click links in text for more info

Interstate 77

Interstate 77 is a north–south Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. It traverses diverse terrain, from the mountainous state of West Virginia to the rolling farmlands of North Carolina and Ohio, it supplants the old U. S. Route 21 between Cleveland and Columbia, South Carolina, as an important north–south corridor through the middle Appalachians; the southern terminus of Interstate 77 is in Columbia at the junction with Interstate 26. The northern terminus is in Cleveland at the junction with Interstate 90. Other major cities that I-77 connects to include Charlotte; the East River Mountain Tunnel, connecting Virginia and West Virginia, is one of only two instances in the United States where a mountain road tunnel crosses a state line. The other is the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, connecting Kentucky. I-77 is a route to the southern United States for those traveling from the Great Lakes region. I-77 begins as an eight-lane highway at I-26 in the far southeastern part of the Columbia metropolitan area.

The Columbia skyline is visible from this interchange. In the Columbia area, I-77 offers easy access to Fort Jackson before meeting I-20 in the northeastern part of the city; this segment of I-77, combined with I-20 and I-26, form a beltway around Columbia, though it is not designated as such. In the Columbia area, the control city for northbound traffic is Charlotte, N. C. while the control city for southbound traffic is Charleston, S. C. and Spartanburg, S. C. from Exit 9 to I-26. After leaving the northern Columbia suburb of Blythewood, I-77 narrows to four lanes until it widens to eight lanes at Rock Hill from Exit 77 to the North Carolina state line at I-485; the final South Carolina exit, takes motorists to Carowinds, a thrill theme park, built along the North and South Carolina state line. Much of the Interstate's path through Fairfield and Chester County is uphill; this marks the changing terrain from the Midlands to the Piedmont. The final section of the entire length of Interstate 77 was completed in Columbia in 1995.

Interstate 77 through North Carolina begins at the South Carolina state line at Pineville where the Carowinds theme park is visible. It narrows to 6 lanes on the NC side south of Charlotte and widens to 8 and 10 lanes through downtown before entering the North Carolina Piedmont. In Charlotte it intersects Interstate 85 as well as intersecting each of the loops of Interstate 485 and Interstate 277. North of Charlotte, it skirts Lake Norman where it narrows again to 4 lanes before passing through Huntersville, Cornelius and Mooresville. Forty miles north of Interstate 85, at Statesville it intersects Interstate 40 and U. S. Highway 70. Next, it crosses over U. S. Route continues on through Elkin; the final intersection in the state is with a discontinuous section of Interstate 74 near Mount Airy within sight of the Southern Blue Ridge that Interstate 77 will climb shortly after leaving the state of North Carolina. Interstate 77 in Charlotte, North Carolina, is known as the "Bill Lee Freeway". A 6-mile portion south of the city is called the "General Younts Expressway".

When I-77 crosses over I-85, the northbound lanes are to the west of the southbound lanes. North Carolina completed its section of Interstate 77 in 1975. Interstate 77 through Virginia passes through two tunnels; the Big Walker Mountain Tunnel and the East River Mountain Tunnel provide quick interstate access with minimal environmental disruption. For eight miles, Interstates 77 and 81 overlap near Wytheville; this is a wrong-way concurrency, where two roads run concurrent with each other but are designated in opposite directions. The highway passes through "Virginia's Technology Corridor" despite its rural and isolated settings. Outside of Wytheville, there is little in the way of development. On March 31, 2013, there was a nearly 100-car pileup on I-77 near Fancy Gap. Interstate 77 enters West Virginia through the East River Mountain Tunnel. At milepost 9, Interstate 77 becomes co-signed with the West Virginia Turnpike for the next 88 miles, a toll road between Princeton and Charleston, it is concurrent with Interstate 64 to Charleston at Beckley.

The speed limit is 70 mph for most of the length, with a 60 mph limit for the section between Marmet and the toll plaza near Pax. It enters Charleston via the Yeager Bridge and passes by the state capitol complex before splitting off at a four-level junction with Interstate 64 in the downtown. Two miles north of the city center, it junctions with Interstate 79 before proceeding northward towards Ripley and Parkersburg, it leaves the state at Williamstown for Ohio. North of Charleston, Interstate 77 is known as the "Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway". Within the city limits of Charleston, it is labeled as the "Nurse Veterans Memorial Highway" although not signed or mentioned as such; the toll-free section south of Princeton to Virginia is known as the "Hugh Ike Shott Memorial Highway" although no signage exists to identify it as such. In practice, none of these terms are used by the general public. Entering from West Virginia at Marietta, Interstate 77 passes through rolling Appalachian terrain.

