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Ioannina

Ioannina called Yannena within Greece, is the capital and largest city of the Ioannina regional unit and of Epirus, an administrative region in north-western Greece. Its population is 65,574, according to the metropolitan area reached about 123,345 census, it lies at an elevation of 500 metres above sea level, on the western shore of lake Pamvotis. Ioannina is located 410 km northwest of Athens, 260 kilometres southwest of Thessaloniki and 80 km east of the port of Igoumenitsa in the Ionian Sea; the city's foundation has traditionally been ascribed to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in the 6th century AD, but modern archaeological research has uncovered evidence of Hellenistic settlements. Ioannina flourished in the late Byzantine period, it became part of the Despotate of Epirus following the Fourth Crusade and many wealthy Byzantine families fled there following the sack of Constantinople, with the city experiencing great prosperity and considerable autonomy, despite the political turmoils.

Ioannina surrendered to the Ottomans in 1430 and until 1868 it was the administrative center of the Pashalik of Yanina. In the period between the 18th and 19th centuries, the city was a major center of the modern Greek Enlightenment. Ioannina was ceded to Greece in 1913 following the Balkan Wars; the city has two hospitals, the General Hospital of Ioannina "G. Hatzikosta", the University Hospital of Ioannina, it is the seat of the University of Ioannina and of several departments of the Τechnological Educational Institute of Epirus, the headquarters of which are located in Arta. The city's emblem consists of the portrait of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian crowned by a stylized depiction of the nearby ancient theater of Dodona; the city's formal name, Ioannina, is a corruption of Agioannina or Agioanneia, "place of St. John", is said to be linked to the establishment of a monastery dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, around which the settlement grew. According to another theory, the city was named after Ioannina, the daughter of Belisarius, general of the emperor Justinian.

There are two name forms in Greek, Ioannina being the formal and historical name, while the colloquial and more used Υannena or Υannina represents the vernacular tradition of Demotic Greek. The demotic form corresponds to those in the neighbouring languages; the first indications of human presence in Ioannina basin are dated back to the Paleolithic period as testified by findings in the cavern of Kastritsa. During classical antiquity the basin was inhabited by the Molossians and four of their settlements have been identified there. Despite the extensive destruction suffered in Molossia during the Roman conquest of 167 BC, settlement continued in the basin albeit no longer in an urban pattern; the exact time of Ioannina's foundation is unknown, but it is identified with an unnamed new, "well-fortified" city, recorded by the historian Procopius as having been built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I for the inhabitants of ancient Euroia. This view is not supported, however, by any concrete archaeological evidence.

Early 21st-century excavations have brought to light fortifications dating to the Hellenistic period, the course of, followed by reconstruction of the fortress in the Byzantine and Ottoman periods. The identification of the site with one of the ancient cities of Epirus has not yet been possible, it is not until 879 that the name Ioannina appears for the first time, in the acts of the Fourth Council of Constantinople, which refer to one Zacharias, Bishop of Ioannine, a suffragan of Naupaktos. After the Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria, in 1020 Emperor Basil II subordinated the local bishopric to the Archbishopric of Ohrid; the Greek archaeologist K. Tsoures dated the Byzantine city walls and the northeastern citadel of the Ioannina Castle to the 10th century, with additions in the late 11th century, including the south-eastern citadel, traditionally ascribed to the short-lived occupation of the city by the Normans under the leadership of Bohemond of Taranto in 1082. In a chrysobull to the Venetians in 1198, the city is listed as part of its own province.

In the treaty of partition of the Byzantine lands after the Fourth Crusade, Ioannina was promised to the Venetians, but in the event, it became part of the new state of Epirus, founded by Michael I Komnenos Doukas. Under Michael I, the city was fortified anew; the Metropolitan of Naupaktos, John Apokaukos, reports how the city was but a "small town", until Michael gathered refugees who had fled Constantinople and other parts of the Empire that fell to the crusaders of the Fourth Crusade, settled them there, transforming the city into a fortress and "ark of salvation". Despite frictions with local inhabitants who tried in 1232 to expel the refugees, the latter were successfully settled and Ioannina gained in both population and economic and political importance. In the aftermath of the Battle of Pelagonia in 1259, much of Epirus was occupied by the Empire of Nicaea, Ioannina was placed under siege. Soon, the Epirote ruler Michael II Komnenos Doukas, aided by his younger son John I Doukas, managed to recover their capital of Arta and relieve Ioannina, evicting the Nicaeans from Epirus.

