White Anglo-Saxon Protestants are a social group of white Protestants in the United States of British descent, wealthy and well-connected. The group has long dominated American society and the leadership of major political parties, had a monopoly on elite society due to intermarriage and nepotism. Although the WASP hegemony on the American establishment has declined since the 1940s, WASPs continue to be well placed in some financial and philanthropic roles. During the latter half of the twentieth century, outsider ethnic and racial groups grew in influence and WASP dominance gave way. Americans criticized the WASP hegemony and disparaged WASPs as the epitome of "the Establishment"; the 1998 Random House Unabridged Dictionary says the term is "Sometimes Disparaging and Offensive". Sociologists sometimes use the term broadly to include all Protestant Americans of Northern European or Northwestern European ancestry regardless of their class or power; the term is used in Australia, New Zealand, Canada for similar elites.
"Anglo-Saxon" referred to the language of indigenous inhabitants of England before 1066 in contrast to Norman-French influence after that. Since the 19th century, Anglo-Saxon has been in common use in the English-speaking world, but not in Britain itself, to refer to Protestants of principally English descent; the "W" and "P" were added in the 1950s to form a humorous epithet to imply "waspishness" or someone to make sharp cruel remarks. The first published mention of the term "WASP" was provided by political scientist Andrew Hacker in 1957, referring to the class of Americans that held "national power in its economic and social aspects". First of all, they are'WASPs'—in the cocktail party jargon of the sociologists; that is, they are wealthy, they are Anglo-Saxon in origin, they are Protestants. The term was popularized by sociologist and University of Pennsylvania professor E. Digby Baltzell, himself a WASP, in his 1964 book The Protestant Establishment: Aristocracy and Caste in America. Baltzell stressed the closed or caste-like characteristic of the group by arguing that "There is a crisis in American leadership in the middle of the twentieth century, due, I think, to the declining authority of an establishment, now based on an castelike White-Anglo Saxon-Protestant upper class."
The term is used in Australia and Canada for similar elites. The concept of "Anglo Saxon" and "Anglo Saxon Protestantism" evolved in the late 19th century among American Protestant missionaries eager to transform the world. Historian Richard Kyle says: Protestantism had not yet split into two mutually hostile camps – the liberals and fundamentalists. Of great importance, evangelical Protestantism still dominated the cultural scene. American values bore the stamp of this Anglo-Saxon Protestant ascendancy; the political, cultural and intellectual leaders of the nation were of a Northern European Protestant stock, they propagated public morals compatible with their background. Before WASP came into use in the 1960s the term "Anglo Saxon" served some of the same purposes. Like the newer term "WASP", the old term "Anglo-Saxon" was used derisively by writers hostile to an informal alliance between Britain and the U. S; the negative connotation was common among Irish Americans and writers in France. "Anglo-Saxon", meaning in effect the whole Anglosphere, remains a term favored by the French, used disapprovingly in contexts such as criticism of the Special Relationship of close diplomatic relations between the US and Britain and complaints about perceived "Anglo-Saxon" cultural or political dominance.
It remains in use in Ireland as a term for the British or English, sometimes in Scottish Nationalist discourse. Irish-American humorist Finley Peter Dunne popularized the ridicule of "Anglo Saxon" calling President Theodore Roosevelt one. Roosevelt insisted. "To be genuinely Irish is to challenge WASP dominance", argues California politician Tom Hayden. The depiction of the Irish in the films of John Ford was a counterpoint to WASP standards of rectitude. "The procession of rambunctious and feckless Celts through Ford's films and otherwise, was meant to cock a snoot at WASP or'lace-curtain Irish' ideas of respectability."In Australia, "Anglo" or "Anglo-Saxon" refers to people of English descent, while "Anglo-Celtic" includes people of Irish and Scottish descent. In France, "Anglo-Saxon" refers to the combined impact of Britain and the United States on European affairs. Charles de Gaulle sought to "rid France of Anglo-Saxon influence"; the term is used with more nuance in discussions by French writers on French decline as an alternative model to which France should aspire, how France should adjust to its two most prominent global competitors, how it should deal with social and economic modernization.
