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Interstate 29

Interstate 29 is an Interstate Highway in the Midwestern United States. I-29 runs from Kansas City, Missouri, at a junction with Interstate 35 and Interstate 70, to the Canada–US border near Pembina, North Dakota, where it connects with Manitoba Highway 75; the road follows the course of three major rivers, all of which form the borders of U. S. states. The southern portion of I-29 parallels the Missouri River from Kansas City northward to Sioux City, where it crosses and parallels the Big Sioux River. For the northern third of the highway, it follows the Red River of the North; the major cities that I-29 connects to includes Iowa. Near its southern terminus, I-29 is concurrent with I-35 and U. S. Route 71; the interstate diverts from U. S. 71 just north of St. Joseph and follows a sparsely populated corridor along the Missouri River to Council Bluffs. During the design phase there was an alternative sending the route further along U. S. 71 through the bigger towns of Maryville and Clarinda, Iowa.

During the Great Flood of 1993 the Missouri River flooded this section and traffic was rerouted to U. S. 71 through Maryville and Clarinda. I-29 was closed again for about two months during the 2011 Missouri River Flood. All of I-29 in Missouri is in an area called the Platte Purchase, not part of Missouri when it entered the Union. Interstate 29 begins in Iowa near Hamburg, it goes northwest to an interchange with Iowa Highway 2 goes north until Council Bluffs. It runs concurrent with Interstate 80 until separating from I-80 less than a mile east of Omaha, Nebraska to follow the Missouri River north, winding its way along the western and northern edges of Council Bluffs. North of Council Bluffs, I-29 runs concurrent with Interstate 680 between Exits 61 and 71. After Interstate 680 separates, I-29 continues on a northwesterly path toward Sioux City. At Sioux City, Interstate 129 spurs off of I-29 to go west toward Nebraska. After continuing toward downtown Sioux City on a northerly route, I-29 turns west and enters South Dakota.

Interstate 29 enters South Dakota at North Sioux City by crossing over the Big Sioux River. It runs northwest until its interchange with South Dakota Highway 50 near Vermillion, where it turns north; the highway alignment is due north until just before Sioux Falls. In the Sioux Falls area, I-29 serves the western part of Sioux Falls while I-229 spurs off and serves eastern Sioux Falls. In northwestern Sioux Falls, I-29 meets Interstate 90. After that, it continues north past Brookings and an intersection with US 14. At the intersection with South Dakota Highway 28, I-29 turns northwest toward Watertown. After Watertown, the highway continues north and passes an intersection with US 12 before continuing into North Dakota. Interstate 29 enters North Dakota from the south, near Hankinson. At Fargo, it meets Interstate 94/U. S. Highway continues north along the Red River toward Grand Forks. At its northern terminus, I-29 enters Canada and becomes Manitoba Provincial Trunk Highway 75, which leads to Winnipeg.

The portion from Fargo, North Dakota, to the Canada–US border was considered for designation as Interstate 31 in 1957 for present-day I-29. No freeway was planned south of Fargo. However, it was subsequently decided in 1958 to connect I-31 between Sioux Falls and Fargo; the entire freeway was built and numbered as I-29. Residents of Missouri and Louisiana began campaigning in 1965 via, the "US 71 - I-29 Association," to extend Interstate 29 all the way to New Orleans, Louisiana following the US 71 corridor; the campaign would create a limited access highway from New Orleans on to Winnipeg. That extension came to be called Interstate 49, not part of the 1957 master plan, it was named I-49 instead of I-29 because the interstate naming rules mandate that north-south roads are odd numbered and named in increasing order from west to east. North of their concurrence, I-29 is west of I-35, but south of Kansas City Interstate 35 and Interstate 45 are to the west of the proposed route, Interstate 55 is to the east.