The interchange with I-70 at Cambridge is thought to be the largest interchange in the worl

Step by Step (Annie Lennox song)

"“Step by Step” is a song written and recorded by Annie Lennox. The song appeared on the B-Side to Lennox’s 1992 single "Precious”. Whitney Houston released a reworked cross over R&B pop cover version in 1996 on the album “The Preacher’s Wife”. Houston's version omits portions of the bridge. Annie Lennox provides backing vocals for Houston’s rendition. In an interview for The Nation, Houston said that "Annie sent me this beautiful, spiritual song and it fit the groove of the album right away". Billboard called it "one of the shining moments on the soundtrack to The Preacher's Wife" and described it as "a rousing, gospel-kissed chugger", adding that "t's been too long since Houston has cut loose on an uptempo number, she whips through this jam with engaging ease". Entertainment Weekly in its review for The Preacher's Wife soundtrack wrote "Best among the non-gospel fare, Step by Step, a house throbber penned by Annie Lennox, represents an admirable departure but gets tripped up by a pallid Inspirations R Us lyric and too much of its author's stamp."

According to J. D. Considine of The Baltimore Sun "Step by Step" is "a slick, synth-driven number that recalls the'80s-style sparkle of her early hits" and "certain to spend many weeks in the Top 10". In its review for the dance single for "Step By Step", Billboard called it an "uplifting anthem" in which "Houston cuts loose with stirring gospel fervor". Bob Waliszewski of Plugged In called it "aerobically upbeat", adding that the song "embraces the challenges of living day by day" While reviewing The Preacher's Wife album, Cary Darling of The Orange County Register noted that Houston "turns in a credible, danceable take on Annie Lennox's "Step by Step"" and that "the Teddy Riley remix digs a deep new jack groove." The Miami Herald wrote that "Step by Step" is a "punchy dance/ pop number" and its "bass-rumbling remix seems a natural for clubs". Following Houston's death in 2012, Entertainment Weekly published a list of her 25 best songs and ranked "Step by Step" at number 13 because: "The Preacher's Wife wasn't a masterpiece, but for gospel lovers, its soundtrack was nd its Annie Lennox-penned second single — an ode to not biting off more than you can chew, set to a churchy dance beat — peaked at a respectable No. 15 on the pop charts."

It was placed at number five on Idolators list of "Whitney Houston’s 10 Best Songs That Radio Forgot" because the song "teaches us that we can overcome any obstacle". BET placed it at number 22 in their list of "The 40 Best Whitney Houston Songs" because "she ably recalls her'80s uptempo prime with a result that's both spirit- and body-moving". After its release, "Step by Step" reached number 15 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the US. Houston's single charted across the globe, reaching the Top 20 in over 45 countries, it was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. It was successful in Europe and peaked within the top ten in Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary and Spain, and it peaked at number ten on the composite European Hot 100. In the United Kingdom, the song was released in late 1996 as the first single from The Preacher's Wife soundtrack, it was certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry. In February 2012, after Houston's passing, it re-entered the UK singles chart at number 83.

As of 2012, the song had sold 235,000 copies in the United Kingdom. In Australia, it spent 15 weeks on the chart, it was certified gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association. In Austria it spent 16 weeks on the chart; the video shows Houston wearing a brown raincoat and dancing to the song on a center stage while other dancers join her as the song develops. Houston's footages are intercut with scenes of a youth center, being restored by youngsters after a fire; the video was directed by Paul Hunter. After its release, "Step by Step" has been performed on all of Houston's tours: Pacific Rim Tour, The European Tour, My Love Is Your Love World Tour, Soul Divas Tour and Nothing but Love World Tour, it was performed in her HBO special Classic Whitney Live from Washington, D. C. in 1997. CD single"Step by Step" — 4:12 "Step by Step" — 4:32CD maxi single"Step by Step" — 10:22 "Step by Step" — 11:50 "Step by Step" — 8:47 "Step by Step" — 10:08 "Step by Step" - 5:00 "Step by Step" - 4:0712" - The Remixes"Step by Step" — 11:50 "Step by Step" - 4:12 "Step by Step" — 10:06 "Step by Step" — 2:40 "Step by Step" — 9:02 "Step by Step" — 8:47 "Step by Step" - 4:32 Step By Step at Discogs

