Talladega Superspeedway named Alabama International Motor Speedway, is a motorsports complex located north of Talladega, Alabama. It is located on the former Anniston Air Force Base in the small city of Lincoln. A tri-oval, the track was constructed in 1969 by the International Speedway Corporation, a business controlled by the France Family; the track hosts the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, NASCAR Xfinity Series, NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series. Talladega is the longest NASCAR oval with a length of 2.66-mile-long like the Daytona International Speedway, 2.5-mile-long. The peak capacity of Talladega is at around 175,000 spectators, with the main grandstand capacity being at about 80,000. During the 1960s, William "Bill" France, Sr. wanted to build a track faster and longer than Daytona International Speedway. After failed attempts to reason with local government in Orange County, North Carolina with the Occoneechee Speedway, he attempted to find a new spot for a race track and make his idea a reality.
After failing to secure a location near the research triangle around Raleigh, France looked around between Atlanta and Birmingham along Interstate 20. He would end up breaking ground on an old airfield on May 23, 1968; the track opened on September 1969 at a cost of $4 million. The track was named the "Alabama International Motor Speedway"; the name would remain for twenty years until 1989 when the facility's name was changed to "Talladega Superspeedway". In the first race at the track, all the original drivers abandoned the track due to tire problems, which allowed France to hire substitute drivers with the winner being Richard Brickhouse. After the first race, Talladega hosted two Cup Series races a year, one of which would become part of the 10-race NASCAR Cup Series playoff format. Since its opening year, Talladega has been repaved four times. Talladega has had many first-time winners, such as Richard Brickhouse, Ron Bouchard, Bobby Hillin, Davey Allison, Brian Vickers, Brad Keselowski, and, in 2017, Ricky Stenhouse Jr.
A 4-mile infield road course was in operation from the track's founding until 1983. In the 1970s, six IMSA GT Championship races were held at the speedway, including a 6-hour race in 1978; the International Motorsports Hall of Fame museum was opened in 1983. In May 2006, Talladega started to re-surface the apron. Construction started on May 1 and lasted until September 18; the first race on the resurfaced race track was a NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series race on October 7. In December 2013, the ISC announced removal of the 18,000-seat Allison Grandstand on the backstretch, reducing the track's seating capacity to 80,000; the 4,000-ft backstraightaway was renamed the "Alabama Gang Superstretch" in time for the 2014 Aaron's 499 held in the spring. Speeds in excess of 200 mph are commonplace at Talladega. Talladega has the record for the fastest recorded time by a NASCAR vehicle on a closed oval course, with the record of 216.309 mph set by Rusty Wallace on June 9, 2004. Wallace circled the 2.66-mile trioval in 44.270 seconds, which surpassed the previous record held by Bill Elliott set in 1987, but did not replace the record because it was a radio test and not a NASCAR sanctioned event.
Buddy Baker was the first driver to run at a speed over 200 mph, with a 200.447 mph lap during "testing" on March 24, 1970. Bill France himself invited Chrysler to come on down to run a 200 lap for publicity for the April race; the car was NASCAR inspected and certified. NASCAR sanctioned the event and Bill Gazaway was there with the official timing equipment. Baker's 200 mph lap was set, it is undergoing restoration in Detroit, after being found in the late 1990s in Iowa. Benny Parsons was the first driver to qualify at over 200 mph, doing so in 1982 with a speed of 200.176 mph. In May 1987, Bobby Allison, after contacting debris from a blown engine, cut his right-rear tire while going through the tri-oval portion of the track; the car was vaulted airborne. His car did not enter the spectator area. NASCAR imposed rule changes to slow the cars after the incident, with a 1988 rule requiring cars running there and at Daytona to again use restrictor plates; the most cited reason is a fear that the increasing speeds were exceeding the capabilities of the tires available at the time, as high-speed tire failure had led to some terrific crashes at lower speeds.
