Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U. S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, its largest city is New Orleans. Much of the state's lands were formed from sediment washed down the Mississippi River, leaving enormous deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh and swamp; these contain a rich southern biota. There are many species of tree frogs, fish such as sturgeon and paddlefish. In more elevated areas, fire is a natural process in the landscape, has produced extensive areas of longleaf pine forest and wet savannas; these support an exceptionally large number of plant species, including many species of terrestrial orchids and carnivorous plants.
Louisiana has more Native American tribes than any other southern state, including four that are federally recognized, ten that are state recognized, four that have not received recognition. Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being so influenced by a mixture of 18th-century French, Spanish, Native American, African cultures that they are considered to be exceptional in the US. Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, present-day Louisiana State had been both a French colony and for a brief period a Spanish one. In addition, colonists imported numerous African people as slaves in the 18th century. Many came from peoples of the same region of West Africa. In the post-Civil War environment, Anglo-Americans increased the pressure for Anglicization, in 1921, English was for a time made the sole language of instruction in Louisiana schools before a policy of multilingualism was revived in 1974. There has never been an official language in Louisiana, the state constitution enumerates "the right of the people to preserve and promote their respective historic and cultural origins."
Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715. When René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane; the suffix -ana is a Latin suffix that can refer to "information relating to a particular individual, subject, or place." Thus Louis + ana carries the idea of "related to Louis." Once part of the French Colonial Empire, the Louisiana Territory stretched from present-day Mobile Bay to just north of the present-day Canada–United States border, including a small part of what is now the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The Gulf of Mexico did not exist 250 million years ago when there was but one supercontinent, Pangea; as Pangea split apart, the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico opened. Louisiana developed, over millions of years, from water into land, from north to south; the oldest rocks are exposed in areas such as the Kisatchie National Forest. The oldest rocks date back to the early Cenozoic Era, some 60 million years ago.
The history of the formation of these rocks can be found in D. Spearing's Roadside Geology of Louisiana; the youngest parts of the state were formed during the last 12,000 years as successive deltas of the Mississippi River: the Maringouin, Teche, St. Bernard, the modern Mississippi, now the Atchafalaya; the sediments were carried from north to south by the Mississippi River. In between the Tertiary rocks of the north, the new sediments along the coast, is a vast belt known as the Pleistocene Terraces, their age and distribution can be related to the rise and fall of sea levels during past ice ages. In general, the northern terraces have had sufficient time for rivers to cut deep channels, while the newer terraces tend to be much flatter. Salt domes are found in Louisiana, their origin can be traced back to the early Gulf of Mexico, when the shallow ocean had high rates of evaporation. There are several hundred salt domes in the state. Salt domes are important not only as a source of salt. Louisiana is bordered to the west by Texas.
The state may properly be divided into two parts, the uplands of the north, the alluvial along the coast. The alluvial region includes low swamp lands, coastal marshlands and beaches, barrier islands that cover about 20,000 square miles; this area lies principally along the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River, which traverses the state from north to south for a distance of about 600 mi ) and empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The breadth of the alluvial region along the Mississippi is from 10 to 60 miles, along the other rivers, the alluvial region averages about 10 miles across; the Mississippi River flows along a ridge formed by its own natural deposits, from which the lands decline toward a river beyond at an average fall of six feet per mile. The alluvial lands along other streams present similar features; the higher and contiguous hill lands of the north and northwestern part of the state have an area of more than 25,000 square miles. They consist of prairie and woodl
Texarkana is a city in Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County. The city is located across the state line from its twin city, Texas; the city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau. Located within the Ark-La-Tex subregion of Southwest Arkansas, Texarkana is located in the Piney Woods, a oak-hickory forest atop the flat Gulf Coastal Plain. Texarkana's economy is driven by agriculture and the city's position as a crossroads of three major Interstate highways: Interstate 30, I-49 and the future I-69. Outdoors tourism, such as fishing at Lake Millwood, are important in the region; the Texarkana Arkansas School District is the largest public school district on the Arkansas side, leading to graduation from Arkansas High School. The city is home to Texarkana College, a branch campus of the University of Arkansas Community College at Hope.
Texarkana, Arkansas, is located at 33°25′59″N 94°1′14″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.9 square miles, of which 41.7 square miles is land and 0.19 square miles is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Texarkana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2016, there were 30,283 people, 13,565 households, 7,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.5 people per square mile. There were 11,721 housing units at an average density of 368.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 65.93% White, 31.00% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population. There were 13,565 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families.
