The Intel 8085 is an 8-bit microprocessor produced by Intel and introduced in March 1976. It is a software-binary compatible with the more-famous Intel 8080 with only two minor instructions added to support its added interrupt and serial input/output features. However, it requires less support circuitry, allowing simpler and less expensive microcomputer systems to be built; the "5" in the part number highlighted the fact that the 8085 uses a single +5-volt power supply by using depletion-mode transistors, rather than requiring the +5 V, −5 V and +12 V supplies needed by the 8080. This capability matched that of the competing Z80, a popular 8080-derived CPU introduced the year before; these processors could be used in computers running the CP/M operating system. The 8085 is supplied in a 40-pin DIP package. To maximise the functions on the available pins, the 8085 uses a multiplexed address/data bus. However, an 8085 circuit requires an 8-bit address latch, so Intel manufactured several support chips with an address latch built in.
These include the 8755, with an address latch, 2 KB of EPROM and 16 I/O pins, the 8155 with 256 bytes of RAM, 22 I/O pins and a 14-bit programmable timer/counter. The multiplexed address/data bus reduced the number of PCB tracks between the 8085 and such memory and I/O chips. Both the 8080 and the 8085 were eclipsed by the Zilog Z80 for desktop computers, which took over most of the CP/M computer market, as well as a share of the booming home-computer market in the early-to-mid-1980s; the 8085 had a long life as a controller, no doubt thanks to its built-in serial I/O and 5 prioritized interrupts, arguably microcontroller-like features that the Z80 CPU did not have. Once designed into such products as the DECtape II controller and the VT102 video terminal in the late 1970s, the 8085 served for new production throughout the lifetime of those products; this was longer than the product life of desktop computers. The 8085 is a conventional von Neumann design based on the Intel 8080. Unlike the 8080 it does not multiplex state signals onto the data bus, but the 8-bit data bus is instead multiplexed with the lower 8-bits of the 16-bit address bus to limit the number of pins to 40.
State signals are provided by dedicated bus control signal pins and two dedicated bus state ID pins named S0 and S1. Pin 40 is pin 20 for ground. Pin 39 is used as the Hold pin; the processor was designed using nMOS circuitry, the "H" versions were implemented in Intel's enhanced nMOS process called HMOS developed for fast static RAM products. Only a single 5 volt power supply is needed, like competing processors and unlike the 8080; the 8085 uses 6,500 transistors. The 8085 incorporates the functions of the 8224 and the 8228 on chip, increasing the level of integration. A downside compared to similar contemporary designs is the fact that the buses require demultiplexing; the 8085 has extensions to support new interrupts, with three maskable vectored interrupts, one non-maskable interrupt, one externally serviced interrupt. Each of these five interrupts has a separate pin on the processor, a feature which permits simple systems to avoid the cost of a separate interrupt controller; the RST 7.5 interrupt is edge triggered, while 6.5 are level-sensitive.
All interrupts are disabled by the DI instruction. In addition, the SIM and RIM instructions, the only instructions of the 8085 that are not from the 8080 design, allow each of the three maskable RST interrupts to be individually masked. All three are masked after a normal CPU reset. SIM and RIM allow the global interrupt mask state and the three independent RST interrupt mask states to be read, the pending-interrupt states of those same three interrupts to be read, the RST 7.5 trigger-latch flip-flop to be reset, serial data to be sent and received via the SOD and SID pins all under program control and independently of each other. SIM and RIM each execute in 4 clock cycles, making it possible to sample SID and/or toggle SOD faster than it is possible to toggle or sample a signal via any I/O or memory-mapped port, e.g. one of the port of an 8155. Like the 8080, the 8085 can accommodate slower memories through externally generated wait states, has provisions for Direct Memory Access using HOLD and HLDA signals.
