Irkutsk is the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast and one of the largest cities in Siberia. Many distinguished Russians were sent into exile in Irkutsk for their part in the Decembrist revolt of 1825, the city became an exile-post for the rest of the century; some of the fine wooden houses still survive. When the railway reached Irkutsk, it had earned the nickname of "The Paris of Siberia." The city saw bitter fighting in the Russian Civil War of 1918–20, became a major centre of aircraft manufacture. Trans-Siberian Highway and Trans-Siberian Railway connect Irkutsk to other regions in Russia and Mongolia. Irkutsk was named after the Irkut River, whose name was derived from the Buryat word for "spinning" and was used as an ethnonym among local tribes as Yrkhu, Irkit and Irgyt; the city was known as "Yandashsky" after the local Tuvan chief Yandasha Gorogi. The old spelling of the name of the city was «Иркуцкъ». Before the revolution, the city was called "East Paris", "Siberian Petersburg", "Siberian Athens".
Locals like to think of their city as "middle of earth". In 1652, Ivan Pokhabov built a zimovye near the site of Irkutsk for gold trading and for the collection of fur taxes from the Buryats. In 1661, Yakov Pokhabov built an ostrog nearby; the ostrog gained official town rights from the government in 1686. The first road connection between Moscow and Irkutsk, the Siberian Route, was built in 1760, benefited the town economy. Many new products imported from China via Kyakhta, became available in Irkutsk for the first time, including gold, fur, wood and tea. In 1821, as part of the Mikhail Speransky's reforms, Siberia was administratively divided at the Yenisei River and Irkutsk became the seat of the Governor-General of East Siberia. In the early 19th century, many Russian artists and nobles were sent into exile in Siberia for their part in the Decembrist revolt against Tsar Nicholas I. Irkutsk became the major center of intellectual and social life for these exiles, much of the city's cultural heritage comes from them.
By the end of the 19th century, there was one exiled man for every two locals. People of varying backgrounds, from members of the Decembrist uprising to Bolsheviks, had been in Irkutsk for many years and had influenced the culture and development of the city; as a result, Irkutsk became a prosperous cultural and educational center in Eastern Siberia. In 1879, on July 4 and 6, the palace of the Governor General, the principal administrative and municipal offices and many of the other public buildings were destroyed by fire, the government archives, the library and the museum of the Siberian section of the Russian Geographical Society were ruined. Three-quarters of the city was destroyed, including 4,000 houses. However, the city rebounded, with electricity arriving in 1896, the first theater being built in 1897 and a major train station opened in 1898; the first train arrived in Irkutsk on August 16 of that year. By 1900, the city had earned the nickname of "The Paris of Siberia." During the Russian Civil War, which broke out after the October Revolution, Irkutsk became the site of many furious, bloody clashes between the "Whites" and the "Reds".
In 1920, Aleksandr Kolchak, the once-feared commander of the largest contingent of anti-Bolshevik forces, was executed in Irkutsk, which destroyed the anti-Bolshevik resistance. Irkutsk was the administrative center of the short-lived East Siberian Oblast, which existed from 1936 to 1937; the city subsequently became the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast after East Siberian Oblast was divided into Chita Oblast and Irkutsk Oblast. During the communist years, the industrialization of Irkutsk and Siberia in general was encouraged; the large Irkutsk Reservoir was built on the Angara River between 1950 and 1959 in order to facilitate industrial development. The Epiphany Cathedral, the governor's palace, a school of medicine, a museum, a military hospital and the crown factories are among the public institutions and buildings; the Aleksandr Kolchak monument, designed by Vyacheslav Klykov, was unveiled in 2004. On July 27, 2004, the Irkutsk Synagogue was gutted by a conflagration. In December 2016, 74 people in Irkutsk died in a mass methanol poisoning.
In 2018, it was reported men in Irkutsk only survive on average to 63. Irkutsk is located about 850 kilometres to the south-east of Krasnoyarsk, about 520 kilometres north of Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia; the city proper lies on the Angara River, a tributary of the Yenisei, 72 kilometers below its outflow from Lake Baikal and on the bank opposite the suburb of Glaskovsk. The river, 580-meter wide, is crossed by the Irkutsk Hydroelectric Dam and three other bridges downstream; the Irkut River, from which the town takes its name, is a smaller river that joins the Angara directly opposite the city. The main portion of the city is separated from several landmarks—the monastery, the fort and the port, as well as its suburbs—by another tributary, the Ida River; the two main parts of Irkutsk are customarily referred to as the "left bank" and the "right bank", with respect to the flow of the Angara River. Irkutsk is situated in a landscape of rolling hills within the thick taiga, typical in Eastern Siberia.
