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Interstate 59

Interstate 59 is an Interstate Highway located in the southeastern United States. It is a north–south route that spans 445.23 miles from a junction with I-10 and I-12 at Slidell, Louisiana, to a junction with I-24 near Wildwood, Georgia. The highway connects the metropolitan areas of Louisiana. S. Route 11 corridor for the entire distance. One-third of the route, spanning 153 miles from Meridian, Mississippi, to Birmingham, overlaps that of the east–west I-20. I-59 is a four-lane freeway along its entire route, other than a short stretch extending from north of Tuscaloosa, through Birmingham, where it widens to six lanes or more. I-59 spans 11.48 miles in Louisiana, the shortest distance in the four states through which it travels. The route begins at a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-10 and I-12 at the northeast corner of Slidell, a city in St. Tammany Parish. From this interchange, connections are made to New Orleans and Hammond, as well as Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. Heading north, I-59 has two exits serving the town of Pearl River, where it begins a concurrency with US 11.

Afterward, the highway crosses the West Pearl River and passes through an interchange with Old US 11, a portion of the pre-interstate alignment serving the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area. I-59 travels through the Honey Island Swamp for 6 miles before crossing the main branch of the Pearl River into Mississippi. In Mississippi, I-59 continues to run parallel with US 11, traversing rural areas, but going through or bypassing the towns of Picayune, Hattiesburg, Moselle and Meridian. For its length in Mississippi, I-59 either travels concurrent with, or runs close to, US 11. Between the towns of Pearl River and Picayune, US 11 travels concurrent with I-59; the highway has concurrencies with US 98 in Hattiesburg. A notoriously sharp S-curve, at milepost 96 in Laurel, was the subject of a large reconstruction project; those sharp curves were the legacy of an overpass over the Southern Railway on a town bypass with design dating from before the Interstate Highways, they featured a 40 mph speed limit, one of the lowest anywhere on the Interstate Highway System.

This work was completed in 2009. Just west of Meridian, I-20 joins I-59 and these two highways continue together for 145 miles, across the border with Alabama to and through Birmingham; the exit numbers are given as those of I-59. At 4:00 p.m. on August 27, 2005, for the first time in its history, the southbound lanes of I-59 were temporarily redirected northward to accommodate evacuation for Hurricane Katrina. This was a agreed to joint plan by the states of Mississippi and Louisiana called contraflow lane reversal; the program began at the Louisiana–Mississippi state line and continued 21 miles north to Poplarville. I-59 and I-20 travel together for about 40 percent of their route through Alabama, passing northeast through Tuscaloosa before parting ways in eastern Birmingham. In Birmingham, many wrecks and accidents occur near the cross-over interchange of I-20/I-59 and I-65. On two occasions, 18-wheelers crashed and burned fiercely enough to melt the support beams of overpasses. Beginning in eastern Birmingham, I-59 continues on its own northeast, passing by Gadsden and Fort Payne in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, before entering Georgia.

I-59 from Gadsden at mile marker 182 to Stephen's Gap at mile marker 193 had degraded over the decades since it was opened into a rough concrete highway. Between 2010 and 2014, a construction project called "Project 59" took place between Gadsden and Fort Payne; this project consisted of reconstructing the Interstate Highway with unbonded concrete as well as modifications to the width and vertical clearance of the bridges and overpasses in the segment. I-59 has a short trek through Georgia, with only three exits before ending at I-24 several miles west of Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Wildwood, Georgia. Within Georgia it carries unsigned designated as State Route 406 for internal Georgia Department of Transportation purposes; the entire length of I-59 is part of the National Highway System, a system of routes determined to be the most important for the nation's economy and defense. I-359 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama I-459 in Birmingham, Alabama I-759 in Gadsden, Alabama U. S. roads portal Mississippi portal United States portal Georgia portal Media related to Interstate 59 at Wikimedia Commons


The Atfalati IPA: known as the Tualatin or Wapato Lake Indians were a tribe of the Kalapuya Native Americans who inhabited some 24 villages on the Tualatin Plains in the northwest part of the U. S. state of Oregon. The Atfalati spoke the Tualatin-Yamhill language, one of the three Kalapuyan languages. Atfalati people ranged around the valley, engaged in a hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Primary food stuffs included deer, camas root, berries and various nuts. To encourage the growth of the camas plant and maintain habitat beneficial to deer and elk, the group burned the valley floor to discourage the growth of forests, a common practice among the Kalapuya. Before Euro-American contact, the Atfalati were known for wearing adornment such a red feathers on the head. Both men and women had pierced noses, hanging long beads and bright dentalia from them. Compared to the peoples to the south, the Atfalati practiced a more severe form of infant head flattening, compared to the peoples to the east of the Cascade Mountains raised fewer horses.