An improvement over the 8080 is that the 8085 can itself drive a piezoelectric crystal directly connected to it, a built-in clock generator generates the internal high amplitude two-phase clock signals at half the crystal frequency. The internal clock is available on an output pin, to drive peripheral devices or other CPUs in lock-step synchrony with the CPU from which the signal is output; the 8085 can be clocked by an external oscillator. The 8085 is a binary compatible follow up on the 8080, it supports the complete instruction set of the 8080, with th
The Seven Year Itch is the first full-length album by Angelica released on Victory Works records. It was produced by Kat Bjelland of Babes in Toyland and Katastrophy Wife who sang guest vocals on "Golden Lillies". "I Want A Piece Of The Action" – 3:32 "Misdemeanour" – 2:36 "Liberation Is Wasted On Me" – 3:29 "Evergreen" – 4:04 "Reynard The Fox" – 3:21 "Golden Lillies" – 0:51 "The Apple, The Book" – 3:23 "Guilty As Sin" – 2:39 "Your Religion Is Me" – 4:18 "Rosemary Call The Goddess" – 3:41
Intersections is the tenth album from progressive/thrash metal band Mekong Delta, released in April 2012. It is a compilation of songs from previous albums. "The Cure" - 04:15 "Shades of Doom" - 04:20 "Sphere Eclipse" - 06:18 "The Healer" - 07:38 "Innocent" - 05:20 "Memories of Tomorrow" - 04:44 "Heroes Grief" - 05:44 "Heartbeat" - 07:04 "Transgressor" - 03:38 "Prophecy" - 04:25 Tracks 1 and 7 are from Mekong Delta. Tracks 6 and 10 are from The Music of Erich Zann. Track 2 is from The Principle of Doubt. Track 9 is from Dances of Death. Tracks 3, 5 and 8 are from Kaleidoscope. Track 4 is from Visions Fugitives. Ralph Hubert — bass guitar Martin Lemar — vocals Alex Landenburg — drums Erik Adam H. Grösch — guitars Benedikt Zimniak — guitars
United Talent is the sixth collaborative studio album by Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn. It was released on June 1976, by MCA Records; the June 19, 1976 issue of Billboard carried a review which called the album "Another set of solid country songs from this favorite twosome, includes their latest single, "The Letter". Owen Bradley produces with a preference for unadulterated arrangements. Lynn and Twitty always seem to bring out the best in each other — and the cross-fertilization of talent sounds best on numbers such as "Just Lead the Way". It's doubtful if the Bellamy Brothers' hit "Let Your Love Flow" will sound more country than it does at the hands of Loretta and Conway. Lynn and Twitty make no concessions here for any pop audience — it's country to the core as typified by Wayne Kemp's "Barroom Habits" and Vic McAlpin's "I'm Gonna Roll You Like a Wheel"; the review noted "The Letter", "Just Lead the Way", "Barroom Habits", "I'm Gonna Roll You Like a Wheel", "We'll Finish Up Falling In Love" as the best cuts on the album, with a note to dealers saying that Twitty and Lynn are "an ever-popular duo with a loyal legion of fans."Cashbox published a review in the June 26, 1976 issue, which called the album "An excellent vehicle conveying the award-winning sound of two of country music’s greatest."
The review noted "Just Lead the Way" and "We’re Caught Between a Love and a Love Affair" as their favorites. The album peaked at No. 1 on the US Billboard Hot Country LP's chart, the duo's fourth consecutive album to top the chart. The album's only single, "The Letter", was released in May 1976 and peaked at No. 3 on the US Billboard Hot Country Singles chart, the duo's first single to not top the chart. However, in Canada, the single peaked at No. 1 on the RPM Country Singles chart, the duo's fourth chart-topping song in that country. Recording sessions for the album took place on April 13–15, 1976, at Bradley's Barn in Mount Juliet, Tennessee. "I'm Gonna Roll You Like a Wheel" was recorded on April 5, 1973, during a session for 1973's Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man
Wake Up! is a collaborative studio album by American R&B recording artist John Legend and hip hop band The Roots, released September 21, 2010, by GOOD Music and Columbia Records. It was produced by Legend with band members Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson and James Poyser, features guest appearances by CL Smooth, Malik Yusef and Melanie Fiona, among others. Inspired by the 2008 United States presidential election and The Roots covered 1960s and 1970s soul music songs for the album with social themes of awareness and consciousness; the album debuted at number eight on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 63,000 copies in its first week. Upon its release, Wake Up! received positive reviews from most music critics, who complimented its production and the artists' treatment and performance of the material. It would go on to win the 2010 Grammy Award for Best R&B Album. Wake Up! follows the releases of Legend's Evolver and The Roots's How I Got Over. Legend and The Roots were inspired to record a collaborative album by the 2008 United States presidential election.
In an interview for Billboard, Legend explained the reason for the album's conception at the time, stating "I was in the middle of campaigning for Barack Obama and feeling inspired by the atmosphere in the country at the time, so I wanted to do something musically that reflected that moment. The original idea was to do some sort of covers EP, but the more I got into it with the Roots, it felt like something that should be heard and marketed on its own"; the album's title was inspired by Canadian rock band Arcade Fire's song of the same name. Wake Up! Features covers of songs from the soul music of the 1960s and 1970s, incorporates musical elements from gospel, rock and hip hop. Songs covered for the album include "Wholy Holy" by Marvin Gaye, "Little Ghetto Boy" by Donny Hathaway, "Hard Times" by Baby Huey & the Babysitters and "Hang on in There" by Mike James Kirkland; the lone original song for Wake Up! is the Legend-penned album closer "Shine". A different version of "Shine" was included in the album's deluxe edition and is used during the closing credits of the 2010 film Waiting for "Superman".
