click links in text for more info

Irish stepdance

Irish stepdance is a style of performance dance with its roots in traditional Irish dance. It is characterized by a stiff upper body and quick and precise movements of the feet, it can be performed solo or in groups. Aside from public dance performances, there are stepdance competitions all over the world; these competitions are called Feiseanna. In Irish dance culture, a Feis is culture festival. Costumes are considered important for stage presence in performance Irish stepdance. In many cases, costumes are sold at high prices and can be custom made. Males and females can both perform Irish stepdance but for the most part in today's society, the dance remains predominantly female; this means that the costumes are dresses. Each dress is different, with varying colors and patterns, designed to attract the judge's eye in competitions and the audience's eye in performance. General appearance besides the costume is equally important. Dancers would curl their hair before each competition. Many dancers invest in curled wigs.

Poodle Socks are worn with the shoes. These are white socks. Riverdance, an Irish stepdancing interval act in the 1994 Eurovision Song Contest that became a hugely successful theatrical production contributed to its popularity. Once Riverdance became a large production, it changed the way that Irish dance was performed and viewed. Now that entrepreneurs could capitalize on Irish culture, they were able to tweak it to the audience's liking; this meant adding theatrical flair to the performance, including arm movements as well as sexualizing the dance and the costumes. To many this was a betrayal of tradition, but to some it was a way of expanding Irish culture and became accepted. Following after Riverdance was Lord of the Dance and many other theatrical productions based on Irish stepdance. Michael Flatley, an Irish stepdancer, became a well known name within these shows. Two types of shoes are worn in Irish stepdance; the dances for soft shoe and hard shoe are different and go by different names.

Different music with varying beats are played based on the dance, though they all share basic moves and rhythms. Most competitive stepdances are solo dances, though many stepdancers perform and compete in traditional set and céilí dances. Competition is organized by several organizations, there are competitions from the local level to world championships; the dancing traditions of Ireland are to have grown in tandem with Irish traditional music. Its first roots may have been in Pre-Christian Ireland, but Irish dance was partially influenced by dance forms on the Continent the quadrille dances; some of the earliest recorded references to Irish dance are to the Rinnce Fada or "long dance", towards the end of the 17th century, performed on social occasions. Traveling dancing masters taught all over Ireland beginning around the 1750s and continuing as late as the early 1900s. By the late 19th century, at least three related styles of step dance had developed in Ireland; the style practised in Munster saw dancers on the balls of their feet, using intricate percussive techniques to create complex rhythm.

On the other hand, a tradition developed in Ulster saw dancers instead using their heel to create a persistent drumming effect, performing in pairs. The Connemara style described as sean-nós dance, combined heel and ball movements with swaying of the torso and vigorous movement of the arms; the foundation of the Gaelic League in 1893, an Irish nationalist body formed with the purpose of preserving traditional Irish language and culture, radically altered the cultural status of step dance. Frank Hall has described this as the moment in which "step-Dancing in Ireland became'Irish dancing'", as therefore the most significant single event in the development of the dance form. Although informal competitions had long been held between towns and students of different dance masters, the first organised feis was held in 1897 by the League; the League began to codify and promote the form of step dance, practiced in southern areas. This codification, practised from the early 1920s narrowed the range of traditional Irish dances acceptable in popular culture.

In 1927, the Gaelic League set up An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha, a separate body dedicated to the organisation and standardisation of Irish dance. CLRG created certifications for dance teachers and began to hold examinations for adjudicators of feisanna. In the 19th century, the Irish diaspora had spread Irish dance all over the world to North America and Australia; however and feiseanna were not established until the early 1900s: in America these tended to be created within Irish-American urban communities, notably in Chicago. The first classes in stepdancing were held there by the Philadelphia-born John McNamara. According to the BBC's A Short History of Irish Dance, "The nature of the Irish dance tradition has changed and adapted over the centuries to accommodate and reflect changing populations and the fusion of new cultures; the history of Irish dancing is as a result a fascinating one. The popular Irish dance stage shows of the past ten years have reinvigorated this cultural art, today Irish dancing is healthy and enjoyed by people across the globe."Sometime in that decade or the one following, a dance teacher had his students compete with arms held firml


