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Isaiah

Isaiah was the 8th-century BC Israelite prophet after whom the Book of Isaiah is named. Within the text of the Book of Isaiah, Isaiah himself is referred to as "the prophet", but the exact relationship between the Book of Isaiah and any such historical Isaiah is complicated; the traditional view is that all 66 chapters of the book of Isaiah were written by one man, Isaiah in two periods between 740 BC and c. 686 BC, separated by 15 years, that the book includes dramatic prophetic declarations of Cyrus the Great in the Bible, acting to restore the nation of Israel from Babylonian captivity. Another held view is that parts of the first half of the book originated with the historical prophet, interspersed with prose commentaries written in the time of King Josiah a hundred years and that the remainder of the book dates from before and after the end of the exile in Babylon two centuries after the time of the historical prophet; the first verse of the Book of Isaiah states that Isaiah prophesied during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham and Hezekiah, the kings of Judah.

Uzziah's reign was 52 years in the middle of the 8th century BC, Isaiah must have begun his ministry a few years before Uzziah's death in the 740s BC. Isaiah lived until the fourteenth year of the reign of Hezekiah, he may have been contemporary for some years with Manasseh. Thus Isaiah may have prophesied for as long as 64 years. According to some modern interpretations, Isaiah's wife was called "the prophetess", either because she was endowed with the prophetic gift, like Deborah and Huldah, or because she was the "wife of the prophet", they had three sons, naming the eldest Shear-jashub, meaning "A remnant shall return", the next Immanuel, meaning "God with us", the youngest, Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz, meaning, "Spoil plunder speedily". Soon after this, Shalmaneser V determined to subdue the kingdom of Israel, taking over and destroying Samaria. So long as Ahaz reigned, the kingdom of Judah was untouched by the Assyrian power, but when Hezekiah gained the throne, he was encouraged to rebel "against the king of Assyria", entered into an alliance with the king of Egypt.

The king of Assyria threatened the king of Judah, at length invaded the land. Sennacherib led a powerful army into Judah. Hezekiah was reduced to despair, submitted to the Assyrians, but after a brief interval, war broke out again. Again Sennacherib led an army into one detachment of which threatened Jerusalem. Isaiah on that occasion encouraged Hezekiah to resist the Assyrians, whereupon Sennacherib sent a threatening letter to Hezekiah, which he "spread before the LORD". Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying: "Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Whereas thou hast prayed to Me against Sennacherib king of Assyria, this is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him: The virgin daughter of Zion hath despised thee and laughed thee to scorn. Whom hast thou taunted and blasphemed? And against whom hast thou exalted thy voice? Yea, thou hast lifted up thine eyes on high against the Holy One of Israel!" According to the account in 2 Kings 19 an angel of God fell on the Assyrian army and 185,000 of its men were killed in one night.

"Like Xerxes in Greece, Sennacherib never recovered from the shock of the disaster in Judah. He made no more expeditions against either Southern Palestine or Egypt."The remaining years of Hezekiah's reign were peaceful. Isaiah lived to its close, into the reign of Manasseh; the time and manner of his death are not specified in either the Bible or other primary sources. The Talmud says. According to rabbinic literature, Isaiah was the maternal grandfather of Manasseh; the book of Isaiah, along with the book of Jeremiah, is distinctive in the Hebrew bible for its direct portrayal of the "wrath of the Lord" as presented, for example, in Isaiah 9:19 stating, "Through the wrath of the Lord of hosts is the land darkened, the people shall be as the fuel of the fire." The Ascension of Isaiah, a pseudepigraphical Christian text dated to sometime between the end of the 1st century to the beginning of the 3rd, gives a detailed story of Isaiah confronting an evil false prophet and ending with Isaiah being martyred – none of, attested in the original Biblical account.