Outside of Anglophone countries, the term "Anglo-Saxon" and its translations are used to refer to the Anglophone peoples and societies of Britain, the United States, countries such as Australia and New Zealand. Variations include the German Angelsachsen, French le modèle anglo-saxon, Spanish anglosajón, Dutch Angelsaksisch model, Italian Paesi anglosassoni. In the nineteenth century, "Anglo-Saxons" was used as a synonym for all people of English descent and sometimes more for all the English-speaking peoples of the world, it was used in implying superiority, much to the annoyance of outsiders. For e
The 2010–11 Boston Bruins season was the 87th season of play for the National Hockey League franchise. The Bruins were the winners of the 2011 Stanley Cup playoffs. At the 2010 NHL Entry Draft in Los Angeles, Boston selected Tyler Seguin with their first-round pick, second overall. A week earlier, on June 16, 2010, Bruins owner Jeremy Jacobs and principal Charlie Jacobs announced that Cam Neely had been named president of the Boston Bruins. Neely, a former player and 2005 Hall of Fame inductee, became the eighth president in club history; the Bruins sought to "tweak the composition" during the off-season, trading puck-moving defenseman Dennis Wideman to the Florida Panthers in exchange for Nathan Horton. The Reading Royals, Boston's affiliate within the ECHL, renewed their relationship during the off-season; this marked the second year the organizations shared affiliation, with the Royals playing host to several Bruins prospects including goaltender Matt Dalton and defenseman Rob Kwiet. On June 21, 2010, the Bruins announced their seven-game pre-season schedule.
Closing out the schedule were two exhibition matches, the first in Belfast, Northern Ireland, against the Belfast Giants Select, a unified team composed of an All-Star selection of the best EIHL players from each team. The Bruins went on to beat the Giants Select 5–1 after being held scoreless for the first period. Rookie star Tyler Seguin scored a pair of goals; the Bruins faced off against Bili Tygri Liberec of the Czech Extraliga in their final pre-season match, with veteran Patrice Bergeron putting on a five-point display that included two breakaway goals in a 7–1 victory for the Bruins. As part of the 2010 Compuware NHL Premiere Games, the Bruins began their season on Saturday, October 9, playing against the Phoenix Coyotes at the O2 Arena in Prague, Czech Republic. There they split their two games with the Coyotes; the Bruins spent much of the months of October and December playing well but behind the Montreal Canadiens for first-place in the division before passing the Canadiens on December 27 with a 3–2 shootout win over the Florida Panthers.
Play during this time was highlighted by excellent play for goaltender Tim Thomas, who started the season as a backup but had five shutouts by the middle of December, by Milan Lucic's excellent offensive production, including his first natural hat-trick on November 18. In January, the Bruins continued to hold first-place in the division, aided at one point by hat-tricks from Patrice Bergeron and Zdeno Chara on January 11 and January 17, respectively; the Bruins started February with fight-filled wins against the Dallas Stars, whom they beat 6–3, the Canadiens, against whom they picked up their first win of the season on their fourth try by a score of 8–6. The Bruins hit a three-game losing streak, but recovered to string together a seven-game winning streak that stretched into March; the first six wins of the streak were on the road, including a 3–1 win in the Bruins' only game of the regular season against the Vancouver Canucks, which led the NHL at that time for points and would win the Presidents' Trophy.
After the streak, the Bruins would go on to lose six of their next seven games, including a 4–1 loss to their rivals, the Canadiens, in which team captain Zdeno Chara was nearly suspended for a hit on Max Pacioretty. They nonetheless managed five points during this time. Following this lapse, the Bruins responded with a win over the New Jersey Devils and a 7–0 win in their last game of the regular season against the Montreal Canadiens. Two games the Bruins clinched a playoff spot with a 2–1 win over the Philadelphia Flyers. In the next game, Tim Thomas picked up his ninth shutout of the season. Two games in their first game in April, the Bruins clinched the Northeast Division with a 3–2 win in their last game against the Atlanta Thrashers, who were set to relocate to Winnipeg for the next season; the Bruins tied the New York Rangers for the most shutouts for, with 11. Bold – qualified for playoffs, their conference quarter-final matchup was against their archrival, the sixth-seeded Montreal Canadiens.
The series started off disastrously for the Bruins. They would come back to win the next three games and, after dropping Game 6, would win Game 7 in overtime at home on a Nathan Horton goal; the next round featured a sweep of the second-seeded Philadelphia Flyers who, the previous year, had come back from down three games to none against the Bruins to win the series. This propelled them to their first conference finals since the 1992 Stanley Cup playoffs. In the conference finals, the Bruins matched up against the fifth-seeded Tampa Bay Lightning. After dropping the first game by a lopsided score, the Bruins fought back to win the next two games before dropping game four to knot the series at 2–2; the Bruins took Game 5 to put them a win away from the conference championship. Game 6 was another loss for the Bruins, but Game 7 resulted in a 1–0 victory to send them to their first Stanley Cup Finals in 21 years. In the finals, the Bruins met the Presidents' Trophy-winning Vancouver Canucks. Vancouver took the first two games at home, each by a goal, to build a 2–0 series lead.
