click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Isle of Skye

The Isle of Skye known as Skye, is the largest and northernmost of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. The island's peninsulas radiate from a mountainous centre dominated by the Cuillin, the rocky slopes of which provide some of the most dramatic mountain scenery in the country. Although it has been suggested that the Gaelic Sgitheanach describes a winged shape there is no definitive agreement as to the name's origins; the island has been occupied since the Mesolithic period, its history includes a time of Norse rule and a long period of domination by Clan MacLeod and Clan Donald. The 18th century Jacobite risings led to the breaking up of the clan system and subsequent Clearances that replaced entire communities with sheep farms, some of which involved forced emigrations to distant lands. Resident numbers declined from over 20,000 in the early 19th century to just under 9,000 by the closing decade of the 20th century. Skye's population increased by 4 per cent between 1991 and 2001.

About a third of the residents were Gaelic speakers in 2001, although their numbers are in decline, this aspect of island culture remains important. The main industries are tourism, agriculture and forestry. Skye is part of the Highland Council local government area; the island's largest settlement is Portree, its capital, known for its picturesque harbour. There are links to various nearby islands by ferry and, since 1995, to the mainland by a road bridge; the climate is mild and windy. The abundant wildlife includes red deer and Atlantic salmon; the local flora are dominated by heather moor, there are nationally important invertebrate populations on the surrounding sea bed. Skye has provided the locations for various novels and feature films and is celebrated in poetry and song; the first written references to the island are Roman sources such as the Ravenna Cosmography, which refers to Scitis and Scetis, which can be found on a map by Ptolemy. One possible derivation comes from skitis, an early Celtic word for winged, which may describe how the island's peninsulas radiate out from a mountainous centre.

Subsequent Gaelic-, Norse- and English-speaking peoples have influenced the history of Skye. Various etymologies have been proposed, such as the "winged isle" or "the notched isle" but no definitive solution has been found to date. In the Norse sagas Skye is called Skíð, for example in the Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar and a skaldic poem in the Heimskringla from c. 1230 contains a line that translates as "the hunger battle-birds were filled in Skye with blood of foemen killed". The island was referred to by the Norse as Skuy, Skýey or Skuyö; the traditional Gaelic name is An t-Eilean Sgitheanach, An t-Eilean Sgiathanach being a more recent and less common spelling. In 1549 Donald Munro, High Dean of the Isles, wrote of "Sky": "This Ile is callit Ellan Skiannach in Irish, to say in Inglish the wyngit Ile, be reason it has mony wyngis and pointis lyand furth fra it, throw the dividing of thir foirsaid Lochis." But the meaning of this Gaelic name is unclear. Eilean a' Cheò, which means island of the mist, is a poetic Gaelic name for the island.

At 1,656 square kilometres, Skye is the second-largest island in Scotland after Harris. The coastline of Skye is a series of peninsulas and bays radiating out from a centre dominated by the Cuillin hills. Malcolm Slesser suggested that its shape "sticks out of the west coast of northern Scotland like a lobster's claw ready to snap at the fish bone of Harris and Lewis" and W. H. Murray, commenting on its irregular coastline, stated that "Skye is sixty miles long, but what might be its breadth is beyond the ingenuity of man to state". Martin Martin, a native of the island, reported on it at length in a 1703 publication, his geological observations included a note that: There are marcasites black and white, resembling silver ore, near the village Sartle: there are in the same place several stones, which in bigness, shape, &c. resemble nutmegs, many rivulets here afford variegated stones of all colours. The Applesglen near Loch-Fallart has agate growing in it of different colours. Stones of a purple colour flow down the rivulets here after great rains.

