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Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq

The Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq is an Iraqi Shia Islamist Iraqi political party. It was established in Iran in 1982 by Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim and its political support comes from Iraq's Shia Muslim community. Prior to his assassination in August 2003, SCIRI was led by Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim. After Abdul Aziz al-Hakim's death in 2009 his son Ammar al-Hakim became the group's new leader. In light of its gains in the three 2005 elections and government appointments, the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council became one of Iraq's most powerful political parties and was the largest party in the Iraqi Council of Representatives until the 2010 Iraqi elections, where it lost support due to Nuri Al-Maliki's political party rise. ISCI's militia wing was the Badr Brigade, where the party used it during the Iraq Civil War of 2006–2007. After the civil war, Badr Brigade turned into a political force of itself and left ISCI, although the two continue to be part of a coalition in Iraq's parliament. After the departure of Badr Brigade, ISCI created.

Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution of Iraq was founded in Iran in 1982 during the Iran–Iraq War after the leading Islamist insurgent group, Islamic Dawa Party, was weakened by an Iraqi government crackdown following Dawa's unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Iraqi president Saddam Hussein. SCIRI was the umbrella body for two Iran-based Shia Islamist groups and the Islamic Action Organisation led by Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi. Another of SCIRI's founders was Ayatollah Hadi al-Modarresi, the leader the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Bahrain; the Iranian Islamic revolutionary government arranged for the formation of SCIRI, based in exile in Tehran and under the leadership of Mohammad-Baqir al-Hakim. Hakim, living in exile in Iran, was the son of Ayatollah Mohsen-Hakim and a member of one of the leading Shia clerical families in Iraq. "He declared the primary aim of the council to be the overthrow of the Ba'ath and the establishment of an Islamic government in Iraq. Iranian officials referred to Hakim as the leader of Iraq's future Islamic state..."However, there are crucial ideological differences between SCIRI and al-Dawa.

SCIRI supports the ideologies of Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini that Islamic Government must be controlled by the ulema. Al-Dawa, on the other hand, follows the position of Iraq's late Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr, al-Dawa co-founder, that government should be controlled by the ummah. Despite this ideological disagreement, several of SCIRI's factions came from al-Dawa before the 2003 invasion of Iraq; this historical intersection is significant because al-Dawa was viewed as a terrorist group during the Iran–Iraq War. In February 2007, journalists reported that Jamal Jaafar Muhammed, elected to the Iraqi parliament in 2005 as part of the SCIRI/Badr faction of the United Iraqi Alliance, was sentenced to death in Kuwait for planning the al-Dawa bombings of the French and American embassies in that country in 1983. With the fall of Saddam Hussein after the invasion of Iraq, SCIRI rose to prominence in Iraq, working with the other Shia parties, it gained popularity among Shiite Iraqis by providing social services and humanitarian aid, following the pattern of Islamic organizations in other countries such as Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood.

SCIRI is alleged to receive money and weapons from Iran, is accused of being a proxy for Iranian interests. The party leaders have toned down many of the party's public positions and committed it to democracy and peaceful cooperation. SCIRI's power base is in the Shia-majority southern Iraq; the council's armed wing, the Badr Organization has had an estimated strength of between 4,000 and 10,000 men. Its Baghdad offices are based in a house that belonged to Ba'athist Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz, its leader, Ayatollah al-Hakim, was killed in a car bomb attack in the Iraqi city of Najaf on August 29, 2003. The car bomb exploded as the ayatollah was leaving a religious shrine in the city, just after Friday prayers, killing more than 85. According to Kurdish Intelligence officials, Yassin Jarad Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's father-in-law, carried out the car bombing. In the Shia Islamist–dominated government in post-invasion Iraq, SCIRI controlled the Interior Ministry; the Iraqi Interior Minister, Bayan Jabr, was a former leader of SCIRI's Badr Brigade militia.

In 2006 the United Nations human rights chief in Iraq, John Pace, said that every month hundreds of Iraqis were being tortured to death or executed by the Interior Ministry under SCIRI's control. According to a 2006 report by the Independent newspaper:'Mr Pace said the Ministry of the Interior was "acting as a rogue element within the government", it is controlled by the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq. Another is the Mehdi Army of the young cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, part of the Shia coalition seeking to form a government after winning the mid-December election. Many of the 110,000 policemen and police commandos under the ministry's control are suspected of being former members of the Badr Brigade. Not only counter-insurgency units such as the Wolf Brigade, the Scorpions and the Tigers, but the commandos and the highway patrol p