28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,343, the median income for a family was $38,292. Males had a median income of $35,204 versus $21,731 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,130. About 17.2% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or above. The Arkansas Department of Correction operates the Texarkana Regional Correction Center in Texarkana. Arkansas residents whose permanent residence is within the city limits of Texarkana, Arkansas are exempt from Arkansas individual income taxes.
The Federal Courthouse is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line and is the only federal office building to straddle a state line. According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the area are: Red River Army Depot & tenants 7,200, Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,883, Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,700, Domtar 1,300, Wal-Mart 1,100, International Paper 925, Wadley Regional Medical Center 850, Texarkana Independent School District 795, Texarkana Arkansas School District 785, Southern Refrigerated Transport 750 Texarkana Texarkana Regional Airport Interstate 30 Interstate 49 U. S. Highway 67 U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 71 U. S. Highway 59 Arkansas Highway 196 Arkansas Highway 151 Arkansas Highway 296 Arkansas Highway 237 Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by two school districts: Texarkana Arkansas School District, which leads to graduating from Arkansas High School; the high school mascot is the Razorback, selected for use by the University of Arkansas in exchange for used athletic equipment—a practice that no longer occurs.
A small portion of the city is within the Genoa Central School District, which leads to graduation from Genoa Central High School. The high school mascot is the Dragon with white serving as the school colors. Private education opportunities include: Trinity Christian School, a Baptist school serving prekindergarten through grade 12In 2012, Texarkana became home to a branch of the University of Arkansas Hope-Texarkana, a community college based in Hope, in 2015 UAHT began partnering with the University of Arkansas Little Rock, to offer bachelor's-degree programs through UALR Texarkana, based on the UAHT Texarkana campus. Texarkana is referenced in the song "Cotton Fields" by the American folk and blues musician Lead Belly and recorded by several notable country rock artists, including The Highwaymen, Buck Owens, The Beach Boys, Elton John and Creedence Clearwater Revival. Lead Belly, was born on a cotton plantation near Linden, about 40 miles southwest of Texarkana, worked on a plantation near De Kalb, about 35 miles west of Texark
U.S. Route 412
U. S. Route 412 is an east–west United States highway, first commissioned in 1982, its route number is a "violation" of the usual AASHTO numbering scheme, as it comes nowhere near its implied "parent", US 12. U. S. 412 overlaps expressway-grade Cimarron Turnpike from Tulsa west to Interstate 35 and the Cherokee Turnpike from 5 miles east of Chouteau, Oklahoma, to 8 miles west of the Arkansas state line. A curiosity of this highway is that it runs the entire length of the Oklahoma Panhandle and traverses the Missouri Bootheel; as of 2004, the highway's eastern terminus is in Columbia, Tennessee at an intersection with Interstate 65, where it continues east as State Route 99. Its western terminus is in Springer, New Mexico at an intersection with Interstate 25. U. S. 412 overlaps with U. S. 43, U. S. 56, US 60, U. S. 62, U. S. 63, U. S. 64, U. S. 65, I-155, U. S. 270, runs parallel to U. S. 62 and U. S. 64 in various places and intersects U. S. 70. The highway begins at Interstate 25 in Springer, it is concurrent with U.
S. Route 56 throughout its entire route in the state at just under 100 miles. Besides Springer, the only other town Route 412 passes through is Clayton, where it merges with U. S. Route 64. Just before entering Oklahoma, the highway touches the northwestern corner of Texas at a small road junction. Highway 412 runs across the Panhandle and northern part of the state passing through cities such as Boise City, Woodward and Tulsa; some major highway junctions include Interstate 35 in Noble County and several others in Tulsa such as I-44, 244, 444, U. S. Routes 75 and 169. Two sections of this highway are tolled: the Cimarron Turnpike, the Cherokee Turnpike; the Arkansas section starts at the Oklahoma line, runs through the scenic Ozark Mountains in the northern part of Arkansas, leaves the state at the Missouri Bootheel. Cities along the route include Siloam Springs, Alpena, Cotter, Mountain Home, Walnut Ridge, Paragould. In Harrison, U. S. Route 412 is concurrent with both US 62 and US 65; the route enters Arkansas in the northwest portion of the state.
