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Islamic dietary laws

Islamic jurisprudence specifies which foods are halāl and which are harām. This is derived from commandments found in the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, as well as the Hadith and Sunnah, libraries cataloging things the Islamic prophet Muhammad is reported to have said and done. Extensions of these rulings are issued, as fatwas, by mujtahids, with varying degrees of strictness, but they are not always held to be authoritative. According to the Quran, the only foods explicitly forbidden are meat from animals that die of themselves, the meat of pigs, any food dedicated to other than God. However, a person would not be guilty of sin in a situation where the lack of any alternative creates an undesired necessity to consume that, otherwise unlawful; this is the "law of necessity" in Islamic jurisprudence: "That, necessary makes the forbidden permissible." Quranic verses which have information regarding halal foods include: 2:173, 5:5, 6:118–119, 121. A variety of substances are considered as unlawful for humans to consume and, forbidden as per various Qurʼanic verses: The Qur'an in several verses admonishes the consumption of alcohol khamr: They question thee about intoxicants and games of chance.

Say: In both is great sin, utility for men. And they ask thee. Say: that, superfluous, thus God maketh plain to you revelations. O ye who believe! Draw not near unto prayer when ye are drunken, till ye know that which ye utter, nor when ye are polluted, save when journeying upon the road, till ye have bathed, and if ye be ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have touched women, ye find not water go to high clean soil and rub your faces and your hands. Lo! Allah is Forgiving. O ye who believe! Intoxicants and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan's handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed. At first, it was forbidden for Muslims to attend prayers while intoxicated. In addition to this, most observant Muslims refrain from consuming food products that contain pure vanilla extract or soy sauce, as these food products may contain alcohol. There is some debate about whether the prohibition extends to dishes in which the alcohol would be cooked off or if it would be impossible to consume enough of the food to become intoxicated.

Substances which are intoxicants are not prohibited as such. For example, alcohol can be used for cleaning, but not as a beverage; the Alevi Muslims of Turkey permit alcohol, unlike many other denominations. Ismaili Muslims are noted for discouraging, rather than prohibiting, alcohol; the Zaidi and Mutazili sects believe that the use of alcohol has always been forbidden and refer to the Qur'an Ayah as feeling of sleepiness and not to be awake. A fatwa issued in November 2015 permitted the consumption of low-alcohol and non-alcoholic beverages provided that the given beverage contains an amount of 0.5% or the like of alcohol does not entail deeming its consumption unlawful as long as there is no effect of the alcohol upon consumption of the beverage and it does not intoxicate in large quantities. Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen, a Salafi scholar of Saudi Arabia, was once asked about the so-called beer, given that some brands of non-alcoholic beer have a percentage of alcohol; the following was part of his reply: As to percentage, do not think that any percentage of alcohol in a thing makes it unlawful.

But if the percentage is small without effect it is lawful. For example, a percentage such as 1%, 2% or 3% does not make the beverage unlawful; some people misunderstood the hadeeth that states, "Whatever intoxicates in large quantities a small quantity of it is forbidden", to mean that if a small percentage of an intoxicant is mixed with a large amount of a substance, not intoxicating it is unlawful. This is a misunderstanding of the hadeeth. "Whatever intoxicates in large quantities, a little of it is unlawful" means that if a lot of something will cause intoxication, a little of it will not cause intoxication a lot or a little are both unlawful, because you may drink a little that does not cause intoxication you may be tempted to drink more and become intoxicated. But if something is mixed with alcohol, while the alcohol content is a minute amount and does not have any effect it is lawful and does not come under the ruling of this hadeeth; the Fatwa of the Permanent Committee of reads, If the beverage that contains a percentage of alcohol intoxicates in large quantities it is unlawful to consume any quantity of it, large or small.

