 million just to sign with Atlantic. Fugazi declined the offer.
The organizers of Lollapalooz
Embrace (American band)
Embrace were a short-lived hardcore punk band from Washington, D. C. which lasted from the summer of 1985 to the spring of 1986. Along with Rites of Spring, Beefeater, it was one of the mainstay acts of the 1985 Revolution Summer movement, was one of the first bands to be dubbed in the press as emotional hardcore, though the members had rejected the term since its creation; the band included lead vocalist Ian MacKaye of the defunct hardcore punk act Minor Threat and three former members of his brother Alec's band, the Faith: guitarist Michael Hampton, drummer Ivor Hanson, bassist Chris Bald. Hampton and Hanson had previously played together in S. O. A; the band played their first show in July 28, 1985 at Food for Thought, a former restaurant and music venue located on Washington, D. C.'s Dupont Circle. The only recording released by the quartet was their posthumous 1987 self-titled album, being influenced by the Faith EP Subject to Change. Following the breakup of Embrace, MacKaye and ex-Minor Threat drummer, Jeff Nelson, tried turning their recent one-off musical experiment in England, dubbed "Egg Hunt", into an actual band, but the project never surpassed the rehearsal stage.
Hampton, for his part, teamed up with former members of Rites of Spring to form the short-lived post-hardcore outfit One Last Wish, while Bald moved on to the band Ignition. MacKaye directed his energy and creativity toward the forming of Fugazi in 1987, Ivor Hanson would pair up with Hampton again in 1988 for Manifesto. During the band's formative years, some fans started referring to them and fellow innovators Rites of Spring as emocore bands, a term MacKaye publicly disagreed with. Embrace 20 Years of Dischord Revolution Summer Cogan, Brian; the Encyclopedia of Punk. Sterling. ISBN 978-1-4027-5960-4. Zararity. Embrace - Live at the 9:30 Club, Washington, D. C. 1986. YouTube
Repeater is the full-length debut studio album by the American post-hardcore band Fugazi. It was released on April 19, 1990, as Repeater on LP, in May 1990 on CD bundled with the 3 Songs EP as Repeater + 3 Songs, it was recorded at Inner Ear Studios in Arlington and produced and engineered by Don Zientara and Ted Niceley. Repeater is regarded as a definitive album for the band and a landmark of rock music, it has been described as an "angrier American update of Gang of Four's Solid Gold." It has been noted for its complex interplay of guitar and rhythm section. It is included in the book 1000 Recordings to Hear. By 1989 Fugazi had made the transition into jamming on and writing new material as a band as opposed to playing songs composed by singer/guitarist Ian MacKaye. After the completion of several lengthy U. S. and European tours in support of the group's previous EPs, they began to work on new material as well as refining songs that they had been performing live, such as "Merchandise" and "Turnover" the latter of, titled "NSA" in its original form featuring MacKaye on vocals.
The band once again chose to work with both Don Zientara and Ted Niceley as they had and entered Inner Ear Studios in July 1989 to begin the recording process. The group was only able to record with Nicely present between the hours of 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. because Nicely was splitting his time between the studio and culinary school. Recording for the album was completed in September 1989; the album's subject matter addresses a wide variety of themes such as greed, sexuality, drug abuse and death. MacKaye told Guitar World. It's about how things in life repeat over and over, but the title is a rather obscure nod to The Beatles' Revolver. A record revolves and it repeats. A revolver is a gun, so is a repeater; the title track is about kids shooting each other and references the crack cocaine-related violence in Washington, D. C. in the 1980s." Released on April 19, 1990, through Dischord Records, Repeater did not reach the Billboard 200 charts or become a commercial success. However, the band spent most of 1990 and 1991 touring behind Repeater, performing a total of 250 concerts between March 1990 and June 1991 selling out 1,000+ capacity venues all over the world.