In Benton County, the route serves Siloam Springs as a major route through the southern part of the city. US 412 has a concurrency with Highway 59. US 412 runs east to enter Washington County; the route enters Tontitown, passes the historic Tontitown School Building, intersects Highway 112 before entering Springdale. US 412 crosses I-49/US 62/US 71 in Springdale, where the route is four-lane with a center left-turn lane. Now named Sunset Avenue, the route passes through developed parts of Springdale, including many restaurants and businesses before turning south, forming a concurrency with US 71B; the concurrency ends and US 412 heads east past the Springdale Municipal Airport and Highway 265 out of town. Again becoming four-lane divided, the route winds east to Hindsville; the route nears Hindsville, including an intersection with a former alignment now designated US 412B. The community was bypassed in 2009 with a four-lane alignment of US 412. US 412 continues east. Near Huntsville, the highway intersects another business route and Highway 23 before entering Carroll County.
The highway has a brief overlap with Highway 21 in the southwest corner of the county, has junctions with many rural routes in Carroll County. The highway passes the James C. Chaney House and Stamps Store in Osage, the Dog Branch School, the Yell Masonic Lodge Hall in Carrollton. In Alpena, US 412 begins a concurrency with US 62; this overlap is 150 miles through many north central Arkansas communities, including Harrison, Mountain Home, Ash Flat, Hardy. In Imboden, US 412 breaks from US 62 north, now concurrent with US 63 until 2 miles east of Portia. After the concurrency ends, US 412 runs due east to through downtown Walnut Ridge. US 412 runs near the Old Walnut Ridge Post Office, Missouri-Pacific Depot, the Walnut Ridge Commercial Historic District, each on the National Register of Historic Places. Further east, the route intersects US 67 at a full interchange before crossing the Cache River and entering Greene County; the route passed over the water on the Cache River Bridge, but the 1934 Parker pony truss bridge was bypassed in 1995.
The highway runs due east, intersecting Highway 228, Highway 141, Highway 168 before Paragould. US 412 runs as Kings Hwy in Paragould, passing the Linwood Mausoleum, US 49B, Highway 69, Highway 135 in the city limits; the route continues east across the St. Francis River. U. S. 412 crosses Missouri on its Bootheel, runs concurrent with Interstate 155 east of Hayti to the Tennessee state line. Still concurrent with I-155, US 412 enters Tennessee from Missouri on the Caruthersville Bridge before meeting US 51 in Dyersburg; the interstate designation ends as 412 turns southeast toward Jackson on a stretch of highway, upgraded from 2 to 4 lanes in the 1990s. After leaving Jackson on its eastern side, US 412 passes through the towns of Lexington and Hohenwald before reaching Columbia; the section from Hohenwald eastward to I-65 near Columbia is overlapped with unsigned State Route 99. East of I-65 at the eastern terminus of US 412, the route remains SR 99. Arkansas Highway 68 is the former designation of U.
S. Highway 412 from the Arkansas-Oklahoma State Line to U. S. Highway 62 at Alpena; the original eastern terminus of Highway 68 was 10 miles east of Huntsville at Highway 21, but was extended in the 1940s to Alpena. An old alignment of Highway 68 can be found 4
Fouke is a city in Miller County, United States. It is Texas - Texarkana, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 859 at the 2010 census. Fouke is located at the intersection of U. S. Highway 71 and Interstate 49 in Miller County, Arkansas, it is 10 miles west of the Red River, 11 miles southeast of Texarkana, 17 miles north of Louisiana. It received brief widespread attention in the early 1970s due to sightings/claims of a bigfoot-like creature known as the "Fouke Monster," as well as the subsequent fictitious docudrama movie The Legend of Boggy Creek, which played nationwide; the area around Fouke had long been inhabited by the Native American Caddo, prior to European colonization of the Americas. Caddo tribes and European explorers traded pelts, beeswax, tobacco, blankets and other items. After the Louisiana Purchase, the United States established the Sulphur Fork Factory where the Sulphur River enters the Red River. In the years following Arkansas statehood, settlers began flowing into the area and the Caddo population was diminished.