The plates limit the amount of air and fuel entering the intake manifolds of the engine reducing the power of the cars and hence their speed. This has led to an competitive style of racing at Talladega and Daytona. Allison's crash was similar to Carl Edwards's airborne crash at the 2009 Aaron's 499; the reduced power affects not only the maximum speed reached by the cars but the time it takes them to achieve their full speed as well, which can be nearly one full circuit of the track. The racing seen at Talladega is tight. Breaking away from the pack is difficult as well; such close quarters, makes it difficult for a driver to avoid an incident as it is unfolding in front of them, the slightest mistake can lead to a multi-car accident – dubbed "the Big One" by fans and drivers. It is possible, to see 20 or more cars collected in the crashes. Cars go airborne and barrel-roll o
National Hot Rod Association
The National Hot Rod Association is a drag racing governing body, which sets rules in drag racing and hosts events all over the United States and Canada. With over 40,000 drivers in its rosters, the NHRA claims to be the largest motorsports sanctioning body in the world; the association was founded by Wally Parks in 1951 in California to provide a governing body to organize and promote the sport of drag racing. NHRA's first Nationals was held in Great Bend, Kansas; the NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series, the national event series which comprises 24 races each year, is the premier series in drag racing that brings together the best drag racers from across North America and the world. The NHRA U. S. Nationals are now held at Lucas Oil Raceway in Clermont and are called the U. S. Nationals. Winners of national events are awarded a trophy statue in honor of founder Wally Parks; the trophy is referred to by its nickname, a “Wally”. The NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series is the top division of the NHRA.
It consists of four professional classes: Top Fuel Dragster Top Fuel Funny Car Pro Stock Pro Stock Motorcycle List of NHRA champions There are more than a dozen Sportsman Classes. The classes contested at NHRA Divisional races include Snowmobile, Motorcycle Classes, Super Street, Super Gas, Stock Eliminator, Super Stock, Competition Eliminator, Super Comp, Top Sportsman, Top Dragster, Top Alcohol Funny Car, Top Alcohol Dragster. All classes except Snowmobile and some Sportsman motorcycle classes are contested at NHRA national events. NHRA promotes the Professional classes at national Events, the majority of its participants are Sportsman Racers. Sportsman-class racers must be dues-paying members of NHRA before they are allowed to enter and participate in any NHRA event. Included in these sportsman events are the Lucas Oil Drag Racing Series, the Summit Racing Equipment Racing Series and the NHRA Jr. Drag Racing League; the NHRA Sportsman Drag Racing Series consisted of seven divisions: Northeast, North Central, South Central, West Central and Pacific.
Starting in 2012, the Top Alcohol Dragster and Top Alcohol Funny Car classes competed in four regions: East, North Central and West. Sportsman racers with multiple championships Sportsman racers who have won multiple world championships, with the date of their most recent championship. Top Alcohol Dragster 5: Rick Santos, Bill Reichert 4: Blaine Johnson, Joey Severance 3: Bill Walsh 2: Jim Whiteley Alcohol Funny Car 16: Frank Manzo 4: Pat Austin 2: Randy Anderson, Bob Newberry, Jonnie Lindberg Competition Eliminator 3: Bill Maropulos, David Rampy 2: Coleman Roddy, Andy Manna, Jr, Dean Carter, Bruno Massel Super Stock 5: Peter Biondo 4: Jimmy DeFrank 3: Greg Stanfield, Justin Lamb 2: Keith Lynch, Jim Boburka, Jeff Taylor, Dan Fletcher Stock 4: Kevin Helms 2: Jim Hughes, Al Corda, Lee Zane, Edmond Richardson, Brad Burton The NHRA mandates numerous safety devices and procedures in all competition events; the five point safety harness is required for all vehicles. It holds the driver secure in the seat, is equipped with a quick release latch which can be released in less than a second should the driver need to leave the car due to fire or explosions.
Fire suits are required for all drivers in the alcohol and nitromethane fuel classes and the faster gasoline classes. These suits are full body coveralls and made with seven layers of Nomex fabric, which makes them resistant to fire; the required suit includes Nomex gloves, foot socks, head sock. Another NASCAR transplant, brought into use after the death of Fireball Roberts, was the fuel cell; this bladder is placed into the fuel tanks of non-nitromethane fueled vehicles to prevent fuel leaks, explosions. Third is the use of the HANS device; this device limits the movement of the neck in the event of an impact. Fourth is the titanium shield that must be placed behind the head of all Dragsters and Funny Cars down to the Alcohol ranks; this is to prevent any debris from entering the cockpit and becoming a missile hazard to the driver after the death of Top Fuel racer Darrell Russell. Fifth is the on-board fire extinguishing system; these systems are directed onto the engine itself and are activated when the engine catches fire, reducing the chance for the car to catch fire and endanger the driver.