The Black Cuillin, which are composed of basalt and gabbro, include twelve Munros and provide some of the most dramatic and challenging mountain terrain in Scotland. The ascent of Sgùrr a' Ghreadaidh is one of the longest rock climbs in Britain and the Inaccessible Pinnacle is the only peak in Scotland that requires technical climbing skills to reach the summit. Nearby Sgùrr Alasdair, meanwhile, is the tallest mountain on any Scottish island; these hills make demands of the hill walker that exceed any others found in Scotland and a full traverse of the Cuillin ridge may take 15–20 hours. The Red Hills to the east are known as the Red Cuillin, they are composed of granite that has weathered into more rounded hills with many long scree slopes on their flanks. The highest point of these hills is one of only two Corbetts on Skye; the northern peninsula of Trotternish is underlain by basalt, which provides rich soils and a variety of unusual rock features. The Kilt Rock is named after the columnar structure of the 105 metres (34

Mark French (ice hockey)

Mark French is a Canadian professional ice hockey coach who coaches HC Fribourg-Gottéron of the National League A. A native of Milton, French played college hockey at Brock University in St. Catharines, serving as assistant captain for three years there and received the prestigious "212 Degrees" annual award all four seasons, presented to the athlete who demonstrates leadership and excellence on the ice. Prior to his assistant coaching duties with Hershey, he was the head coach at Wilfrid Laurier University from 2002–04 and was head coach and director of hockey operations for the Wichita Thunder from 2005-07. French coached in the ECHL with the Atlantic City Boardwalk Bullies during the 2004-05 season, walking the bench as assistant coach as the Bullies posted a 42-21-9 record, he became an assistant with the Bears in January 2008, was named the franchise's 23rd head coach in 2009 following the promotion of Bob Woods to Washington. In his first season, French guided the Bears to an AHL record 60 wins and the teams eleventh Calder Cup.

In June 2013, French took the head coaching position for KHL Medveščak Zagreb of the Kontinental Hockey League. French left Medveščak Zagreb after one season for the Calgary Hitmen of the Western Hockey League in June 2014. On May 28, 2017, French became the head coach of HC Fribourg-Gottéron, signing a two-year deal with the NLA team, he lives in Calgary with his wife Kimberly. They have two children and William. Mark French career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database

Harley M. Kilgore

Harley Martin Kilgore was a United States Senator from West Virginia. He was born on January 1893 in Brown, West Virginia, he was born to Laura Jo Kilgore. His father worked as contractor, he attended the public schools and graduated from the law department of West Virginia University at Morgantown in 1914 and was admitted to the bar the same year. He taught school in Hancock, West Virginia in 1914 and 1915, organized the first high school in Raleigh County, West Virginia in the latter year, he was the school's first principal for a year, commenced the practice of law in Beckley, West Virginia in 1916. During the First World War he served in the infantry from 1917 and was discharged as a captain in 1920, he was married to Lois Elaine Lilly in Huntington, West Virginia, in 1921. He was judge of the Raleigh County criminal court from 1933 to 1940, was elected as a Democrat to the U. S. Senate in 1940, won re-election twice, he was a member of the Senate from January 3, 1941 until his death in Bethesda Naval Hospital in 1956.

Kilgore was a member of the Truman Committee, from October 1942, he chaired the Subcommittee on War Mobilization of the Military Affairs Committee, otherwise known as the Kilgore Committee, that oversaw U. S. mobilization efforts for World War II. He helped establish the National Science Foundation in 1950. Senator Kilgore was West Virginia's favorite-son candidate in 1948 Democratic presidential primaries and won his home state unopposed, he was interred in Arlington National Cemetery. In 1942, American manufacturing expert Herbert Schimmel advised Kilgore to form a committee to centralize scientific research done for the war effort; the Kilgore Committee drafted legislation for an Office of Technological Mobilization, which would have power to fund research, share patents and trade secrets, facilities that could help the war effort. Additionally, the organization would be able to draft facilities for the war effort. In 1943, government scientists, most notably Vannevar Bush, voiced agreement with the spirit of Kilgore's proposal, but opposed the bill's aim to involve government administration of science funding and patent sharing.