Interstate 49 was the number chosen. When Interstate 49 is complete, the goal of the Association will have been accomplished, with only a brief gap and name change in Kansas City. In March and April 2019, as a result of the 2019 Midwestern U. S. floods, Interstate 29 was closed in both directions for 187 miles between St. Joseph and Omaha. Much of this section of I-29, including at the Missouri-Iowa border, runs over or through a large floodplain for the Missouri and Platte rivers; as such, multiple elevated sections of the highway collapsed and other sections were submerged or washed out by floodwaters. This was the largest closure of an Interstate Highway in terms of distance in the history of the Interstate Highway system. A signed detour was not designated in most areas, as the roads that would be used as detours are rural farm roads that were submerged by flooding. However, along I-80 in Iowa, traffic from I-80 in Iowa was detoured via I-35 from Des Moines to Kansas City. U. S. Route 75, paralleling I-29 on the other side of the Missouri River, was closed in large sections due to flooding.

By May 2019, the vast majority of Interstate 29 had been repaired and reopened, with the exception of 10 miles around Omaha where the highway runs concurrent with Interstate 680. However, throughout the remainder of the spring and summer, early fall, more rainfall and flooding resulted in sections of Interstate 29 being closed again, including on the repaired sections. At a few time

John Fraser (Ontario MP)

John Fraser was a Canadian politician. Born in Glen Urquhart, Inverness-shire, Fraser came to Canada in 1852, he was mayor of Petrolia, Ontario from 1885 to 1889. He was elected to the House of Commons of Canada for the electoral district of Lambton East in the 1896 federal election. A Liberal, he was defeated in 1900. In 1902, he was appointed Postmaster of Petrolia. John Fraser – Parliament of Canada biography Short sketches with photographs of the wardens, parliamentary representatives, judicial officers and county officials of the county of Lambton...: from 1852 to 1917

Francis Palms

Francis Palms was the largest landholder in Michigan during the mid-1850s. He was given the nickname "Croesus" because of his wealth, he was born in Antwerp, Belgium December 13, 1809 and relocated to Detroit with his parents and siblings in 1833. His father Ange was a quartermaster in Napoleon's army who emigrated to the New World upon Napoleon's defeat. After moving to Detroit, Ange relocated to New Orleans with 3 sons and a daughter where he founded a manufacturing firm. Francis stayed in Detroit with sister Mary Frances. In 1836, Francis Palms married his first wife Margaret Burnett, who died shortly after the birth of their son, Francis Frederick II, he married his second wife, Catherine Campau, daughter of Joseph, a large landowner in early Detroit. With her he had a daughter. After working for Campau, Francis worked as a clerk and tried manufacturing linseed oil. Selling this business, he became a partner in the wholesale grocery firm of Franklin Co.. Palms made considerable capital as a grocer and purchased 40,000 acres Macomb and St. Clair Counties during the panic years of 1836-1837.

Palms Road in St. Clair County was named for him, he had interest in a stave mill at the end of Palms Road on Anchor Bay. Palms sold his land in lower Michigan in small parcels for a profit estimated to be between $300,000 and $400,000 and with the proceeds purchased pine and other forest lands in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Wisconsin, he invested in the white pine areas near the Jump River in Wisconsin along with other successful businessmen including Ezra Cornell, Frederick Weyerhauser and Henry Sage, in 1875, the men paid between $10 an acre up to $23.59. He received land from a Pottawatomie chief, Chief Lerner, continued to purchase more Indian Reserve lands as they became available. With these additions to his holdings, he became the largest landholder in Michigan while in his late 20s; when he would sell land, he would keep the mineral rights. The discovery of copper and coal increased his wealth and his net worth increased by $800,000; some of the lands were subdivided and became established towns such as Seney and Newberry, Michigan while others did not prosper and became ghost towns.

In the 1880s Palms began building business blocks in Detroit. He was the president and largest stock holder in the Peoples Savings Bank as well as the Michigan Marine and Fire Insurance Company, he was the president of the Michigan Stove part owner of the Galvin Brass & Iron Co.. Union Iron Co. and the Vulcan Furnace & Peninsular Land Co. He was the vice president and a director of the Detroit and Marquette Railroad and he built the Palms Apartments & Palms House on E. Jefferson, he was an early supporter of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Palms lived in. Between 1875 and 1885, his health declined when he suffered a paralytic heart disease. At the same time, he was struggling with his businesses as timber became scarce and taxes and the immigrant population increased, so he invited his son to the business in 1880, he died November 4, 1886, was laid to rest in the Palms Mausoleum built by George D. Mason in the Mt. Elliott Cemetery in Detroit, leaving an estate of $7 million. After his death, his will was estimated at about 10,000,000, the largest estate in Michigan at the time.