In 1889, Seventh Day Baptist minister,'James Franklin Shaw' and his followers were seeking an area to establish a new colony and in 1890, they chose a site along the Texarkana and Natchez Railroad, where a small timber line ended at'Fouke's Sawmill'. The streets were named for prominent, nationally known Baptists and upon advertising the area with the offer of reasonably priced land, affordable lumber, free railroad passage, pioneers traveled to the area from as far away as Idaho and West Virginia.'James H. Fouke', a Presbyterian entrepreneur and railroad executive, helped them establish their colony and in 1902, he donated land for a school; the city of Fouke was named in his honor. By the early 1920s, the farming and timber industries had brought people of many Faith's to the community. A new Texas and Pacific Railroad depot was constructed in 1906, the community was incorporated in 1911. Population growth increased during the 1920s oil boom and in 1928, construction of U. S. Route 71 in Arkansas further increased Fouke's employment opportunities.
During the Prohibition era of 1920-1936, Fouke suffered violent deaths of many men in relation to the illegal trafficking of liquor. Interstate commerce was not well coordinated during that time, which made Fouke's location attractive to those who would commit crimes and cross the adjoining border. The'Fouke State Bank' was chartered in 1914, but it went broke during the Great Depression, job losses in the community caused many to accept work as part of Depression-era programs such as the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration, it was not until World War II that large numbers of the citizens found employment at the newly established Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant and Red River Army Depot, which were located just west of Texarkana. Since its incorporation, the City of Fouke has seen many improvements to its infrastructure. Dirt and gravel streets were paved in 1958. A new City Hall and fire station were constructed in 1962. A new'Deep-Well' water system was completed in 1966, the city's sewer system was completed in 1988.
In 1972, Fouke received national attention when Charles B. Pierce produced a movie called The Legend of Boggy Creek; the movie chronicled the alleged existence of a large, ape-like creature called the "Fouke Monster". A number of local citizens were cast and the movie used area wetlands and creeks for its location. In 2001 Fouke celebrated the grand opening of the Fouke Community Center, the grand opening of the Miller County Historical and Family Museum was celebrated in 2003. In 2010, Fouke citizens dedicated the Veterans Memorial Park; the memorial covers two-thirds of a city block. It is a perpetually flagged and lighted monument that contains a growing list of veterans' names and military histories. In 2011, local groups such as the Citizens for a Better Community raised funds to provide improvements that include'Welcome' signs on highway 71, at the north and south ends of the city, along with various beautification and community service projects, they purchased one of Fouke's historic homes with a plan to renovate and restore it to create an events center and community library.
By that time, Fouke School District had become the city's largest employer with more than 1,000 students more than 165 employees. In 2013, Fouke began the Boggy Creek Festival to promote the local area, bring together the community, to share information and humor about the "Fouke Monster". Fouke is located at 33°15′39″N 93°53′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 700 people, 291 households, 220 families residing in the city; the population density was 777.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 336 housing units at an average density of 321.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.45% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 2.46% Native American, 0.61% from other races, 1.23% from two or more races. 1.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 291 households out of which 47.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.1% were non-families.
21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 t
U.S. Route 62 in Arkansas
U. S. Route 62 is a U. S. highway running from El Paso, Texas northeast to Niagara Falls, New York. In the U. S. state of Arkansas, the route runs 329.9 miles from the Oklahoma border near Summers east to the Missouri border in St. Francis, serving the northern portion of the state; the route passes through several cities and towns, including Fayetteville, Bentonville, Mountain Home and Piggott. US 62 runs concurrent with several highways in Arkansas including Interstate 49 and U. S. Route 71 between Fayetteville and Bentonville, U. S. Route 412 through much of the state, U. S. Route 65 in the Harrison area, with U. S. Route 63 and U. S. Route 67 in northeast Arkansas. U. S. Route 62 enters Arkansas from Oklahoma and runs by the Bean Cemetery near Lincoln and the Borden House and Prairie Grove Battlefield Park in Prairie Grove; the route enters the Northwest Arkansas metro area, including the cities of Fayetteville and Bentonville. The route concurs with I-49/US 71 through these communities. In Benton County, the route passes Garfield Elementary School near the junction with Arkansas Highway 127 in Garfield before exiting Rogers.