As the war neared its end, many prominent scientists feared a peacetime Kilgore plan. The Kilgore Committee, in an effort to mollify scientists concerned with a government-run funding agency, proposed calling the proposed organization a Foundation, to give the superficial impression of a private, philanthropic funding body like the Rockefeller Foundation; the scientists running the war-time Office of Scientific Research and Development sought to bypass the Kilgore Committee in forming a postwar science policy. While ostensibly working with Kilgore to plan for a science administration, Vannevar Bush obtained an invitation from President Franklin D. Roosevelt to write his own plan for a government-funded science foundation. Senator Warren Magnuson of Washington introduced a proposal based on Bush's report, the Endless Frontier, in July 1945; the report contradicted much of Kilgore's vision of a science-funding organization accountable to the government. Kilgore felt betrayed by Bush's failure to mention this alternate bill, remained on hostile terms with Bush for years afterwards.

After many months of negotiations with interest groups of scientists and manufacturers and Magnuson introduced a modified bill to fund the National Science Foundation in 1946, which did not pass. At the same time, Republican Senator Alexander Smith of New Jersey introduced a bill for an agency more similar to Bush's vision; the Smith bill passed both houses of United States Congress. Kilgore encouraged his former colleague, now President Harry S. Truman to veto the Smith bill, in large part because of the potential it made for the military to dominate scientific research. Truman let the bill expire through a pocket veto. Kilgore encouraged Truman to establish a Presidential Research Board to be led by John Steelman, former Director of the War Mobilization and Reconversion, which Truman did in October 1946. By 1948, other agencies like the National Institutes of Health and the United States Department of Defense had been established to fund specific domains of scientific research; the National Science Foundation would now fund basic science.

In early 1948, Truman and Senator Smith reached a compromise in administration of the foundation. That year and Smith cosponsored the bill that President Truman would sign on May 10, 1950 to establish the National Science Foundation. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Harley M. Kilgore". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

Boy in the Twilight

Boy in the Twilight: Stories of the Hidden China is a collection of thirteen short stories written by Yu Hua in the mid-1990s, published in 1999. The English version, translated by Allan H. Barr, was published in 2014 by Pantheon; this was the sixth work of his, translated into English. Barr teaches Chinese at Pomona College. Publishers Weekly stated that the subtitle of the book refers to ordinary Chinese people "unimportant people" and how they think about their circumstances after events of varying dramatic weight occur. Drew Calvert of the Boston Review stated that the focus on ordinary people differs from some novels of Yu Hua focusing on "larger-than-life" and satirizing China, translated into English. Most of the main characters are male. Aerled Doyle of That's Shanghai stated that though there was "darkness" present, the book was "not depressing". Kirkus Reviews stated that the stories were "spare and minimalist" and had "disquieting tension" due to ample amounts of "violence and mistrust".

Jonathan Liebson of Time Out New York stated that many of the stories have "the small, subtle gestures of his characters". In "Why There was No Music", a man named Horsie visits his friend Guo Bin and borrows some videotapes from him. Horsie finds in one tape that Lü Yuan, had sex with Guo Bin. During the story, Lü Yuan is not in the city. Amy Russel of the South China Morning Post ranked the book 4.5 of 5 stars. Publishers Weekly ranked it as a "PW Pick". Kirkus Reviews gave a positive review, stating that they were "quite well-composed". Doyle stated that "This is another fine book from a writer China is lucky to have, another book, going to pass the test of time." He stated it was a "pleasure to read". Yu, Hua. "Short story: Boy in the twilight by Yu Hua." Prospect Magazine. Posted June 19, 2014

Francis Marion Stokes

Francis Marion Stokes was an American architect famous for his works in the Portland, area. Francis and his father William R. Stokes, formed two generations of a Portland design and architectural tradition lasting for over 80 years, from 1882 though the 1960s; the combined design work of the Stokes family had a major impact on the architecture of Portland. The work of Francis Marion Stokes continued, expanded, that of his father William R. Stokes, who arrived in Portland in 1882. In 1883 William joined Richard Zeller in creating the firm of Stokes and Zeller, working as both architects and builders. For forty years, the firm designed churches, hospitals, fraternal buildings and commercial structures with special attention to residences and apartment buildings. William Stokes worked until 1920. Francis Marion Stokes was trained in architecture at the Oregon Agricultural College in Corvallis, his training continued under his father's direction during the years he spent as a clerk and architect for Stokes and Zeller.