The driver has a manual activation control available. This has been in place on all cars since 1983, when an engine explosion and fire came close to killing then-Funny Car driver Mike Dunn. All enclosed body cars must have a five-inch circular opening which will accept the nozzle of a fire extinguisher triggered by safety personnel. All vehicles must have a marked fuel pump cut-off switch on a rear panel, accessible to safety crews. Sixth is the roof escape hatch, in place on all Funny Cars since the founding of the division in the early 1970s; this device allows Funny Car drivers a safe means of exit during an engine fire rather than falling out of the car between the frame and fiberglass body, running the risk of being run over by the rear tires. Seventh are the long bars at the rear end of all cars known as "wheelie bars"; these long struts prevent the car from flipping over during the launch phase. To prevent debris, fuel, or coolant from falling on the racing surface, "diapers" under the engine are used to retain liquids
Drag racing is a type of motor racing in which automobiles or motorcycles compete two at a time, to be first to cross a set finish line. The race follows a short, straight course from a standing start over a measured distance, most 1⁄4 mi, with a shorter becoming popular, as it has become the standard for Top Fuel dragsters and funny cars, where some major bracket races and other sanctioning bodies have adopted it as the standard, while the 1⁄8 mi is popular in some circles. Electronic timing and speed sensing systems have been used to record race results since the 1960s; the history of automobiles and motorcycles being used for drag racing is nearly as long as the history of motorized vehicles themselves, has taken the form of both illegal street racing, as an organized and regulated motorsport. This article covers the legal sport. Push starts to get engines running were necessary until the National Hot Rod Association mandated self-starters in 1976. After burnouts, cars would be pushed back by crews.
Don Garlits was the first to do burnouts across the starting line, now standard practise. Each driver backs up to and stages at the starting line. Before each race, each driver is allowed to perform a burnout, which heats the driving tires and lays rubber down at the beginning of the track, improving traction; the cars run through a "water box". Modern races are started electronically by a system known as a Christmas tree, which consists of a column of lights for each driver/lane, two light beam sensors per lane on the track at the starting line. Current NHRA trees, for example, feature one blue light three amber, one green, one red; when the first light beam is broken by a vehicle's front tire, the vehicle is "pre-staged", the pre-stage indicator on the tree is lit. When the second light beam is broken, the vehicle is "staged", the stage indicator on the tree is lit. Vehicles may leave the pre-stage beam, but must remain in the stage beam until the race starts. Once one competitor is staged, their opponent has a set amount of time to stage or they will be disqualified, indicated by a red light on the tree.
Otherwise, once both drivers are staged, the system chooses a short delay at random starts the race. The light sequence at this point varies slightly. For example, in NHRA Professional classes, three amber lights on the tree flash followed 0.4 seconds by a green light. In NHRA Sportsman classes, the amber lights illuminate in sequence from top to bottom, 0.5 seconds apart, followed 0.5 seconds by the green light. If a vehicle leaves the starting line before the green light illuminates, the red light for that lane illuminates instead, the driver is disqualified. In a handicap start, the green light automatically lights up for the first driver, the red light is only lit in the proper lane after both cars have launched if one driver leaves early, or if both drivers left early, the driver whose reaction time is worse, as a red light infraction is only assessed to the driver with the worse infraction, if both drivers leave early. If both drivers leave early, the green light is automatically lit for the driver that left last, they still may win the pass.
Several measurements are taken for each race: reaction time, elapsed time, speed. Reaction time is the period from the green light illuminating to the vehicle leaving the starting line. Elapsed time is the period from the vehicle leaving the starting line to crossing the finish line. Speed is measured through a speed trap covering the final 66 feet to the finish line, indicating average speed of the vehicle in that distance. Except where a breakout rule is in place, the winner is the first vehicle to cross the finish line, therefore the driver with the lowest combined reaction time and elapsed time; because these times are measured separately, a driver with a slower elapsed time can win if that driver's advantage in reaction time exceeds the elapsed time difference. In heads-up racing, this is known. In categories where a breakout rule is in effect, if a competitor is faster than his or her predetermined time, that competitor loses. If both competitors are faster than their predetermined times, the competitor who breaks out by less time wins.