The route continues east near the Pea Ridge National Military Park and the Missouri state line before entering Carroll County. US 62 winds through the Ozarks, passing through small towns. US 62 passes the Thorncrown Chapel, the Tall Pines Motor Inn, the historic U. S. 62 White River Bridge near Eureka Springs. The route begins a concurrency with U. S. Route 412 in Alpena. US 62/US 412 meet U. S. Route 65 in Harrison. In Marion County, the route meets US 62S in Pyatt and the US 62 Bridge over Crooked Creek outside of town. During this stretch, US 62 crosses two of the nine Arkansas Scenic Byways, the Pig Trail and Scenic Highway 7. Continuing east, the route passes a former alignment of US 62 before entering Yellville. East of Yellville, the route enters Mountain Home in Baxter County and crosses over Norfolk Lake to enter rural Fulton County. After passing through Fulton County, US 62/US 412 enters Sharp County. In Ash Flat, US 62/US 412 serves as the northern terminus of U. S. Route 167. After passing around Cherokee Village, the route enters Hardy.
In Hardy, US 62/US 412/US 63 Business passes four properties on the National Register of Historic Places in Arkansas: the Carrie Tucker House, the Sherman Bates House, the Fred Graham House, Web Long House and Motel. US 62/US 412 meets U. S. Route 63, a patchwork of concurrencies throughout the state; the routes continue together to Imboden, when US 63/US 412 break and continue south, where US 62/AR 115 continues over the St. Louis-San Francisco Overpass headed north into Randolph County and Crowley's Ridge. In Randolph County, US 62 passes by cotton fields until Pocahontas, when the route meets US 67; the route concurs with US 67 east until Corning in Clay County. The route runs east through Crowley's Ridge to Piggott, enters Missouri near St. Francis; the route was a trail known as the Ozark Trail, the main series of routes in the area prior to the construction of U. S. Route 66; the Ozark Trails Association was responsible for maintaining and marking the routes, with William Hope Harvey in charge.
Harvey wanted an auto trail from Oklahoma to his resort town Monte Ne, which he established after retiring from the railroad business. He had grand visions of trails connecting Monte Ne with St. Louis, Kansas City, Wichita and Oklahoma City, points west. U. S. Route 62 from Gateway to Eureka Springs was designated part of The Jefferson Highway, although the highway was not marked and shifted; the highway was listed as a "Proposed Primary Federal Aid Road" on a state map in the first issue of "Arkansas Highways Magazine", but not numbered. The road brought lots of traffic through the hills of Arkansas resistant to development. Eureka Springs was a popular stop on the route, with a vibrant downtown. Nearby Arkansas Highway 23 further added tourists to the community. Further east, cities of Mountain Home and Flippin grew with US 62's traffic. Rough terrain interspersed with large waterways caused the need for large bridges, including the Cotter Bridge and the St. Louis-San Francisco Overpass. A 1981 study indicated a need of 31 climbing lanes from Harrison to Hardy necessary for safety purposes, indicative of the rough terrain.
Some historic alignments of the old road still exist with original pavement. One section, built between 1932 and bypassed in 1952, is located between Busch and Eureka Springs on either side of the White River. On the north side of the river Carroll County Route 109 follows the alignment to the former river crossing, where only concrete bridge piers remain to be seen. On the south side County Route 107 continues southward rejoining the modern alignment; this section was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008
Ida is a village in Caddo Parish, United States. The population was 221 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Shreveport–Bossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Ida and nearby Rodessa are the most northwesterly communities in Louisiana. Ida is located in northernmost Caddo Parish at 33°0′9″N 93°53′35″W, just south of the Arkansas border. US 71 runs through the village, leading north 34 miles to Texarkana, AR, south 36 miles to Shreveport. I-49 runs parallel to US 71 between the two cities and bypasses Ida just to west with one exit serving the village, Exit 245. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.4 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 258 people, 117 households, 80 families residing in the village; the population density was 185.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 133 housing units at an average density of 95.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.67% White, 1.55% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.39% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population. There were 117 households out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.70. In the village, the population was spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $26,667, the median income for a family was $32,778. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $20,781 for females; the per capita income for the village was $14,166. About 21.1% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under the age of eighteen and 19.7% of those sixty five or over.
