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Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus

Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus, ruled Cyprus from 1184 to 1191, before Richard the Lionheart, King of England conquered the island during the Third Crusade. At the death of Byzantine emperor John II Komnenos in 1143, the throne passed not to his third and oldest living son, Isaac Komnenos, but his youngest son, Manuel I Komnenos, who claimed the throne. Isaac served amiably as sebastokrator, his first wife Theodora Kamaterina bore him a daughter, Irene Komnene, other children. Irene Komnene married an unnamed Doukas Kamateros and gave birth to Isaac Komnenos, a minor member of the Komnenos family, c. 1155. Byzantine historian Niketas Choniates provides most of the following account of his life. Isaac was the son of an unnamed member of the noble Byzantine family, Doukas Kamateros and Eirene Komnene, daughter of Isaac Komnenos. Isaac Komnenos married an Armenian princess on Cyprus. Emperor Manuel I Komnenos made Isaac governor of Isauria and the town of Tarsus, where he started a war against the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, soldiers of which captured him.

As Emperor Manuel died in 1180 nobody cared about the fate of Isaac, whose long imprisonment failed to improve his general disposition. On account of his Armenian royal wife, he endured not too harsh terms of captivity, his aunt Theodora Komnene, queen consort of Jerusalem, during an affair with the new Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos, convinced the Emperor to contribute to his ransom. Constantine Makrodoukas, a loyal supporter of the emperor and uncle of Isaac, Andronikos Doukas, a relative, childhood friend and debaucher, both contributed to his ransom; these two relatives stood surety for the fealty of Isaac Komnenos to the Byzantine emperor. The Knights Templar, whom Niketas Choniates labels "the Phreri," strangely enough contributed as well; the Armenians in 1185 released Isaac tired of the imperial service. He sailed to Cyprus, he presented falsified imperial letters that ordered the local administration to obey him in everything and established himself as ruler of the island. Because Isaac Komnenos failed to return to imperial service, Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos ordered Constantine Makrodoukas and Andronikos Doukas arrested for treason, although Constantine had heretofore loyally supported the emperor.

The courtier Stephen Hagiochristophorites conducted a water-oracle that gave the letter I as the initial of the succeeding emperor, so Byzantine emperor Andronikos I feared an attempt of Isaac to usurp the throne. When court officials led the prisoners from prison to face the charges, Hagiochristophorites started to stone them and forced others to join him. Stones impaled both prisoners at the front of the palace of Mangana on 30 May 1185. Another oracle gave the date of the start of the rule of the next Byzantine emperor, a time much too near for Isaac to make the crossing from Cyprus, which relieved Byzantine emperor Andronikos I. Meanwhile, Isaac took many other Romans into his service, he created an independent patriarch of Cyprus, who crowned him as emperor in 1185. After a popular uprising at Constantinople led to the death of the Byzantine emperor on 12 September 1185, Isaac II Angelos succeeded to the Byzantine throne, he raised a fleet of 70 ships to take back Cyprus. The fleet was under the command of John Kontostephanos and Alexios Komnenos, a nephew once removed of the emperor.

Andronikos I Komnenos ordered. The fleet landed in Cyprus, but after the troops left the ships, Margaritus of Brindisi, a pirate in the service of King William II of Sicily the Good captured the ships. Isaac or more Margaritus won a victory over the Byzantine troops and captured the captains, whom he took to Sicily, while the rest of the sailors on Cyprus tried their best to survive and to fend off the enemy. "Only much did they return home, if they had not perished altogether." From the time of his coronation, Isaac started to plunder Cyprus, raping women, defiling virgins, imposing overly cruel punishments for crimes, stealing the possessions of the citizens. "Cypriots of high esteem, comparable to Job in riches now were seen begging in the streets and hungry, if they were not put to the sword by this irascible tyrant." Furthermore, he despicably ordered the foot of Basil Pentakenos, his old teacher and amputated. Niketas Choniates not partial to Isaac, describes him as an irascible and violent man, "boiling with anger like a kettle on the fire."

Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos bore responsibility for greater cruelties. A seeming league with William II of Sicily, a powerful thorn in the side of the Byzantine Empire, helped Isaac to hold the island for the duration of his reign, he was closely connected to Saladin, sultan of Egypt and Syria. King Richard the Lionheart and others embarked on the Third Crusade in 1189. Early in 1191, Berengaria of Navarre and Joan of England, the fiancée and sister of King Richard, travelled together and were shipwrecked on Cyprus. In retaliation, King Richard conquered the island while on his way to Tyre. Isaac is recorded firing two arrows at Richard from horseback, notable because Byzantine horse archery is an obscure subject; the English took Isaac prisoner near Cape Apostolos Andreas on the Karpass Peninsula, the northernmost tip of the island. According to tradition, as Richard had promised not to put him into irons, he

Arthur Perry (basketball)

Arthur Aaron Perry is an American former collegiate basketball coach, active from 1973 to 2000. He held head coaching positions at American University and Delaware State University, in addition to five assistant coaching positions at the collegiate level, he amassed a career record as head coach in NCAA Division I basketball programs of 34 wins and 78 losses. Through his coaching career, Perry was noted for being an effective recruiter of players, he emphasized mentorship of young athletes. Perry was born in Aaron Perry, he attended DC public schools, graduating from Eastern High School, playing sports all through school. Perry enrolled at Howard University but was drafted for the military, so he instead enlisted in the United States Air Force for which he served as a crew chief. After his military service, Perry played collegiate basketball for American University from 1970 to 1973 as point guard and shooting guard, until an injury ended his career as a player. In the 1971-2 season, he scored in double figures in 16 of the 19 games that Perry played in, his team participated in the National Invitational Tournament.

Following his injury, Perry transferred to Rutgers University, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in Health, Physical Education and Recreation, graduating in 1975. Perry began his coaching career in 1973 as a part-time assistant coach for the men's basketball team at Rutgers University. During his tenure at Rutgers, the team finished the 1975-6 season undefeated and earned a berth in the NCAA Final Four. Perry's first position as a head coach in NCAA Division I Men's College Basketball was at Delaware State University in 1996, he inherited a team in disarray, with little discipline, while having a difficult schedule with more than 8 NCAA playoff teams as opponents. His team improved under Perry's guidance. However, following the 1996-7 season, Perry took over as head coach of the men's basketball team at American University, a return to his former college team; as coach at American University, Perry favored a style of play that takes advantage of speed and defense. In a player development effort, Perry took his team at American University on a 12-day tour of Italy, playing various European basketball teams, giving players opportunities they may not have had otherwise.

Perry's collegiate coaching career ended in 2000 following his tenure at American University. Perry married Janis Perry, the daughter of Grammy Award-winning musician and bandleader Ernie Freeman. Since the end of his coaching career, Perry has served as director of Hoops Consulting, which advises schools, coaches and parents on matters relating to athletics and academics, he consulted for two years for the Washington Wizards of the National Basketball Association. Perry is retired and resides in Lewes, Delaware with his wife Janis, where he has at times been active in helping local political candidates, he is an avid tennis player. Perry accepted the 1995 Naismith Award on behalf of Joe Smith, one of his players at the University of Maryland. In 1999, with the rest of the players and coaches of the 1976 Men's Basketball Team, was inducted into the Rutgers University Athletic Hall of Fame; as of 2019, Perry was a 45-year member of the National Association of Basketball Coaches. During his post-coaching career, Perry worked for Nike Co. in their local outlet store, where he twice was named outstanding employee among the 163 outlet stores that Nike was operating as of 2019

Ty Knott

Ty Knott is an American football coach. He is the assistant head coach and tight ends coach for the Los Angeles Wildcats of the XFL. Knott was born on December 9, 1965 in Los Angeles, California, he attended the Oregon Institute of Technology. Knott worked as an assistant at Whittier College, Indiana University, Mt. San Antonio College, Greenville College, University of Minnesota Crookston, Texas Southern University. In the National Football League, Knott was an offensive assistant for the Jacksonville Jaguars in 2002. A year he became the defensive quality control coach for the New Orleans Saints, a position he served from 2003 to 2005, he was hired as the offensive quality control coach of the Green Bay Packers in 2006, but was fired after the 2008 season. In 2009 and 2010, he was the Director of Player Development for the San Francisco 49ers, where he worked with head coach Mike Singletary. In 2018, Knott reunited with Singletary on the Memphis Express of the Alliance of American Football, where Knott served as running backs coach and special teams coordinator.

The following year, he became assistant head coach and tight ends coach for the Los Angeles Wildcats of the XFL


SIGMETRICS is the Association for Computing Machinery's Special Interest Group on Measurement and Evaluation, which specializes in the field of performance analysis and modeling of computer systems. It is the name of an annual'flagship' conference, organized by SIGMETRICS since 1973, considered to be the leading conference in performance analysis and modeling in the world. Known to have an low acceptance rate, many of the landmark works in the area have been published through it. Beyond the flagship conference, SIGMETRICS promotes research into performance evaluation through a number of other activities, it co-sponsors other prestigious conferences: the Internet Measurement Conference, the International Conference on Performance Engineering, the IEEE/ACM Symposium on Quality of Service, the ACM International Conference on Systems for Energy-Efficient Built Environments, the ACM Conference on Embedded Network Sensor Systems. In addition, every third year the SIGMETRICS conference is held jointly with IFIP performance.