The Anathemata

The Anathemata is an epic poem by the British poet David Jones, first published in England in 1952. Along with 1937's In Parenthesis, it is the text upon which Jones' reputation rests; the poem is composed of eight sections, which together narrate the thought processes of one cambrophile English Catholic at Mass over the span of seven seconds. Section I: "Rite and Fore-time" begins during a mid-twentieth century Mass, but shifts to contemplate prehistoric ritual and myth-making. In the following sections, "Middle-sea and Lear-sea", "Angle-Land", "Redriff", Jones' poem considers the theme of nautical navigation. Throughout, several ships in distinct historical periods sail westward from Troy to Rome around Western Europe to the English coast, to London via the Thames. Section V, "The Lady of the Pool", is an extended monologue of sorts given by one Elen/Helen/Helena/Eleanore, a personification of the city of London, in the mid-fifteenth century. In section VI, "Keel, Stauros", the ship we have been following explicitly becomes the World Ship, with the divine Logos for keel, the Cross as a mast.

Section VII, "Mabinog's Liturgy", concerns the Mediaeval Welsh celebration of Christmas Mass, while section VII, "Sherthursdaye and Venus Day", centres on The Last Supper and Crucifixion. While in this brief summary and indeed upon first reading the poem's structure may seem chaotic, Thomas Dilworth has celebrated The Anathemata's wide-open form as unique in being formally whole. Dilworth notes that the structure produced by Jones' poetry is a "symmetrical multiple chiasmus," evident in Jones' manuscripts of the poem from its inception, he provides the following illustration of its form: "Anathemata" is Greek for "things set apart," or "special things." In lieu of any coherent plot, notes William Blissett, the eight sections of Jones' poem revolve around the core history of man in Britain "as seen joyfully through Christian eyes as preparation of the Gospel and as continuation of Redemption in Christendom, with the Sacrifice of Calvary and the Mass as eternal centre." This revolving structure reflects Jones' belief that cultural artefacts of the past lived on within specific cultures in a continuous line of artistic interpretation.

As such, the text is densely allusive, moves between old/middle/early modern/modern English and Latin. In this respect, it is similar to The Cantos of Ezra Pound, or James Joyce's Finnegans Wake, can confuse and mislead the over-attentive but impatient reader. Thomas Dilworth has asserted that the reason that Jones' poetry is not read today is the "general neglect of The Anathemata." Despite this, the poem was well received by Jones' fellow poets. For example, W. H. Auden has described it as "very the finest long poem written in English this century," and T. S. Eliot felt that it secured Jones' status—along with Ezra Pound, James Joyce, Eliot himself—as a master of English Modernism. John Berryman of the New York Times Book Review gave the poem a glowing review, calling it "sinewy, sensitive, devoted, not at all a crackpot or homiletic operation. I will not call it parasitic. Here is where criticism of the brilliant thing must begin." The Times Literary Supplement gave a favourable review, but accurately forecasted Dilworth's lament that it would be ignored: the text "bristles with too many arcane allusions for a reader to grasp the meaning within its magic without a great deal of that'mugging-up' which shatters the poetic illusion."

If I Die in a Combat Zone, Box Me Up and Ship Me Home

If I Die in a Combat Zone, Box Me Up and Ship Me Home is an autobiographical account of Tim O'Brien's tour of duty in the Vietnam War. It was published in 1973 in the United States by Delacorte and in Great Britain by Calder and Boyars Ltd, it has subsequently been reprinted by multiple publishers under both titles, most in the latter. O'Brien takes the reader through a typical day in the life of a soldier in Vietnam. We are introduced to a small number of fellow'grunts' and the commanding officer of Alpha Company, the rifle company O'Brien was assigned to, one Captain Johansen. Rather than proceed chronologically, O'Brien takes the reader back to the beginning of his induction into the US Army; the reader learns about the author's home town, Minnesota, to which O'Brien moved when he was 9 years old. We are led through his childhood, playing various army games, learning about World War II from returned veterans and the Korean War, taking place at the time; the story of his tour itself continues to unfold while the reader is taken through O'Brien's training at Fort Lewis, where he acquaints a man of similar situation named Erik.

