In digital computers, an interrupt is an input signal to the processor indicating an event that needs immediate attention. An interrupt signal alerts the processor and serves as a request for the processor to interrupt the executing code, so that the event can be processed in a timely manner. If the request is accepted, the processor responds by suspending its current activities, saving its state, executing a function called an interrupt handler to deal with the event; this interruption is temporary, unless the interrupt indicates a fatal error, the processor resumes normal activities after the interrupt handler finishes. Interrupts are used by hardware devices to indicate electronic or physical state changes that require attention. Interrupts are commonly used to implement computer multitasking in real-time computing. Systems that use interrupts in these ways are said to be interrupt-driven. Interrupt signals may be issued in response to software events; these are classified as hardware interrupts or software interrupts, respectively.
For any particular processor, the number of hardware interrupts is limited by the number of interrupt request signals to the processor, whereas the number of software interrupts is determined by the processor's instruction set design. A hardware interrupt request is an electronic signal issued by a hardware device, external to the processor, to communicate that the device needs attention from the operating system or, if there is no OS, from the "bare-metal" program running on the CPU; such external devices may be part of the computer or they may be external peripherals. For example, pressing a keyboard key or moving the mouse triggers hardware interrupts that cause the processor to read the keystroke or mouse position. Unlike software interrupts, hardware interrupts can arrive asynchronously with respect to the processor clock, at any time during instruction execution. All hardware interrupt signals are conditioned by synchronizing them to the processor clock, acted upon only at instruction execution boundaries.
In many systems, each device is associated with a particular IRQ signal. This makes it possible to determine which hardware device is requesting service, to expedite servicing of that device. Processors have an internal interrupt mask register which allows selective enabling and disabling of hardware interrupts; each interrupt signal is associated with a bit in the mask register. When the interrupt is disabled, the associated interrupt signal will be ignored by the processor. Signals which are affected by the mask are called maskable interrupts; some interrupt signals therefore can not be disabled. NMIs indicate high priority events which cannot be ignored under any circumstances, such as the timeout signal from a watchdog timer. To mask an interrupt is to disable it, while to unmask an interrupt is to enable it. A spurious interrupt is an short-duration signal on an interrupt input; these are caused by glitches resulting from electrical interference, race conditions, or malfunctioning devices. A software interrupt is requested by the processor itself upon executing particular instructions or when certain conditions are met.
Every software interrupt signal is associated with a particular interrupt handler. A software interrupt may be intentionally caused by executing a special instruction which, by design, invokes an interrupt when executed; such instructions function to subroutine calls and are used for a variety of purposes, such as requesting operating system services and interacting with device drivers. Software interrupts may be unexpectedly triggered by program execution errors; these interrupts are called traps or exceptions. For example, a divide-by-zero exception will be "thrown" if the processor executes a divide instruction with divisor equal to zero; the operating system will catch and handle this exception. Each interrupt signal input is designed to be triggered by either a logic signal level or a particular signal edge. Level-sensitive inputs continuously request processor service so long as a particular logic level is applied to the input. Edge-sensitive inputs react to signal edges: a particular edge will cause a service request to be latched.
A level-triggered interrupt is requested by holding the interrupt signal at its particular active logic level. A device invokes a level-triggered interrupt by driving the signal to and holding it at the active level, it negates the signal when the processor commands it to do so after the device has been serviced. The processor samples the interrupt input signal during each instruction cycle; the processor will recognize the interrupt request. Level-triggered inputs allow multiple devices to share a common interrupt signal via wired-OR connections; the processor polls to determine. After servicing a device, the processor may again poll and, if necessary, service other devices before exiting the ISR. An edge-triggered interrupt is an interrupt signaled by a level transition on the interrupt line, either a falling edge or a rising edge. A device wishing to signal an interrupt drives a pulse onto the
Paheli is a Bollywood fantasy film released in India on 24 June 2005. It is a remake of the 1973 Hindi movie Duvidha by Mani Kaul, it was directed by Amol Palekar and produced by Juhi Chawla, Aziz Mirza, Sanjiv Chawla and Shah Rukh Khan, who plays the male lead. Paheli is based on the short story written by Vijayadan Detha in Rajasthani language and tells the story of a wife, left by her husband and visited by a ghost, disguised as her husband, in love with her and takes her husband's place. Sunil Shetty, Juhi Chawla, Rajpal Yadav and Amitabh Bachchan have supporting roles in the film; the movie opened the ninth Zimbabwe International Film Festival at the Libertie Cinema Complex in Harare. It was screened at both the Sundance Film Festival and the Palm Springs International Film Festival; the working title of the movie was Ghost Ka Dost. Paheli was India's official entry to the 2006 Oscars; the movie is narrated by two puppets, voiced by Ratna Pathak Shah. Enthusiastic young Lachchi is to be married to the son of the rich merchant Bhanwarlal.
