Intesa Sanpaolo

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Intesa Sanpaolo S.p.A.
listed Società per azioni
Traded as BITISP
FTSE MIB Component
ISIN IT0000072618
Industry Financial services
Predecessors
Founded 2007; 10 years ago (2007)
Headquarters Torre Intesa Sanpaolo, Turin, Italy
Number of locations
  • 6,841 branches
  • 5,302 in Italy
  • 1,539 abroad (2012)
Areas served
Italy, Central-Eastern Europe, Middle East, North Africa
Key people
Products
Increase €17.149 billion (2015)
Profit €2.739 billion (2015)
Total assets €676.496 billion (2015)
Total equity €47.776 billion (2015)
Number of employees
90,807 (2015)
Website www.intesasanpaolo.com
Footnotes / references
[1][2][3][4][5]

Intesa Sanpaolo is an Italian banking group resulting from the merger of Banca Intesa and Sanpaolo IMI based in Torre Intesa Sanpaolo, Turin, Italy. In 2014 it was the largest banking group in Italy by market capitalization, and second by total assets,[6][7] the bank has also experienced growth in the international market, focused in Central-Eastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.[8]

When it was formed in 2007 it overtook Unicredit Group as the largest bank in Italy with 13 million customers and US$690 billion worth of assets.[9] By 2010 its assets had grown to US$877.66 billion, ranking 26th in Forbes Global 2000.[10][11] The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.[12]

History[edit]

Intesa Sanpaolo former headquarters in piazza San Carlo, Turin

Banca Intesa and Sanpaolo IMI, the two banks that merged in 2007 to create Intesa Sanpaolo, were themselves the product of many mergers.[13] Cariplo and Banco Ambrosiano Veneto merged in 1998 to form Banca Intesa, the following year Banca Commerciale Italiana joined the group. Sanpaolo IMI was born in 1998 following the merger of Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino, which specialized in retail banking, and IMI (Istituto Mobiliare Italiano), an investment bank.[13]

Banca Intesa[edit]

The oldest part of the banking group is Cariplo SpA which traces its roots to Austrian household savings bank Cassa di Risparmio delle Provincie Lombarde which was established in 1823. Cassa di Risparmio was started by an Italian philanthropic group, the Central Committee of Charity; a response by the government to the hard economic times of the early 19th century. In the early 20th century the bank helped Italian companies in the North obtain capital during and after World War 1 and 2, chiefly under the guide of Giordano Dell'Amore. Banking reforms in 1990 started by Giuliano Amato (Amato Law) led to the restructuring/reorganization of banks by forcing the government to relinquish control of them (the result was a more market driven bank that focused less on social programs/social causes were abandoned).[14]

Cariplo SpA was formed in 1991 when Cassa di Risparmio delle Provincie Lombarde (sold by Ente Cassa di Risparmio delle Provincie Lombarde ) merged with its subsidiary IBI. Banco Ambrosiano Veneto originated with Nuovo Banco Ambrosiano and Banca Cattolica del Veneto which merged in 1989. The bank increased in size during the 1990s due to numerous acquisitions (Citibank Italia, Banca Vallone di Galatina and European securities dealer Caboto among others).[citation needed]

Banca Commerciale Italiana[edit]

Intesa Sanpaolo secondary headquarters. Ca' de Sass building, Milan

Banca Commerciale Italiana (BCI) started in 1894 as a corporate loans lender operating in the commercial industry of Northern Italy; in 1994 Mediobanca purchased an interest in BCI (ironically BCI was one of the 3 banks that formed Mediobanca almost 50 years earlier). BCI tried to acquire Banco Ambrosiano Veneto the same year but was spurned by shareholders who wouldn't accept the US$1.13 billion offer. In 1999 Italy's largest bank Unicredit Group at the time, attempted a hostile takeover of BCI but failed due to Mediobanca's interest in the company (Mediobanca wanted to merge Banca di Roma with BCI)[15] BCI merged with the former Banca Ambrosiano and Cariplo in 1998 to form a financial institution renamed Banca Intesa in 2003.[citation needed]

Sanpaolo IMI[edit]

Sanpaolo IMI was formed in 1998 when Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino and Istituto Mobiliare Italiano (IMI) merged, IMI was established in 1931) in a US 37.8 billion dollar deal.[9]

Intesa Sanpaolo[edit]

