Ironbridge is a town on the River Severn, at the heart of the Ironbridge Gorge, near Telford, England. It lies in the borough of Telford and Wrekin. Ironbridge developed beside, takes its name from, The Iron Bridge, a 100-foot cast iron bridge that opened in 1781; the area around Ironbridge is described by those promoting it as a tourist destination as the "Birthplace of the Industrial Revolution". This description is based on the idea that Abraham Darby perfected the technique of smelting iron with coke, in Coalbrookdale, allowing much cheaper production of iron. However, the industrial revolution did not begin in any one place. Darby's iron smelting was but one small part of this generalised revolution and was soon superseded by the great iron-smelting areas. However, the bridge – being the first of its kind fabricated from cast iron, one of the few which have survived to the present day – remains an important symbol representative of the dawn of the industrial age; the grandson of the first Abraham Darby, Abraham Darby III, built the bridge – designed by Thomas Farnolls Pritchard – to link the two areas.
Construction began in 1779, the bridge opened on New Year's Day 1781. Soon afterwards the ancient Madeley market was relocated to the new purpose-built square and Georgian Butter Cross; the former dispersed settlement of Madeley Wood gained a planned urban focus as Ironbridge, the commercial and administrative centre of the Coalbrookdale coalfield. The Iron Bridge proprietors built the Tontine Hotel to accommodate visitors to the new bridge and the industrial sites of the Severn Gorge. Across a square facing the hotel, stands the town's war memorial, erected in 1924, it is a bronze statue of a First World War soldier in marching order, sculpted by Arthur George Walker, whose signature appears as does that of A. B. Burton, the foundry worker who erected it. On the hillside above the river are situated the stone-built 16th-century hunting lodge at Lincoln Hill, many 17th- and 18th-century workers' cottages, some imposing Georgian houses built by ironmasters and mine and river barge owners, many early Victorian villas built from the various coloured bricks and tiles of the locality.
St Luke's Church in simple Commissioners' Gothic by Samuel Smith of Madeley, has stained glass by David Evans of Shrewsbury. Its design is unusual in that the sanctuary is at the west-end and the tower at the east, in reverse to the majority of churches; this is because the land at the west-end was unable to take the weight of a tower. The bells in the church tower were installed in 1920 as a memorial to parishioners who died in World War I, the external church clock was illuminated in memory of those who died in World War II; the living was endowed as a rectory when the parish was created from Madeley in 1847, is now a united benefice with Coalbrookdale and Little Wenlock, in the Diocese of Hereford. The former Iron Bridge and Broseley railway station, on the Severn Valley line from Hartlebury to Shrewsbury, was situated on the south side of the Iron Bridge until 1966. Ironbridge was the birthplace of England National Football Team captain Billy Wright. By the 19th century, Ironbridge had had many well-known visitors, including Benjamin Disraeli, but by the mid-20th century, the settlements and industries of the gorge were in decline.
In 1986, Ironbridge became part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has since become a major tourist attraction within Shropshire. Most industries in Ironbridge are now tourist-related. Amongst other things, the town centre is host to a Post Office, various pubs, cafés and many small independent shops. Ironbridge was struck by an F1/T2 tornado on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day. On Thursday 10 July 2003 The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh made a visit to Shropshire which included a visit to Ironbridge, a walk over the bridge itself. An annual Coracle Regatta is held in August on the River Severn at Ironbridge, along with many other events throughout the year; this is because the coracle-making family of Rogers lived in Ironbridge for several generations. Just outside Ironbridge in Coalbrookdale is the Ironbridge Institute, a partnership between the University of Birmingham and the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust offering postgraduate and professional development in heritage.
Ironbridge has an annually recurring problem of flooding from the River Severn, as do many other parts of Shropshire. Flooding has caused much damage and disruption to the Wharfage, which accommodates both The Swan and White Hart pubs, various private homes. Starting in February 2004, DEFRA in association with the Environment Agency implemented a portable barrier, erected at times of floods. At its peak, the flood water has reached a depth of one metre against the barrier. On February 26, 2020 after large amounts of rainfall following storms Ciara and Dennis the portable barrier was compromised causing an evacuation of all residents from the wharfage; the Rogers Family known for building and using coracles on the River Severn for generations George Sedgwick was a British trade union leader. Billy Wright CBE was an English footballer, who spent his whole career at Wolverhampton Wanderers F. C. and the first footballer in the world to earn 100 international caps Roger Squires is a British crossword compiler who lives in Ironbridge and is the world's most prolific compiler Ian Blakemore was an English cricketer, left-ha
"The Enniskillen Dragoon" is an Irish folk song associated with the Inniskilling Dragoons, a British Army regiment based at Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, in what is now Northern Ireland. The air was used as the regiment's signature quick march; the oldest lyrics tell of the love of a local lady for a soldier serving in the eponymous regiment. E. M. Morphy remembered hearing the "familiar old ballad" in Toronto on his arrival from Enniskillen in 1835. William Frederick Wakeman in 1870 called it "an old song once, to some extent still popular on the banks of the Erne". Patrick Weston Joyce wrote in 1909: This song, though of Ulster origin, was a great favourite in Munster, where I learned it when young: it was indeed sung all over Ireland. I published the words more than fifty years ago in a newspaper called "The Tipperary Leader," and I have several copies printed on ballad-sheets; some few years ago I gave a copy of the air — as I had it in memory — to Dr. Sigerson, who wrote a new song to it, published in Mr. A. P. Graves's "Irish Song Book": and in that publication — so far as I know — the air appeared in print for the first time.
Sigerson's version replaces the verses entirely. In the 1960s, Tommy Makem, who characterised the original as having "obscure verses and a singable chorus", wrote new verses with the regiment's soldiers describing their service in the Peninsular War. Makem performed it with the Clancy Brothers; the following text appears in an 1840 collection of American broadsides: Joyce's 1909 version is similar. In 1966, song collector Hugh Shields recorded Eddie Butcher of Inishowen singing a similar version as a slow lament. A 1930 version adds a final verse in which Flora are married. "Fare Thee Well"
D64 is a state road connecting the city of Pazin with D66 state road in Vozilići. The D64 road thus serves as a connection between the central Istria and resorts along the eastern coast of Istria peninsula, including Opatija, Lovran and Ičići, as well as to Brestova ferry port, from which Jadrolinija ferries fly to island of Cres; the northern terminus of the road provides a link towards A8 motorway via two interchanges near Pazin - Rogovići and Ivoli. The road is 26.9 km long. The road, as well as all other state roads in Croatia, is managed and maintained by Hrvatske ceste, a state-owned company. Traffic is counted and reported by Hrvatske ceste, operator of the road. Substantial variations between annual and summer traffic volumes are attributed to the fact that the road connects a number of summer resorts to Croatian motorway network