The Bruins responded with two lopsided wins at home to tie the series 2–2, but Vancouver won Game 5 in their building to move the Bruins one game away from losing the Cup. The Bruins managed to win Game 6 to tie the series and won their third Game 7 of the post-season to win the Stanley Cup, their f
Chandrolsavam is a 2005 Indian Malayalam-language romantic drama film written and directed by Ranjith. It stars Mohanlal in the lead role as Chirackal Sreehari, along with Meena, Cochin Haneefa, Jagadish. V. Dakshinamoorthy makes a cameo appearance as Sreehari's guru; the film features music composed by Vidyasagar. Chandrolsavam is about Chirackal Sreehari, a man in love for his nostalgia, trying to redeem his past, celebration of his life, love and memories, through it shows Sreehari's unending love for the life he has lived. Sreehari, the protagonist, was compelled to leave his village and home after being convicted for plotting a murder, returns home after spending a year in jail and living in Paris for many years. Back home, he tries to get back every moment of his past-his teenage romance, the sights and sounds that he had once savoured because he does not have much life left, he is afflicted with cancer. Much of the story revolves around his childhood love Indu, about the other two friends, one who turns out to be a husband of Indu and another one Ramanunni who tried to kill her husband and tried to put the blame on Sreehari to get Indu.
While Sreehari returns Indu was taking care of her bed ridden husband. After his return Sreehari proves his innocence to her husband. In an attempt to get Indu, Ramanunni kills Indu's husband. Indu comes under the shelter of Sreehari. Meanwhile, Doctor Durga enters Sreehari home and everyone gets disappointed by her arrival as they want Indu to be united with Sreehari and Durga reveals the truth that she is running her hospital along with her husband in Delhi, and the patient escaped from their hospital without their knowledge to come to his native village to see his childhood friends. Sreehari leaves with Indu and Durga for the treatment and viewers are left with an hopeful expectation that he will return healthy. Mohanlal as Chirackal Sreehari Meena as Indulekha Ranjith as Kalathil Ramanunni Cochin Haneefa as Sreedharan V. K. Sreeraman as Kunjutty Santhosh as Sahadevan Jagadish as Kuttiraman Sujatha as K. P. Bhavaniamma Khushbu as Dr. Durga Chandrashekhar Saikumar as Karunan Samvrutha Sunil as Malavika Jayakrishnan as Naveen Murali Menon as Balachandran Meena Ganesh as Madhavi Maniyanpilla Raju as C.
I Sugathan Spadikam George as C. I Kurian George Bheeman Raghu as Ingapara "Pothu" Peethambaran Zeenath as Santha Jayan Cherthala as Chandrashekharan Augustine as Jose Abu Salim as Vasu Nisha Sarangh Nilambur Ayisha as Devakiamma Oduvil Unnikrishnan- Cameo Appearance Raveendran- Cameo Appearance V. Dakshinamoorthy - Cameo Appearance The soundtrack was composed by Vidyasagar with lyrics by Gireesh Puthenchery; the film did not received an expected response. Ranjith says, "Mohanlal fans expected too much. I don't think. Many who watched it on DVD called to say they were surprised. Fans come in with pre-conceived notions on how the actor will be in the movie and the kind of story it will be, hence they could not grasp the poetic element in the film." Chandrolsavam on IMDb
Fides et ratio is an encyclical promulgated by Pope John Paul II on 14 September 1998. It was one of 14 encyclicals issued by John Paul II. Georges Cardinal Cottier, Theologian emeritus of the Pontifical Household and Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Domenico e Sisto the University Church of the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, was influential in drafting the encyclical; the encyclical addresses the relationship between faith and reason. Fides et ratio was the first encyclical since Pope Leo XIII's 1879 Aeterni Patris to address the relationship between faith and reason; the encyclical posits that reason are not only compatible, but essential together. Faith without reason, he leads to superstition. Reason without faith, he leads to nihilism and relativism, he writes: 4 Through philosophy's work, the ability to speculate, proper to the human intellect produces a rigorous mode of thought. His has brought with it the temptation to identify one single stream with the whole of philosophy. In such cases, we are dealing with a "philosophical pride" which seeks to present its own partial and imperfect view as the complete reading of all reality....
Although reason creates a "systematic body of knowledge," the Pope avers, its completeness is illusory: 5 Yet the positive results achieved must not obscure the fact that reason, in its one-sided concern to investigate human subjectivity, seems to have forgotten that men and women are always called to direct their steps towards a truth which transcends them. Sundered from that truth, individuals are at the mercy of caprice, their state as person ends up being judged by pragmatic criteria based upon experimental data, in the mistaken belief that technology must dominate all, it has happened therefore that reason, rather than voicing the human orientation towards truth, has wilted under the weight of so much knowledge and little by little has lost the capacity to lift its gaze to the heights, not daring to rise to the truth of being. Abandoning the investigation of being, modern philosophical research has concentrated instead upon human knowing. Rather than make use of the human capacity to know the truth, modern philosophy has preferred to accentuate the ways in which this capacity is limited and conditioned.
