SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Isaac Israëls

Isaac Lazarus Israëls was a Dutch painter associated with the Amsterdam Impressionism movement. The son of Jozef Israëls, one of the most respected painters of the Hague School, Aleida Schaap, Isaac Israëls displayed precocious artistic talent from an early age. Between 1880 and 1882 he studied at the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague, where he met George Hendrik Breitner, to become a lifelong friend. In 1881, when he was 16, he sold a painting, Bugle Practice before it was finished to the artist and collector Hendrik Willem Mesdag. Two portraits he made in the same year of his grandmother and a family friend, Nannette Enthoven, attest to the technical ability he had attained by that age. Starting in 1878, Israëls made annual visits to the Salon des Artistes Français with his father and in 1882 made his debut there with Military Burial. In the 1885 Salon he received an honourable mention for his Transport of Colonial Soldiers. At this time he was reading Émile Zola, as was Breitner, following his triumph at the Salon he spent a year travelling in the Belgian mining districts and elsewhere.

Beginning 1886, Israëls lived in Amsterdam and registered with Breitner at the Royal Academy of Visual Arts to complete his schooling. Both of them, however abandoned the academy for the more progressive circle of the Tachtigers, an influential group of writers and artists of the time; this was a group that insisted style must reflect content and that charged subjects can only be represented by an intense technique. Influenced by this philosophy, Israëls became a painter of the streets and cabarets of Amsterdam. At this time he met the Dutch engraver and painter Willem de Zwart who became a lifelong friend, he spent his summers with his father in the Dutch seaside resort of Scheveningen near The Hague. Guests included Max Liebermann. Interested by the changing light of sun and sea, he painted many colourful seaside scenes. Towards the end of the century, Israëls was introduced by his childhood friend and portrait painter Thérèse Schwartze to the Amsterdam fashion house Hirsch & Cie at the Leidseplein.

Israëls portrayed the whole range of the world of haute couture, from seamstress to wealthy client, gaining access to the fitting-rooms. Israëls moved to Paris in 1904, establishing his studio at 10 rue Alfred Stevens, 48.881784°N 2.338651°E / 48.881784. As in Amsterdam, he painted the Parisian specific motifs: the public parks, cafes and bistros, as well as such subjects as fairgrounds and circus acrobats, he sought out the fashion houses Paquin and Drecoll to continue his studies of the world of fashion. However, he only exhibited once in this period, in 1909. At the outbreak of the First World War he was living in London, where he found new subjects in horse-riding at Rotten Row and in ballerinas and boxers, he returned to Holland for the duration of the war, living alternately in The Hague and Scheveningen, where he worked as a portrait painter. Amongst his sitters was Magaretha Gertrud Zelle, better known as Mata Hari, executed as a spy in France in 1917, her portrait can be seen at the Kröller-Müller Museum.

Other sitters included Johanna van Gogh-Bonger and the feminist physician Aletta Jacobs, although he portrayed ordinary subjects such as girls in the street and telephone operators. Following the war, Israëls visited Paris, Copenhagen and London, he spent the years 1921 to 1922 travelling in India and the Dutch East Indies and painting the vibrant life of South East Asia and notably the gamelan players of Bali. On his return, he settled at Koninginnegracht 2, The Hague, 52.085924°N 4.315014°E / 52.085924. At the age of 63, he won a Gold Medal at the 1928 Olympic Games for his painting Red Rider, an art competition being part of the games, he died in The Hague on 7 October 1934, aged 69, as a result of a street accident a few days before. His partner at that time was Sophie de Vries. On 26 April 2005, one of his Donkey riding on the Beach series realised €482,400 at Christie's, Amsterdam; the sale example was identical to the one in the Rijksmuseum, but larger and a little more delicate in tone.