The Atfalati kept slaves. The Atfalati lived in rectangular multi-family houses. Euro-Americans began arriving in the Atfalati's homeland in the early 19th century, settlers in the 1840s; as with the other Kalapuyan peoples, the arrival of Euro-Americans led to dramatic social disruptions. By the 1830s the Atfalati had begun to adopt Euro-American clothing styles. In the 1830s, diseases had decimated Native populations in the Pacific Northwest, including the Atfalati; the tribe had experienced population decreased from smallpox epidemics in 1782 and 1783. These upheavals diminished the Atfalati's ability to challenge white encroachment, it is estimated that the band was reduced to a population of around 600 in 1842, had shrunk to only 60 in 1848. By the 1850s, white settlers were populating the Willamette Valley, the United States government negotiated treaties in 1851 with the Kalapuyans, including the Atfalati. Under the terms of a treaty of April 19, 1851, the Atfalatis ceded their lands in return for a small reservation at Wapato Lake as well as "money, blankets, tools, a few rifles, a horse for each of their headmen--Kaicut, La Medicine, Knolah."

At the time of the treaty, there were 65 Atfalatis. The treaty resulted in the loss of much of the Atfalati's lands, but was preferable to removal east of the Cascade Mountains, which the government had demanded; this treaty, was never ratified. Under continuing pressure, the government and Kalapuya renegotiated a treaty with Joel Palmer, Dart's successor; this treaty, the Treaty with the Kalapuya, etc. was signed January 4, 1855 and ratified by Congress, on March 3, 1855. Under the terms of the treaty, the indigenous peoples of the Willamette Valley agreed to remove to a reservation to be designated by the federal government; the government designated the Grand Ronde reservation in the western part of the Willamette Valley at the foothills of the Oregon Coast Range as the permanent reservation for a variety of tribes. Following this, the Atfalati tribe declined; the degree to which the Atfalati assimilated with whites over time is not known. Chief Kno-Tah, a wooden statue in honor of an Atfalati—Tualatin chief Ki-a-Kuts Falls Mohawk people, another band of the Kalapuya Four Directions Institute

Ralph Blackett

Ralph Blackett was an English poet, hymn writer, businessman, associated with Tyneside in North East England. Ralph Blackett was in 1831, he worked for many years on the Quayside, Newcastle as a well respected businessman. This position had been earned by his own endeavours and hard work, he lost it, in a downturn in trade. He was related to George Charleton Barron, an actor and elocutionist. Like many of his contemporaries, he appears in Allan's Illustrated Edition of Tyneside songs and readings with lives and autographs of the writers, notes on the songs. Revised Edition. Blackett was refined and well mannered. Well brought up, he was quiet and reserved, but at the same time could be genial and kind with friends. In life he moved to Middlesbrough, where he died on 29 December 1877, aged 46. In his youth, he had been a proficient and prolific Hymn writer, many were considered to be beautiful, it is rumoured that one of these sacred works was published. As he grew older he turned to songs and poetry in a rich Geordie dialect.

He became a regular contributor to Charter's Chronicle and Annual and he won a prize with his first dialectic song from the Newcastle Weekly Chronicle with "Jimmy's Deeth", incorporated into the pantomime at Newcastle's Tyne theatre. His works include: "Fortnith's wages weekly" - about a rumour that wages will be paid weekly instead of fortnightly - first appeared in Keelmin's comic annewal, for 1871 "Jimmy’s deeth" – won a prize in the Newcastle Weekly Chronicle Geordie dialect words FARNE Folk Archive Resource North East

Alenia Aeronautica ITV

The Alenia ITV is a technology demonstrator aircraft developed in Italy in the early 21st century. In the spring of 2003, Alenia Aeronautica of Italy unveiled a non-flying ground-test prototype of a half-scale unmanned combat aerial vehicle demonstrator, known as an "Integration Technology Vehicle", with a flight prototype to follow; the ITV has a high-mounted wing with a sweep of 35 degrees. As the ITV designation suggests, this machine is for technology development and risk reduction. A "real" Alenia Aeronautica UCAV will be at least twice as big, use a tailless delta configuration, will be made of composite materials, it will have a modular payload bay for carriage of SAR, or day-night EO sensors. Alenia Spazio, a sister organization in the Finnmeccia Group, will provide a satellite data link. Meteor is part of the Finnmeccia group and there is some collaboration between Meteor and Alenia Aeronautica on UAV design. General characteristics Crew: None Capacity: 300 kg payload Length: 6.00 m Wingspan: 5.74 m Empty weight: 550 kg Gross weight: 1,000 kg Powerplant: 1 × Microturbo TRI60-5, 4.4 kN thrustPerformance Range: 185 km Service ceiling: 10,000 m Armament This article contains material that came from the web article Unmanned Aerial Vehicles by Greg Goebel, which exists in the Public Domain

Ximenez-Fatio House

Ximenez-Fatio House Museum is one of the best-preserved and most authentic Second Spanish Period residential buildings in St. Augustine, Florida. In 1973, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places, it was designated a Florida Heritage Landmark in 2012. The museum complex sits just south of the city's central Plaza de la Constitución at 20 Aviles Street, the oldest archaeologically documented street in the United States, it is located at the center of the city's oldest continuously occupied community. Since 1939, the property has been owned and managed by The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America in The State of Florida. Through their efforts, it was restored and interpreted to reflect its function as a fashionable boarding house during Florida's first tourist boom, which began after 1821; the property is a historic house museum and presented to tell stories of the visitors who lodged there, the women who owned and managed it, how people lived during Florida's territorial period.