Regardless, a red light foul is worse than a breakout, except in Junior Dragster where exceeding the absolute limit is a cause for disqualification. Most race events use a traditional bracket system, where the losing car and driver are eliminated from the event while the winner advances to the next round, until a champion is crowned. Events can range from 16 to over 100 car brackets. D
Auto racing is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition. Auto racing has existed since the invention of the automobile. Races of various sorts were organised, with the first recorded as early as 1867. Many of the earliest events were reliability trials, aimed at proving these new machines were a practical mode of transport, but soon became an important way for competing makers to demonstrate their machines. By the 1930s, specialist racing cars had developed. There are now each with different rules and regulations; the first prearranged match race of two self-powered road vehicles over a prescribed route occurred at 4:30 A. M. on August 30, 1867, between Ashton-under-Lyne and Old Trafford, a distance of eight miles. It was won by the carriage of Isaac Watt Boulton. Internal combustion auto racing events began soon after the construction of the first successful gasoline-fueled automobiles; the first organized contest was on April 28, 1887, by the chief editor of Paris publication Le Vélocipède, Monsieur Fossier.
It ran 2 kilometres from Neuilly Bridge to the Bois de Boulogne. On July 22, 1894, the Parisian magazine Le Petit Journal organized what is considered to be the world's first motoring competition, from Paris to Rouen. One hundred and two competitors paid a 10-franc entrance fee; the first American automobile race is held to be the Thanksgiving Day Chicago Times-Herald race of November 28, 1895. Press coverage of the event first aroused significant American interest in the automobile. With auto construction and racing dominated by France, the French automobile club ACF staged a number of major international races from or to Paris, connecting with another major city, in France or elsewhere in Europe. Brooklands, in Surrey, was the first purpose-built motor racing venue, opening in June 1907, it featured a 4.43 km concrete track with high-speed banked corners. One of the oldest existing purpose-built automobile racing circuits in the United States, still in use, is the 2.5-mile-long Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana.
It is the largest capacity sports venue of any variety worldwide, with a top capacity of some 257,000+ seated spectators. NASCAR was founded by Bill France, Sr. on February 21, 1948, with the help of several other drivers of the time. The first NASCAR "Strictly Stock" race was held on June 19, 1949, at Daytona Beach, Florida. From 1962, sports cars temporarily took a back seat to GT cars, with the FIA replacing the World Championship for Sports Cars with the International Championship for GT Manufacturers. From 1972 through 2003, NASCAR's premier series was called the Winston Cup Series, sponsored by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company cigarette brand Winston; the changes that resulted from RJR's involvement, as well as the reduction of the schedule from 48 to 31 races a year, established 1972 as the beginning of NASCAR's "modern era". The IMSA GT Series evolved into the American Le Mans Series, which ran its first season in 1999; the European races became the related Le Mans Series, both of which mix prototypes and GTs.
Turismo Carretera is a popular touring car racing series in Argentina, the oldest car racing series still active in the world. The first TC competition took place in 1937 with 12 races, each in a different province. Future Formula One star Juan Manuel Fangio won the 1940 and 1941 editions of the TC, it was during this time that the series' Chevrolet-Ford rivalry began, with Ford acquiring most of its historical victories. The two most popular varieties of open wheel road racing are the IndyCar Series. Formula One is a European-based series that runs only street race tracks; these cars are based around technology and their aerodynamics. With the highest speed record set in 2005 by Juan Pablo Montoya hitting 373 kph; some of the most prominent races are the Monaco Grand Prix, the Italian Grand Prix, the British Grand Prix. The season ends with the crowning of the World Championship for constructors. In single-seater, the wheels are not covered, the cars have aerofoil wings front and rear to produce downforce and enhance adhesion to the track.
In Europe and Asia, open-wheeled racing is referred to as'Formula', with appropriate hierarchical suffixes. In North America, the'Formula' terminology is not followed; the sport is arranged to follow an international format, a regional format, and/or a domestic, or country-specific, format. In the United States, the most popular series is the National Championship, more known as the IndyCar Series and known as CART; the cars have traditionally been similar though less technologically sophisticated than F1 cars, with more restrictions on technology aimed at controlling costs. While these cars are not as technologically advanced, they are faster because they compete on oval race tracks, being able to average a lap at 388 kph; the series' biggest race is the Indianapolis 500, referred to as "The Greatest Spectacle in Racing" due to being the longest continuously run race and having the largest crowd for a single-day sporting event. The other major international single-seater racing series is Formula 2.