Together, the two decide to engage in a psychological resistance against the government. After debating over the idea of desertion, O'Brien arrives in Vietnam in 1969 and spends a week at a base in Chu Lai, receiving last-minute training such as mine sweeping and grenade throwing as well as the essential do's and don'ts of jungle warfare, before being sent to Landing Zone Gator in Quang Ngai Province where he is assigned to Alpha company, 5th Battalion of the 46th Infantry, 198th Infantry Brigade. O'Brien describes his time in Alpha Company and the various events that took place during his time there, as well as some of the people he encountered. Among the scenarios O'Brien describes is one about the various mines that are encountered by the infantrymen, the indiscriminate way that these devices disfigure and maim both combatants and civilians. Not long after the accidental shelling of a lagoon village by the A Battery, 1st Battalion, 14th Field Artillery Regiment, that Alpha Company was protecting, O'Brien is offered a job at the rear and is airlifted away from the fighting, where he encounters a rear echelon officer, Major Callicles, who deals with the investigation into the My Lai Massacre committed by the Charlie Company of the same battalion.

The memoir ends with O'Brien being flown home. If I Die in a Combat Zone, Box Me Up and Ship Me Home received warm reviews from critics. Observed by the Washington Star as "the single greatest piece of work to come out of Vietnam", with positive reviews from The Guardian, Gloria Emerson of the New York Times and was described as a personal account of "aching clarity... A beautiful, painful book," by the New York Times Book Review. Similar reviews were given from The Times, The Washington Post, The Sunday Times, The Financial Times and Time Magazine who cited O'Brien as "Perhaps the best writer about Vietnam". If I Die in a Combat Zone, Box Me Up and Ship Me Home Delacorte Press, 1973, hardcover: ISBN 0-440-03853-7 Calder and Boyars, 1973 hardcover: ISBN 0-7145-1006-8 Delta, 1989 paperback: ISBN 0-385-29774-2 Laurel, 1992 mass market paperback: ISBN 0-440-34311-9 Flamingo, 1995 paperback: ISBN 0-586-08799-0 Broadway, 1999 paperback: ISBN 0-7679-0443-5 Sagebrush, 2001 library binding: ISBN 0-613-08043-2 Flamingo, 2003 reprint: ISBN 0-00-716299-5 The rock band Big Country references the words "If I die in a combat zone / Box me up and ship me home" in the song Where The Rose Is Sown, as do The Screaming Blue Messiahs in their song Someone To Talk To as released on the Peel Sessions EP.

The title phrase "If I die in a combat zone, box me up and ship me home" is a military marching cadence, dating back to the Second World War. Cadences such as "C-130 rolling down the strip" and "If I die in the combat zone" are used by the United States Marine Corps; the full stanza, most used in these cadences goes " If i die in a combat zone, box me up and ship me home, pin my medals upon my chest, tell my momma I done my best." Heberle, Mark A. A Trauma Artist: Tim O'Brien and the Fiction of Vietnam, University of Iowa Press, Iowa City, 2001 Tobey C. Herzog, Writing Vietnam, Writing Life: Caputo, Heinemann, O'Brien, Butler

Satellite Town, Rawalpindi

Satellite Town is a neighbourhood locality and a Union Council Of Rawalpindi City of Rawalpindi District in Punjab, Pakistan. It is located close to the capital city Islamabad. Several notable educational institutions are located in the town, including Barani Institute of Information Technology, PMAS, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi a campus of the Rawalpindi Medical College, a campus of the Punjab College of Commerce; the IIUI Schools network, The City School and the Beacon School System have local campuses. Pakistan's top university, Quaid-i-Azam University, was established here before being shifted to its current location in 1971; the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Rawalpindi was headquartered here, before being moved to Morgah near Attock Refinery, Rawalpindi

Paths of Glory

Paths of Glory is a 1957 American anti-war film directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on the novel of the same name by Humphrey Cobb. Set during World War I, the film stars Kirk Douglas as Colonel Dax, the commanding officer of French soldiers who refuse to continue a suicidal attack, after which Dax attempts to defend them against a charge of cowardice in a court-martial. In 1992, the film was deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry; the film begins with a voiceover describing the trench warfare situation of World War I up to 1916. In a château, General Georges Broulard, a member of the French General Staff, asks his subordinate, the ambitious General Mireau, to send his division on a suicide mission to take a well-defended German position called the "Anthill". Mireau refuses, citing the impossibility of success, but when Broulard mentions a potential promotion, Mireau convinces himself the attack will succeed.