His children Francis Frederick and Clotilde fought about the Palms estate, so that they were estranged for twenty years before coming to an agreement. Palms's legacy not only continued with his son but his grandsons, the Book Brothers and Charles L. Palms, co-founder of the Wayne Automobile Co. and part owner of the E-M-F Motor Co

Delbert Cowsette

Delbert Ray Cowsette is a former American football defensive tackle in the National Football League. He was drafted in the seventh round of the 2000 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland, College Park by the Washington Redskins, he briefly spent time with the Chicago Bears, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, New York Giants, Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Soul of the Arena Football League. In 2008, Cowsette returned to his alma mater. Cowsette attended Cleveland Central Catholic High School in Cleveland and was a letterman in football and wrestling. In football, as a senior, he was an All-Midwest honoree. In wrestling, he was a four-year letterman and was the Ohio State Heavyweight High School Wrestling Champion as a senior. Cowsette graduated from Central Catholic High School in 1995

Earl of Kinnoull

Earl of Kinnoull is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1633 for 1st Viscount of Dupplin. Other associated titles are: Viscount Lord Hay of Kinfauns and Baron Hay of Pedwardine; the former two are in the Peerage of Scotland. The title of Viscount Dupplin is the courtesy title for heir; the Hay clan descends from Norman-born knight Guillaume de la Haye, pincerna to Malcolm IV and William the Lion. Charles I advanced Sir George Hay to the peerage on 4 May 1627 under the titles of Lord Hay of Kinfauns and Viscount Dupplin. On 25 May 1633, Hay was created the Earl of Kinnoull by King Charles I; the Hay family share a common ancestor with the Earls of Erroll. Gilbert de la Hay, ancestor of the Earls of Erroll, was the older brother of William de la Hay, ancestor of the Earls of Kinnoull. In 1251, William received a charter of two carucates of land from his brother, confirmed by King Alexander III. In 1711, the unofficial prime minister Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, made his son-in-law Viscount Dupplin Baron Hay of Pedwardine in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The family seat is Dupplin Castle, just outside Scotland. George Hay, 1st Earl of Kinnoull George Hay, 2nd Earl of Kinnoull, son of the first earl George Hay, 3rd Earl of Kinnoull, son of the second earl William Hay, 4th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the second earl George Hay, 5th Earl of Kinnoull, son of fourth earl William Hay, 6th Earl of Kinnoull, second son of the fourth earl Thomas Hay, 7th Earl of Kinnoull, son of younger brother of the first earl George Hay, 8th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the seventh earl Thomas Hay, 9th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the eighth earl Robert Hay-Drummond, 10th Earl of Kinnoull, nephew of the ninth earl Thomas Hay-Drummond, 11th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the 10th earl George Hay-Drummond, 12th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the 11th earl Archibald Hay, 13th Earl of Kinnoull, third son of the 12th earl George Harley Hay, 14th Earl of Kinnoull, grandson of the 13th earl Arthur William George Patrick Hay, 15th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the 14th earl Charles William Harley Hay, 16th Earl of Kinnoull, son of the 15th earlThe heir apparent is the present holder's son, William Thomas Charles Hay, Viscount Dupplin.

Kinnoull Hill The Official website of Clan Hay

Christopher Chang

Christopher J. Chang is a professor of chemistry at the Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, a recipient of several young scientist awards for his research in bioinorganic chemistry and chemical biology, his research interests include molecular imaging sensors for the study of redox biology and metals as applied to neuroscience and immunology, metal catalysts for renewable energy cycles, green chemistry. Davison Thesis Prize Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation New Faculty Award Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation Beckman Young Investigators Award American Federation for Aging Research Award National Science Foundation CAREER Award Paul Saltman Award, Metals in Biology GRC Amgen Young Investigator Award Hellman Faculty Award Bau Award in Inorganic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences 2008: TR35: Technology Review magazine Young Innovator Award Astra Zeneca Excellence in Chemistry Award Novartis Young Investigator Award in Organic Chemistry Donald Sterling Noyce Prize for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Blavatnik Award for Young Scientists Christopher is married to his colleague from the department of chemistry, Michelle Chang, another 2008 TR35 award recipient