By summer 1991 the album had sold more than 300,000 copies, a large number for a label that relied on minimal promotion. While major labels began to court Fugazi, the band decided that Dischord was distributing their records well enough and refused the offers. Repeater went on to sell over 1 million copies in the United States alone, has sold more than 2 million worldwide; the album was critically well received and featured an alternative rock sound that predated significant releases such as Nirvana's Nevermind and Pearl Jam's Ten, which would unexpectedly go on to break the genre into the mainstream. The title track has been covered live by La Dispute; the track "Merchandise" has been covered by Face to Face. "Blueprint" was covered by Tim Timebomb. The track was quoted by The Knife on the track "Raging Lung" off Shaking the Habitual, it has been sampled by Emynd for Stranger Day's track "Not Playin'". "Styrofoam" has been covered by Stereotyperider. FugaziBrendan Canty – drums Joe Lally – bass Ian MacKaye – guitar, vocals Guy Picciotto – guitar, vocalsTechnical personnelTed Niceley – producer Don Zientara – engineer Repeater at Radio3Net
Rites of Spring
Rites of Spring was an American post-hardcore band from Washington, D. C. in the mid-1980s, known for their energetic live performances. Along with Embrace, Beefeater, they were one of the mainstay acts of the 1985 Revolution Summer movement which took place within the Washington, D. C. hardcore punk scene. Musically, Rites of Spring increased the frenetic violence and visceral passion of hardcore while experimenting with its compositional rules. Lyrically, they shifted hardcore into intensely personal realms and, in doing so, are considered the first emo band but Rites of Spring itself rejected any association between themselves and emo genres; the band only performed around 15 shows in the DC area. Vocalist/guitarist Guy Picciotto and drummer Brendan Canty went on to play in Fugazi with producer and former Minor Threat singer Ian MacKaye in the late 1980s, while bassist Mike Fellows formed Mighty Flashlight and has had a solo career. AllMusic's Matt Kantor described the band's music as being at times "fast and furious" while being "at other times lush and evocative though always with a sense of drive and melody.".
Though rooted in the loud-and-fast style of hardcore punk, Rites of Spring is claimed after the fact as being the founders of the emotional hardcore genre, or what is now and retrospectively called emo-core, a precursor of screamo. Jenny Toomey notes that, "Rites of Spring existed well before the term did and they hated it."They were influenced by The Faith and their 1983 EP Subject to Change with their introspective lyrics and angry, melody-tinged songwriting. The band is named after the symphonic ballet The Rite of Spring by Igor Stravinsky. Rites of Spring was the band’s eponymous debut album from 1985, its twelve songs were recorded at Inner Ear Studios in February 1985, produced by Ian MacKaye of Fugazi and Minor Threat, released on vinyl in June of that year as Dischord Records No. 16. The album was re-released on CD and cassette in 1987, with an additional track from the same session, "Other Way Around", as well as the four songs from the Rites' follow-up EP, All Through a Life, Dischord No. 22.
The CD and cassette retained the number "16" while the 1991 repress, as well as the 2001 remastered version of the same seventeen songs, were numbered "16CD" and given the new title End on End. The band broke up in January 1986. Picciotto and Canty formed One Last Wish with Embrace alumnus, guitarist Michael Hampton, they recorded one studio album, entitled 1986, released in 1999 due to the band breaking up after mixing was finished. The Rites of Spring personnel reunited for a quasi-reincarnation called Happy Go Licky, releasing an LP/CD of various live concert recordings though never producing any studio work; the music was much more experimental than Rites of Spring improvised and featuring tape loop effects. Picciotto and Canty teamed up with bassist Joe Lally and former Minor Threat, Skewbald/Grand Union, Egg Hunt, Embrace singer Ian MacKaye in Fugazi. Mike Fellows went on to do session work for the Drag City label and form Miighty Flashlight, releasing an eponymous album under this name in 2002.
Picciotto himself doesn't recognize the attribution of having "created" emo. When asked about it in an interview his response was, "I've never recognized'emo' as a genre of music. I always thought. I know, they feel. But I just thought that all the bands I played in were punk rock bands; the reason I think it's so stupid is that - what, like the Bad Brains weren't emotional? What - they were robots or something? It just doesn't make any sense to me."Dischord released the band's only demo, entitled Six Song Demo, in October 2012. All tracks on the demo were recorded versions of songs appearing on the Rites of Spring album. Guy Picciotto – guitar, vocals Edward Janney – guitar Mike Fellows – bass guitar Brendon Canty – drums Rites of Spring All Through a Life End on End Six Song Demo Revolution Summer Pattison, Louis. "Rites of Spring and the summer that changed punk rock". The Guardian