"Neuköln" is an instrumental piece written by David Bowie and Brian Eno in 1977 for the album "Heroes". It was the last of three consecutive instrumentals on side two of the original vinyl album, following "Sense of Doubt" and "Moss Garden". Neukölln is a district of Berlin. Bowie lived in Berlin for a time in 1977, although not in Schöneberg; the music has been interpreted as reflecting in part the rootlessness of the Turkish immigrants who made up a large proportion of the area's population. Edgar Froese, founder of Tangerine Dream, was from southern Neukölln. Froese's album Epsilon in Malaysian Pale played with Mellotron, was according to Bowie a big influence and a "soundtrack to his life in Berlin". NME journalists Roy Carr and Charles Shaar Murray described "Neuköln" as "a mood piece: the Cold War viewed through a bubble of blood or Harry Lime's last thoughts as he dies in the sewer in The Third Man; the final section features Bowie's plaintive saxophone "booming out across a harbour of solitude, as if lost in fog."The main character Christiane from the film Christiane F.

- We Children from Bahnhof Zoo, starring David Bowie as himself, is from southern Neukölln. Bowie produced the Christiane F. soundtrack. Philip Glass – "Heroes" Symphony Dylan Howe – Subterranean – New Designs on Bowie's Berlin


Sweetwater or Sweet Water may refer to: Freshwater Sweet Water, Alabama Sweetwater, Arizona Sweetwater River, San Diego County Sweetwater Dam, a dam across the Sweetwater River Sweetwater Reservoir, an artificial lake, formed by the Sweetwater Dam Sweetwater Mountains a small mountain range in California and western Nevada Sweetwater Formation, a geologic stratigraphic formation in California Sweetwater, Miami-Dade County, Florida Sweetwater, Duval County, Florida, a place in Florida Sweetwater Ranch, Florida, an unincorporated community in Hardee County Sweetwater, Liberty County, Florida, a place in Florida Sweet Water, Illinois Sweetwater, Idaho Sweetwater, Missouri Sweetwater, Nebraska Sweetwater, Nevada Sweetwater, New Jersey Sweetwater, Oklahoma Sweetwater, Tennessee Sweetwater, Texas Sweetwater Swatters, a baseball team based in Sweetwater, Texas Sweetwater County, Wyoming Sweetwater River Sweetwater Township, Michigan Sweetwater Township, Clay County, North Carolina Sweetwater, London, a town to be built on the site of Olympic Park, London Sweetwater, an American western Sweetwater, an American film starring Diane Ladd Sweetwater, a Norwegian film starring Petronella Barker Sweetwater, a fictional ranch in Once Upon a Time in the West Sweetwater, a fictional town in Westworld Sweetwater, 1973 novel by Laurence Yep Sweetwater, 1976 novel by Knut Faldbakken The Sweetwater, 1976 novel by Jean Rikhoff Sweetwater, a character in At Heaven's Gate by Robert Penn Warren Ned Sweetwater, a character in the Mandie series by Lois Gladys Leppard Sweetwater, a 1960s band Sweetwater Sweet Water, a 1990s American band Sweet Water Sweetwater Sound, a music equipment retailer Sweetwaters Music Festival, a festival in New Zealand Sweet Water High School, Sweet Water, Alabama Sweetwater High School Sweetwater Union High School District, California Sweetwater City Schools, a school district of Sweetwater, Tennessee Sweetwater Independent School District, Texas Sweetwater County School District Number 1, Wyoming Sweetwater County School District Number 2, Wyoming Sweetwater or Chasselas, a grape varietal SweetWater Brewing Company a brewery in Atlanta, Georgia Sweetwater Brewery, a brewery in Green River, Wyoming Sweetwater Casino, a casino in Mullica Township, New Jersey Sweetwater Inn, an inn in McDuffie County, Georgia Sweetwater Mansion, a plantation house in Florence, Alabama Nathaniel Clifton or Sweetwater, American basketball player Sweet Water, a fictional ruined city in Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven Cordry Sweetwater Lakes, Indiana Sewickley, translated as Sweetwater Sweetwater Canal Sweetwater Creek Sweetwater River


