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International Boxing Hall of Fame

The modern International Boxing Hall of Fame, located in Canastota, New York, United States, honors boxers and other contributors to the sport worldwide. Inductees are selected by members of the Boxing Writers Association of America; the IBHOF started as a 1990 initiative by Ed Brophy to honor Canastota's world boxing champions, Carmen Basilio and Basilio's nephew, Billy Backus. An earlier hall had been created in 1954, when The Ring magazine's Boxing Hall of Fame was launched, located at Madison Square Garden in New York City; when that Boxing Hall of Fame was disbanded in 1987, it had a total of 155 inductees. As of November 2018, all but 14 of those 155 have been inducted to the IBHOF. Beginning in 2020, the IBHOF will begin inducting female boxers for the first time since its inception; the IBHOF is one of two recognized Boxing Halls of Fame with the other being the World Boxing Hall of Fame, with the IBHOF being the more recognized institution. Ceremonies are held each year to honor inductees.

These are attended by many former world boxing champions, as well as boxing and Hollywood celebrities. Artist Richard T. Slone has been the official artist of the IBHOF since 1997, creating portraits of inductees and other works for the Hall. Professional boxers become eligible for election into the International Boxing Hall of Fame five years after their retirement. Inductees are selected by members of the Boxing Writers Association of America and an international panel of boxing historians, based on criteria in five separate categories: Modern: Retired boxers whose last bout was no earlier than 1989. Prior to a 2014 rule change, the category reflected boxers whose last bout was after 1943. Old Timers: Until 2014, the rule was boxers whose last bout was no earlier than 1893 and no than 1942; this category similar to the Veterans' Committee in baseball's Hall of Fame. It is now split into two categories. Early Era: Boxers who fought from the beginning of Marquis of Queensbury Rules until 1942.

Late Era: Boxers who fought their bout from 1943 to 1988 Pioneers: Boxers whose last bout was in or prior to 1892. They are boxers who fought before the Marquis of Queensbury Rules. Observers: Journalists, historians and artists. Non-Participants: People who made contributions to the sport of boxing apart from their roles as boxers or observers. Whitey Esneault Bare Knuckle Boxing Hall of Fame Women's International Boxing Hall of Fame International Boxing Hall of Fame official website

Cairn Water

Cairn Water is a small river in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. The river, formed by the confluence of the Castlefern and Dalquhat, flows for 11.5 miles southeast to the Cluden. The Castlefairn is joined by the Craigdarroch and by the Dalwhat, both from its left, just below the village of Moniaive in the parish of Glencairn; the confluence of these streams forms the Cairn Water. The parish is named for the river valley; the river flows east past Kirkland southeast to Newtonairds, where it is joined by the Old Water to form Cluden Water. Cluden Water flows southeast to join the River Nith just north of Dumfries; the river once defined part of the boundary between Dumfriesshire to the east and Kirkcudbrightshire to the west

Olivaceous flycatcher

The name "olivaceous flycatcher" can refer to the dusky-capped flycatcher of the Americas. The olivaceous flycatcher or olivaceous alseonax is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae, it is found in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical swamps

Pearl City, Hawaii

Pearl City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in the ʻEwa District and City & County of Honolulu on the Island of Oʻahu. As of the 2010 Census, the CDP had a total population of 47,698. Pearl City is located along the north shore of Pearl Harbor. Waimalu borders Pearl City to the east; the U. S. postal code for Pearl City is 96782. Early-day Pearl City had an array of rice paddies and fields that were plowed with water buffalo that would haul a two-wheeled cart. In the early 1880s, Pearl City was the final stop for Benjamin Franklin Dillingham's Oahu Railway, a mud wagon driven by a four-horse team. Lots for an as-yet-to-exist "Pearl City" went on sale in 1889, after completion of the actual rail line. Near the outskirts of Pearl City, the Remond Grove, an area where people could be entertained with piano, banjo and saxophone performances, was a popular entertainment spot in the early 1900s. Pearl City is located at 21 ° 24' 30" 157 ° 58' 1" East. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.8 square miles, of which, 5.0 square miles of it is land and 0.8 square miles of it is water.

The total area is 14.29% water. Average Winter High: 79 degrees Average Winter Low: 66 degrees Average Summer High: 87 degrees Average Summer Low: 74 degrees Average Annual Precipitation: 64 inches As of the census of 2010, there were 47,698 people, 14,622 households, 7,288 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 6,215.5 people per square mile. There were 9,181 housing units at an average density of 1,842.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.57% Asian-Pacific Islander, 17.24% White, 2.71% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.41% from other races, 18.81% from two or more races. 7.30 % of the population were Latino of any race. There are 8,922 households out of which 25.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% are married couples living together, 12.3% have a female householder with no husband present, 18.3% are non-families. 14.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.6% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size is 3.17 and the average family size is 3.48. In the CDP, the population is spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 17.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females, there are 115.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 117.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP is $62,036, the median income for a family is $67,246. Males have a median income of $30,712 versus $28,408 for females; the per capita income for the CDP is $21,683. 6.2% of the population and 4.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The Honolulu Police Department operates the Pearl City Substation in Pearl City; the United States Postal Service operates the Pearl City Post Office in Pearl City. The Hawai'i Department of Education operates the Pearl City Complex public schools that include elementary and high schools.

