The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system. Its source is Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota and it flows south for 2,320 miles to the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 32 U. S. two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountains. The main stem is within the United States; the Mississippi ranks as the fifteenth-largest river by discharge in the world. The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, Arkansas and Louisiana. Native Americans have lived along its tributaries for thousands of years. Most were hunter-gatherers, but some, such as the Mound Builders, formed prolific agricultural societies; the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century changed the native way of life as first explorers settlers, ventured into the basin in increasing numbers.
The river served first as a barrier, forming borders for New Spain, New France, the early United States, as a vital transportation artery and communications link. In the 19th century, during the height of the ideology of manifest destiny, the Mississippi and several western tributaries, most notably the Missouri, formed pathways for the western expansion of the United States. Formed from thick layers of the river's silt deposits, the Mississippi embayment is one of the most fertile regions of the United States. During the American Civil War, the Mississippi's capture by Union forces marked a turning point towards victory, due to the river's strategic importance to the Confederate war effort; because of substantial growth of cities and the larger ships and barges that replaced steamboats, the first decades of the 20th century saw the construction of massive engineering works such as levees and dams built in combination. A major focus of this work has been to prevent the lower Mississippi from shifting into the channel of the Atchafalaya River and bypassing New Orleans.
Since the 20th century, the Mississippi River has experienced major pollution and environmental problems – most notably elevated nutrient and chemical levels from agricultural runoff, the primary contributor to the Gulf of Mexico dead zone. The word Mississippi itself comes from Misi zipi, the French rendering of the Anishinaabe name for the river, Misi-ziibi. In the 18th century, the river was the primary western boundary of the young United States, since the country's expansion westward, the Mississippi River has been considered a convenient if approximate dividing line between the Eastern and Midwestern United States, the Western United States; this is exemplified by the Gateway Arch in St. Louis and the phrase "Trans-Mississippi" as used in the name of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition, it is common to qualify a regionally superlative landmark in relation to it, such as "the highest peak east of the Mississippi" or "the oldest city west of the Mississippi". The FCC uses it as the dividing line for broadcast call-signs, which begin with W to the east and K to the west, mixing together in media markets along the river.
The Mississippi River can be divided into three sections: the Upper Mississippi, the river from its headwaters to the confluence with the Missouri River. The Upper Mississippi runs from its headwaters to its confluence with the Missouri River at St. Louis, Missouri, it is divided into two sections: The headwaters, 493 miles from the source to Saint Anthony Falls in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The source of the Upper Mississippi branch is traditionally accepted as Lake Itasca, 1,475 feet above sea level in Itasca State Park in Clearwater County, Minnesota; the name "Itasca" was chosen to designate the "true head" of the Mississippi River as a combination of the last four letters of the Latin word for truth and the first two letters of the Latin word for head. However, the lake is in turn fed by a number of smaller streams. From its origin at Lake Itasca to St. Louis, the waterway's flow is moderated by 43 dams. Fourteen of these dams are located above Minneapolis in the headwaters region and serve multiple purposes, including power generation and recreation.
The remaining 29 dams, beginning in downtown Minneapolis, all contain locks and were constructed to improve commercial navigation of the upper river. Taken as a whole, these 43 dams shape the geography and influence the ecology of the upper river. Beginning just below Saint Paul and continuing throughout the upper and lower river, the Mississippi is further controlled by thousands of wing dikes that moderate the river's flow in order to maintain an open navigation channel and prevent the river from eroding its banks; the head of navigation on the Mississippi is the Coon Rapids Dam in Minnesota. Before it was built in 1913, steamboats could go upstream as far as Saint Cloud, depending on river conditions; the uppermost lock and dam on the Upper Mississippi River is the Upper St. Anthony Falls Lock an
Hannibal is a city in Marion and Ralls counties in the U. S. state of Missouri. Interstate 72 and U. S. Routes 24, 36, 61 intersect in the city, located along the Mississippi River 100 miles northwest of St. Louis and 100 miles west of Springfield, Illinois. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, the population was 17,606; the bulk of the city is in Marion County, with a tiny sliver in the south extending into Ralls County. Hannibal is not the county seat. There is one in Palmyra, the county seat, located more in the center of the county; this is the principal city of the Hannibal, Missouri micropolitan area, which consists of both Marion and Ralls counties. The site of Hannibal was long occupied by various cultures of indigenous Native American tribes; the river community is best known as the 19th-century boyhood home of author Samuel Langhorne Clemens. The settings of Twain's novels The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are inspired by this town. Numerous historical sites are associated with places depicted in his fiction.