On 24 October 2006, A table at the Restaurant Le Perroquet, Paris realised €493,600 at Christie's, Amsterdam. In July 2012 the City Archive of Amsterdam organized a solo exhibition to present Isaac Israëls's works in Amsterdam. Among the public collections holding works by Isaac Israëls are: Museum de Fundatie, Netherlands Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Ippy and Gertie Posing at Fashion House Hirsch, Amsterdam Isaac Israëls entry at Netherlands Institute for Art History Rijksmuseum website entry Biography Geheugen van Nederland archive Israëls' Gold Medal in the 128 Olympic Games Israels Genealogy

2015 AFC Asian Cup Group B

Group B of the 2015 AFC Asian Cup was one of four groups of nations competing at the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. The group's first round of matches were played on 10 January, the second round on 14 January, the final round on 18 January. All six group matches; the group consisted of Uzbekistan, Saudi Arabia and North Korea. China PR and Uzbekistan advanced as group winners and runners-up while Saudi Arabia and North Korea were eliminated. Notes In the quarter-finals: China PR advanced to play Australia. Uzbekistan advanced to play South Korea. Igor Sergeev netted with a fine header just after the hour mark to secure all three points for Mirjalol Qosimov's side as they look to build on the country's last four finish in Qatar in 2011. Uzbekistan controlled large swathes of the game, but were unable to make their dominance tell until Sergeev nodded in Server Djeparov's cross from the left. Odil Ahmedov had an early sight of goal when he tried his luck with a speculative long-range effort with just four minutes on the clock that went woefully wide before Timur Kapadze's deflected header came off the post.

With the start of the second half came the torrential rain, which swept across the stadium to make conditions impossible. Uzbekistan claimed a second when Sanzhar Tursunov's free kick past his own goalkeeper with 10 minutes remaining while, with just three minutes left of the clock, Tursanov close-range effort was straight at Ri Myong-guk; the Uzbeks were made to pay for missing those opportunities with the last action of the game when Pak Kwang-ryong directed his powerful header towards goal, but Ignatiy Nesterov's reflex save was good enough to ensure Uzbekistan's held on for the win. A late and somewhat fortunate free-kick by Yu Hai proved to be the lone goal of the match as Saudi Arabia paid the price for Naif Hazazi's missed second-half penalty against Alain Perrin's side. Both China, who are looking to return to the quarter-finals for the first time since hosting the competition in 2004, Saudi Arabia failed to qualify for the knockout phase at last edition. Three-time champions Saudi Arabia enjoyed the better moments early on with their technique-oriented game, seeing more time on the ball and pushing China deep into their own half.

However, they failed to translate possession into opportunities and could not produce a single shot on target before the intermission. The second half opened gingerly before Saudi Arabia kicked it into a higher gear on the hour mark, Hazazi breaking free down the inside left channel to win a penalty off defender Ren Hang who tackled one step too late. Ren was bailed out by his keeper Wang Dalei who read Hazazi well from the spot, diving to his left to deny the Saudis the lead as the Chinese half of the crowd at Brisbane Stadium erupted in joy. China nearly stung Saudi Arabia right away at the opposite end, Ren forcing a two-handed stop from Waleed Abdullah with a close-range header towards the bottom right corner of the net; the deadlock was broken after 80 minutes when Yu's free kick, from outside the box, took a wicked deflection off a defender to wrong-foot Abdullah who, despite a desperate attempt to keep the Yu's effort out, saw the ball skip into his net. Mohammad Al-Sahlawi scored twice in quick succession just after half-time as three-time winners Saudi Arabia kept their quarter-final hopes alive after recording a 4–1 comeback win over North Korea on Wednesday.

North Korea's first AFC Asian Cup goal since November 1992 scored after 11 minutes from Ryang Yong-gi had given Jo Tong-sop's side hope of bouncing back from their opening defeat by Uzbekistan in Group B. But after Naif Hazazi equalised for Saudi Arabia before half-time, Al Sahlawi's quickfire double in the space of three second-half minutes and a late strike from Nawaf Al Abed ensured Cosmin Olăroiu's side their first three points of the campaign having lost to China at the weekend and ended the quarter-final hopes of former semi-finalists North Korea. With both sides seeking their first points of the campaign at Melbourne Rectangular Stadium, North Korea made an aggressive start as Sim Hyon-jin was denied twice in quick succession by Saudi Arabia goalkeeper Waleed Abdullah, with the first from a dipping strike from the edge of the penalty area in the seventh minute and the second a glancing header from the resulting corner. Abdullah, was beaten just four minutes as Ryang followed up after the Saudi Arabia custodian could only parry Pak Kwang-ryong's dipping angled volley from Jong Il-gwan's knockdown back out towards the penalty spot.