The two-story main house was built by Andres Ximenez, a merchant of Spanish birth who married Juana Pellicer, daughter of Francisco Pellicer, a leader of the Minorcan community in St. Augustine; the property's modern name references Ximenez as well as the last historic owner of record: Louisa Fatio, who ran the boarding house as Miss Fatio's. Louisa purchased the house in 1855, becoming the last of three successive women owners during its years as a boarding house, their success contributes to the historical significance of the property, because this was a time when few American women owned property in their own names or managed a respectable business. The house's adaptability to commercial activities is due in part to its size and central location near the plaza and the bayfront. Andres Ximenez built the structure to accommodate his family upstairs and support them through undertakings housed downstairs, his wife Juana assisted him in running a general store, billiard table and lottery. The Ximenez family did not occupy the house for long.

By 1806, both parents and two of their five minor children had died. For a number of years following, Juana's father managed the property on his grandchildren's behalf; the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819, in which Spain settled a border dispute and ceded Florida to the United States, brought big changes to St. Augustine; the only city on the Florida peninsula, it became a destination for curiosity-seekers and consumptives on doctors' orders to escape cold northern winters. The presence of Castillo de San Marcos, a coquina fort built by the Spanish and now controlled by the U. S. military and renamed Fort Marion, brought a larger military presence to town. A decade after Florida became a U. S. territory in 1821, the need for more and better visitor accommodations became pressing. Local residents began; this kind of lodging was in most cases a step above staying at a hotel. While small-scale boarding houses were the norm, the times were favorable for a more ambitious approach. In 1830, Margaret Cook completed the process of purchasing the Ximenez House from its heirs.

Cook had relocated to St. Augustine from Charleston with her second husband Samuel in 1821. A widow again by 1830, she had the freedom not granted to married women of her day to transact business in her own name, she secured these rights through legal documents signed by her husband before his death. Architect Herschel Shepard verified that the house was converted to add extra bedrooms during Cook's ownership. Cook hired Eliza Whitehurst — a widowed friend from Charleston who may have been a close relative — and opened the house to boarders. Under Eliza's management, "Mrs. Whitehurst's boarding house' developed a reputation for high standards and good food. One guest noted, "...we were fortunate in getting board at Mrs. Whitehurst's, considered the best in town." In 1835, 23 guests were recorded as having stayed at the house, with the majority coming from the northeast. Eliza Whitehurst succumbed to illness in 1838; that year, Cook sold the boarding house to Sarah Petty Anderson for $4,000. She sold Anderson an adjacent piece of property that she had purchased at auction the year before.

This piece of land measured 57½ feet along Green Street to the west of the boarding house. Anderson and her husband George were among the many newcomers to Florida in the early 1820s. Anderson's mother, Frances Kerr, had purchased 450 acres of land west of the Tomoka River in 1818 for a plantation known as the Ferry. In Kerr's will dated September 2, 1820, Anderson and her husband were named the heirs of the Ferry plantation. In 1829, the Andersons bought Mount Oswald, a 1,900-acre plantation at the junction of the Halifax and Tomoka rivers, they bought a third plantation, burned during the Second Seminole War. The ruins of this Dunlawton Plantation and Sugar Mill still stand on Nova Road, west of Port Orange, Florida; the site was added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1973. By the end of the 1830s, Anderson was a widow living in St. Augustine. In the early 1840s, she hired Louisa Fatio to manage the Ximenez House as a boarding house, she retained Fatio as manager until 1855.

That year, Fatio purchased the house for $3,000. Louisa Fatio was the granddaughter of Francis Philip Fatio, Sr. co-founder and sole owner of the 10,000-acre New Switzerland plantation on the St. Johns River west of St. Augustine, as well as two other large properties in North Florida, she was educated for a woman of her time. In 1812, the family's plantation house was attacked and burned during the East Florida Patr

Long Live the King (film)

Long Live the King is a 1923 American silent drama film directed by Victor Schertzinger and starring Jackie Coogan. It was Coogan's first film for Metro Pictures. Jackie Coogan as Crown Prince Otto Rosemary Theby as Countess Olga Ruth Renick as Princess Hedwig Vera Lewis as Archduchess Annuncita Alan Hale as King Karl Allan Forrest as Nikky Walt Whitman as The Chancellor Robert Brower as The King Raymond Lee as Bobby, The American Boy Monte Collins as Adelbert Sam Appel as Black Humbert Allan Sears as Bobby's Father Ruth Handforth as Mrs. Braithwaite, The Governess Larry Fisher as Herman Spier Eddie Boland as Chief Guard Loretta McDermott as Countess Olga's Maid Henry A. Barrows as The Bishop A print of Long Live the King survives in Gosfilmofond. Long Live the King on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Lantern slide