Gregory of Nyssa believed that the Prophet Isaiah "knew more than all others the mystery of the religion of the Gospel". Jerome lauds the Prophet Isaiah, saying, "He was more of an Evangelist than a Prophet, because he described all of the Mysteries of the Church of Christ so vividly that you would assume he was not prophesying about the future, but rather was composing a history of past events." Of specific note are the songs of the Suffering Servant, which Christians say are a direct prophetic revelation of the nature and detail of the death of Jesus Christ. The Book of Isaiah is quoted many times by New Testament writers. Ten of those references are about the Suffering Servant, how he will suffer and die to save many from their sins, be buried in a rich man's tomb, be a light to the Gentiles; the Gospel of John says that Isaiah "saw Jesus’ glory and spoke about him."The Eastern Orthodox Church celebrates Saint Isaiah the Prophet on May 9. The Book of Mormon quotes Jesus Christ

Ceratobasidium cornigerum

Ceratobasidium cornigerum is a species of fungus in the order Cantharellales. Basidiocarps are thin, spread on the substrate out like web-like. A Rhizoctonia-like anamorphic state, sometimes referred to the genus Ceratorhiza, is obtained when isolates are cultured. Ceratobasidium cornigerum is saprotrophic, but is a facultative plant pathogen, causing a number of economically important crop diseases, an orchid endomycorrhizal associate; the species is genetically diverse and is sometimes treated as a complex of related taxa. Corticium cornigerum was first described in 1922 by mycologist Hubert Bourdot, who found it growing in France on dead stems of Jerusalem artichoke, it was subsequently transferred to the genus Ceratobasidium by American mycologist Donald P. Rogers in 1935. Ceratobasidium cornigerum is one of several species whose anamorphic states are sometimes referred to as "binucleate rhizoctonias"; these binucleate rhizoctonias have been divided into genetically distinct "anastomosis groups" based on hyphal anastomosis tests, subsequently supported by analyses of DNA sequences.

At least six of these AGs have been linked to Ceratobasidium cornigerum, which may therefore be considered as a variable species or as a complex of morphologically similar species. In the latter case, it is not clear; the following taxa belong in the Ceratobasidium cornigerum complex and have been treated as synonyms or as related but independent species: Ceratobasidium ramicola = AG-A. This group contains a range of orchid associates. Ceratobasidium cereale = AG-D; this group contains grass pathogens. Ceratobasidium ochroleucum, Ceratobasidium lantanae-camarae, Corticium pervagum, Corticium invisum, AG-P are all tropical or subtropical, web-blight pathogens; the basidiocarps are effused and whitish. Microscopically they have colourless hyphae, 3 to 9 μm wide, without clamp connections; the basidia are ellipsoid to broadly club-shaped, 9 to 14 by 8 to 12 μm. The basidiospores are ellipsoid and broadly fusiform, measuring 6 to 11 by 4 to 6 μm. Pale brown sclerotia are sometimes produced. Ceratobasidium cornigerum is cosmopolitan and has been reported from Asia, Europe, North & South America.

It occurs as a soil saprotroph, producing basidiocarps on dead stems and fallen litter, but is a facultative plant pathogen causing disease of crops and turf grass. It can grow as a "web blight" pathogen on living leaves of trees and shrubs in the tropics and subtropics, it is one of the commonest endomycorrhizal associates of terrestrial orchids. Symptoms are most visible in the first fruiting year and are most apparent during the last couple of weeks before harvest.> Early symptoms will include reduced vigor and a decrease in the ability to survive high water conditions. Plants may experience lodging. Infected plants may continue to grow but will show aboveground symptoms including stunting, decreased fruit size, numerous dead older leaves. Belowground symptoms include the deterioration of roots. Infected plants may have feeder and main roots. Feeder roots will appear water soaked. In the early stages of infection, the core of the root will appear white while the exterior begins to show black lesions.

In affected roots, both the core and the outer tissue of the root will be black. Stained feeder roots may reveal masses of moniliform cells of R. fragariae. Characteristics of R. fragariae include hyphal branching pattern, dolipore septa, moiliform resting cells. The binucleated hyphae directly penetrate the root. Black root rot is found in field with a long history of strawberry production. Increased chances of disease are if there are stress factors such as herbicide injury, winter or cold injury, excessive soil moisture, soil compaction or repeated freezing of roots. Black root rot is not introduced into the new planting through nursery stock or contaminated equipment but is instead due to one or more of the disease-causing fungi present in the soil. Black root rot is a disease complex on strawberry, which means that one or more organisms can infect the host. For strawberries, the common fungi are Pythium spp. Fusarium spp. and Rhizoctonia spp. along with several species of nematodes that function together to cause disease.