Deniz Naki

Deniz Naki is a Kurdish-German footballer who most played for Amed Sportif Faaliyetler Kulübü.) Naki could never make it past its reserves. On 2 February 2009, he was loaned to Rot Weiss Ahlen, playing eleven games and scoring four goals in his short spell. On 8 February, he made his professional debut in the second division, coming on as a 79th-minute substitute for Marco Reus in a match against FC Augsburg. On 25 June 2009, Naki left Bayer Leverkusen and signed a three-year contract with FC St. Pauli at the Millerntor-Stadion, he caused controversy on 2 November when, after scoring his team's second goal away at rivals FC Hansa Rostock, he celebrated with a'cut-throat' gesture towards the opposing fans. He helped with seven league goals. Following an unsuccessful trial at Nottingham Forest, Naki completed a move to SC Paderborn 07, signing a two-year contract with the 2. Bundesliga side in the summer of 2012. On 5 November 2014, Naki decided to leave Gençlerbirliği after an alleged racist attack.

Naki said he was attacked on the street in the Turkish capital by three men shouting racist abuse and challenging him over his support for the Syrian-Kurdish town of Kobane, battling a siege by Islamic State. In February 2016, playing for Amed SK, was suspended for 12 games and received a large fine after expressing support for the PKK, in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict, he had written on his personal Facebook page that he dedicated the victory, a win over Bursaspor in the Turkish Cup, to those killed and wounded "under the oppression that has gone on for 50 days in our land," referring to the imposed curfews in numerous Turkish towns with large groups of Kurdish ethnicity. As a member of the Germany U-19 team, Naki represented the nation at the 2008 UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship, played in the Czech Republic. In January 2018, shots were fired at his car on Bundesautobahn 4 near Düren. In March 2018, Deniz Naki started a hunger strike in front of the UN building in Geneva, in protest against Operation Olive Branch by Turkish Armed Forces.

On 26 July 2018, Naki published a letter in which he called Mesut Özil to take actions against racism in Turkey: Özil had criticized the German Football Association for the lack of support after racist hostilities against him related to his photos with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, in which he retired from playing for the German national team, had defended his photos with Erdoğan as being unpolitical. As of 30 May 2015. Deniz Naki – UEFA competition record Deniz Naki at fussballdaten.de Deniz Naki at Soccerway

Rural Municipality of Spiritwood No. 496

The Rural Municipality of Spiritwood No. 496, first formed as Rural Municipality on December 9, 1929 as a 3 township by 3 township R. M. One township is 6 miles by 6 miles square. On December 31, 1953, Spiritwood No. 496 expanded and absorbed Shell Lake No. 495 It is located in the north central region of the province of Saskatchewan, west of Prince Albert. Witchekan Lake First Nation Indian Reserve 117B and Pelican Lake First Nation Indian Reserve 191B both are within this Rural Municipality; the boundaries of the municipality extend north to Big River No. 555, Saskatchewan, to the west by Medstead No. 497, Saskatchewan, to the south by Meeting Lake No. 466, Saskatchewan, to the east by Canwood No. 494, Saskatchewan. These communities are self-governing entities that lie within the geographical borders of Spiritwood No. 496, thus not technically a part of the rural municipality. Within its borders are several First Nations Indian reserves, those at Chitek Lake, Pelican Lake, Witchekan Lake not part of the municipality.

Big Shell Echo Bay Leoville Shell Lake Spiritwood As of the census in 2001, there were 1,429 people living in the municipality of Spiritwood No. 496, Saskatchewan. According to the Canada 2001 Census: Population: 1,429 % Change: -4.0 Dwellings: 796 Area: 2,479.00 Density: 0.6 Spiritwood Bapaume Capasin Leoville Mildred Norbury Penn Ranger Shell Lake on the eastern boundary Spruce Bay Resort Village of Echo Bay Resort Village of Big Shellhave been part of this municipality. Big River Branch C. N. R—serves Prince Albert, Clonfert, Polwarth, Debden, Dumble, Big River. For more information see List of Saskatchewan provincial highways For more information see List of Saskatchewan provincial roadsHighway 24—serves Spiritwood and Leoville Highway 3—intersects Highway 24 and serves Belbutte and Shell Lake Highway 793—intersects Highway 24 and serves Big River Highway 696—intersects Highway 24 and serves Pelican Lake First Nation Indian Reserve 191B Highway 3—runs east west here and intersects Highway 24 serves Spiritwood and *Mildred Highway 378—runs North south here and intersects Highway 3 south of Spiritwood List of rural municipalities in Saskatchewan Spiritwood No. 96 Sarm Saskatchewan Rural Development RM Government from Municipal Directory System Lloydminster Gen Web RM Government from Municipal Directory System 2001 Census - Statistics Canada's page on the 2001 Census.