Hannibal draws both international tourists. The Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum marked its 100th anniversary in 2012 and has had visitors from all 50 states and some 60 countries. Most Hannibal residents enjoy the visitors, the town at large benefits from tourism revenue. After the Louisiana Territory was acquired by the United States in 1803, European-American settlers began to enter the area; the town was named after Hannibal Creek. The name is derived from the hero of ancient Carthage in actual Tunisia, Hannibal. Although the city grew with a population of 30 by 1830, its access to the Mississippi River and railroad transportation fueled growth to 2,020 by 1850, it annexed the town of South Hannibal in 1843. Hannibal gained "city" status by 1845. Hannibal was Missouri's third-largest city when the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was organized in 1846 by John M. Clemens and associates, it was built to connect to St. Joseph, Missouri in the west the state's second-largest city; this railroad was the westernmost line.
It transported mail for delivery to the first outpost of the Pony Express. The city has since served as a regional marketing center for livestock and grain as well as other products produced locally, such as cement and shoes. Cement for the Empire State Building and Panama Canal was manufactured at the Atlas Portland Cement Company in the nearby unincorporated company town of Ilasco; the Mark Twain Memorial Lighthouse was constructed in 1933 as a public works project under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, it has been lit on ceremonial occasions at three separate times by Presidents Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton. Rockcliffe Mansion, a private house on a knoll in Hannibal, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2011, the Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum released Mark Twain: Words & Music, a CD featuring entertainers who recount Mark Twain's life in spoken word and song. Several songs were written for the project and refer to Hannibal, including "Huck Finn Blues" by Brad Paisley and "Run Mississippi" by Rhonda Vincent.
Other artists include Jimmy Buffett as Huckleberry Finn, Clint Eastwood as Twain, Garrison Keillor as the narrator of the project. Hannibal is next to Illinois. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.21 square miles, of which 15.74 square miles is land and 0.47 square miles is water. Hannibal's climate is humid continental, with hot, humid summers; the Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area is composed of Ralls counties. As of the census of 2010, there were 17,916 people, 7,117 households, 4,400 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,138.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,021 housing units at an average density of 509.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.8% White, 7.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population. There were 7,117 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 38.2% were non-families.
31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age in the city was 37.3 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,757 people, 7,017 households, 4,554 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,215.3 people per square mile. There were 7,886 housing units at an average density of 539.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 90.61% White, 6.57% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population. 25.9% were of American, 23.8% German, 10.9% Irish and 10.0% English ances
Illinois State Highway System
The organized State Highway System of the U. S. state of Illinois comprises all of the state routes in the state. The Illinois Highway Code states that all state highways are to be numbered, that no state highway shall go unnumbered. In addition, roads in the system include state highways that connect Descriptions of each individual state highway are filed with the county clerk of the county in which the state highway resides. State highways may be maintained by either the municipalities if within a municipality, or the Illinois Department of Transportation. Should a highway run through a municipality, IDOT is authorized to choose a route through the municipality in order to make a route contiguous for through traffic; the State Highway System was created in 1918 with the first State Bond Issue Routes, 1 through 46. Bonds were floated to pay for specific routes. SBI # 1 paid for Route 1, so on; these initial 46 route numbers marked the major infrastructure roads desired by the state legislature in 1918.
Remarkably, many of these numbers still exist on the nearby alignment. As the highway system grew these numbers were altered to accommodate new roads or extensions of older roads. In 1924, additional State Bond Issues were authorized for SBI Routes 47 through 185; these route numbers were assigned and grouped to specific regions of the state. Thus, it is not uncommon to find groups of routes with similar numbers around each other (routes 23, 26, 29 are found in north-central Illinois, while routes 53, 56, 58, 59, 60, 62, 64, 68 and 72 are all found in northeastern Illinois and routes 100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 107 are found in western Illinois west of the Illinois River and south of McDonough County line. SBI Route numbers that were superseded by other routes, US or state routes were reused. For example, SBI Route 61 was assigned to a road segment in northeastern Illinois, but was reassigned to a route in western Illinois, sometime after 1937. SBI Numbers are still used for several purposes when they do not match the posted number.
