Ione is a city in Amador County, United States. The population was 7,918 at the 2010 census, up from 7,129 in 2000. Once known as "Bed-Bug" and "Freeze Out," Ione was an important supply center on the main road to the Mother Lode and Southern Mines during the California Gold Rush. Ione is the historical home of an indigenous people of California. In 1840, the future town site became part of the Mexican land grant Rancho Arroyo Seco in Alta California; the town is located in the fertile Ione Valley, believed to have been named by Thomas Brown around 1849 after one of the heroines in Edward Bulwer-Lytton's drama The Last Days of Pompeii, but conflicting legends and sources for the name exist. During the days of the Gold Rush, the miners knew the town by the names of "Bedbug" and "Freezeout." Unlike other communities in Amador County, which were founded on gold mining, Ione was a supply center and rail stop, agricultural hub. The first post office opened in 1852; the town of Ione continued to prosper after its gold rush founding.
The first school was built in 1853. The historic Methodist Church was organized in 1853 and the structure was completed in 1862; the first flour mill was built in 1855. The first brick building was built by Daniel Stewart, D. Stewart Company Store, in 1855 for his general merchandise store and is still owned and operated by the same family. In March 1865, Camp Jackson was built nearby, garrisoned by Company D, 2nd California Volunteer Cavalry, who stayed for three months until moving on to a new post. At the Centennial celebration of 1876, Ione had a population of about 600 which included about 100 Chinese who lived in Ione's Chinatown; the town included one public school, 4 churches, 4 general stores, one meat market, one laundry, one brewery, a restaurant, millinery shop, an art gallery, six saloons, a drug store and barber shop, many other business establishments. The centennial celebrated the completion of the Stockton & Ione Railroad, incorporated in 1873 to build a 40 miles long narrow gauge raiload from Stockton via Linden to Ione, which operated only until 1876.
The centennial celebration was the beginning of. This annual celebration has been held during the month of May every year since that first Centennial celebration in 1876 and is now held on the second full weekend in May every year; the City of Ione was incorporated as a General Law City in 1953. Ione has historical points of interest. Three are listed as California Historical Landmarks: The Preston School of Industry, known as The Castle, was built between 1890-1894 to serve as a school for juveniles referred by the courts; the Castle is not in use, but the Preston Castle Foundation is working to help restore it. Community Methodist Church of Ione D. Stewart Company Store Dave Brubeck, the famous jazz pianist, was raised in Ione and in 1998 scored a video tour of the castle called "A Castle's Song", sold through KVIE to help fund the restoration efforts. Ione is located at 38°21′10″N 120°55′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles, of which 4.8 square miles is land and 0.015 square miles is water.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ione has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. The 2010 United States Census reported that Ione had a population of 7,918; the population density was 1,656.6 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Ione was 5,826 White, 824 African American, 173 Native American, 110 Asian, 21 Pacific Islander, 678 from other races, 286 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,991 persons; the Census reported that 3,746 people lived in households, 12 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 4,160 were institutionalized. There were 1,466 households, out of which 482 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 810 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 159 had a female householder with no husband present, 77 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 84 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 6 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 335 households were made up of individuals and 143 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.56. There were 1,046 families; the population was spread out with 1,060 people under the age of 18, 648 people aged 18 to 24, 2,880 people aged 25 to 44, 2,550 people aged 45 to 64, 780 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 310.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 366.5 males. There were 1,635 housing units at an average density of 342.1 per square mile, of which 1,466 were occupied, of which 1,026 were owner-occupied, 440 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.2%. 2,574 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,172 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,129 people, 1,081 households, 780 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,502.6 people per square mile. There were 1,155 housing units at an average density of 243.4 per square mile
The weed shiner is a North American species of freshwater fish in the cyprinid genus Notropis. Prior to 1958, this species was named Notropis roseus; the weed shiner, Notropis texanus, is a member of the family Cyprinidae. It is a medium-sized minnow with a broad, dark lateral band down and a dark spot at the base of the caudal fin; the posterior 3-4 anal rays have a dark pigment. Weed shiners have a somewhat compressed body, a large terminal to subterminal mouth, a rounded snout, an eye diameter less than or equal to its snout length; the lateral line system is pored with 34-36 scales and is decurved anteriorly. The dorsal surface of this fish tends to be olive-yellow with a silvery overlay and has dark-edged scales, giving off a checkerboard appearance; the ventral surface is white with silver tones. Weed shiners have a total of 6-8 gill rakers, 8 dorsal rays, 7 anal rays, 13-14 pectoral rays, 8 pelvic rays. Weed shiners feed with peaks in activity after sunrise or during mid-afternoon. During the wet season, their diet is composed of organic detritus.