The population has been shrinking: 587,891 .
Office World plc, was a chain of British office superstores, which ceased trading in 2005, after administration and a company buy out. In March 2004, the company was bought out by world leading office superstores, Staples UK, who sold off all the assets and stock in stores, until Office World became a dormant brand; the Office World brand and stores were sold to Staples UK, for the sum of £32.5 million. After the acquisition by Staples few Office World stores were converted into Staples, as there were Staples stores near to the dormant stores of Office World. Many of the stores were left unoccupied for many years after the closure of Office World, resulting in some job losses, they had some rival superstores, such as Stationery Box and Ryman. For Office World to compete, they had to sell their own brand products. In 2005, after Staples had sold off many of the stock and stores, the last store closed. Office World's website did not stop until 2006. Migros
"Bart the Daredevil" is the eighth episode of The Simpsons' second season. It aired on the Fox network in the United States on December 6, 1990, it was directed by Wes Archer. In the episode, the Simpsons go to a monster truck rally that features famous daredevil Lance Murdock. Bart becomes enamored and decides he wants to become a daredevil too, his first stunt ends in injury and, despite the family's and Dr. Hibbert's best efforts, he continues to attempt stunts. Bart decides to jump the Springfield gorge, but Homer learns about Bart's plan and makes him promise not to do it. However, Bart goes to jump the gorge. Before the act, Homer stops him just in time and gets Bart to swear he will stop being a daredevil. Series creator Matt Groening said that the episode is his favorite of the series, it is considered among the series' best by television critics; the Simpson family attends a monster truck rally featuring Truck-o-Saurus, a giant robotic dinosaur that crushes their car. The rally's grand finale features a death-defying stunt by Lance Murdock.
Although the act leaves Murdock badly injured and hospitalised, Bart is enamored by his performance and dreams of becoming a daredevil. Bart injures himself while trying to jump over the family car on his skateboard. At the hospital, Dr. Julius Hibbert shows Bart a ward full of children who have been hurt from attempting stunts. Nonetheless, Bart is persistent and continues to pursue his daredevil interest by jumping over a swimming pool and Homer on his hammock. While on a class trip to Springfield Gorge, Bart announces that the following Saturday he will jump the gorge on his skateboard. Lisa talks him into visiting the hospital, hoping Murdock will talk him out of it, but Murdock encourages Bart to continue on his legacy. Bart plans to do it against the wishes of Homer. After a punishment, several orders, a "heart-to-heart talk" with Homer, Bart still goes to the gorge; as he is about to start his stunt, Homer arrives at the last second and decides to jump the gorge himself to show him what it is like to see a family member unnecessarily risking their life.
Bart, not wanting to see Homer killed on his account, abandons the stunt and promises to never again try being a daredevil. However, when Homer hugs Bart to complete their reconciliation, the board he is on rolls down a hill and flies over the gorge. At first, it appears as though Homer will make it safely across, but he loses momentum near the end and falls down the jagged rocks, progressively injuring himself, until he hits the bottom. Homer is airlifted into an ambulance, which crashes into a tree, causing him to fall down the gorge a second time, he is put in the same hospital room as Murdock's. The episode was directed by Wes Archer; the character Lance Murdock was based on Evel Knievel, an American motorcycle daredevil and entertainer famous in the United States and elsewhere between the late 1960s and early 1980s. Kogen and many other members of the Simpsons' staff were fans of Knievel's stunts, Wolodarsky named "Bart the Daredevil" as his favorite episode among the episodes that he wrote for The Simpsons, because it is "near and dear to heart".
Dr. Hibbert makes his first appearance on the series in the episode. In Kogen and Wolodarsky's original script for "Bart the Daredevil", Hibbert was a woman named Julia Hibbert, who they named after comedic actress Julia Sweeney; when the Fox network moved The Simpsons to prime time on Thursdays to compete against the National Broadcasting Company's top-rated The Cosby Show, the writing staff instead decided to make Hibbert a parody of Bill Cosby's character Dr. Cliff Huxtable; the episode was too short to air, so Al Jean and Mike Reiss wrote a filler piece, a parody of cartoon shorts from the 1940s called "Nazis on Tap." In the short, amongst other things, Mr. Burns would be making planes for the war effort at his aircraft plant, Bart's spiky hair would be replaced by a pointy Jughead cap and Moe Szyslak would be a dog. Matt Groening thought the piece was too weird and nixed it, thinking it was too early in the series to present something so offbeat to the audience. Audio from the piece was released online by Simpsons storyboard artist John Mathot in 2006.