IDOT District maps still refer to SBI numbers on the various roads it maintains, along with other non-posted designations that refer to how the route was authorized. Bridge weight plates refer to SBI numbers instead of posted route numbers as well. For example, bridge plates along old US-66 refer to the route as "SBI-4" When the United States Numbered Highway System was started in 1926, the US numbers were just tacked onto the existing IL/SBI number unless the US Route was routed along a new route. Illinois portal U. S. Roads portal 605 ILCS 5/Illinois Highway Code Illinois Department of Transportation Illinois Highways Page Road Signs of Illinois Illinois State Highway Endpoints
Interstate 55 in Illinois
Interstate 55 is a major north–south Interstate Highway in the U. S. state of Illinois that connects the St. Louis and Chicago metropolitan areas, it enters the state from Missouri on the Poplar Street Bridge near East St. Louis and runs to U. S. Route 41 near downtown Chicago; the Road runs through the cities of Springfield and Joliet. The section in DuPage County is named Joliet Freeway or Will Rogers Freeway and in Cook County is named the Stevenson Expressway. I-55 within Illinois carries heavy traffic, with an average of more than 20,000 vehicles per day for most of its length. Significant portions of I-55 contain six lanes and are used by commuters. I-55 in Illinois begins in East St. Louis on the Poplar Street Bridge over the Mississippi River at the Missouri–Illinois state line and runs southwest to northeast through the state, ending in Chicago at US 41. Along the way, it goes through four metropolitan areas in the state: the Illinois portion of the St. Louis metropolitan area, the Springfield metropolitan area, the Bloomington-Normal metropolitan area, the Chicago metropolitan area.
I-55 enters the Chicago metro area as the Stevenson Expressway and provides easy access to downtown Chicago via both the I-90/I-94 interchange and US 41 at the northern terminus of I-55, near Cermak Road and the lakefront. I-55 in Illinois is the fourth road to connect St. Chicago; the first was the Pontiac Trail in 1915. This was improved and paved as the new Illinois Route 4 by 1924. In 1926, IL 4 was designated as the route of the new U. S 66, a new section of US 66 was built to bypass slower sections of IL 4 south of Springfield by 1930. Through the 1950s US 66 was continually widened and improved to handle its growing traffic, until its entire length was four lanes wide by 1957; the roots of I-55 could be traced back to the need of a national highway system. President Dwight D. Eisenhower saw the need of a national network of highways that would help with the mobilization of the army, he had been impressed with the autobahn he saw in Germany during World War II. In 1956 he signed the Federal Aid Highway Act into existence.
Although the act provided for a highway replacing Route 66, it was spared destruction for a while because of it being more modern than other routes at the time. Illinois would build its first new Interstate highways on other routes such as I-80, I-57, I-70, before turning its attention once again to the St. Louis-to-Chicago route. However, during the 1970s, Route 66 was replaced by I-55 as the fourth St. Louis-to-Chicago highway, serving most of the same communities along the way as the original Pontiac Trail, it was built in sections across Illinois on the original Route 66 roadbed. A common construction tactic where Route 66 was four lanes wide, was to build new southbound lanes for I-55 west of the original road rebuild the original southbound lanes of US 66 to be the new northbound lanes for I-55, leaving the original northbound lanes of old US 66 as a two-way frontage road. One can find many signs posted for Historic US 66 where it deviates from I-55; the earliest stretch of I-55 was a portion of US 66, built as a freeway between Gardner and I-294 in Indian Head Park, and, added to the Interstate system by erecting new signs in 1960.
Portions of the highway were built in the 1960s between East St. Louis and Hamel, as bypasses of Springfield and Bloomington-Normal; the rest of the road was completed in the 1970s. The Stevenson Expressway opened on October 1964 as the Southwest Expressway, it was renamed after Adlai Stevenson, the former governor of Illinois, on September 1, 1965, a month and a half after his death. The Stevenson's original termini were US 66 in DuPage County to the west, the Dan Ryan Expressway to the east. In 1999–2000, the expressway was rebuilt from Central Avenue north to Lake Shore Drive, including the ramps to the Dan Ryan; the Illinois Department of Transportation was criticized at the time for not adding a fourth lane in each direction to the highway. In 2017, the Illinois General Assembly voted to rename 70 miles of I-55 from the Tri-State Tollway to Pontiac in honor of Barack Obama; because of the heavy traffic on I-55, IDOT spends millions of dollars per year maintaining the roadway, adding lanes, replacing bridges to increase the capacity of the highway.