Strawberries have been shown to have greater levels of rot when exposed to both R. fragariae and P. penetrans. Black root rot is a common disease in North Carolina, a top strawberry producing region, much of the southeastern region of the United States, having been shown to reduce yields by 20 to 40%; this is the main reason. Pre-planting fumigation may suppress the disease during the year of planting, but it does not offer any lasting control and cultivars resistant to black root rot are not available. Black root rot has been a challenge for strawberry growers for at least a century, longer. Black root rot of strawberry is recorded to have been prevalent in Massachusetts and New York in the years 1902 and 1908. In 1920 Rhizoctonia was first assigned as the causal pathogen responsible for “dying out” of strawberry beds in

Snares Islands / Tini Heke

Snares Islands/Tini Heke known as The Snares, is a small group of uninhabited islands lying about 200 km south of New Zealand's South Island and to the south-southwest of Stewart Island/Rakiura. The Snares consist of the main North East Island and the smaller Broughton Island as well as the Western Chain Islands some 5 km to the west-southwest. Collectively, the Snares have a total land area of 3.5 km2. The islands are listed with the New Zealand Outlying Islands; the islands are an immediate part of New Zealand, not part of any region or district, but instead Area Outside Territorial Authority, like all the other outlying islands except the Solander Islands. The island group was first sighted by Europeans on 23 November 1791 independently by the two ships HMS Discovery under Captain George Vancouver, HMS Chatham, commanded by Lieutenant William R. Broughton, both of the Vancouver Expedition. Vancouver named the islands "The Snares"; the islands were known to the Māori, who called one of the larger islands Te Taniwha.

Unlike other subantarctic islands that were affected by the whaling and sealing industry in the 19th century, the Snares remain one of the last pristine areas in New Zealand. The Ngai Tahu Claims Settlement Act 1998 altered the name to "Snares Islands/Tini Heke" – one of many such changes under the Ngāi Tahu Treaty settlement; the main island of the Snares group, North East Island, as its name suggests, lies at the northeastern corner of the group. It has the shape of a triangle, but with two concave edges, this causing both the southern and northwestern coast to be in the form of large irregular bays. Cliffs and reefs are found along the northeastern coast and part of the southern coast, with the islands highest point – rising to 130 metres – being located on the long westward-pointing finger which lies between them. In contrast, the east coast is flat and sloping, provides the only easy access-point for landing, close to Station Point. Several small bays dot the east coast, among them Punui Bay, Ho Ho Bay, Mollymawk Bay.

The island's northernmost and southernmost points are the prosaically named North Promontory and South Promontory. Several small islets, the Daption Rocks, lie off the tip of North Promontory, are the island group's northernmost point; the group's second largest island, Broughton Island, lies to the southeast of South Promontory. Steeply sloping, it is surrounded by cliffs and small islets on three sides, with only the northern side being accessible; the long finger on the western coast of the main island has several small islands located close to its tip. The largest of these, Alert Stack, is located to the south of the peninsula and separated from it by a narrow channel; the peninsula points directly towards the Western Chain, a line of stacks located some 4 kilometres to the southwest of the main island. These islets are named Tahi, Toru and Rima, the Māori words for the numerals one to five. Between this chain and North East island lies the small stack of Vancouver Rock; the islands provide a home to endemic bird species, such as the Snares penguin, the Snares snipe and Snares tomtit, as well as to several endemic invertebrates such as Grypotheca horningae.