Elementary schools in the Pearl City CDP include Manana, Our Lady of Good Counsel, Pearl City, Pearl City Highlands. Momilani and Waiau elementary schools are in the adjacent Waimalu CDP. Highlands Intermediate School is within the Pearl City CDP. Pearl City High School is in Waimalu CDP; the University of Hawaii–Leeward Community College, a branch of the University of Hawaii system, is located in Pearl City. In 1998, a Pearl City baseball team—Pearl City Little League —represented the U. S. and made it to the Little League World Series finals. In 2007, they won the Junior League World Series, after winning the West Region defeating the Central Region and Southwest Region champions to become the U. S. champion, defeating the International champion, Illam Central LL, 6–2. The Hawaii Hawks won the 2003 Field Hockey World Cup 10–7. In 2017, a Pearl City youth baseball team, the Pearl City KRU, represented the Pacific Southwest region in the Cal Ripken Baseball 10U World Series; this series was held in Hammond, which hosted nine other teams from across the country.

The KRU team won all of their games in pool play, made it to the World Series finals, where they lost to the team from West Raleigh, North Carolina, by a score of 5-3. Brook Lee, Miss Hawaii USA 1997, Miss USA 1997 and Miss Universe 1997 Jason Scott Lee, film actor noted for his roles in Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story, Kipling's The Jungle Book, Lilo & Stitch Duke Aiona, former Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, born in Pearl City David Ige, Governor of Hawaii, born in Pearl City Media related to Pearl City, Hawaii at Wikimedia Commons

Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses

The Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses in Germany began on April 1, 1933, was claimed to be a defensive reaction to the Jewish boycott of German goods, initiated but abandoned in March 1933. It was unsuccessful, as the German population continued to use Jewish businesses, but revealed the intent of the Nazis to undermine the viability of Jews in Germany, it was an early governmental action against the Jews of Germany by the new National Socialist government, actions that culminated in the "Final Solution". It was a state-managed campaign of ever-increasing harassment, systematic pillaging, forced transfer of ownership to Nazi Party activists, murder of owners defined as "Jews". In Berlin alone, there were 50,000 Jewish-owned businesses. Antisemitism in Germany grew pervasive after the First World War and was most prevalent in the universities. By 1921, the German student union Deutscher Hochschulring barred Jews from membership. Since the bar was racial, it included Jews; the bar was challenged by the government, leading to a referendum in which 76% of the student members voted for the exclusion.

At the same time, Nazi newspapers began agitating for a boycott of Jewish businesses, anti-Jewish boycotts became a regular feature of 1920s regional German politics with right-wing German parties becoming closed to Jews. From 1931–32, SA Brownshirt thugs physically prevented customers from entering Jewish shops, windows were systematically smashed and Jewish shop owners threatened. During the Christmas holiday season of 1932, the central office of the Nazi party organized a nationwide boycott. In addition, German businesses large organizations like banks, insurance companies, industrial firms such as Siemens refused to employ Jews. Many hotels and cafes banned Jews from entering and the resort island of Borkum banned Jews anywhere on the island; such behavior was common in pre-war Europe. The Anti-Nazi Boycott commencing in March 1933 was a boycott of Nazi products by foreign critics of the Nazi Party in response to antisemitism in Nazi Germany following the rise of Adolf Hitler, commencing with his appointment as Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933.

Those in the United States, the United Kingdom and other places worldwide who opposed Hitler's policies developed the boycott and its accompanying protests to encourage Nazi Germany to end the regime's anti-Jewish practices. In March 1933, the Nazis won a large number of seats in the Reichstag. Following this victory, in response to the foreign Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933, there was widespread violence and hooliganism directed at Jewish businesses and individuals. Jewish lawyers and judges were physically prevented from reaching the courts. In some cases the SA created improvised concentration camps for prominent Jewish anti-Nazis. Joseph Goebbels, who established the Nazi Ministry of Propaganda and Public Enlightenment, announced to the Nazi party newspaper on March 31 of 1933 that "world Jewry" had ruined the reputation of the German people, wanted to make this boycott a publicly propelled antisemitic action. On April 1, 1933, the Nazis carried out their first nationwide, planned action against Jews: a boycott targeting Jewish businesses and professionals, in response to the Jewish boycott of German goods.

On the day of the boycott, the SA stood menacingly in front of Jewish-owned department stores and retail establishments, the offices of professionals such as doctors and lawyers. The Propaganda Ministry wanted to catch violators of this boycott, looking to German citizens to shame other Germans who ignored the announcement and continued using Jewish stores and services; the Star of David was painted in yellow and black across thousands of doors and windows, with accompanying antisemitic slogans. Signs were posted saying "Don't Buy from Jews!", "The Jews Are Our Misfortune!" and "Go to Palestine!". Throughout Germany acts of violence against individual Jews and Jewish property occurred; the boycott was ignored by many individual Germans who continued to shop in Jewish-owned stores during the day. Although it marked the beginning of a nationwide campaign against the Jews, the boycott was not a success for the Nazis and was called off after one day as a result of the negative impact it was having on the economy.