Mireau proceeds to walk through the trenches, asking several soldiers, "Ready to kill more Germans?" He throws a private out of the regiment for showing signs of shell shock. Mireau leaves the detailed planning of the attack to Colonel Dax of the 701st regiment, despite Dax's protests that the only result of the attack will be to weaken the French Army with heavy losses for no benefit. Prior to the attack, a drunken lieutenant named Roget, leading a night-time scouting mission, sends one of his two men ahead. Overcome by fear while waiting for the man's return, Roget lobs a grenade and retreats. Corporal Paris, the other soldier on the mission, finds the body of the scout, killed by the grenade, confronts Roget. Roget falsifies his report to Colonel Dax; the next morning, the attack on the Anthill is a failure. Dax leads the first wave of soldiers over the top into no man's land under heavy fire. None of the men reach the German trenches, B Company refuses to leave their own trench after sustaining heavy casualties.

Mireau, orders his artillery to open fire on them to force them onto the battlefield. The artillery commander refuses to fire on his own men without written confirmation of the order. Meanwhile, Dax returns to the trenches and tries to rally B Company to join the battle, but as he climbs out of the trench, the body of a dead French soldier knocks him down. To deflect blame for the attack's failure, Mireau decides to court martial 100 of the soldiers for cowardice. Broulard persuades him to reduce the number to one from each company. Corporal Paris is chosen because his commanding officer, wishes to keep him from testifying about Roget's actions in the scouting mission. Private Ferol is picked by his commanding officer because he is a "social undesirable." The last man, Private Arnaud, is chosen randomly by lot, despite having been cited for bravery twice previously. Dax, a criminal defense lawyer in civilian life, volunteers to defend the men at their court-martial; the trial however, is a farce.

There is no formal written indictment, a court stenographer is not present, the court refuses to admit evidence that would support acquittal. In his closing statement, Dax denounces the proceedings: "Gentlemen of the court, to find these men guilty would be a crime to haunt each of you till the day you die." Nonetheless, the three men are sentenced to death. The night before the scheduled execution, Dax confronts Broulard, at a ball, with sworn statements by witnesses attesting to Mireau's order to shell his own trenches, in an attempt to blackmail the General Staff into sparing the three men. Broulard brusquely dismisses Dax; the next morning, the three men are taken out to be shot by firing squad. Dax, suspecting Roget for his nomination of Paris, forces Roget to lead the executions. While a sobbing Ferol is blindfolded, Paris refuses Roget's offer of a blindfold and reacts ambiguously to Roget's meek apology. Arnaud, meanwhile, is so badly injured after having started a fight in prison that he must be carried out in a stretcher and tied to the post.

All three men are executed. Following the executions, Broulard breakfasts with the gloating Mireau. Broulard reveals he has invited Dax to attend and tells Mireau that he will be investigated for the order to fire on his own men. Mireau storms out. Broulard blithely offers Mireau's command to Dax, assuming that Dax's attempts to stop the executions were a ploy to gain Mireau's job. Discovering that Dax was in fact sincere, Broulard rebukes him for his idealism, while the disgusted Dax calls Broulard a "degenerate, sadistic old man." After the execution, some of Dax's soldiers are raucously partying at an inn. Their mood shifts as they listen to a captive German girl sing "The Faithful Hussar", they are unaware. Dax lets; the title of Cobb's novel came from the ninth stanza of Thomas Gray's poem "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard". The book was a minor success when published in 1935, retelling the true-life affair of four French soldiers who were executed to set an example to the rest of the troops.

The novel was adapted to the stage the same year by World War I veteran Sidney Howard. The play was a flop on Broadway, because of its harsh anti-war scenes. Nonetheless, Howard continued to believe in the relevance of the subject matter and thought it should be made into a film, writing, "It seems to me that our motion picture industry must feel something of a sacred obligation to make the picture." Fulfilling Howard's "sacred obligation", Stanley Kubrick decid