Regional series include Formula Nippon and Formula V6 Asia, Formula Renault 3.5, Formula Three, For
James Ernest Bryan was an American racecar driver who won the 1958 Indianapolis 500. Born in Phoenix, Bryan died as a result of injuries sustained in a champ car race at Langhorne Speedway, he drove in the AAA and USAC Championship Car series, racing in the 1952–1960 seasons with 72 starts, including each year's Indianapolis 500 race. He finished with 23 victories. Bryan won the the 1954 AAA and 1956 and 1957 USAC National Championship. During his 1957 championship season, Bryan won the inaugural running of the Race of Two Worlds at Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Italy, he died after a crash in a Champ car race at Langhorne Speedway in 1960, on the same day that two drivers were killed in the Belgian Grand Prix, making the day one of the most tragic in racing history. For many years one of the two championship races at the Phoenix International Raceway was a memorial race dedicated to Bryan, he was memorialized in a song by Harry Weger titled "The Ballad of Jimmy Bryan". Bryan is buried in Phoenix's Greenwood/Memory Lawn Cemetery.
He was inducted in the National Sprint Car Hall of Fame in 1994. He was inducted in the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1999, he was inducted in the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2001. Race of Two Worlds 1958 Indianapolis 500 Grand Prix History, Jimmy Bryan AAA and USAC Championship Car Statistics - Jimmy Bryan
Elzie Wylie "Buddy" Baker Jr. was an American NASCAR driver and sports commentator. He won the 1980 Daytona 500. Elzie Wylie Baker Jr. was born in Florence, South Carolina, the son of two-time winner of the NASCAR Championship and a Hall of Fame member Buck Baker and brother of fellow racer Randy Baker. Baker began his NASCAR career in 1959. In 1970, he became the first driver to exceed 200 mph on a closed course; this World Record feat was accomplished in the Chrysler Engineering blue No. 88 Charger Daytona, being restored in Detroit. During his career, Baker won nineteen races including the 1980 Daytona 500, NASCAR's most prestigious race, his victory remains the fastest Daytona 500 run, with an average speed of 177.602 mph. Baker is one of nine drivers to have won a Career Grand Slam, by winning the sport's four majors – the Daytona 500, Aaron's 499, Coca-Cola 600, the Southern 500.. He is the only one of the eight to not win the championship, he raced part-time, competing in every race in only three seasons.
He owned a car with Danny Schiff from 1985 to 1989, was instrumental in the career of Jimmy Spencer. He competed in two International Race of Champions series, his final race in NASCAR was in 1992. Baker helped run the Buck Baker Racing School with his brother for a number of years. Baker was the first driver to exceed the 200 mph mark on March 1970 on a closed course test run, his speed was clocked at 200.447 miles per hour. It was found out that the Isaac car had two four barrel carbs on it, therefore that run was not done in a legal car. From 1991 until 2000, he became a television commentator on The Nashville Network and races produced by their World Sports Enterprises division, including CBS races and TBS races. After the 2000 season Baker could still be heard on TNN, calling the American Speed Association races in 2001 and 2002 with Bob Dillner. During 2007, Baker could be heard as the part-time co-host of The Driver's Seat with John Kernan on Sirius Satellite Radio. From 2011 until 2015, he co-hosted Late Shift with Brad Gillie, Tradin' Paint with Jim Noble on SiriusXM.
Baker resigned effective on July 7, 2015 due to inoperable lung cancer, stating "Do not shed a tear. Give a smile when you say my name", he died on August 2015 at his home in Catawba County, North Carolina. During the August 2015 race weekend at Michigan International Speedway, all three NASCAR series honored Baker by placing stickers on their cars side to remember the legacy that Baker had left behind. In 1997, Baker joined his father as an inductee into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in Talladega, Alabama, he had been inducted into the Charlotte Motor Speedway Court of Legends in 1995, into the National Motorsports Press Association Hall of Fame in 1997. He was named one of NASCAR's 50 Greatest Drivers in 1998. Official website Buddy Baker on IMDb The Inside Groove.com – Historical Nascar Image Gallery Driver stats at racing-reference.info Actual footage of Buddy Baker setting the 200 mph world record in the No. 88 Chrysler Engineering Charger Daytona Profile, aerowarriors.com