Intesa Sanpaolo new headquarters. Torre Intesa Sanpaolo, Turin

In January 2007, Banca Intesa and Sanapaolo IMI, two of the three largest bank of Italy, officially merged.[16]

As part of the authorization of the merger, the Italian Competition Authority (AGCM) forbid Intesa Sanpaolo to open any new branches for two years in the provinces of Udine and Gorizia (Friuli – Venezia Giulia region), provinces of Rovigo and Padua (Veneto region), Aosta Valley, provinces of Biella and Alessandria (Piedmont region), Province of Bolzano (South Tyrol), Province of Bologna (Emilia-Romagna region), Province of Pavia (Lombardy region), Province of Naples (Campania region), Province of Imperia (Liguria region), provinces of Sassari and Cagliari (Sardinia Island), Province of Rieti (Lazio region), province of Terni (Umbria region), Province of Pesaro-Urbino (Marche region), Province of Pescara (Abruzzo region) and Province of Catanzaro (Calabria region).[17]

The French banking group Crédit Agricole started to spin off from Intesa Sanpaolo, by acquiring Cariparma, FriulAdria in 2007 and Carispezia in 2011, as well as branches from Intesa Sanpaolo. In 2012, Crédit Agricole sold all the shares of Intesa Sanpaolo.[citation needed]

In December 2007, Cassa di Risparmio di Biella e Vercelli was also sold to Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena for €399 million.[18]

In 2008, Intesa Sanpaolo acquired Banca CR Firenze; in December 2008, Cassa di Risparmio di Fano was sold to Credito Valtellinese.[citation needed]

In 2009, group acquisitions included a 30% interest in business info company MF Honyvem, and an increased stake in Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana up to 33.3%[19] Even though the bank was rumoured to have been working with the government to keep Air France from acquiring a stake in Alitalia, Air France eventually acquired 25%.[20][21] Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana sold part of its stake in the airline to Etihad Airways in 2015.

From 2012 to 2013, Intesa Sanpaolo write down the value of investment in Banca delle Marche (a minority interests of 5.84% share capital) for a total of €90 million (€18 + 72 million), as well as €26 million for a minority stake in Cassa di Risparmio della Provincia di Chieti in 2014. The shareholders of the banks was bail-in in the rescue plan in 2015.[citation needed]

In 2014, Cassa di Risparmio di Venezia and Banca di Credito Sardo were absorbed into Intesa Sanpaolo, the 2014–17 business plan of the bank stated that the banking group would simplified their legal structure.[citation needed]

In 2015, local banks Banca Monte Parma, Banca di Trento e Bolzano, Cassa di Risparmio di Civitavecchia, Cassa di Risparmio di Rieti and Cassa di Risparmio della Provincia di Viterbo were absorbed into Intesa Sanpaolo. Banca dell'Adriatico and Casse di Risparmio dell'Umbria were planned to be absorb by Intesa Sanpaolo in mid-2016. A unified website was also used for the remaining retail banks of the group in 2016.[citation needed]

In 2016–17, the banking group also sold their non-core businesses, such as the 0.49% ordinary shares of Visa Europe in cash plus share deal;[22] Intesa Sanapolo Card and subsidiary Setefi to Mercury (the parent company of Istituto Centrale delle Banche Popolari Italiane) for €1.035 billion[23][24] and 4.88% shares of Bank of Italy to the bank's shareholders Compagnia di San Paolo, Fondazione Cariplo and the pension funds of the group for €366 million.[25]

On 26 June 2017,[26] as part of a government funded bail-out of the depositors (and the bail-in of the investors of the failed banks), Intesa Sanpaolo acquired the good assets of Banca Popolare di Vicenza (BPVi) and Veneto Banca, including some of the subsidiaries such as Banca Apulia and Banca Nuova. The branches of BPVi and Veneto Banca would at first became branches of Intesa Sanpaolo, but some of them would be closed down in the near future for efficiency, as Intesa Sanapolo was also one of the major bank in Veneto region which the failed banks based; in October 2017, the plan to absorb Banca Nuova into Intesa Sanpaolo was also announced.