Mogheul is a town and commune in Lahmar District, Béchar Province, in western Algeria near the border with Morocco. According to the 2008 census its population is 635, down from 682 in 1998, with an annual growth rate of -0.7%, the lowest in the province. The commune covers an area of 640 square kilometres. Mogheul lies at an elevation of 1,026 metres on a plateau crossed by ranges of rocky hills. Small ranges rising about 100 metres above the surrounds are found quite nearby the town to the north and south. Mogheul has a hot desert climate, with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is light, although due to Mogheul's high altitude and latitude it does receive somewhat more rain than other locations in Béchar Province. Summers are dry. Agriculture is a significant industry in Mogheul; the commune has a total of 1,200 hectares of arable land. There are a total of 22,200 date palms planted in the commune; as of 2009 there were 745 sheep, 555 goats, 2 cattle. 100% of Mogheul's population is connected to drinking water, 100% is connected to the sewerage system, 89% have access to electricity.

There are no fuel service stations in the town. Mogheul has a total of 257 houses, of which 114 are occupied, giving an occupation rate of 5.6 inhabitants per occupied building, the second lowest in the province. A local road connects the town to Lahmar, 13 kilometres to the south, continues south to the provincial capital Béchar, 43 kilometres from Mogheul. There is a total length of 39.4 kilometres of roads in the commune. There is one elementary school, with 6 classrooms including 4 in use. There are a total of 44 school students; the overall literacy rate is 84.9%, is 89.9% among males and 80.0% among females. Mogheul has a polyclinic, a room care facility; the nearest hospital is in Béchar. Mogheul has one operational mosque, with another one under construction; the commune is composed of two localities: El Menabha is about 5 kilometres west of Mogheul town, on the road to Lahmar

Ōuchi Yoshioki

Ōuchi Yoshioki became a sengoku daimyō of Suō Province and served as the 15th head of the Ōuchi clan. Yoshioki was born early in the Sengoku period, the son of Ōuchi Masahiro, shugo of Suō Province and the 14th head of the Ōuchi clan; the first character in Yoshioki's name originated from Ashikaga Yoshihisa, the ninth shōgun in the Muromachi bakufu. In 1492, Masahiro ordered Yoshioki to join the battle against Rokkaku Takayori, a sengoku daimyō from southern Ōmi Province. In the midst of this engagement in 1493, an incident known as the Meiō no seihen occurred, by which Hosokawa Masamoto, a kanrei, or deputy, held the shōgun, Ashikaga Yoshiki, in confinement. Yoshioki withdrew his men from the battle to Hyōgo in Settsu Province to wait for the outcome of the event, which resulted in Yoshiki being deposed and replaced by Ashikaga Yoshizumi. Yoshioki's younger sister was abducted while staying in Kyōto in an area under the control of Takeda Motonobu, an ally of Hosokawa Masamoto. Masamoto took her hostage as leverage against Masahiro in his support for Yoshiki.

Masahiro ordered close associates of Yoshioki to commit seppuku. This may have been as retribution for what he viewed as Yoshioki's tepid response to the pressure exerted upon him by Masamoto and his retainers. Yoshioki's decision to withdraw his forces was well-received by the hikan, or administrators, in his birthplace of Kyōto, building relationships that benefit him at the time of his succession to Masahiro; when Masahiro became ill In the autumn of 1494, Yoshioki was nominally appointed his successor. In 1495, he formally became the 15th head of the clan after the death of his father; the Ōuchi clan, continued to experience discord during this period. First, a retainer named Sue Takemori, who had absconded from Kyōto to the Tennō Temple in Settsu Province, returned home and killed his younger brother, Sue Okiakira, who had become head of the family in his absence. Takemori himself had earlier taken over the clan after his father, Sue Hiromori, was assassinated in 1482 by Yoshimi Nobumori while attending a celebration at the Tsukiyama residence hosted by Masahiro.