The Nazi boycott inspired similar boycotts in other countries. In Poland the Endeks organized boycotts of Jewish businesses across the country. In Quebec, French-Canadian nationalists organized boycotts of Jews in the 1930s. In the United States, Nazi supporters such as Father Charles Coughlin agitated for a boycott of Jewish businesses. Coughlin's radio show attracted tens of millions of listeners and his supporters organized "Buy Christian" campaigns and attacked Jews. Ivy League universities restricted the numbers of Jews allowed admission. In Austria, an organization called the Antisemitenbund had campaigned against Jewish civil rights since 1919; the organization took its inspiration from Karl Lueger, the legendary turn-of-the-century antisemitic mayor of Vienna, who inspired Hitler and had campaigned for a boycott of Jewish businesses. Austrian campaigns tended to escalate around Christmas and became effective from 1932; as in Germany, Nazis picketed Jewish stores in an attempt to prevent shoppers from using them.

In Hungary, the government passed laws limiting Jewish economic activity from 1938 onwards. Agitation for boycotts dated back to the mid-nineteenth century when Jews received equal rights

Rex Stout bibliography

This is a bibliography of works by or about the American writer Rex Stout, an American writer noted for his detective fiction. He began his literary career in the 1910s, writing more than 40 stories that appeared in pulp magazines between 1912 and 1918, he wrote no fiction for more than a decade, until the late 1920s, when he had saved enough money through his business activities to write when and what he pleased. In 1929, he wrote his first published book, How Like a God, an unusual psychological story written in the second person, he wrote a pioneering political thriller, The President Vanishes, before he turned to writing detective fiction. His 1934 novel Fer-de-Lance introduced his best-known characters, detective Nero Wolfe and his assistant Archie Goodwin, who were featured in 33 novels and 39 novellas and short stories between 1934 and 1975. In 1959, Stout received the Mystery Writers of America's Grand Master Award; the Nero Wolfe corpus was nominated Best Mystery Series of the Century at Bouchercon XXXI, the world's largest mystery convention, Rex Stout was nominated Best Mystery Writer of the Century.

In addition to writing fiction, Stout was a prominent public intellectual for decades. He was active in the early years of the American Civil Liberties Union and a founder of the Vanguard Press. Stout served as head of the Writers' War Board during World War II, became a radio celebrity through his numerous broadcasts, was active in promoting world federalism, he was the longtime president of the Authors Guild and served a term as president of the Mystery Writers of America. Rex Stout's Nero Wolfe books are listed in order of publication. For specific publication history, including original magazine appearances, see entries for individual titles. Years link to year-in-literature articles. Anderson, David R. Rex Stout. Study of the Nero Wolfe series. Baring-Gould, William S. Nero Wolfe of West Thirty-fifth Street. Fanciful biography. Reviewed in Time, March 21, 1969 Bourne, Corsage: A Bouquet of Rex Stout and Nero Wolfe. Posthumous collection produced in a numbered limited edition of 1,500 softcovers.

Shortly before his death Rex Stout authorized the editor to include the first Nero Wolfe novella, "Bitter End", which had not been republished in his own novella collections. Corsage includes an interview Bourne conducted with Stout, concludes with the only book publication of "Why Nero Wolfe Likes Orchids," an article by Rex Stout that first appeared in Life. Darby, The Brownstone House of Nero Wolfe. Biography of the brownstone "as told by Archie Goodwin." Includes detailed floor plans. Gotwald, Rev. Frederick G; the Nero Wolfe Handbook. Self-published anthology of essays edited by a longtime member of The Wolfe Pack. Kaye, The Archie Goodwin Files. Selected articles from The Wolfe Pack publication The Gazette, edited by a charter member. Kaye, The Nero Wolfe Files. Selected articles from The Wolfe Pack publication The Gazette, edited by a charter member. McAleer, Rex Stout: A Biography. Foreword by P. G. Wodehouse. Winner of the Mystery Writers of America's Edgar Award for Best Critical/Biographical Work in 1978.

Reissued as Rex Stout: A Majesty's Life. McAleer, Royal Decree: Conversations with Rex Stout. Published in a numbered limited edition of 1,000 copies. McBride, O. E. Stout Fellow: A Guide Through Nero Wolfe's World. Pseudonymous self-published homage. Mitgang, Dangerous Dossiers: Exposing the Secret War Against America's Greatest Authors. Chapter 10 is titled "Seeing Red: Rex Stout." Symons, Great Detectives: Seven Original Investigations. Illustrated by Tom Adams. "We quiz Archie Goodwin in his den and gain a clue to the ultimate fate of Nero Wolfe" in a chapter titled "In Which Archie Goodwin Remembers." Townsend, Guy M. Rex Stout: An Annotated Primary and Secondary Bibliography. Associate editors John McAleer, Judson Sapp and Arriean Schemer. Definitive publication history. Van Dover, J. Kenneth, At Wolfe's Door: The Nero Wolfe Novels of Rex Stout. Bibliography and essays