In c. 1275 or c. 1285, John I Doukas, now ruler of Thessaly, launched a raid against the city and its environs, a few years an army from the restored Byzantine Empire unsuccessf

1957 Scottish League Cup Final

The 1957 Scottish League Cup Final was the final of the 1957–58 Scottish League Cup. The football match was played on 19 October 1957 at Hampden Park, in which Celtic beat rivals Rangers in a record 7–1 victory; the final was nicknamed "Hampden in the Sun", a phrase coined by Celtic supporters as the title of a terrace song. It has since been used in poems and a book about the game; the 7–1 scoreline remains a record for a major domestic cup final in British football. Celtic entered the final as holders, having beaten Partick Thistle after a replay in the previous year's Final. Rangers were the reigning league champions; the match was the 12th League Cup Final, the first contested by the Old Firm. It was held at a sunny Hampden Park in Glasgow, at 2.45pm on the afternoon of 19 October 1957. Celtic attacked with shots hitting the post twice in the first twenty minutes; the first goal was scored from a Charlie Tully cross on in the 22nd minute. Rangers defended for the remainder of the first half, however in the 44th minute Neil Mochan scored a solo goal after a run down the left wing.

Within eight minutes of the restart Billy McPhail scored Celtic's third goal with a header from a Bobby Collins cross. Rangers narrowed the margin five minutes a goal by Simpson, however it only served to reinvigorate the Celtic attack as McPhail Mochan scored their second goals. In the 80th minute, McPhail claimed a hat-trick of goals all scored with his head; as the game drew to a close violence flared in among the fans, but in the final minute McPhail was fouled in the Rangers' penalty area. He declined the opportunity to score a fourth goal, a feat never achieved by a player in an Old Firm match, instead Willie Fernie took the kick. In addition to the seven goals, Celtic hit the woodwork four times, they were permitted to keep their jerseys as a souvenir of the day. Much of the blame for the poor defensive display by Rangers was attributed to centre back John Valentine, who had signed from Queen's Park earlier that season. Bobby Collins told The Sunday Post "I don't know if Valentine had no faith in George Niven or Niven had no faith in Valentine, but they had no faith in themselves, something you can sense quickly on a football field, the game became a rout."The victory, reported in The Times as "a wonderful exhibition of football", as an "October Revolution" by The Sunday Post, was comprehensive.

The scoreline remains a record in any major British football final, the record margin of victory in an official Old Firm game, Rangers' record final defeat. In the summer of 1957, the motion picture Island in the Sun was released in Europe, featuring a title song by Harry Belafonte; the song peaked in the UK Singles Chart in June and went on to become the 5th biggest selling single that year Celtic fans composed alternative lyrics to the tune, began to sing Hampden in the Sun at football matches to celebrate the victory. The song has since been recorded by artists such as Freedom's sons and features on albums of Celtic football song; the phrase itself has become synonymous with the match, has since been used in other songs and poems, is the title of a book about the 1957 final and the iconic status it achieved among the Celtic support. 1957–58 Scottish League Cup Soccerbase

God, Inc.

God, Inc. is a comedy internet video series about the office space of God by filmmaker Francis Stokes. The premise is that God runs the world through a company with different departments such as disasters, population control, customer relations and product development, it has gathered critical acclaim from a number of media outlets. Creator Francis Stokes has stated on comments on the sixth episode, that he plans to turn the web series into a TV series. On July 17, 2007, Francis Stokes posted a video onto his YouTube account stating that the Sci Fi Channel has picked up God, Inc. Sarah Melody Church died of leukemia, she becomes an intern placed in Product Development. Austin is the last remaining person in the Miracles Department. Changes in staffing within the office have him disillusioned about working there. Piper Morris is described as a hardass. In the first episode Brad tells Sarah not to "talk to her, or make eye contact". Owen works in Population Control, he likes. Paige is God's secretary who isn't seen because she works upstairs.

Paige appears in Episode 3, "Who Stole God's Lunch." Keaton is the boss of Product Development. He has designed 217 plant species. Gavin works in Product Development, he has designed 28 animal species. It would be 29 but his attempts to submit the porcupotamus as a new animal species keep getting rejected by the Approvals Department. Amid is a marketer in the Publicity department. Riding the contemporary wave of fanaticism and solidarity in the Muslim world, Amid tops the performance charts in his department; this makes him arrogant, attributing his success to what he calls: "the one true marketing strategy." Esther works in the Publicity department trying to increase the numbers of "Really Christians". She is task focused and will go to the most deviously unchristian lengths to outperform Amid. Andy works alongside Esther in Publicity, he is the rep for "Sort-of Christians" and is accordingly indifferent about the faith that he is selling or how he performs in the office. Francis Stokes Website Episode 1 of God, LTE.

Episode 2 of God, LTE. Episode 3 of God, LTE. Episode 4 of God, LTE. Episode 5 of God, LTE. Episode 6 of God, LTE