Major shareholders[edit]

Intesa Sanpaolo’s shareholders with more than a 2% stake (as of 15 September 2016)[27]

Shareholder Stake (% of ordinary shares)
Compagnia di San Paolo (it) 9.888%
Fondazione Cariplo 4.680%
Fondazione Cariparo 4.180%
Ente Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze 3.378%

Many shareholders of the group were the former owner (foundation) of the saving banks that were acquired by Intesa and Sanapaolo IMI through shares swap, for example, as of 31 December 2013, Fondazione Carisap (Ascoli) held 0.3537% shares,[28] Fondazione Carisbo (Bologna) held 2.023%,[29] Fondazione Cariparma (Parma, now part of Crédit Agricole Group) held 0.67%,[30] Fondazione Carispezia (La Spezia, now part of Crédit Agricole Group) held 0.25%,[31] Fondazione di Venezia (Venice) held 0.33215%.[32]

Corporate Governance[edit]

Intesa Sanpaolo has a single-tiered corporate governance system in which the Board of Directors alone are in charge of strategic supervision and control, the latter duty is carried out by the Management Control Committee instead of the Board of Directors itself. The bank adopted this single-tiered system in April 2016, replacing the former two-tiered structure. Previously, the supervisory board exercised control and strategic management functions, whereas the management board oversaw the management of the company’s business, the supervisory board was appointed by shareholders in their annual meeting. It supervised the activities carried out by the management board and, in particular, approved the main strategic initiatives proposed by the management board, the management board appointed one of its members to be the CEO.[33][34]

Board of directors[edit]

Members were appointed on April 27, 2016 for the following financial years: 2016, 2017 and 2018.[3]

Position Name
Chairman Gian Maria Gros-Pietro
Deputy chairperson Paolo Andrea Colombo
Managing director and CEO Carlo Messina[35]
Director Bruno Picca
Director Rossella Locatelli
Director Giovanni Costa
Director Livia Pomodoro
Director Giovanni Gorno Tempini
Director Giorgina Gallo
Director Franco Ceruti
Director Gianfranco Carbonato
Director Francesca Cornelli
Director Daniele Zamboni
Director Maria Mazzarella
Director Maria Cristina Zoppo
Director Edoardo Gaffeo
Director Milena Teresa Motta
Chairman of the Management Control Committee Marco Mangiagalli
Director Alberto Maria Pisani

Financial information[edit]

Table with a comparison of Intesa Sanpaolo financial performance over the last 5 years.[36][3]

Year Operating income (million €) Net income (million €) Total assets (million €) Total equity (million €)
2014 16,898 1,251 646,427 44,683
2013 16,248 -4,550 624,179 44,520
2012 17,881 1,605 673,472 49,613
2011 16,785 -8,190 639,221 47,040
2010 16,529 2,705 657,025 53,533

Business Units[edit]

The group's operations are segmented into 5 parts[37]

  • Banca dei Territori - By far the largest division this is the company's domestic commercial bank in Italy. Subsidiaries include Mediocredito Italiano, Intesa Sanpaolo Private Banking, Banca Prossima, and insurance companies Intesa Sanpaolo Vita, Intesa Sanpaolo Assicura.
  • Corporate and Investment Banking - Present in 29 countries this division acts as a "global partner" supporting the development of financial institutions, both nationally and internationally.
  • International Subsidiary Banks - Present in 12 countries spanning central eastern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa.
  • Eurizon Capital - One of Italy's largest asset manager[38] that invests in such things as bonds (including government), publicly traded companies and also engages in short term borrowing and lending. In 2010 another leading European asset manager Pioneer was rumoured to have been interested in joining forces with Eurizon Capital.[39][40]
  • Banca Fideuram - Offers financial advice services. It was created in 1968 as a subsidiary of IMI (later merged with Sanpaolo and then Banca Intesa to form the current company) with the purpose of managing IMI's Luxembourg mutual fund business; in 1992 it was merged with another subsidiary Manusardi, that is when it officially became Banca Fideuram. In 1997 it entered the private banking industry, 2000 it became a broker after acquiring French Company Groupe Wargny (was established in 1806, some of the Wargny business was sold in 2007) then in 2004 its parent company IMI took over its life insurance business, its association with US company Frank Russell group gave it a foothold in the personal financial planning market.[41][42]

Subsidiaries[edit]

In addition to its strong presence in Italy, Intesa Sanpaolo has branches and representative offices around the world, the Group also directly controls many foreign banks, especially in Central-Eastern Europe and Middle East and North Africa, with around 1,600 branches and about 8.3 million clients operating in retail and commercial banking.[37][43]