In northeastern Illinois near Joliet, a widening project that expanded I-55 from two to three lanes in each direction between I-80 and Weber Road was completed on October 29, 2008. In the 2000s decade, the Damen Avenue and Pulaski Road interchanges were rebuilt as a single-point urban interchange configuration; the Arsenal Road interchange was under complete rebuilding and reconfiguration as of 2012, the deteriorated overpass at IL 129 was removed in 2012 in anticipation of future construction of a full interchange, temporarily leaving the IL 129 interchange with only a northbound exit and northbound entrance. At St. Louis, the Stan Musial Veterans Memorial Bridge carrying I-70 across the Mississippi River, costing $667 million, was completed in 2014 to relieve congestion on I-55's Poplar Street Bridge. Governor Bruce Rauner, in early 2016, made a proposal to explore expanding the Stevenson Expressway portion of I-55 by adding an additional lane
Griggsville is a city in Pike County, United States. The population was 1,258 at the 2000 census. Griggsville was named for Richard Griggs. Images of Early Griggsville The community is in northeast Pike County four miles west of the Illinois River. Pittsfield lies about seven miles to the southwest along Illinois Route 107. According to the 2010 census, Griggsville has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,258 people, 500 households, 360 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,215.0 people per square mile. There were 548 housing units at an average density of 529.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.21% White, 0.16% African American, 0.08% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population. There were 500 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families.
24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,875, the median income for a family was $36,071. Males had a median income of $27,454 versus $18,182 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,578. About 10.2% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. Griggsville hosts an Apple Festival on the third weekend of each September, along with the Western Illinois Fair, traditionally held during the third week of June.
The Western Illinois Fair, in its 120th year, is one of the oldest fairs in the state of Illinois. Griggsville is located between the Mississippi River and the Illinois River and the hot muggy summers are the perfect habitat for mosquitoes. Amid growing concern over the use of pesticides to control mosquitoes, the town came up with an alternate abatement method. J. L. Wade, a Griggsville resident and owner of a local antenna manufacturing factory realized that Griggsville was right in the migration path of the purple martin, the largest bird in the swallow family able to eat 2,000 mosquitoes in a single day. J. L. Wade realized that to get the purple martins to stay, he needed to give them a reason to stay, so he converted his antenna factory into a bird house building factory; the mosquito population dwindled, which lead the town to adopt the nickname "The Purple Martin Capital of the Nation", as well as labeling the purple martin "America's Most Wanted Bird." Additionally, Wade's purple martin business Trio Manufacturing, published a newsletter called The Nature Society News.
The purple martin factory has been been sold to a Chicago businessman. Griggsville has installed over 5,000 birdhouses along the city streets, including a 562-apartment high rise, reaching a height of 70 ft. Lew Hitch, basketball player for the Minneapolis Lakers From 1999-2014 Griggsville had a thriving music scene. Popular acts include: The Junior Varsity, Take It To Tony Little, New Prairie Identity, Tyler & Asa, Everett Craven. Wendy J. Hartlieb, Griggsville High School Valedictorian, Class of 1984. Charles Wallace Parker, notable manufacturer of carousels in Leavenworth, Kansas; the Purple Martin High-Rise is located in central Griggsville on Illinois Route 107. Ray Norbut State Fish and Wildlife Area Many visitors arrive in Griggsville annually for hunting the abundant wild life such as deer and turkey with hunting season beginning in late summer/early fall. Summer visitors can find entertainment during the Western Illinois Fair 3rd week of June that hosts harness racing with cash prizes, farm related activities, carnival rides, beer tent, camping facilities.
For those doing research on ancestors The Skinner House hosts a collections of books and cemetery records as well as genealogical records maintained by families since the town's founding. Local history is documented at The Skinner House as well as the legendary painting of Bethel Church by artist John Skelton, raised in Griggsville; the Lighthouse Baptist Church is thought to be one of the oldest continuous operating churches in the state. Autumn activities include Fall Color Drive hosted during 3rd weekend in October for scenic driving tour, crafts and yard sales throughout the county. Griggsville Landing Lime Kiln Stead, George A. "Prologue to the Genealogy of the Steads" "Griggsville--Boom, Town on the Frontier" retrieved from archives at the Skinner House in Griggsville, IL. November 29, 2007
Springfield is the capital of the U. S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. The city's population of 116,250 as of the 2010 U. S. Census makes it the state's sixth most populous city, it is the largest city in central Illinois. As of 2013, the city's population was estimated to have increased to 117,006, with just over 211,700 residents living in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Sangamon County and the adjacent Menard County. Present-day Springfield was settled by European Americans in the late 1810s, around the time Illinois became a state; the most famous historic resident was Abraham Lincoln, who lived in Springfield from 1837 until 1861, when he went to the White House as President. Major tourist attractions include multiple sites connected with Lincoln including his presidential library and museum, his home, his tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery; the capital is centrally located within the state. The city lies in a plain near the Sangamon River. Lake Springfield, a large artificial lake owned by the City Water, Light & Power company, supplies the city with recreation and drinking water.