Kishan is a dutiful son who honors his father's wish to start a new, far-away business on a predetermined auspicious date, which happens to be the day after the wedding ceremony. On the wedding night, Kishan turns away from his wife to finish his bookkeeping, in the early morning hours sets off on a business trip, to last five years. Lachchi is devastated; the next day, a ghost appears, having taken Kishan's shape and voice because of his own attachment to Lachchi. Lachchi is thus presented with a dilemma between the representation of all of her desires in the form of the ghost who has taken the form of her real husband, she takes this newfound, magical, self-confident version of Kishan as hers. As Kishan, the ghost befriends all of the real Kishan's family and keeps Bhanwarlal happy by providing him with magical illusory, gold coins, his only blunder is in his treatment of the messenger Bhoja, perplexed by the idea that Kishan has sent a letter from his business trip only to receive it himself in his own house and offended when the ghost does not offer him a drink of water.
Lachchi's bliss goes on until four years when she is pregnant and the real Kishan returns to see if the rumours about his wife's pregnancy are true. He returns to find the ghost in his own form. Kishan's family is unable to determine, they decide to visit the king. On the way to the king they meet Gadariya who helps them out, he asks the real son of Bhanwarlal to pick up hot coals, asks the real husband to gather the sheep, asks Lachchi's real paramour to enter a water-bottle. The real Kishan is everyone returns home. Lachchi is devastated over the loss of the ghost. In the end, it is revealed that the ghost has escaped the bottle and taken control of Kishan's body to live with her. By now Lachchi has given birth to a daughter, Looni Ma, by whom the ghost exposes his identity to Lachchi; the puppets end the story, remarking that this is a old folk tale. Shah Rukh Khan as Kishanlal/The Ghost as Prem Rani Mukerji as Lachchi Anupam Kher as Bhanwarlal, Kishanlal's father Aditi Govitrikar as Kamli Rajpal Yadav as Bhoja Dilip Prabhavalkar as Kanwarlal, Bhanwarlal's brother Palak Jain as a cousin of Kishanlal A.
K. Hangal as Jeevraj Naseeruddin Shah as male puppet Ratna Pathak as female puppet Amitabh Bachchan as Gadariya Juhi Chawla as Gajrobai Suniel Shetty as Sunderlal, Kishanlal's brother Paheli was shot in Rajasthan in a period of 45 days. In 2004, Amol Palekar went to Shah Rukh Khan with a request for a hearing. After listening to the script, Khan asked Palekar. According to Khan, Paheli is a woman's liberation film that deals with the issues of marriage and asks whether a woman must stay with a man only due to marriage and not out of love. One of the scenes was filmed at the Chand Baori. Paheli was nominated as India's official entry to the 79th Academy Awards. Taran Adarsh from Bollywood Hungama gave it 4/5 stars and said: "On the whole, Paheli is one of the finest films produced in recent times. A film like this proves yet again that we don't need to seek inspiration from outsiders, when Indian literature is rich enough to provide us with captivating stories." Raja Sen from Rediff.com called it "A breathtaking dream", said: "First things first, this is the best-looking Indian film in a long time, ranks up there with the finest ever.