Intesa Sanpaolo Banka d.d. Bosna i Hercegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mediocredito Italiano Italy
Banca Fideuram Italy
Banca CR Firenze Italy
Banco di Napoli Italy
Carisbo Italy
Cariromagna Italy
CR Veneto Italy
CariFVG Italy
Banca IMI Italy
Banca Intesa Beograd Serbia
Intesa Sanpaolo Bank - (Banka Koper) Slovenia
CIB Bank Hungary
Intesa Sanpaolo Bank Albania Albania
Bank of Alexandria Egypt
Pravex Bank Ukraine
Bank Intesa Russia
Všeobecná úverová banka Slovakia
Intesa Sanpaolo Romania SA Romania
Privredna banka Zagreb Croatia

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biographies". 
  2. ^ Intesa Sanpaolo Businesses
  3. ^ a b c "Company profile". Borsa Italiana. Retrieved April 24, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Annual Report 2012". Intesa Sanpaolo. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Report 2015". Retrieved July 25, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Borsa Italiana - CAPITALISATION FTSE MIB BASKET ON 29.01.2016". Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "LE PRINCIPALI BANCHE ITALIANE" (PDF) (in Italian). Ricerche e Studi. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Annual Report 2011". Intesa Sanpaolo. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Timmons, Heather (2006-08-28). "Italy's Creation of a Banking Giant Is Seen as a Precursor". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ The Global 2000
  11. ^ Intesa Sanpaolo S.P.A.
  12. ^ Frankfurt Stock Exchange Archived 2015-11-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ a b "History". Intesa Sanpaolo. Retrieved December 14, 2012. 
  14. ^ Italy, Europe and Financial Regulation
  15. ^ Decision time is near for BCI, Banca di Roma
  16. ^ Borsa Italiana 2007 Review
  17. ^ "Provvedimento n. 16249 C8027 - BANCA INTESA/SANPAOLO IMI" (PDF) (in Italian). Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "Joint Press Release Sale of 55% of Biverbanca Finalised". Intesa Sanpaolo & Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena. 20 December 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  19. ^ "Leali, Other Investors Buy Alitalia Cargo Unit, Corriere Says". 2009-04-02. 
  20. ^ Owen, Richard (2008-03-22). "Silvio Berlusconi may save Alitalia from Air France". The Times. London. 
  21. ^ Intesa CEO attacks French purchase of Alitalia
  22. ^ "Intesa Sanpaolo Sells Stake in Visa Europe to Visa Inc". Intesa Sanpaolo. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Intesa Sanpaolo Signs Agreement for Sale of Setefi and Intesa Sanpaolo Card to Advent, Bain Capital and Clessidra". Intesa Sanpaolo. 2 May 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "ntesa Sanpalo Finalizes Sale of Setefi and Intesa Sanpaolo Card to Advent, Bain Capital and Clessidra". Intesa Sanpaolo. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "Intesa Sanpaolo: Board of Directors Passes Resolution Authorising the Sale for 4.88% of Bank of Italy Capital". Intesa Sanpaolo. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  26. ^ "Intesa Sanpaolo signs contract to acquire certain assets and liabilities of Banca Popolare di Vicenza and Veneto Banca". Intesa Sanpaolo. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  27. ^ http://www.consob.it/
  28. ^ "bilancio 2013" (PDF) (in Italian). Fondazione Carisap. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  29. ^ "bilancio 2013" (PDF) (in Italian). Fondazione Carisbo. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  30. ^ "bilacnio 2013" (in Italian). Fondazione Cariparma. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "bilancio 2013" (PDF) (in Italian). Fondazione Carispezia. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  32. ^ "2013 bilancio" (PDF) (in Italian). Fondazione di Venezia. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  33. ^ "CSR Europe: "Intesa Sanpaolo issues Sustainability Report 2015"". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  34. ^ "Intesa Sanpaolo - Board of Directors". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  35. ^ "Intesa Sanpaolo board tasks CEO with completing purchase of Veneto banks' assets". Reuters. June 25, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Annual report 2014". Retrieved July 25, 2016. 
  37. ^ a b "About us". Intesa Sanpaolo. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Eurizon Capital SGR implements Charles River Trader". Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Natixis could be good fit for UniCredit's Pioneer". Reuters. 2010-08-16. 
  40. ^ Eurizon Capital Gets New CEO
  41. ^ Viel & Cie participates in the resumption of Fideuram Wargny
  42. ^ Sanpaolo SEC
  43. ^ "Institutional brochure" (PDF). Intesa Sanpaolo. p. 23. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]