During the wet season, their diet includes surface animal prey, midwater prey, benthic animal prey, organic detritus. Weed shiners are found in the lower third of the water column in small to moderate sized streams of slow to moderate flow, they can be found in man-made ponds and natural oxbow lakes. Despite its name, these fish are prevalent in both non-vegetated waterways. Weed shiners spawn from March in water temperatures between 14-29 ° Celsius. Female weed shiners produce multiple clutches of eggs during the breeding season. Larval development has not yet been described in weed shiners. Growth of this species is rapid in the beginning stages of development, they reach about 60% of their maximum length after one year of growth. Although some weed shiners manage to reach their fourth year of life, most of them die after their third year of life; the weed shiner occurs in the Mississippi River Basin from Minnesota and Wisconsin down to the Gulf of Mexico. It ranges all throughout Gulf of Mexico drainage, from the Suwannee River of Florida and Georgia to the Nueces River of Texas, is more abundant south of the Ohio-Tennessee River confluences.
It has been reported in the Red River of the North drainage in Minnesota and drainages of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. Notropis means "keeled back." Texanus is a reference to Salado Creek, Texas. Robert J. Goldstein, Rodney W. Harper, Richard Edwards: American Aquarium Fishes. Texas A&M University Press 2000, ISBN 978-0-89096-880-2, p. 96 Shiner NatureServe Explorer Outdoor Alabama FishBase Fishes of Texas
Heart and Soul is the fourth album by American recording artist El DeBarge. Released in 1994 on Reprise Records, produced by El DeBarge and Jermaine Dupri; the album features the hit singles "Can't Get Enough" which peaked at #21 and "Where Is My Love" at #19 on the Billboard Hot R&B Singles chart. "Where You Are" – 4:02 "Can't Get Enough" – 4:08 "Where Is My Love" – 5:38 "You Got The Love I Want" – 4:44 "Its Got To Be Real" – 3:58 "Slide" – 5:43 "I'll Be There" – 4:02 "Special Lady" – 4:08 "Starlight, Candlelight" – 3:46 "You Are My Dream" – 5:15 "Heart and Soul" – 4:36 Executive-Producer – Benny Medina, Fred Moultrie, Leonard Richardson Backing Vocals – El DeBarge, Randy DeBarge, Bunny DeBarge, James DeBarge, Dionne Farris, Leon Ware Mastered At – Future Disc Mixed At – Larrabee Sound Studios Producer – El DeBarge, Jermaine DupriSource
Harold Armstead Covington was an American neo-Nazi activist and writer. Covington advocated the creation of an "Aryan homeland" in the Pacific Northwest, was the founder of the Northwest Front, a website which promotes white separatism. Covington was born in North Carolina in 1953 as the eldest of three children. In 1968, at age 15, he was sent to Chapel Hill High School. In 1971, he joined the United States Army. In 1971, Covington joined the National Socialist White People's Party, the political successor to the American Nazi Party, he moved to South Africa in December 1973, after his discharge from the U. S. Army, to Rhodesia. Covington was a founding member of the Rhodesian White People's Party, claimed to have served in the Rhodesian Army, although the Zimbabwe government has said that Covington never served in any capacity, he was deported from Rhodesia after sending threatening letters to a Jewish congregation. In 1980, while leader of the NSWPP, he lost a primary election for the Republican nomination for candidates for attorney general of North Carolina.
Covington resigned as president of the NSWPP in 1981. That same year, Covington alleged that would-be presidential assassin John Hinckley Jr. had been a member of the Nazi Party. Law enforcement authorities were never able to corroborate this claim, suggested the alleged connection "may have been fabricated for publicity purposes". Covington settled in the United Kingdom for several years, where he made contact with British far-right groups and was involved in setting up the neo-Nazi terrorist organisation Combat 18 in 1992. C18 promotes violence and antisemitism, has adopted some of the features of the American far right. In 1994, Covington restarted the NSWPP in North Carolina, he launched a website in 1996. Covington used the Winston Smith pseudonym to disseminate Holocaust-denial material. Beginning in 2005, Covington maintained a political blog titled "Thoughtcrime"; as a fiction writer, Covington authored several occult-themed novels. Covington was mentioned in the media in connection with the Charleston church shooting, whose perpetrator Dylann Roof cited Covington as an influence.