It is deemed prohibited to sell or buy such a beverage and it is obligatory to dispose of it because it is considered khamr. However, if the consumption of a large amount of such a beverage does not intoxicate it is permissible to sell and consume it... Animal who dies of itself i.e. carrion Forbidden to you is that which dies of itself, blood, flesh of swine, that on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked, the strangled and that beaten to death, that killed by a fall and that killed by being smitten with the horn, that which wild beasts have eaten, except what you slaughter, what is sacrificed on stones set up and that you divide by the arrows. This day h


Mirzai is a derogatory religious slur used by some South Asian Muslims to refer to Ahmadi Muslims in Pakistan where they have been persecuted from early days and specially after the passage of Second Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan which declares that Ahmadia are not Muslims and Ordinance XX which criminalises their religious practices and claims of being Muslims, to the extent that the fourth Ahmadiyya caliph Mirza Tahir Ahmad was compelled to leave Pakistan and move the headquarters of the Community to London during his years of exile. Ahmadi Muslims are the followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian. Etymologically, the term is derived from Mirza, a title of Persian origin denoting the rank of high nobleman or Prince. Mirza Qadiani Persecution of Ahmadis Persecution of Ahmadis in Pakistan

Spider-Man: The Darkest Hours

Spider-Man: The Darkest Hours is a novel written by Jim Butcher featuring characters from the Spider-Man Marvel Comics created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko. The book was first published by the Pocket Books division of Simon & Schuster on June 27, 2006; the book opens with Peter Parker being forced to be a substitute basketball coach at the high school where he teaches science. He is challenged by Samuel Larkin, a star basketball player, who refuses to work with the other players. Peter soon finds out that Samuel never got the regular and required vaccines, will be suspended and therefore unable to play for the rest of the season, making it nigh-impossible to get into a good university. After coaching, Peter returns home to find that Mary Jane Watson got a part as Lady Macbeth, but since the show is playing in Atlantic City, she bought a car, despite not knowing how to drive; as they are discussing Peter teaching her, The Rhino attacks Times Square, Spider-Man is needed. As he swings to the battle, Felicia Hardy, otherwise known as "The Black Cat", tells him that he is in danger and the Rhino's attack is a trap.

Spider-Man swings on, defeats the Rhino. After he knocks him unconscious, the three vengeful siblings of Morlun and say that Spider-Man caused the death of their brother. Spider-Man evades them. In the end, it is Mary-Jane. Angry that she can't help Peter like Felicia can, Mary Jane is enraged by what the siblings are putting her husband through, she defeats them by driving into them with her car, distracting them long enough for Spider-Man to banish them to another dimension using three objects that Doctor Strange had arranged for him to be given. A review described Jim Butcher to have managed Spider-Man's character well. However, it criticized action in the story and considered 300 pages to be excessive considering the short plot. Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D.: Empyre, another novel based on a Marvel comics character Butcher, Jim. Spider-Man: The Darkest Hours. New York: Simon & Schuster. P. 304. ISBN 978-1-4165-9476-5

Henry Livengood

Henry L. Livengood is a former Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. Livengood was born in a small borough between Kittanning and Ford City, he moved to the latter years and remained there until his death. A 1951 graduate of Ford City High School, Livengood served in the U. S. Navy during the Korean War from 1951 to 1953, he married the former Cheryl F. Jenkins, together they had six children. Cheryl died from breast cancer in 1982 and he remarried Donna Shotts. Livengood's first public service began seven years prior to the legislature in 1970, when he was selected to a council seat in Manorville borough. One year he was elected to the office of Armstrong County Recorder of Deeds, register of wills, clerk of orphans' court, he held this office until his death in 1988. Livengood was first elected to the 60th Legislative District in 1976. Among his accomplishments were the start of construction of the A-15 bypass, the fabled'missing link' that joined Route 422 in Manor Township with State Routes 66 and 28.

Though Livengood died before construction was complete, his legacy was memorialized when the road was completed and opened in 2001 as the Henry Livengood Highway. Livengood championed the construction of the Armstrong County Airport in South Buffalo Township. Livengood served in the legislature until his death in December 1988, just over a month after winning election to his sixth term in office over his Republican challenger, realtor John Oliver. Livengood had a history of heart-related ailments for most of his adult life, having suffered a heart attack fifteen years prior to his death, undergoing two heart bypass surgeries. Livengood died of a massive heart attack he suffered while shoveling snow at his residence on December 17, 1988. Livengood, 55 at the time of his death, was buried in Ford City Cemetery, his wife Donna ran in a special election to fill his vacant seat the following year, but lost to Democrat Tim Pesci

Sweet Nothing in My Ear (play)

Sweet Nothing in my Ear is a play in two acts for 4 men, 5 women, 1 boy. "This is not a "deaf" play. It's a play with deaf and hearing characters. In performance, it must be accessible to both a deaf and hearing audience at the same time, it requires a seamless blend of American Sign spoken English. The two happen through the performance of the play; the role of Dan requires a hearing actor. As a hearing man in a deaf family, he is called upon to interpret speech into sign language, "voice" ASL into speech, or switch his voice off and purely sign. Whenever Dan is alone with any member of his deaf family, he would only sign and not use his voice. All the deaf characters of the play - Laura, Sally, Adam, Dr. Walters - use only American Sign Language, they are "voiced" or "voice acted" from the side of the stage by a member of the company. When Dan switches off his voice and purely signs, he is "voiced" by a company member; the company must be four hearing actors. They sit on the periphery of the stage, never leaving, throughout the play.