Amol Palekar has crafted a delectable fairytale, well-shot. Ravi K Chandran's cinematography is spellbinding as he casts us into the fabulous sandscapes of Rajasthan with fluid harmony; each frame of the film is picture-perfect, marinated in intoxicating colour. Watching Paheli is quite an experience, it's from the opening shot of the film that its sheer, magical palette overwhelms us." It was featured in The ten best Indian films of 2005 list by Rediff.com, ranked third. Paheli saw 90% occupancy during its opening; the film had a total net gross of ₹187.5 million in India and an additional US$3.63 million in the overseas market. It was declared an "average success" in a "hit" abroad, it proved to be
The Countess Charming is a lost 1917 American silent comedy film directed by Donald Crisp and written by Gelett Burgess, Carolyn Wells, Gardner Hunting. The film stars Julian Eltinge, Florence Vidor, Tully Marshall, George Kuwa, Edythe Chapman, Mabel Van Buren; the film was released on September 1917, by Paramount Pictures. As described in a film magazine, upon insulting the Vandergrafts, leaders of the North Shore Club, Stanley Jordan is forced out of society. Determined to be near his sweetheart Betty, he becomes the Countess Raffelski, he takes the North Shore colony by storm. At many of the social functions valuables have been stolen and the guilty person cannot be found. Suspicion is thrown upon the countess and, to escape all, Stanley spreads the rumor that the countess is dead, he wins Betty and with the money from the stolen jewels he is able to make a large contribution to the Red Cross fund. Julian Eltinge as Stanley Jordan / Countess Raffelski Florence Vidor as Betty Lovering Tully Marshall as Dr. John Cavendish George Kuwa as Soto Edythe Chapman as Mrs. Lovering Mabel Van Buren as Mrs. Vandergraft Gustav von Seyffertitz as Jacob Vandergraft William Elmer as Detective Boyle Mrs. George Kuwa as The Maid Like many American films of the time, The Countess Charming was subject to cuts by city and state film censorship boards.
This list of Korean drinks includes drinks, traditional or modern, which are distinctive to or identified with Korea. Brands and companies are South Korean. Baekseju Beolddeokju, herbal rice wine believed to increase male stamina. According to historical documents regarding Korean cuisine 200 items of eumcheongnyu are found. Eumcheongnyu can be divided into the categories of cha, jang, galsu, sikhye, milsu or kkulmul and milk by their ingredient materials and preparation methods. Among the eumcheongnyu, hwachae and sujeonggwa are still favored and consumed. A more extensive list can be found in: Korean tea, See also: Korean tea ceremonyBoricha, made from barley Green tea, a staple of tea culture across East Asia Oksusu cha, made from boiled roasted corn kernels Sungnyung made from boiled toasted rice Yulmu cha, made from the yulmu grains Hwachae is a group of Korean traditional drinks made with fruits, flower petals, honey, or sugar. Ogamcha, a drink with alder, licorice and ginseng Sikhye, a malt drink Solhinun, a pine bud drink made by Lotte Sujeonggwa, a persimmon and cinnamon drink 2% fruit flavored water.
The 1963 Baltimore Orioles season involved the Orioles finishing fourth in the American League with a record of 86 wins and 76 losses. November 21, 1962: Jimmie Coker purchased by the Orioles from the Philadelphia Phillies. November 26, 1962: Paul Blair was drafted by the Orioles from the New York Mets in the 1962 first-year draft. November 26, 1962: Curt Motton was drafted by the Orioles from the Chicago Cubs in the 1962 minor league draft. November 26, 1962: Gus Triandos and Whitey Herzog were traded by the Orioles to the Detroit Tigers for Dick Brown. December 15, 1962: Jack Fisher, Jimmie Coker and Billy Hoeft were traded by the Orioles to the San Francisco Giants for Stu Miller, Mike McCormick, John Orsino. January 14, 1963: Hoyt Wilhelm, Ron Hansen, Dave Nicholson, Pete Ward were traded by the Orioles to the Chicago White Sox for Luis Aparicio and Al Smith. Prior to 1963 season: Ron Stone was signed as an amateur free agent by the Orioles. April 29, 1963: Curt Blefary was selected off waivers by the Orioles from the New York Yankees as a first-year waiver pick.
May 8, 1963: Hobie Landrith was purchased from the Orioles by the Washington Senators. May 15, 1963: Bobby Darwin was selected off waivers by the Orioles from the Los Angeles Angels as a first-year waiver pick. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting average. = Batting average. The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball. Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America. ISBN 978-0-9637189-8-3. 1963 Baltimore Orioles team page at Baseball Reference 1963 Baltimore Orioles season at baseball-almanac.com
Coventry North West is a constituency in the city of Coventry represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Taiwo Owatemi of the Labour Party. 1997–present: The City of Coventry wards of Bablake, Radford, Sherbourne and Woodlands 1983–1997: The City of Coventry wards of Bablake, Holbrook and Sherbourne 1974–1983: The County Borough of Coventry wards of Bablake, Holbrook and Sherbourne The area's electorate has grown in line with national trends, leading to minimal boundary changes and has elected Labour MPs at every election since its first election in February 1974. In 2019, the long-time incumbent Geoffrey Robinson retired, at the ensuing general election the Conservatives achieved a swing of more than 8% in their favour, with the Labour majority falling to three figures for the first time in the seat's history. List of Parliamentary constituencies in the West Midlands Notes References