Additionally, SIGMETRICS produces a newsletter, Performance Evaluation Review, with both peer-reviewed and editorial content. SIGMETRICS has three awards that are given out on an annual basis: The SIGMETRICS Achievement Award, which recognizes a senior researcher who has made long-lasting influential contributions to computer/communication performance evaluation; the SIGMETRICS Rising Star Award, which recognizes a junior researcher who demonstrates outstanding potential for research in computer/communication performance evaluation. The SIGMETRICS Test of Time Award, which recognizes an influential SIGMETRICS paper from 10–12 years previously; the group was formed as SIGME in 1971, the name was changed to SIGMETRICS in 1972. Each year the group gives three awards, the lifetime achievement award, rising star award and test of time award; the achievement award is given each year to an individual who has made "long-lasting, influential contributions to the theory or practice of computer/communication system performance evaluation."

2019 Mary K. Vernon 2018 Jim Dai 2017 Sem Borst 2016 John Tsitsiklis 2015 Bruce Hajek 2014 François Baccelli 2013 Jean Walrand 2012 Debasis Mitra 2011 Onno J. Boxma 2010 Jeffrey P. Buzen 2009 Frank Kelly 2008 Erol Gelenbe 2007 Don Towsley 2006 Richard R. Muntz 2005 Stephen S. Lavenberg 2004 Ken C. Sevcik 2003 Edward G. Coffman, Jr; the rising star award is given each year to an individual who "demonstrates outstanding potential for research in the field of computer and communication performance." 2019 Anshul Gandhi 2018 Longbo Huang 2017 Sewoong Oh 2016 Yi Lu 2015 Jinwoo Shin 2014 Florian Simatos 2013 Augustin Chaintreau 2012 Marc Lelarge 2011 Adam Wierman 2010 Milan Vojnovic 2009 Alexandre Proutiere 2008 Devavrat Shah The test of time award is given annually to the authors of papers whose "impact is still felt 10-12 years after its initial publication." Rajagopalan, S.. SIGMETRICS 2009. Doi:10.1145/2492101.1555365. Lu, Y.. "Counter braids: a novel counter architecture for per-flow measurement".

SIGMETRICS 2008. Doi:10.1145/1384529.1375472. Bairavasundaram, L. N.. "An analysis of latent sector errors in disk drives". SIGMETRICS 2007. Doi:10.1145/1269899.1254917. Urgaonkar, B.. "An analytical model for multi-tier internet services and its applications". SIGMETRICS 2005. Doi:10.1145/1064212.1064252. Moore, A.. SIGMETRICS 2005. Doi:10.1145/1064212.1064220. Blackburn, S.. SIGMETRICS 2004. Doi:10.1145/1005686.1005693. Zhang, Y.. "Fast Accurate Computation of Large-Scale IP Traffic Matrices from Link Loads". SIGMETRICS 2003. Doi:10.1145/885651.781053. Bu, T.. "Network tomography on general topologies". SIGMETRICS 2002. Doi:10.1145/511334.511338. Chu, Yang-hua. "A Case for End System Multicast". SIGMETRICS 2000. Doi:10.1145/339331.339337. Gao, Lixin. "Stable Internet Routing without Global Coordination". SIGMETRICS 2000. Doi:10.1145/339331.339426. Buzen, Jeffrey P. "Fundamental Laws of Computer System Performance". SIGMETRICS 1976. Doi:10.1145/800200.806196. Eager, Derek. "A Comparison of Receiver-initiated and Sender-initiated Adaptive Load Sharing".

SIGMETRICS 1985. Doi:10.1145/317795.317802. Crovella, Mark E.. "Self-similarity in World Wide Web Traffic: Evidence and Possible Causes". SIGMETRICS 1996. Doi:10.1145/233013.233038. SIGMETRICS


Stickfighter is a 1994 American action B movie directed by BJ Davis and starring Kely McClung who wrote the story. It was released in the US in 1997. Kely McClung stars as John Lambert, a D. E. A. Agent whose partner loses his life in a sting operation gone wrong. Lambert quits the force to cope with this loss, needs some time away from the job to cope. Kely McClung as John Lambert Alex Meneses as Luella Cartegenas Karl Johnson as Dirk Riley Jeff Celentano as James Tucker Robert Pralgo as Robert Reves Scott Sullivan as Arvo Riley Roger Callard as Lt. Davis Darcy DeMoss as Michelle Madsen Stickfighter on Internet Movie Database