Simpsons character designer Phil Ortiz adapted the short as a four-page comic book and handed out copies at Wizard World Philadelphia on June 2, 2016. The music video for the "Do the Bartman" single premiered after this episode; the episode has been referenced in numerous clip shows and flashback episodes throughout the series. In particular, the scene of Homer plummeting down Springfield Gorge has become one of the most used The Simpsons clips. In the scene, Homer falls down the cliff on the skateboard, bouncing off the cliff walls and landing at the bottom, where the skateboard lands on his head. After being loaded into an ambulance at the top of the cliff, the ambulance crashes into a tree, the gurney rolls out, causing Homer to fall down the cliff again; the scene was first featured outside of "Bart the Daredevil" in the season four episode "So It's Come to This: A Simpsons Clip Show". When the clip is shown in that episode, additional footage is seen of Homer bouncing down the cliff the second time, after he lands at the bottom, the gurney lands on his head.
Contrary to popular belief, the second fall down the gorge was not a deleted scene from "Bart the Daredevil", but rather a scene animated for the clip show. The scene is referenced in the "behind the scenes" parody ep
The 1995 NCAA Division III football season, part of the college football season organized by the NCAA at the Division III level in the United States, began in August 1995, concluded with the NCAA Division III Football Championship known as the Stagg Bowl, in December 1995 at Salem Football Stadium in Salem, Virginia. The Wisconsin–La Crosse Eagles won their second Division III championship by defeating the Rowan Profs, 36−7; the Gagliardi Trophy, given to the most outstanding player in Division III football, was awarded to Chris Palmer, wide receiver from St. John's; the 1995 NCAA Division III Football Championship playoffs were the 23rd annual single-elimination tournament to determine the national champion of men's NCAA Division III college football. The championship Stagg Bowl game was held at Salem Football Stadium in Salem, Virginia for the second time; as of 2014, Salem has remained the yearly host of the Stagg Bowl. Like the previous ten tournaments, this year's bracket featured sixteen teams.
Waterford Township is a township in Dakota County, United States. The population was 517 at the 2000 census. Waterford Township was organized in 1858, named from a nearby ford crossing the Cannon River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 14.8 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 517 people, 193 households, 152 families residing in the township; the population density was 35.1 people per square mile. There were 196 housing units at an average density of 13.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.03% White, 0.19% African American, 0.58% from other races, 0.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population. There were 193 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.2% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.01. In the township the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males. The median income for a household in the township was $51,563, the median income for a family was $56,875. Males had a median income of $42,589 versus $29,318 for females; the per capita income for the township was $22,570. None of the families and 1.4% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64
Pterostylis scoliosa known as the small kinked greenhood, is a species of orchid endemic to Queensland. As with similar greenhoods, the flowering plants differ from those; the non-flowering plants have a rosette of leaves flat on the ground but the flowering plants have a single flower with leaves on the flowering stem. This greenhood has a white, pale green and pale brown flower with a kinked or curved labellum protruding above the sinus between the lateral sepals. Pterostylis scoliosa is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and when not flowering, a rosette of shiny green leaves lying flat on the ground; each leaf is 7 -- 6 -- 14 mm wide. Flowering plants have a single flower 19–22 mm long and 6–8 mm wide which leans forwards on a flowering stem 100–200 mm high with between three and five spreading stem leaves; the flower is pale green and pale brown. The dorsal sepal and petals are fused, forming a hood or "galea" over the column, the dorsal sepal with a thread-like tip 4–5 mm long.
The lateral sepals are fused near their base closing off the front of the flower and have erect, thread-like tips 14–16 mm long. The sinus between the lateral sepals bulges and is V-shaped; the labellum is 11–13 mm long, 3–4 mm wide and is kinked or curved, tapered near the tip and protrudes prominently above the sinus. Flowering occurs from March to May. Pterostylis scoliosa was first formally described in 1997 by David Jones from a specimen collected in the Brisbane Forest Park by Cecil Ralph Crane; the description was published in Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. The specific epithet is derived from the Ancient Greek word skolios meaning "curved", "bent" or "oblique"; the small kinked greenhood grows on steep, rocky slopes in open forest near streams. It is only known from the Brisbane Forest Park. Pterostylis scoliosa is classified as "endangered" under the Queensland Government Nature Conservation Act 1992