North East Island is forested and is the world's premier breeding area for the sooty shearwaters, with up to three million individuals being present during the breeding season. A dangerous reef lies ten kilometres to the south of the group. Megaherb communities grow on the islands; the islands enjoy a status of high protection and are rated by the New Zealand Department of Conservation as "minimum impact islands". Landing on the islands is prohibited or by special research permit only; the area is among one of five subantarctic island groups forming the New Zealand Subantarctic Islands, designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. List of islands of New Zealand List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands TerraNature - Snares crested penguin and island images Birds Of the Snares Islands - New Zealand Info and Map of the Snares Islands - New Zealand Department of Conservation Expedition Snares Islands video – Te Papa

Chocolate Starfish Tour

The Chocolate Starfish Tour was a concert tour by American rap rock band Limp Bizkit, in support of their third studio album, Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water. Note: These are the average setlists from the setlist.fm page. "Hot Dog" "Show Me What You Got" "Break Stuff" "My Generation" "Re-Arranged" "Counterfeit" "90 Teen 90 Nine" "Faith" "My Way" "Full Nelson" "Getcha Groove On" "Rollin'" "Take a Look Around" "Nookie" "Hot Dog" "Show Me What You Got" "Break Stuff" "My Generation" "Livin' It Up" "Re-Arranged" "Faith" "Master of Puppets" "The One" "My Way" "Full Nelson" "Nookie" "I Would For You" "Rollin'" "Take a Look Around" "Hot Dog" "Show Me What You Got" "Break Stuff" "The One" "Livin' It Up" "My Generation" "Re-Arranged" "Faith" "Full Nelson" "A Lesson Learned" "My Way" "Nookie" "I Would For You" "Rollin'" "Take a Look Around" "Stuck" "Nobody Loves Me" "Clunk" "Everything" "N 2 Gether Now" "Blind" "Jump Around" "Wicked" "Bombtrack" Rescheduled and cancelled dates

Garden Route National Park

The Garden Route National Park is a national park in the Garden Route region of the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces in South Africa. It is a coastal reserve well known for its indigenous forests, dramatic coastline, the Otter Trail, it was established on 6 March 2009 by amalgamating the existing Tsitsikamma and Wilderness National Parks, the Knysna National Lake Area, various other areas of state-owned land. The park covers about 1,210 km2 of land; the park includes a continuous complex of 605 km2 of indigenous forest. The Tsitsikamma section of the park covers an 80 kilometres long stretch of coastline with Nature's Valley is at the western end of the park; the section is known for its indigenous forests, dramatic coastline, the Otter Trail. The main accommodation is at Storms River Mouth. Near the park is the Bloukrans Bridge, the world's highest bridge bungee jump at 216 metres; the Wilderness section is located around the seaside town of Wilderness between the larger towns of George and Knysna, in the Western Cape.

It stretches from the Touw River mouth to the Swartvlei estuary and beyond, where it links with the Goukamma Nature Reserve, giving protection to five lakes and the Serpentine, the winding strip of water joining Island Lake to the Touw River at the Ebb and Flow Rest Camp. This section of the park protects three major zones of indigenous forest, four types of fynbos, plus various lakes and winding waterways. There are a number of archaeologically significant sites. Garden Route National Park Proposed new Garden Route National Park

Camreta v. Greene

Camreta v. Greene, 563 U. S. 692, was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that in the general case the Court may review a lower court's constitutional ruling at the behest of government officials who have won final judgment on qualified immunity grounds but could not for this case due to details specific to it. Saucier v. Katz Ashcroft v. al-Kidd List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 563 Kerr, Orin S.. "Fourth Amendment Remedies and Development of the Law: A Comment on Camreta v. Greene and Davis v. United States". GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 581. SSRN 1918991. Kirkpatrick, Michael T.. "Avoiding Permanent Limbo: Qualified Immunity and the Elaboration of Constitutional Rights from Saucier to Camreta". Fordham Law Review. 80: 643. Kinports, Kit. "Camreta and Al-Kidd: The Supreme Court, the Fourth Amendment, Witnesses". Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. Forthcoming. SSRN 1959713. Text of Camreta v. Greene, 563 U. S. 692 is available from: Cornell CourtListener Google Scholar Justia Oyez Supreme Court