In an interview for The Guardian, Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson of The Roots said that they intended to cover lesser-known soul songs, stating "I wanted to choose cover songs that were so under the radar, so uniquely interpreted, that it would take you a second to realise that these are cover songs ". Questlove has said that the band's instrumentation for the album is looser than on previous albums, with a jamming and "grass-roots feel". Wake Up! Contains lyrical themes concerning social awareness and consciousness; the Roots' lead MC Black Thought is featured on few tracks, as the band accompanies Legend's singing with live instrumentation. Other rappers featured on the album include Common, CL Smooth, Malik Yusef; the album's lead single, "Wake Up Everybody", a cover of Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes song of the same name, was released on April 29, 2010, features rapper Common and singer Melanie Fiona. It spent 14 weeks on the US Hot R&B / Hip-Hop Songs chart; the second single, "Hard Times", was released on September 7, 2010, has The Roots's lead MC Black Thought as a featured artist.
Wake Up! received positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 77, based on 22 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Sean Fennessey of The Washington Post called it "a rugged enterprise" and complimented The Roots' "brawny arrangements of a cleverly curated batch of songs". About.com's Mark Edward Nero commended their "outstanding job" as a backing band and called Wake Up! "a moving well-performed and well-produced album". Rolling Stone writer Jody Rosen called it "a brilliantly conceived and executed album" and stated "Legend and the Roots capture the old feeling of protest and uplift while updating the sound." Jeff Vrabel of Paste called it "organic and opulent, with a heart of diamonds and a lush sound to match". The Boston Globe's Julian Benbow noted Legend's range and stated, "The Roots band makes sonic photocopies of the originals". Newsday's Glenn Gamboa stated, "Legend's rich soul vocals and The Roots' lush soul arrangements succeed in updating these classics subtly, making them fit admirably both in the past and the present."
Steve Jones of USA Today stated, "The Roots contemporize them with just enough hip-hop flavor, while the soulful Legend injects them with renewed passion". In his Consumer Guide, Robert Christgau gave the album a three-star honorable mention. Chicago Tribune writer Greg Kot noted that "Legend sings with more grit than usual, the Roots crackle with energy", but stated, "This well-intentioned collection never surpasses the strong originals from which it draws". Mikael Wood of Spin considered that "The results don't always play to's melodic strengths. AllMusic writer Andy Kellman shared a similar sentiment and commented that "There are several instances when the Roots, who are intimate with grit, outshine Legend, whose polished and pride-rich voice clashes with the material." Chicago Sun-Times writer Thomas Conner gave it two out of four stars and stated: "Legend might be the weak link.
The 1991 US Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts at the USTA National Tennis Center in New York City in New York in the United States. It was the 111th edition of the US Open and was held from August 26 to September 8, 1991. Stefan Edberg defeated Jim Courier 6–2, 6–4, 6–0 It was Edberg's 5th career Grand Slam title and his 1st US Open title. Monica Seles defeated Martina Navratilova 7–6, 6–1 It was Seles' 4th career Grand Slam title and her 1st US Open title. John Fitzgerald / Anders Järryd defeated Scott Davis / David Pate 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3 It was Fitzgerald's 9th and last career Grand Slam title and his 3rd US Open title, it was his 2nd US Open title. Pam Shriver / Natasha Zvereva defeated Jana Novotná / Larisa Savchenko 6–4, 4–6, 7–6 It was Shriver's 22nd and last career Grand Slam title and her 5th US Open title, it was Zvereva's 4th career her 1st US Open title. Manon Bollegraf / Tom Nijssen defeated Arantxa Sánchez Vicario / Emilio Sánchez 6–2, 7–6 It was Bollegraf's 2nd career Grand Slam title and her 1st US Open title.
It was last career Grand Slam title and his only US Open title. Leander Paes defeated Karim Alami 6–4, 6–4 Karina Habšudová defeated Anne Mall 6–1, 6–3 Karim Alami / John-Laffnie de Jager defeated Michael Joyce / Vince Spadea 6–4, 6–7, 6–1 Kristin Godridge / Nicole Pratt defeated Åsa Carlsson / Cătălina Cristea 7–6, 7–5 Official US Open website