The Capt. Fletcher E. Adams United States Air Force 357th Fighter Group Museum occupies the former W. C. Reynolds Building on East Magnolia Avenue in the center of town. Adams was a World War II flying ace; the Reynolds building was the Ida post office from 1923 to 1962 in 1997 became the Ida Museum. In 2010 it acquired its current name
Texarkana metropolitan area
The Texarkana metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, is a two-county region anchored by the twin cities of Texarkana and Texarkana, encompassing the surrounding communities in Bowie County and Miller County, Arkansas. As of the 2016 census, the MSA had a population of 150,098. Texarkana is a subset of the broader Ark-La-Tex region. Texarkana was founded in 1873 on the junction of two railroads; the name is a portmanteau of TEXas, ARKansas, nearby LouisiANA. One tradition tells of a Red River steamboat named The Texarkana, c. 1860. Another story mentions a storekeeper named Swindle in Red Land, Louisiana who concocted a drink called "Texarkana Bitters". A third account states that a railroad surveyor, coined the name. Local lore suggests that, before Texas's annexation by the US, lawlessness ruled in the area that at times was claimed by various nations. In 1876, Texas, was granted a charter under an act of the Texas legislature, a Texarkana, post office operated from 1886 to 1892.
Congressman Morris Sheppard secured a postal order changing the name to "Texarkana, Arkansas-Texas". The Texarkana metropolitan area was first defined in 1960. Known as the Texarkana, TX–Texarkana, AR Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, it consisted of Bowie County and Miller County, Arkansas. In 1963, the area was renamed the Texarkana, TX–AR Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, only to return to its original name in 1971. Little River County, was added to the SMSA in 1973. In 1983, the official name was shortened to the Texarkana, TX–Texarkana, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area, still in use; that same year, Little River County was removed from the MSA. The two-county MSA had a population of 137,486 in 2000; as of the census of 2000, there were 137,486 people, 72,695 households, 55,524 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 53.5% White, 43.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $31,976, the median income for a family was $38,887. Males had a median income of $32,482 versus $21,408 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $16,901. Texarkana began as a railroad and lumber center, developed in the 20th century as a regional agricultural processing, retail and service center. Red River Army Depot and Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant were the largest regional employers from the 1940s through the 1970s. Paper mills near Ashdown and Atlanta, as well as other industrial facilities, brought new jobs to the area in the 1970s. Today the Texarkana area is a diversified economy whose pattern of employment categorized by industry is similar to the entire state of Arkansas. Texarkana consists of two separate municipal designations: Texarkana, the county seat of Miller County, Arkansas Texarkana, located in Bowie County, TexasState Line Avenue follows the Texas-Arkansas state line throughout much of Texarkana.
The two "sides" of Texarkana are separate only from a political standpoint. Thousands of locals live in one state and work in the other. Owing to its divided political nature, Texarkana has two sets of city officials. Texarkana is located at the intersection of Interstate 30 and Interstate 49, it is situated halfway between Dallas and Little Rock, Arkansas. Texarkana Regional Airport is located inside the northeastern city limits and is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a primary commercial service airport; the airport covers an area of 964 acres at an elevation of 390 feet above mean sea level and it has two runways with asphalt surfaces: Runway 4/22 is 6,601 by 144 feet Runway 13/31 is 5,200 by 100 feet Major routes in Texarkana include: Interstate 30 Interstate 49 U. S. Route 59 U. S. Route 67 U. S. Route 71 U. S. Route 82 Loop As of October 2015, new interchanges had been completed at the junctions of I-30/US 59, I-30/I-49. Interstate 49 had been extended south to Shreveport with its northern extension planned into Kansas City along the U.
S. Route 71 corridor. Multiple projects were under construction to relieve the strain on local roadways, including continuous access roads and the expansion of area highways and bridges. Rail service in Texarkana is provided by: Amtrak's Texas Eagle, which stops at Texarkana Union Station Kansas City Southern Railway Texas Northeastern Railroad Union Pacific Railroad Notable historical buildings in Texarkana include the post office and federal building that straddle the state line, the Ace of Clubs House, The Perot Theater, Texarkana Regional Museum; the Aces of Clubs House is shaped like a club on a playing card and inspired by a winning poker hand. The Texarkana Symphony Orchestra was established in 2005, providing the community with several professional concerts of classical music every year. In 2007, the Texarkana Youth Symphony Orchestra was established, presenting spring and winter concerts. Texarkana College, a community college whose origins date to 1927, enrolls more than four thousand annually.
In 1971, East Texas State University began offering classes at the campus, an institution that became Texas A&M University–Texarkana. Texas A&M University-Texarkana has constructed a large campus at Bringle Lake. His