Isidore the Laborer

Isidore the Farm Labourer known as Isidore the Farmer, was a Spanish farmworker known for his piety toward the poor and animals. He is the Catholic patron saint of farmers and of Madrid, of La Ceiba, Honduras, his feast day is celebrated on May 15. The Spanish profession name labrador comes from the verb labrar. Hence, to refer to him as a "laborer" is a poor translation of the Spanish labrador as it makes no reference to the essential farming aspect of his work and his identity, his real name was Isidro de Merlo y Quintana. Isidore was born in Madrid, in about the year 1070, of poor but devout parents, was christened Isidore from the name of their patron, St. Isidore of Seville. Isidore spent his life as a hired hand in the service of the wealthy Madrilenian landowner Juan de Vargas on a farm in the city's vicinity, he shared what he had his meals, with the poor. Juan de Vargas would make him bailiff of his entire estate of Lower Caramanca, it was said. Isidore married Maria Torribia, known as Santa María de la Cabeza in Spain.

Isidore and Maria had one son. On one occasion, their son fell into a deep well and, at the prayers of his parents, the water of the well is said to have risen miraculously to the level of the ground, bringing the child with it. In thanksgiving Isidore and Maria vowed sexual abstinence and lived in separate houses, their son died in his youth. Isidore died on May 15, 1130, at his birthplace close to Madrid although the only official source places his death in the year 1172. In the morning before going to work, Isidore would attend Mass at one of the churches in Madrid. One day, his fellow farm workers complained to their master that Isidore was always late for work in the morning. Upon investigation the master found Isidore at prayer while an angel was doing the ploughing for him. On another occasion, his master saw an angel ploughing on either side of him, so that Isidore's work was equal to that of three of his fellow field workers. Isidore is said to have brought back to life his master's deceased daughter, to have caused a fountain of fresh water to burst from the dry earth to quench his master's thirst.

One snowy day, when going to the mill with wheat to be ground, he passed a flock of wood-pigeons scratching vainly for food on the hard surface of the frosty ground. Taking pity on the poor animals, he poured half of his sack of precious wheat upon the ground for the birds, despite the mocking of witnesses; when he reached the mill, the bag was full, the wheat, when it was ground, produced double the expected amount of flour. Isidore's wife, always kept a pot of stew on the fireplace in their humble home as Isidore would bring home anyone, hungry. One day he brought home more hungry people than usual. After she served many of them, Maria told him that there was no more stew in the pot, he insisted that she check the pot again, she was able to spoon out enough stew to feed them all. On April 2, 1212, after torrential rains had exhumed cadavers from cemeteries in Madrid, his body was discovered in an apparent state of incorruptibility, he is said to have appeared to Alfonso VIII of Castile, to have shown him the hidden path by which he surprised the Moors and gained the victory of Las Navas de Tolosa, in 1212.

When King Philip III of Spain was cured of a deadly disease after touching the relics of the saint, the king replaced the old reliquary with a costly silver one and instigated the process of his beatification. Throughout history, other members of the royal family would seek curative powers from the saint; the number of miracles attributed to him has been counted as 438. The only original source of hagiography on him is a fourteenth century codex called Códice de Juan Diácono which relates five of his miracles: The pigeons and the grain; the angels ploughing. The saving of his donkey, through prayer, from a wolf attack; the account of his wife's pot of food. A similar account of his feeding the brotherhood; the codex attests to the incorruptible state of his body, stating it was exhumed 40 years after his death. Isidore was beatified in Rome on May 2, 1619, by Pope Paul V, he was canonized nearly three years by Pope Gregory XV, along with Saints Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Teresa of Ávila and Philip Neri, on March 12, 1622.