They perform three functions: to "voice" the actors who sign, to sign the actors who speak and to step forward as the supporting players. Deaf audience member experience this play signed in their language. Hearing audience members - most who know nothing about sign language - have the experience of watching the play in sign language while hearing it acted at the same time. Two languages become one." - Stephen Sachs Laura is a deaf teacher. Dan is her hearing husband. Adam is their deaf son. Max is Laura's father, deaf. Sally is Laura's mother, deaf. Dr. Walters is a deaf therapist. Dan and Laura are a married couple. At age four Adam loses his hearing, which leaves Laura and Dan deciding how to handle this situation. A decision many parents face when they have a child, born or becomes deaf and Dan are torn on whether or not to implant their child with a Cochlear Implant, they continue to be at odds over the decision, which brings about more issues dealing with Deaf pride, Deaf culture, ethical issues of Cochlear Implants.

</> Sweet Nothing in my Ear was produced by Deborah Lawlor and Jesica Korbman for The Fountain Theatre in Los Angeles, June 1997. It was directed by Stephen Sachs, set design by Sets to Go; the cast was as follows: Laura - Terrylene Sacchetti - Voice by Jennifer Massey Dan - Bob Kirsh - Voice by John Benitz Adam - Gianni Manganelli - Voice by Elizabeth Barrett Max - Bernard Bragg - Voice by Cal Bartlet Sally - Freda Norman - Voice by Elizabeth Barrett Dr. Walters - Vikee Waltrip - Voice by Elizabeth BarrettIn March 1998, it was produced at the Victory Gardens Theater in Chicago by Simon Levy for The Fountain Theatre and MT Productions, it was directed by Stephen Sachs. The cast was as follows: Laura - Liz Tannebaum-Greco - Voice by Jennifer Massey Dan - Philip Lester - Voice by John Benitz Adam - George Scott Kartheiser - Voice by Elizabeth Barrett Max - Chuck Baird - Voice by Cal Bartlet Sally - Vikee Waltrip - Voice by Elizabeth Barrett Dr. Walters - Ralitsa - Voice by Elizabeth Barrett


Elementis plc is one of the UK's largest speciality chemicals and personal care businesses, with extensive operations in the United States and Asia. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index; the company was founded in Liverpool in 1844 as Harrisons and Crosfield by Daniel Harrison, Smith Harrison and Joseph Crosfield to trade in tea and coffee. In the 1860s it became one of the largest tea traders in the UK. In 1903 it diversified into operating rubber plantations in the Far East acquiring shareholdings in a number of plantation companies. In 1948 the company became a major producer of latex at its factory in Petaling. In 1967 it acquired Durham Chemicals in Birtley and in 1973 acquired British Chrome & Chemicals in Eaglescliffe so diversifying into the chemicals business, it acquired a stake in the Sabah Timber Company and in 1978 took complete control of it. By the end of the 1970s Harrisons and Crosfield was the 91st largest industrial company in the UK by turnover. In 1982 it sold its Malaysian plantations and in 1994 it sold its Indonesian plantations: these business have since been absorbed into Sime Darby and London Sumatra respectively.

In 1998 it changed its name to Elementis plc and acquired Rheox, a speciality chemicals business and in 2002 it acquired Oxychem's chromium chemicals business. In February 2016 Paul Waterman took up the role of Group President of the company. In February 2017, as part of a strategy to grow the company's personal care and cosmetics business, the company acquired SummitReheis, an antiperspirant ingredient supplier, for US$360 million. In March 2018 the company's surfactants business was sold to KLK in Malaysia. In October 2018 the company acquired Mondo Minerals, a talc additives business, from U. S. private equity firm Advent International for an enterprise value of $500 million, funded by a rights issue. The business is organised into three divisions: Specialty Products and Surfactants. Eric Miller Golden Hope Paul Waterman Official site