SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Insubria

Insubria is a historical-geographical region which corresponds to the area inhabited in Classical antiquity by the Insubres. For several centuries this name stood for an area stretching between the Adda river in the east and the Sesia river in the west, between the San Gottardo Pass in the north and the Po river in the south, thus it was a synonym of the Milan region and the countryside areas gravitating towards it. Polybius claims the Insubres founded the city of Milan around 600 BC, they were a Celtic or Ligurian people which dwelt in the 4th–5th century BC in the area of pre-Alpine lakes and Milan. The name Insubres is visible in the middle portion of the Tabula Peutingeriana; the symbol of Insubria is the Milanese Ducal flag, the Visconti child-swallowing serpent quartered with the Imperial eagle. For further details, see the Duchy of Milan. At present, the meaning of the term Insubria is perceived as more restricted, as it indicates the territory of the cross-boundary cooperation community Regio Insubrica, set up in 1995 by the Italian provinces of Varese, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola together with the Swiss Canton Ticino:, to say, the lakes area between Italy and Switzerland where the Italian language is spoken.

The Regio Insubrica was extended to the territories of the provinces of Novara and Lecco. It is a Euroregion which promotes cross-boundary cooperation in the Italian-Swiss region of the three pre-Alpine lakes. From an ethnolinguistic viewpoint, Insubria comprises the provinces of Novara, Lecco and Lodi, that is, those areas in which the Western Lombard or Insubrian language variety is spoken and which correspond to the territory of the former Duchy of Milan until its takeover by the Habsburg Empire as a result of the Treaty of Baden in 1714 or, better said, of the Treaty of Campo Formio, which marks the end of the first Austrian domination; the word "Insubria" was considered for long a mere synonym of Lombardy in the Ducal age, that is, from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance. From the 14th to the 17th century, among the men of letters at the Milan Ducal Court, the terms "Insubre" and "Insubria" were used to give awareness of unity and a higher national identity to the still vital autonomous communes.

"Insubria" thus denoted the core of the extensive Duchy of Milan, as attested in the writings of Benzo d'Alessandria, Giovanni Simonetta, Thomas Coryat, Bernardino Corio and Andrea Alciato. In the 17th century Gabriele Verri reaffirmed that concept using the following motto, which he placed as a heading in all his works: "Insubres sumus, non latini". In 1797, following the occupation of the Duchy of Milan by the French, Napoleon I had the Milan mint strike a commemorative medal with the dedication "All'Insubria Libera" and an allegory of the French Republic, represented as a woman wearing a headpiece and helped on the right hand by Peace, who places the Phrygian cap onto Insubria's head. Insubria has a horn of plenty at her feet. In the 1930s, a review called Insubria was published, whose aim was promoting tourism and culture of the pre-Alpine lakes area; the term fell into oblivion until the 1990s, when Insubria came into favour again because of a series of events, the first of, the founding of the above-mentioned "Regio Insubrica", a cross-boundary cooperation community whose aim is to promote the cultural and social elements which draw Italian Switzerland and the border provinces together.

The newspaper La Prealpina, followed by others, added a daily page headed "Insubria" reporting local political news. In 1996 the Terra Insubre Cultural Association was set up in Varese. At present the association has about 1500 members and two detached branches, as well as a quarterly review named Terra Insubre. In those same years the University of Insubria was set up as the university pole of the towns of Varese and Como. In recent years, some politicians have begun to debate the possibility of institutionally constituting Insubria and/or gaining its political autonomy. However, as of today there exist no political parties striving for that goal, but only some cultural and opinion movements. At the beginning of 2002 the "Movimento degli Indipendenti Insubrici" was constituted in the Ticino Canton, in the Graubünden Canton, it was led by Werner Nussbaumer, a physician from Gravesano, former member of the Greens and known for his actions aimed at promoting Cannabis indica for therapeutical purposes.

The "Indipendenti Insubrici" had Nussbaumer as their representative in the Gran Consiglio of the Ticino Canton from January 2003 to the following elections in the same year, though he had been elected in 1999 among the Greens. The president of the movement in the Insubrian Graubünden was Giancarlo Gruber. Following internal party problems and Nussbaumer's arrest on May 22, 2003, the group disappeared from the political scene; the activities of Domà Nunch opinion group, the promoter of the "El Dragh Bloeu" online review, started in 2005. The movement was presented in Piazza Insubria, Milan, on February 6, 2006. Domà Nunch has no institutional representatives, but it organizes conferences and popular fairs.

Dancersend Waterworks

Dancersend Waterworks is a 4 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Spencersgreen south of Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire. It was a private waterworks supplying the Rothschild Dancersend estate, is now owned by Thames Water, it is in the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. A cooling pond within the Thames Water site is a Grade II listed building; the site is an area of artificial banks and plateaux in a chalk valley bottom, which has an unusually wide variety of herbs and shrubs. There is a range of butterfly and bird species. Grassland areas are rich in orchids, there is some scrub and woodland; the site on Bottom Road has no public access

Cameron Park (footballer)

Cameron Park is a former professional footballer who plays for Whitby Town as a winger. Park's natural position is as a left winger, following on from Middlesbrough's former youth products, Stewart Downing and Adam Johnson, he is considered a bright prospect from Middlesbrough's producing academy. He signed a four-and-a-half year professional contract in December 2010. Park made his debut for Middlesbrough on 15 January 2011 as a substitute in a 4-0 away win over Bristol City. On 23 August 2011 Park joined. Park made 3 appearances. Park scored his first goal for Boro on 28 August 2012, against Gillingham in Middlesbrough's 2-0 win in the League Cup, a chip in the 90th minute. On 27 February 2014, Park joined League One side Crewe Alexandra on a one-month loan. Park was released from his contract with Middlesbrough on 16 May 2014 Park was selected by the Scotland national under-21 football team in August 2012; as of 14 January 2012 Cameron Park at Soccerbase