Saudi Arabia looked for an instant response as Hazazi headed agonisingly wide from inside the penalty area six minutes as Ri Myong-guk's goal came under increasing pressure as the half progressed. And Saudi Arabia equalised eight minutes before half-time as the Green Falcons worked the ball across the edge of the penalty area for Al Abed to tee-up Hazazi, the Al Shabab striker fired low through the legs of the North Korea goalkeeper at his near post. Ri Myong-guk, did come to North Korea’s rescue three minutes before half-time as the custodian produced a superb one-handed save low to his left to turn Al Abed's eye-catching turn and volley around the post, but as Saudi Arabia continued to dominate into the second half, Ri Myong-guk was again beaten seven minutes after half-time as Al Sahlawi was on hand to stab home from close range after Abdullah Al-Zori's low drilled cross had taken a fortunate deflection off Jang Kuk-chol and North Korea handed Saudi Arabia a third goal just two minutes as Jang Song-hyok's overhit backpass caused confusion between Ri Yong-jik and goalkeeper Ri Myong-guk on the edge of the penalty area, with the defender only able to drill his attem

Order for Meritorious Service

The Order for Meritorious Service is a South African National Order that consisted of two classes, in gold and silver, was awarded to deserving South African citizens. The order was discontinued on 2 December 2002; the Order for Meritorious Service was instituted by the Republic of South Africa in 1986, by Warrant published in Government Gazette no. 10493 dated 24 October 1986. It superseded the earlier Decoration for Meritorious Services; the order could be awarded in two classes: The Order for Meritorious Service, Class I, post-nominal letters OMSG, for exceptional merit. The Order for Meritorious Service, Class II, post-nominal letters OMSS, for outstanding merit; the Order was awarded by the State President and, from 1994, the President, to South Africans who had rendered exceptional public service. Recipients included cabinet ministers, captains of commerce and industry, church leaders, sports stars and prominent figures in the arts and sciences; the positions of the two classes of the Order for Meritorious Service in the official order of precedence were revised three times after 1986 to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first with the integration process of 1994, again when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted in April 1996 for the two former non-statutory para-military forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, again with the institution of new sets of awards in 2002 and 2003.

Official national order of precedence until 26 April 1994 Preceded by the Star of South Africa and Star of South Africa, Grand Cross. Succeeded by the Order of Good Hope, Class I, Grand Collar/Grand Cross. Official national order of precedence from 27 April 1994 Preceded by the Order of Thohoyandou, Special Class, Grand Cross of the Republic of Venda. Succeeded by the Order of Transkei, Class I, Grand Cross of the Republic of Transkei; the position of the Order for Meritorious Service, Gold in the South African order of precedence remained unchanged, as it was on 27 April 1994, when new awards were instituted in 1996, 2002 and 2003. Official national order of precedence until 26 April 1994 Preceded by the Star of South Africa and Star of South Africa, Grand Officer. Succeeded by the Order of Good Hope, Class II, Grand Officer, Silver. Official national order of precedence from 27 April 1994 Preceded by the Order of Indwe, Class I of the Republic of Ciskei. Succeeded by the Order of Transkei, Class II, Grand Officer of the Republic of Transkei.

The position of the Order for Meritorious Service, Silver in the South African order of precedence remained unchanged, as it was on 27 April 1994, when new awards were instituted in 1996, 2002 and 2003. Both classes are worn around the neck. ObverseThe badge of the Order is a white-enamelled gold or silver gable cross that displays the national arms on a shield in the centre of a smaller gold or silver cross paty. ReverseThe reverse has the pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms. SuspenderThe suspender is in the form of the crest of the pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms, a lion holding four staves to represent the four provinces of the Union of South Africa, above an outline of an inverted gable. Breast starThe breast star consists of the badge of the order superimposed on a four-pointed multi-rayed diagonal star. RibbonThe original ribbon was 35 millimetres wide and in the colours of the 1928 South African flag, with a 6 millimetres wide dark blue band, a 4 millimetres wide white band and a 5½ millimetres wide orange band, repeated in reverse order and separated by a 4 millimetres wide white band.

A new ribbon was introduced in the colours of the new post-1994 South African flag. It is 35 millimetres wide with a 2 millimetres wide red band, a 2 millimetres wide white band, a 7½ millimetres wide green band and a 5 millimetres wide yellow band, repeated in reverse order and separated by a 2 millimetres wide black band, but with the red band at left replaced by a 2 millimetres wide blue band at right. Conferment of the decoration was discontinued in 2003 when a new set of national orders was instituted; the known recipients are listed in the table. Note: † denotes a posthumous award