In 1696, his relics were moved to the Royal Alcazar of Madrid to intervene on behalf of the health of Charles II of Spain. While there, the King's locksmith pulled a tooth from the body and gave it to the monarch, who slept with it under his pillow until his death; this was not the first, nor the last time his body was mutilated out of religious fervour. For example, it was reported one of the ladies in the court of Isabella I of Castile bit off one of his toes. In 1760, his body was brought to the Royal Palace of Madrid during the illness of Maria Amalia of Saxony. In 1769, Charles III of Spain had the remains of Saint Isidore and his wife Maria relocated to the San Isidro Church, Madrid; the sepulcher has nine locks and only the King of Spain has the master key. The opening of the sepulcher must be performed by the Archbishop of Madrid and authorized by the King himself, it has not been opened since 1985. His feast day is celebrated on May 15 in the Catholic Church, in the Philippine Independent Church.

Saint Isidore is venerated as the patron saint of farmers, day laborers and agriculture in general, as well as brick layers. His hometown of Madrid, the Spanish cities of Leon and Seville, various locales in the former Spani


The Infineon XC2000 family is a 16-bit microcontroller that can be found in automotive applications including transmissions, hybrid applications, driver assistant systems and engine management systems. The XC2000 family uses the Infineon proprietary C166 16-bit in a version which contains a 32-bit MAC unit. Core frequency ranges from 40 to 100 MHz, embedded flash from 32 KB to 1.6 MB, RAM up to 138 KB. The microcontroller containing an embedded voltage regulator can run from a single power supply between 3 and 5 V; the Central Processing Unit of the XC2000 microcontroller family is principally fetching and decoding instructions, to supply, perform operations and store calculated result on the operands for the arithmetic logic unit and the MAC unit. As the CPU is the main engine of the XC2000 microcontroller, it is affected by certain actions of the peripheral subsystem; because a five-stage processing pipeline is implemented in the XC2000, up to five instructions can be processed in parallel.

Most instructions of the XC2000 are executed in one single clock cycle due to this parallelism. One or two analog to digital converters with up to 30 channels, 600 ns conversion time, up to 10 or 12-bit resolution up to four units for PWM generation with 16-bit resolution up to six CAN nodes with up to 256 message objects up to 10 Universal Serial Interface Controller channels for software defined serial interfaces External bus unit There are "Easy Kits" for evaluation of the controller features and "Application Kits" as quick start for specific applications available. Main applications are in the industrial field like electric motor control and solar inverters. DAVE is a free tool to automatically generate source code. DAVE Drive is a free tool for automated motor control generation which generates motor specific control codes like field-oriented control, sinusoidal or block commutation or V/Hz speed control. Free Tasking compiler program Tasking compiler toolset Hitex debugger PLS debugger

John Kirwan (cricketer)

John Henry Kirwan was an English amateur cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1836 to 1842. Associated with Cambridge University Cricket Club, he made 18 known appearances in first-class matches and had three brothers who all played first-class cricket. Kirwan, a right arm fast roundarm bowler, was known as "Wacky", he "bowled jerkily with a low arm, but at a fast pace". He made his name as a schoolboy player at Eton College, his outstanding performance being to take all ten MCC wickets in 1835, he took. He went up to King's College, Cambridge in the same year, played for the University team thereafter, his cricket career ending when he left Cambridge in 1842 to become a curate at St Feock in Cornwall. Kirwan had an outstanding first-class debut in May 1836 when he played for the university versus Cambridge Town Club at Parker's Piece and took 15 wickets with six in the first innings and nine in the second. Kirwan's overall first-class career record was 108 wickets in just 18 matches, a high rate of six wickets per game.

His 9 wickets on debut was his best single performance. He took 5 wickets in 10 wickets in a match 3 times, he was less successful as a right-handed batsman, scoring just 293 runs with a highest of 41. He is credited with only 3 catches and so was certainly an outfielder. Altham, H S. A History of Cricket, Volume 1. George Allen & Unwin. Frith, David; the Fast Men. TransWorld Publishing. Haygarth, Arthur. Scores & Biographies, Volume 2. Lillywhite. Haygarth, Arthur. Scores & Biographies, Volume 3. Lillywhite