International Printing Museum

The International Printing Museum, has one of the largest collections of antique printing presses in the United States. It offers educational programs for school groups at the museum, has a Ben-Franklin-type printing press on a trailer that travels to schools and public events for living history programs. Located in the Los Angeles suburbs, the museum consults for Hollywood and has provided rentals of vintage printing presses for numerous television and movie productions. David Jacobson of Gutenberg Expositions and collector Ernest A. Lindner started the museum in 1988 to house the Lindner collection of antique printing machinery; the collection has grown with significant donations and acquisitions under the leadership of the museum's board of trustees and its founding curator and executive director, Mark Barbour. The museum's collection includes a replica Gutenberg press. Gutenberg's invention of movable type was rated by Time magazine as one of the most important developments of the millennium.

Prior to his invention, ordinary people could not afford to own a book. With the efficiencies created by Gutenberg, printing costs dropped and book ownership became common in Europe. People could now buy their own Bible, interpret it themselves, rather than have to rely on their priest or minister; this led to people thinking for themselves as well, which led to the Protestant Reformation, the Enlightenment, democracy. The museum has the third oldest printing press made in America, referred to 200 years ago as a "common press,", what Ben Franklin used in his business as a printer. Franklin honed his skills with language as a printer's apprentice, he made his living as an adult as a printer, publishing the Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richard's Almanac, was quite proud of his occupation. When being introduced to royalty in Europe, he wouldn't refer to all his scientific or political accomplishments - he would say, "I am Benjamin Franklin, a printer."The collection includes printing presses from the age of Mark Twain, who had little formal education but gained knowledge as a printer's apprentice for the Hannibal Journal.

He was an editor/reporter for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise and other publications. Numerous Linotype machines, other presses and related newspaper machinery are housed in the museum; the Museum is a "working museum," in which much of the equipment — as much as is practical — is kept in working order, is used, both for its own official printed materials and for personal projects by staff and docents, in full view of any visitors who happen to be present. Interested students can take classes in the safe operation of various letterpress equipment, again, in full view of any visitors who might be present; this helps to fulfill the Museum's ongoing mission, Lindner's vision, of being a place where visitors can not only see vintage printing equipment, but see how it is used. The museum hosts the annual Los Angeles Printers Fair every first Saturday of October as well as numerous school programs and special events, including the following: The Inventive Ben Franklin Franklin's Colonial Assembly Constitutional Convention Tour The Dickens Holiday Celebration Franklin Gallery Tour Book Arts Tour Book Arts and Printing Classes Scout Merit Badge Program L.

A. Printers FairThe museum has a trailer which houses a Ben-Franklin-type press, used to take the museum's living history programs to schools and public events. Official Web site L. A. Printers Fair

Outline of computer engineering

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer engineering: Computer engineering – discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer hardware and software. Computer engineers have training in electronic engineering, software design, hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microcontrollers, personal computers, supercomputers, to circuit design; this field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but how they integrate into the larger picture. Computer Computer architecture Computer hardware Computer software Computer science Engineering Electrical engineering Software engineering Time line of computing 2400 BC - 1949 - 1950-79 - 1980-89 - 1990-99 - 2000-09 History of computing hardware up to third generation History of computing hardware from 1960s to current History of computer hardware in Soviet Bloc countries History of personal computers History of laptops History of software engineering History of compiler writing History of the Internet History of the World Wide Web History of video games History of the graphical user interface Timeline of computing Timeline of operating systems Timeline of programming languages Timeline of artificial intelligence Timeline of cryptography Timeline of algorithms Timeline of quantum computing Timeline of DOS operating systems Classic Mac OS History of macOS History of Microsoft Windows Timeline of Apple II family Timeline of Apple products Timeline of file sharing Timeline of OpenBSD Computer performance by orders of magnitude Electrical network Very-large-scale integration Assembly language Computer networking Computer Science Hardware description language Software Engineering Computer architecture Microarchitecture Multiprocessing List of basic information technology topics Computer Engineering at The Princeton Review Computer Engineering Conference Calendar

Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor

The Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor is a federal National Heritage Area in the United States, representing the significant story of the Gullah-Geechee people for maintaining their cultural traditions, for being a reflection of the values of ingenuity and perseverance. The intent of the designation is to help us to preserve and interpret the traditional cultural practices and resources associated with Gullah-Geechee people. Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, the federal Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor Commission established to oversee it, were designated by an act of Congress on October 12, 2006 through the National Heritage Areas Act of 2006; the Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor was the result of more than 15 years of research of a Gullah-Geechee descendant Derek Hankerson, Kristopher Smith, Diane Miller and others. They established the Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor, spanning from Williamson, N. C. to St. Johns County, in 2006 and helped raise Fort Mose in St. Augustine as both a national historical site and part of the corridor.

The Gullah-Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor extends along the coast of the southeastern United States through North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida in recognition of the Gullah-Geechee people and culture. Gullah-Geechee are direct descendants of West African slaves brought into the United States around the 1700s, they were forced to work in rice paddies, cotton fields and indigo plantations along the South Carolina-Georgia seaboard where the moist climate and fertile land were similar to their African homelands. After the abolition of slavery, Gullah-Geechee people settled in remote villages around the coastal swath, thanks to their relative isolation, they formed strong communal ties and a unique culture that has endured for centuries; the corridor is administered as a National Heritage Area in partnership between the National Park Service and local governments and cultural and tourism authorities. The corridor is focused on 79 Atlantic barrier islands within the designated area and their African-American inhabitants, adjoining areas within 30 miles of the coastline.

The corridor includes Charles Pinckney National Historic Site. Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor National Park Service Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor Management Plan National Park Service