According to Covington, the shooting was "a preview of coming attractions", but he believed it was a bad idea for his followers to engage in random acts of violence, supporting organized revolution instead. Covington died in Bremerton, Washington, on July 14, 2018. Thoughtcrime - Covington's blog. Northwest Front
Suburban Songbook is the second studio album by Australian singer-songwriter Kevin Mitchell, under the pseudonym Bob Evans and guitarist for Perth band Jebediah. It was produced by Brad Jones at the'Alex the Great Studios' in Tennessee. At the 2006 ARIA Awards, Suburban Songbook won the "Best Adult Contemporary Album" and was nominated for a J Award by Triple J. Bob Evans was nominated for an Australian Music Prize for the album, it debuted at #15 on the ARIA album charts. In October 2010, it was listed in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums, it was re-released in a deluxe format featuring promotional clips and exclusive footage and audio. “I wanted to push the idea and feeling of turning the `Suburban Everyday’ into something of fairytale quality,” Mitchell explains. “Of romanticism. That magic can happen in the suburbs every single day. Like making a record where within the stories it’s like everything’s happening on Christmas morning. There’s that little hint of magic in the air.” – Kevin Mitchell The first single released off the album was "Don't You Think It's Time", the second was "Nowhere Without You", which debuted at #84 on the Australian ARIA Singles Chart.
Both songs had music videos released for them. The third song released was "Friend", although only as a radio single, the video for, available on YouTube and Yahoo! Music Australia & New Zealand; the final song lifted from the album was "Sadness and Whiskey", which coincided with Mitchell's national tour of Australia in June and July 2007. All tracks are written by Kevin Mitchell. Kevin Mitchell - vocals, harmonica, claps, baby piano, mandolin Brad Jones - harmonium, bass guitar, guitar, organ, moog synthesizer, mandolin Jim Hoke - flute, autoharp Pete Finney - guitar Ken Coomer - drums, tambourine Chris Carmichael - cello, violin David Henry - cello Neil Rosengarden - trumpet, baritone horn, trombone
Wireless Markup Language, based on XML, is a now-obsolete markup language intended for devices that implement the Wireless Application Protocol specification, such as mobile phones. It provides navigational support, data input, hyperlinks and image presentation, forms, much like HTML, it preceded the use of other markup languages now used with WAP, such as HTML itself, XHTML. Building on Openwave's HDML, Nokia's "Tagged Text Markup Language" and Ericsson's proprietary markup language for mobile content, the WAP Forum created the WML 1.1 standard in 1998. WML 2.0 was specified in 2001, but has not been adopted. It was an attempt at bridging XHTML Basic before the WAP 2.0 spec was finalized. In the end, XHTML Mobile Profile became the markup language used in WAP 2.0. The newest WML version in active use is 1.3. The first company to launch a public WML site was Dutch mobile phone network operator Telfort in October 1999 and the first company in the world to launch the Nokia 7110; the Telfort WML site was created and developed as side project to test the device's capabilities by a billing engineer called Christopher Bee and National Deployment Manager, Euan McLeod.
The WML site consists of four pages in both Dutch and English that contained many grammatical errors in Dutch as the two developers were unaware the WML was configured on the Nokia 7110 as the home page and neither were native Dutch speakers. WML documents are XML documents that validate against the WML DTD; the W3C Markup Validation service can be used to validate WML documents. For example, the following WML page could be saved as "example.wml": A WML document is known as a “deck”. Data in the deck is structured into one or more “cards” – each of which represents a single interaction with the user. WML decks are stored on an ordinary web server configured to serve the text/vnd.wap.wml MIME type in addition to plain HTML and variants. The WML cards when requested by a device are accessed by a bridge, which sits between mobile devices and the World Wide Web, passing pages from one to the other much like a proxy; the gateways send the WML pages on in a form suitable for mobile device reception.
This process is hidden from the phone, so it may access the page in the same way as a browser accesses HTML, using a URL. WML has a scaled-down set of procedural elements which can be used by the author to control navigation to other cards. Consider a service that lets you enter a zip code, obtain a list of clickable phone numbers of pizza parlors and taxicabs in your immediate location: Mobile devices are moving towards allowing more XHTML and standard HTML as processing power in handsets increases; these standards are concerned with presentation. They do not however address cell-phone or mobile device hardware interfacing in the same way as WML; the Presto layout engine understands WML natively. Mozilla based. Google Chrome can interpret WML by two extensions: WML and FireMobileSimulator. WMLScript Wireless Application Protocol Bitmap Format Microbrowser List of document markup languages Comparison of document markup languages XHTML Mobile Profile Technical Specifications at the WAP Forum XHTML-MP Authoring Practices Open Mobile Alliance