SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Insular Italy

Insular Italy is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics, a first level NUTS region and a European Parliament constituency. Insular Italy encompasses two of the country's 20 regions: Sicily. Insular Italy occupies one-sixth of the national territory in surface area. Territorially, both Sicily and Sardinia include several minor islands and archipelagoes administratively dependent on the mother islands. Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean and one of the largest of Europe, while Sardinia is only less extensive; the lowlands are limited in the geographic region and appear as narrow coastal belts. The only exceptions are the Campidano and Nurra in Sardinia and the Plain of Catania in Sicily that extend 1200 km2 and 430 km2 respectively; the rest of the area is prevalently hilly, with hills occupying 70% of the territory. Sicily is home to Italy's highest non-Alpine peak and Europe's largest active volcano. Sardinia is home to the Gennargentu mountain range.

The population of Insular Italy totals combined over 6.7 million residents. Insular Italy has a population density of less than half the national average because of the scarce population of Sardinia, one of the least densely populated regions of Italy and Europe. Sicily, on the other hand, has in fact a population density five times as high as Sardinia. Overall, their combined populations total just one-tenth of the national population, making Insular Italy the least populated macro-region of the country; the unemployment rate of Sicily is the highest in the country at 11.9%, while in Sardinia between 2006-07 it dropped for the first time below 10%, reaching 8.6%, the lowest of all the Mezzogiorno regions, excluding Molise and Abruzzo. The low level of entrepreneurship in Sicily is tied to the local organized criminal activity, while in Sardinia it results from the rather expensive operating expenses, which are 20-50% higher than other regions due to its peripheral location from the Italian mainland and the lack of a proper territorial continuity.

Such condition has been reduced in Sardinia with the development of information technologies, like Tiscali, low-cost carrier, like Ryanair, some laws regarding fares and routes between the islands and mainland Italy. List of islands of Italy National Institute of Statistics Italian Islands Italian NUTS level 1 regions: Northwest Italy Northeast Italy Central Italy South Italy NUTS:IT Northern Italy Southern Italy Regions of Italy Autonomous regions with special statute

Campus Compact

Campus Compact is a coalition of college and university presidents, committed to fulfilling the public purposes of higher education. Nearly 1,100 educational institutions, more than a third of all higher education providers in the United States, are members; the non-profit comprises a national office located in Boston, MA as well as state and regional compact offices to support the work of member colleges. Campus Compact has members throughout the United States, but has members in many US Territories and countries outside of the US as well; the Compact was co-founded in 1985 by the presidents of Brown and Stanford universities, Frank Newman, the former president of the Education Commission of the States. The work of the Compact focused on engaging students in community service. Media coverage at the time portrayed college-age students as part of a'me generation', more interested in increasing their wealth and status than serving their community; the founding presidents aimed to counteract this prevailing image, by showcasing the good work college students were and providing support and encouragement for others to participate.

In 1988, the first two state Compact affiliates were formed to provide greater support to campuses and build regional and local networks. In 1991, membership had reached 500 universities. By this time, national attention had turned to the connection between participation in community service and academic achievement. Campus Compact launched the Integrating Service with Academic Study initiative, which funded grants and workshops to support colleges interested in building service-learning into their institutions. By 2000, service-learning had become an important educational movement. Campus Compact began a series of publications that documented the effects of service learning and provided resources to help faculty and departments build their own programs and curricula. In 2002, Campus Compact launched the Raise Your Voice campaign, the Compact's first national effort to work with students themselves. Over the two years of the campaign, the participation of more than 250,000 students was documented.

In 2005, the 20th year of its existence, Campus Compact had grown to 32 state affiliates and more than 1000 member campuses. Over time, the Compact has grown from a presidents' organization to one that supports the work of a variety of constituencies - college presidents, staff and community partners. In 2009, Campus Compact moved its national office from the campus of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island to the Downtown Crossing district of Boston, Massachusetts, they share an office building with the New England Board of Higher Education. In 2016, Campus Compact circulated an Action Statement; this commitment of more than 400 college and university presidents expressed shared goals and enhanced action throughout the network regarding the public purpose of higher education. National Campus Compact website

Heather Whalley

Heather C. Whalley is a Scottish scientist, she is a senior research fellow in Neuroimaging at the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh. and is an affiliate member of the Centre for Genomic and Experimental Medicine at the University of Edinburgh. Her main focus of research is on the mechanisms underlying the development of major psychiatric disorders using the latest genomic and neuroimaging approaches, she completed her MSc & PhD at the Division of Psychiatry at the University of Edinburgh, investigating neuroimaging data in adolescent individuals at familial risk for psychiatric conditions. She has since been awarded a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship, a John, Margaret and Stewart Sim Research Fellowship from the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, an Edinburgh Scientist Academic Track Fellowship from the University of Edinburgh, she leads the imaging research group in Psychiatry at the University of Edinburgh which has extensive links with several international consortia including the Psychiatric Genomics Consortia, IMAGEMEND and ENIGMA.

The group focusses on how causal factors contribute to conditions through their impact on brain structure and function using large population-based data resources where available, identifying how brain structure and function mediate effects on behaviour. She is an academic editor at Scientific Reports, Frontiers in Behavioural and Psychiatric Genetics and PLOS ONE and is the Postgraduate Research Co-ordinator for the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences; the neurobiology of personal control during reward learning and its relationship to mood. L Romaniuk et al. & HC Whalley. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2019 4, 190-199 Genome-wide meta-analysis of depression identifies 102 independent variants and highlights the importance of the prefrontal brain regions DM Howard, et al. Nature neuroscience, 2019 22, 343 Resting-state connectivity and its association with cognitive performance, educational attainment, household income in the UK Biobank. X Shen et al. & HC Whalley.

Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2018 3, 878-886 Association of Whole-Genome and NETRIN1 Signaling Pathway–Derived Polygenic Risk Scores for Major Depressive Disorder and White Matter Microstructure in the UK Biobank. MC Barbu et al. & HC Whalley. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 2018 4, 91-100 Longitudinal differences in white matter integrity in youth at high familial risk for bipolar disorder. R Ganzola et al. & HC Whalley. Bipolar disorders, 2017 19, 158-167 Cognitive biases predict symptoms of depression and wellbeing above and beyond neuroticism in adolescence. EM Smith, S Reynolds, F Orchard, HC Whalley*, SWY Chan*. Journal of affective disorders, 2018 241, 446-453 Deactivation in anterior cingulate cortex during facial processing in young individuals with high familial risk and early development of depression: f MRI findings from the... SWY Chan et al. & HC Whalley. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 57, 1277-1286 Dissection of major depressive disorder using polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia in two independent cohorts.

HC Whalley et al. Translational psychiatry 6, e938