Without a grounding in spiritual truth, he continues, reason has: 5...given rise to different forms of agnosticism and relativism which have led philosophical research to lose its way in the shifting sands of widespread scepticism. Recent times have seen the rise to prominence of various doctrines which tend to devalue the truths, judged certain. A legitimate plurality of positions has yielded to an undifferentiated pluralism, based upon the assumption that all positions are valid, one of today's most widespread symptoms of the lack of confidence in truth. Certain conceptions of life coming from the East betray this lack of confidence, denying truth its exclusive character and assuming that truth reveals itself in different doctrines if they contradict one another. On this understanding, everything is reduced to opinion. While, on the one hand, philosophical thinking has succeeded in coming closer to the reality of human life and its forms of expression, it has tended to pursue issues—existential, hermeneutical or linguistic—which ignore the radical question of the truth about personal existence, about being and about God.
Hence we see among the men and women of our time, not just in some philosophers, attitudes of widespread distrust of the human being's great capacity for knowledge. With a false modesty, people rest content with partial and provisional truths, no longer seeking to ask radical questions about the meaning and ultimate foundation of human and social existence. In short, the hope that philosophy might be able to provide definitive answers to these questions has dwindled. On the roles of philosophy and speculative theology as manifested by Augustine: 40; the Bishop of Hippo succeeded in producing the first great synthesis of philosophy and theology, embracing currents of thought both Greek and Latin. In him too the great unity of knowledge, grounded in the thought of the Bible, was both confirmed and sustained by a depth of speculative thinking; the synthesis devised by Saint Augustine remained for centuries the most exalted form of philosophical and theological speculation known to the West. Reinforced by his personal story and sustained by a wonderful holiness of life, he could introduce into his works a range of material which, drawing on experience, was a prelude to future developments in different currents of philosophy.
On the wrong turns in modern philosophy and the duty of the magisterium: 49. The Church has no philosophy of her own nor does she canonize any one particular philosophy in preference to others... Yet history shows that philosophy—especially modern philosophy—has taken wrong turns and fallen into error, it is neither the task nor the competence of the Magisterium to intervene in order to make good the lacunas of deficient philosophical discourse. Rather, it is the Magisterium's duty to respond and when controversial philosophical opinions threaten right understanding of what has been revealed, when false and partial theories which sow the seed of serious error, confusing the pure and simple faith of the People of God, begin to spread more widely. 50. In the light of faith, the Church's Magisterium can and must authoritatively exercise a critical discernment of opinions and philosophies which con
Malmesbury Victoria Football Club is a football club based in Malmesbury, England. Affiliated to the Wiltshire Football Association, they are members of the Hellenic League Division One West and play at the Flying Monk Ground; the club was established in 1898 as Malmesbury Town. Although they folded in 1936, the club was reformed in 1947 and were renamed Malmesbury United in 1968. In 1975 they merged with Swindon Victoria and were renamed Malmesbury Victoria, taking Swindon Victoria's place in Division One of the Wiltshire Combination. In 1976 the club were founder members of the new Wiltshire County League and were placed in Division One. In 1981–82 they finished bottom of Division One; the club won the league's Junior Cup in 1982–83 and the Wiltshire Junior Cup in 1986–87. After finishing as runners-up in Division Two in 1993–94, Malmesbury were promoted to Division One, they were Division One runners-up the following season, but were relegated to Division Two in 1995–96. A third-place finish in Division Two in 1996–97 saw the club promoted back to Division One.
In 1998 Division One became the Premier Division, with Malmesbury winning the league title in 1999–2000. The club them moved up to Division One West of the Hellenic League. In 2001 -- 02 they won the Wiltshire Senior Cup. In 2008 -- 09 Malmesbury were promoted to the Premier Division. However, they were relegated back to Division One at the end of the following season as their Flying Monk Ground had not been upgraded to meet league criteria, they left the Hellenic League at the end of the 2013–14 season due to financial problems, returning to the Premier Division of the Wiltshire League. Malmesbury were Premier Division champions in 2014–15, after finishing third in 2015–16, the club were promoted to Division One of the Western League, they were transferred to Division One West of the Hellenic League prior to the 2018–19 season. The club played at several different grounds before moving to the Flying Monk Ground, owned by the Flying Monk pub. Floodlights were installed in 2004. Wiltshire League Premier Division champions 1999–2000, 2014–15 Junior Cup winners 1982–83 Wiltshire Senior Cup Winners 2001–02 Wiltshire Junior Cup Winners 1986–87 Best FA Vase performance: Third round, 1976–77 Record attendance: 310, August 2009 Malmesbury Victoria F.
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