Municipal Relations Division - RM Boundary Changes Saskatchewan Genealogy Society RM by Number MRD - Municipal Status Information - Rural Municipality SARM Annual Report 2000 - In Memoriam Map of Spiritwood No. 496 at Statcan

239th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 239th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the German Heer during World War II. The division was activated in 1939 and remained in active duty until December 1941, its staff was formally dissolved in 1942. The 239th Infantry Division was created on 26 August 1939 as part of the third Aufstellungswelle in Gleiwitz in Wehrkreis VIII; the division consisted of the Infantry Regiments 372, 372 and 444, as well as the Artillery Regiment 239. The division's only commander throughout its lifespan was Ferdinand Neuling. During the Invasion of Poland, the 239th Infantry Division served on the border between Poland and Slovakia, but did not see any fighting, it was part of the reserves of Army Group South, as part of VIII Army Corps under 14th Army. By November 1939, it had joined XXXIV Army Corps under Grenz-Abschnittskommando Süd along the German-Soviet demarcation line. In June 1940 the division stood by as part of the 7th Army's reserves under Army Group C during the Battle of France; the 239th Infantry Division was dissolved in December of 1941 while part of the 6th Army on the Eastern Front, as a result of irrecoverable casualties.

The divisional personnel was distributed to neighboring divisions. The staff officers of the 239th Infantry Division remained on duty as a z.b. V. Divisional staff with 6th Army; this z.b. V. staff was dissolved on 26 March 1942 and its members integrated into the 294th Infantry Division, marking the end of the 239th Infantry Division as a military unit. The division's commander, would go on to command the LXII Reserve Corps from September 1942 until its surrender in Marseille in August 1944. Ferdinand Neuling, divisional commander from 1939 to 1942

Eriogonum maculatum

Eriogonum maculatum is a species of wild buckwheat known by the common name spotted buckwheat. It is native to western North America from Washington to Baja California to Utah, where it can be found in a number of habitats in abundance; this is an erect annual herb reaching heights of anywhere from 5 to 40 centimeters. Most of the woolly leaves are located at the base of the plant, but there may be a few along the stem; the branching inflorescence holds many clusters of bright white striped flowers. Each flower is a few millimeters wide with distinctly cup-shaped tepals which are covered in minute spiky glands; the bright striping on the small tepals make the flower cluster look spotted from afar, hence its common name. Jepson Manual Treatment - Eriogonum maculatum Eriogonum maculatum - Photo gallery

Mikhail Subbotin

Mikhail Fedorovich Subbotin was a Soviet mathematician and astronomer who calculated orbits of planets and comets. He worked on general properties of motion in the n-body problem. Subbotin was born on 29 June 1893 in Ostrolenka, Russian Empire. Mikhail Fedorovich Subbotin studied in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics at the University of Warwaw in 1910 and graduated in 1914, he had an interest in astronomy and worked as a calculator at the university observatory. After graduating he continued on as a junior astronomer, his father was Fedor Subbotin. After the German army invaded Poland, the University of Warsaw was evacuated to Rostov-on-Don in 1915. Subbotin completed his master's degree there in 1917. During this time he published two papers, “On the determination of singular points of analytic functions” and another on singular points of certain differential equations, he moved to the Donskoy Polytechnic Institute where he was appointed a professor of mathematics. In 1922, he accepted an offer to go work at the Central Astronomical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences as Director in Tashkent.

Before the outbreak of World War II he worked at various astronomical institutions in Leningrad. Subbotin stayed in Leningrad and starved to death during the siege by the Germans and was evacuated in February 1942 to Sverdlovsk to recover. Near the end of 1942 Subbotin became the Director of the Leningrad Astronomical Institute, relocated to Saratov before it was brought back to Leningrad after the German withdrawal, he received the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. In 1963 he was awarded the Order of Lenin. Subbotin died on 26 December 1966 in Leningrad, USSR. A memorial plaque was installed at his house at Moskovsky Prospect 206 in 1971 He started his career working on the theory of functions and probability, he worked on the creation of a catalog of faint stars. As he moved more to astronomy he concentrated on celestial mechanics to devise new methods to calculate orbits from three observations based on solving the Euler–Lambert equations. “... Subbotin not only showed the possibility of improving the convergence of the trigonometric series by which the behaviour of perturbing forces is represented, but gave an expression for determining Laplace coefficients and presented formulas for computing the coefficients of the necessary members of the trigonometric series.”Subbotin wrote a three-volume work called “Course in Celestial Mechanics", in which for the first time in Russian the main questions of celestial mechanics were described in detail.

He was the author of a number of fundamental studies on the history of astronomy. He was the editor-in-chief of the Astronomical Yearbook of the USSR, published by the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, he engaged in painting. 1692 Subbotina, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt 37 kilometers in diameter. Subbotin is a 67 km-wide lunar crater on the far side of the moon