By 1916, Francis was president of Stokes and Zeller, a position he held until 1937. He enlarged the geographical scope of the firm, his designs were more cosmopolitan than those of his father, used many building styles for over 270 buildings completed during a career that spanned five decades. Most of his work was completed during the 46 years he lived in the Francis Marion Stokes Fourplex, at the time known as the Kuhn Apartments building. Many of Francis Marion Stokes' buildings are listed on the City of Portland Historic Resource Inventory, they include the Williams & Company Building, 2045 NE M. L. K. Blvd, the F. H. Dammasch Home at 1834 SE 22nd Avenue, the Sellwood Masonic Lodge at 7126 SE Milwaukie, the Residence Tudor at 2737 NE Alameda. At least two of his buildings are on the National Register of Historic Places: the St. Johns Post Office, a Georgian-style building constructed at 8720 N Ivanhoe in 1932, the Francis Marion Stokes Fourplex, his home from 1929 until his death in 1975 at age 91.

Architecture of Portland, Oregon Francis Marion Stokes record on Joseph. City of Portland: Its History and Its Builders. Chicago: S. J. Clark Publishing Co. ASIN B0013N94P0

Aureochromes

Aureochromes are blue light photoreceptors as well as transcription factors found only in stramenopiles so far. It was first discovered in Vaucheria frigida in 2007 by Takahashi et.al. Photosynthetic eukaryotes convert sunlight into energy via photosynthesis, but light is important for movement and development, regulation of biological activities; the effective wavelength for light responses in photosynthetic eukaryotes is in the red light and blue light regions. The red/far-red receptor phytochrome and phytochrome-mediated responses like suppression of hypocotyl growth have been studied intensively. BL-induced responses may chloroplast photo-relocation movement. Various BL receptors have been discovered in green plants. Takahashi et.al isolated BL receptors from the Xanthophyceae alga, Vaucheria in 2007 and named it Aureochrome. This new class of blue light photoreceptors is unique in a way because of the presence of a bZIP along with LOV domain which makes it function as transcription factor as well as photoreceptor as shown by Takahashi et al. in 2007.

Four orthologues of aureochromes have been identified in model diatom P. tricornutum, i.e. AUREO 1a, 1b, 1c and 2. Aureo1a recognizes the sequence TGACGT, the typical binding site for certain subfamilies of bZIP transcription factors, it was shown that PtAUREO1a and 1c are regulated in a light-independent circadian rhythm and that they are capable of forming homodimers and heterodimers which recognize the ACGT core sequence within the aureochrome. The photoreactions of AUREO 1 protein have been studied by Tsuguyoshi et al and they concluded that the AUREO1-LOV exists in equilibrium between the monomer and dimer. Huysman et al. showed that Aureo1a is involved in regulation of expression of diatom-specific cyclin dsCYC2, involved in G1 to S phase transition after dark arrest in 2013. Aureo1a, indeed is shown to function as a repressor of high light acclimation. Takahashi, F.. "AUREOCHROME, a photoreceptor required for photomorphogenesis in stramenopiles". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

104: 19625–19630. Doi:10.1073/pnas.0707692104. PMC 2148339. PMID 18003911. Huysman, Marie J. J.. "AUREOCHROME1a-Mediated Induction of the Diatom-Specific Cyclin dsCYC2 Controls the Onset of Cell Division in Diatoms". The Plant Cell. 25: 215–228. Doi:10.1105/tpc.112.106377. PMC 3584536. PMID 23292736. Banerjee, Ankan. "Structure of a Native-like Aureochrome 1a LOV Domain Dimer from Phaeodactylum tricornutum". Structure. 24: 171–178. Doi:10.1016/j.str.2015.10.022. PMID 26688213