The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons and migrant workers. In September 2016, IOM became a related organization of the United Nations, it was established in 1951 as the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration to help resettle people displaced by World War II. As of March 2019, the International Organization for Migration has 173 member states and eight observer states. IOM is the principal intergovernmental organization working in the field of migration. IOM's stated mission is to promote humane and orderly migration by providing services and advice to governments and migrants. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, be they refugees, displaced persons or other uprooted people.
The IOM Constitution gives explicit recognition to the link between migration and economic and cultural development. IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, addressing forced migration. Cross-cutting activities include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration. In addition, IOM has organized elections for refugees out of their home country, as was the case in the 2004 Afghan elections and the 2005 Iraqi elections. IOM was born in 1951 out of the chaos and displacement of Western Europe following the Second World War, it was first known as the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe. Mandated to help European governments to identify resettlement countries for the estimated 11 million people uprooted by the war, IOM arranged transport for nearly a million migrants during the 1950s.
The Constitution of the International Organization for Migration was concluded on 19 October 1953 in Venice as the Constitution of the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration. The Constitution entered into force on 30 November 1954 and the organization was formally established; the organization underwent a succession of name changes from PICMME to the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration in 1952, to the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration in 1988, to its current name, the International Organization for Migration in 1989. While IOM's history tracks the man-made and natural disasters of the past half century—Hungary 1956, Czechoslovakia 1968, Chile 1973, the Vietnamese Boat People 1975, Kuwait 1990, Kosovo and Timor 1999, the Asian tsunami, the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Pakistan earthquake of 2004/2005, the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the ongoing European migrant crisis—its credo that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society has gained international acceptance.
From its roots as an operational logistics agency, IOM has broadened its scope to become the leading international agency working with governments and civil societies to advance the understanding of migration issues, encourage social and economic development through migration, uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants. The broader scope of activities has been matched by rapid expansion from a small agency into one with an annual operating budget of $1.8 billion and some 11,500 staff working in over 150 countries worldwide. As the "UN migration agency", IOM has become a main point of reference in the heated global debate on the social and political implications of migration in the 21st century. IOM supported the creation of the Global Compact for Migration, the first-ever intergovernmental agreement on international migration, adopted in Marrakech, Morocco in December 2018. To support the implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact on Migration, The UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, established the UN Network on Migration.
The secretariat of the UN Network on Migration is housed at IOM and the Director General of IOM, Antonio Vitorino, serves as the Network Coordinator. The organisation of deportations to insecure countries such as Afghanistan and Iraq is criticised. For example, the Human Rights Watch, criticises IOM's participation in Australia's "Pacific Solution". On the Pacific island of Nauru, IOM operated the Nauru Detention Centre on behalf of the Australian government from 2002 to 2006, where Afghan boat refugees intercepted by the Australian military were imprisoned, including many families with children. Therefore, Amnesty International requests IOM to give assurances that it will abide by international human rights and refugee law standards; the Human Rights Watch states their concerns that IOM has no formal mandate to monitor human rights abuses or to protect the rights of migrants though millions of people worldwide participate in IOM-sponsored programs. As of March 2019, the International Organization for Migration has 173 member states and 8 observer states.
Member states: Observer States: IOM X is a Communication for Development campaign operated by the International Organization for Migration in Bangkok, Thailand. The campaign's stated purpose is: "to encourage safe migration and public action to prevent human trafficking and exploitation in the Asia Pacific
The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Quincy, Illinois. For a similar list organized alphabetically by last name, see the category page People from Quincy, Illinois. Harriet Bates and novelist Ernest Hemmings, founder of the popular Hemmings Motor News magazine Rick Hummel, Hall of Fame baseball writer Thomas A. Oakley, CEO and chairman of Quincy Newspapers Arthur Pitney, inventor of the postage meter Jean Rabe, author James B. Stewart, author John Wingate, broadcaster and communications consultant Thomas Scott Baldwin, US Army major during World War I. Louis Charles E. Lippincott, California State Senator and Illinois Auditor Benjamin M. Mitchell, state representative, born in Quincy Charles E. Morris, state assemblyman for Wisconsin Isaac N. Morris, state representative Brian Munzlinger, state representative for Missouri Mark A. Penick, Illinois state senators William Alexander Richardson, U. S. Senator Lillian E. Schlagenhauf, Illinois state senator and lawyer Onias C.
Skinner, Illinois jurist and legislator William Rudolph Smith, attorney general of Wisconsin Art Tenhouse, Illinois state legislator William D. Turner, state assemblyman for Wisconsin John Wood, city founder and the 12th governor of Illinois Edgar Johnson Goodspeed and scholar Etta Semple, atheist activist Father Augustus Tolton, first African-American priest
Karen Thorndike, born in Snohomish, Washington in 1942, holds the Guinness record as the first American woman to sail solo around the world without assistance. Her voyage was 33,000 miles, which she started at age 53 completed in 1998 in a 36-foot yacht named Amelia after Amelia Earhart; the trip was not done continuously. Her interest in sailing began in the early 1980s. Thorndike took some sailing lessons, began racing and was soon delivering boats from Hawaii to Seattle. During one of those trips, her dream of circumnavigating began to take shape. However, when she confided in a crew member and friend about her plans, he told her, “That’s impossible. You have no idea what you’d be getting yourself into.” After that, Thorndike kept her plans to herself. During her around-the-world trip she sailed around the five great capes; this is. Tania Aebi had been recognized as the first American woman to sail around the world alone in 1987, but the recognition was unofficial. Guinness did not recognize her trip for two reasons: first, she went through the Panama Canal, which required assistance.
Second, she sailed with a friend for eighty miles while in the South Pacific. Due to Karen's achievement she was interviewed for the book The Heart of Success: Conversations with Notable Achievers by Dan G. Tripps. In 1999 she was awarded the Cruising Club of America's Blue Water Medal, she received a Guinness World Records certificate acknowledging her accomplishment. Thorndike is still alive and resides in Washington State