Takemori falsely claimed to Yoshioki that Naitō Hironori, shugodai of Nagato Province, sought to support his younger brother. Yoshioki directed his men toward Hōfu, proceeding to execute Hironori and his son, Hirokazu. Upon learning of the injustice committed against Hironori and Hirokazu, Yoshioki executed Takemori and received Hironori's daughter as his formal wife. Further, he supported Hironori's younger brother, Naitō Hiroharu, to reconstitute the Naitō clan, while enabling Sue Okifusa, the youngest member of the Sue clan, to lead the Sue. In 1499, Sugi Takeakira, a senior retainer, colluded with a daimyō from Bungo Province named Ōtomo Chikaharu in an effort to seize control of the Ōuchi clan; the plot was to abandon Yoshioki in favor of Ōuchi Takahiro. Upon learning of the plot, Yoshioki compelled Takeakira to commit seppuku, while Takahiro narrowly escaped to the protection of the Ōtomo clan in Bungo. Over a long period, the Ōuchi clan battled against the Ōtomo and Shōni clans of Kyūshū to expand their influence.

Ōtomo Masachika wed the younger sister of Ōuchi Masahiro to form a political alliance, her son, Ōtomo Yoshisuke, inherited the clan. As cousins, Yoshisuke cooperated with Yoshioki; when Yoshisuke died in 1496, a rumor circulated that his father, had poisoned him. Having reacquired control of the clan, Masachika ordered his men to attack the Ōuchi territory in northern Kyūshū. While en route, the boat that Masachika rode in came under distress reaching shore in the Ōuchi's main territory of Nagato Province. Yoshioki captured his father and had him commit seppuku, most as retribution for the alleged poisoning of Yoshisuke. During this turn of events, Hosokawa Masamoto operated behind the scenes, fearing the expansion of the Ōuchi influence and their connection to the deposed shōgun, Ashikaga Yoshitada, who lived in exile in the northern provinces. Thereafter, Yoshioki supported Ōtomo Chikazane, son of Ōtomo Chikatsuna, to become leader of the Ōtomo clan, but this failed owing to the opposition of Masachika's younger brother, Ōtomo Chikaharu.

Moreover, Yoshioki's younger brother, who had failed in his earlier rebellion, was under Chikaharu's protection while in exile. Takahiro received one of the characters in his name from Ashikaga Yoshizumi, the shōgun, earlier called Yoshitaka. Yoshioki's support for Yoshitada placed him in opposition to Masamoto, who backed Yoshizumi as the shōgun. Aiming to expand their domain, Shōni Masasuke, his son, joined forces with Ōtomo Masachika and his brother, Chikaharu, to attack the Ōuchi by advancing from Hizen Province into Chikuzen Province. Late in 1496, Yoshioki responded by gathering men in Akamagaseki in Nagato, from which the army headed toward Chikuzen. In the spring of 1497, Yoshioki's men defeated the Shōni in battles in front of the Shōfuku Temple in Hakata and at Takatorii Castle, forging onward to Hizen; the forces attacked Asahi Castle, surrounded Masasuke at Ogi Castle. Upon returning to his hometown of Yamaguchi, Yoshioki paid a series of visits to local shrines, including Tamano-oya, Nikabe and Asada.

Several days Ogi Castle fell and Masasuke fled but killed himself. In 1498, Shibukawa Tadashige, the shugo of Hizen Province stationed in Kyūshū by the Muromachi bakufu, was attacked by the Shōni at Ayabe Castle in Hizen. Yoshioki responded by dispatching Niho Gokyō to support the defenders, these forces prevailed in clashes in the Kii and Mine districts, enabling

Human Zoo (Gotthard album)

Human Zoo is the sixth studio album released by the hard rock band Gotthard. The album peaked at #1 on the Swiss Charts and was certified as 2x Platinum for exceeding 60,000 sales. All songs written by Steve Lee/Leo Leoni/Marc Tanner except. "Human Zoo" – 3:30 "What I Like" – 4:31 "Have a Little Faith" – 3:52 "Top of the World" – 3:48 "Janie's Not Alone" – 4:16 "Still I Belong to You" – 4:35 "One in a Million" – 3:19 "No Tomorrow" – 5:20 "First Time in a Long Time" – 4:32 "Where I Belong" – 3:23 "Long Way Down" – 4:02 "What Can I Do" – 4:27Asian version adds the following "Never Surrender" – 4:05 Steve Leevocals Leo Leoni – guitars and vocals Mandy Meyer – guitars Marc Lynnbass guitar Hena Habegger – drums and percussionGuests: Paolo Bolio – keyboards Craig Stull – guitar Michael Landau – guitar Mixing – Paul Lani Heavy Harmonies page