Internet in India

The first publicly available internet service in India was launched by state-owned Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited on 15 August 1995 As of May 2014, the Internet was delivered to India by 9 different undersea fibres, including SEA-ME-WE 3, Bay of Bengal Gateway and Europe India Gateway, arriving at 5 different landing points. India has one overland internet connection, at the city of Agartala near the border with Bangladesh; as of 31 December 2018, India had a population of 130 crore people, 123 crore Aadhaar digital biometric identity cards, 121 crore mobile phones, 44.6 crore smartphones, 56 crore internet users, 51 per cent growth in e-commerce. Government has embarked on the massive BharatNet, Digital India, Made in India and Startup India initiatives to expedite the internet-based eco-system; the history of the internet in India began with the launch of the Educational Research Network in 1986. The network was only made available to educational and research communities. ERNET was initiated by the Department of Electronics, with funding support from the Government of India and United Nations Development Program, involving eight premier institutions as participating agencies—NCST Bombay, Indian Institute of Science, five Indian Institutes of Technology at Delhi, Kanpur and Chennai, the DoE in New Delhi.

ERNET began as a multi protocol network with both the TCP/IP and the OSI-IP protocol stacks running over the leased-line portion of the backbone. Since 1995, however all traffic is carried over TCP/IP; the first leased line of 9.6 kbit/s was installed in January 1991 between Mumbai. ERNET was allotted Class B IP address by InterNIC in 1990. Subsequently, Class C addresses were allotted to ERNET by APNIC. All IITs, IISc Bangalore, DOE Delhi and NCST Mumbai were connected by 9.6 kbit/s leased line by 1992. In the same year, 64 kbit/s Internet gateway link was commissioned from NCST Mumbai to UUNet in Virginia, United States. NICNet was established in 1995 for communications between government institutions; the network was operated by the National Informatics Centre. The first publicly available internet service in India was launched by state-owned Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited on 15 August 1995. At the time, VSNL had a monopoly over international communications in the country and private enterprise was not permitted in the sector.

The internet service, known as the Gateway Internet Access Service, provided a speed of 9.6 kbit/s speed and was priced at $160 for 250 hours for individuals, $500 for institutional dial-up SLIP/PPP accounts, higher for leased line services. GIAS was available from Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai, it was made available in Pune and Bangalore by the end of 1995, while users from other locations could connect through the Department of Telecommunications' I-NET, an X.25 network accessed through leased lines or at a concessional dial-up rate from anywhere. The connection between VSNL and MCI Inc. in the United States was made with multiple 64kbit/s links. The service was plagued by several network issues. B. K. Syngal chairman and managing director of VSNL, publicly apologized and took responsibility for the issues. Syngal stated; the modems used by VSNL were of poor quality, would make a beeping sound every three minutes and subsequently disconnect. The connections faced junction issues when users attempted to connect between internet exchanges.

VSNL had designed each line to handle 30 customers at a time, which would swell to full capacity. VSNL invested ₹2-2.5 crore on the launch. Recalling the launch in 2015, Syngal described the amount as "pathetic". Despite the issues, VSNL's internet service garnered 10,000 subscribers within the first 6 months of the launch; the company invested ₹10-15 crore to re-design the service. The internet service got a boost in popularity after a successful demo at the NASSCOM meeting at the Nehru Centre in Mumbai in 1996. VSNL's booth demonstrating the capabilities of the internet received a large number of visitors. However, for the next 10 years the Internet experience in the country remained less attractive with narrow-band connections having speeds less than 56 kbit/s. To meet the growing demand for internet access, VSNL, in cooperation with the DoT, added new points of presence on the Internet. In 1997, new POPs opened in Kanpur, Chandigarh, Hyderabad and Goa. By 1998, the network comprised around 40 POPs.

Integrated Services Digital Network access was introduced in 1997. In 2004, the government formulated its broadband policy which defined broadband as "an always-on Internet connection with download speed of 256 kbit/s or above." From 2005 onward, the growth of the broadband sector in the country accelerated, but remained below the growth estimates of the government and related agencies due to resource issues in last-mile access which were predominantly wired-line technologies. This bottleneck was removed in 2010 when the government auctioned 3G spectrum followed by an high-profile auction of 4G spectrum that set the scene for a competitive and invigorated wireless broadband market. Today, internet access in India is provided by both public and private companies using a variety of technologies and media including dial-up, xDSL, coaxial cable, Ethernet, FTTH, ISDN, HSDPA, WiFi, WiMAX, etc. at a wide range of speeds and costs. The following frequencies are used to provide wireless internet services in India: 2G: GSM 900 MHz, GSM 1800 MHz 3G: UMTS 2100 MHz 4G: TD-LTE 2300 MHz, FD-LTE 1800 MHz, FDD-LTE 8