Weather is typical for middle latitude locations, with hot summers and cold winters. Spring and summer weather is like that of most midwestern cities. Tornadoes hit the Springfield area in 1957 and 2006; the city governs the Capital Township. The government of the state of Illinois is based in Springfield. State government entities include the Illinois General Assembly, the Illinois Supreme Court and the Office of the Governor of Illinois. There are three private high schools in Springfield. Public schools in Springfield are operated by District No. 186. Springfield's economy is dominated by government jobs, plus the related lobbyists and firms that deal with the state and county governments and justice system, health care and medicine. Springfield was named "Calhoun", after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina; the land that Springfield now occupies was settled first by trappers and fur traders who came to the Sangamon River in 1818. The first cabin was built by John Kelly, it was located at what is now the northwest corner of Jefferson Street.
In 1821, Calhoun was designated as the county seat of Sangamon County due to fertile soil and trading opportunities. Settlers from Kentucky and North Carolina came to the developing city. By 1832, Senator Calhoun had fallen out of the favor with the public and the town renamed itself as Springfield after Springfield, Massachusetts. At that time, the New England city was known for industrial innovation, concentrated prosperity, the Springfield Armory. Kaskaskia was the first capital of the Illinois Territory from its organization in 1809, continuing through statehood in 1818, through the first year as a state in 1819. Vandalia was the second state capital of Illinois from 1819 to 1839. Springfield became the third and current capital of Illinois in 1839; the designation was due to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates. The Potawatomi Trail of Death passed through here in 1838, as the Native Americans were forced west to Indian Territory by the government's Indian Removal policy. Lincoln arrived in the Springfield area when he was a young man in 1831, though he did not live in the city until 1837.
He spent the ensuing six years in New Salem, where he began his legal studies, joined the state militia and was elected to the Illinois General Assembly. In 1837 Lincoln spent the next 24 years as a lawyer and politician. Lincoln delivered his Lyceum address in Springfield, his farewell speech when he left for Washington is a classic in American oratory. Winkle examines the historiography concerning the development of the Second Party System and applies these ideas to the study of Springfield, a strong Whig enclave in a Democratic region, he chiefly studied poll books for presidential years. The rise of the Whig Party took place in 1836 in opposition to the presidential candidacy of Martin Van Buren and was consolidated in 1840. Springfield Whigs tend to validate several expectations of party characteristics as they were native-born, either in New England or Kentucky, professional or agricultural in occupation, devoted to partisan organization. Abraham Lincoln's career reflects the Whigs' political rise, but by the 1840s, Springfield began to be dominated by Democratic politicians.
Waves of new European immigrants changed the city's demographics and became aligned with the Democrats. By the 1860 presidential election, Lincoln was able to win his home city. Winkle examines the impact of migration on political participation in Springfield during the 1850s. Widespread migration in the 19th-century United States produced frequent population turnover within Midwestern communities, which influenced patterns of voter turnout and office-holding. Examination of the manuscript census, poll books, office-holding records reveals the effects of migration on the behavior and voting patterns of 8,000 participants in 10 elections in Springfield. Most voters were short-term residents who participated in only one or two elections during the 1850s. Fewer than 1% of all voters participated in all 10 elections. Instead of producing political instability, rapid turnover enhanced the influence of the more stable residents. Migration was selective by age, occupation and birthplace. Longer-term or persistent voters, as he terms them, tended to be wealthier, more skilled, more native-born, more stable than non-persisters.
Officeholders were particularly
Missouri Route 72
Route 72 is a highway in southern Missouri. Its eastern terminus is at Route 34 west of Jackson. Route 72 is one of the original 1922 state highways, its eastern terminus was at Centerville, its western terminus was at the junction with Route 32. The part between Arcadia and Fredericktown was Route 70 from 1922 to 1959, when it became part of Route 72 because of I-70. Route 72 was rebuilt a few years back from Elk Prairie, just south of Rolla; the road was widened and shoulders were built. As Route 72 passes through Salem, it crosses Route 19, it splits off to the southeast towards the small town of Bunker. It is curvy. After passing through Bunker, it runs eastward for 17 miles. 72 turns left and runs concurrently with Hwy 21 through Centerville. Between Centerville and Lesterville, Route 49 joins it and 21, 72 and 49 run concurrently eastward to the Glover corner. Route 49 turns right at that corner. Route 72 and Route 21 run north for 10 miles to Arcadia. However, it has a unique interchange. Route 72 runs east, intersects US Hwy 67 west of Fredericktown.
It proceeds to its eastern terminus with Route 34 at Jackson, MO